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The Lion in Winter (1968)

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1183 A.D.: King Henry II's three sons all want to inherit the throne, but he won't commit to a choice. They and his wife variously plot to force him.

Director:

Anthony Harvey

Writers:

James Goldman (screenplay), James Goldman (play)
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Won 3 Oscars. Another 12 wins & 18 nominations. See more awards »

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Cast

Cast overview, first billed only:
Peter O'Toole ... Henry II
Katharine Hepburn ... Eleanor of Aquitaine
Anthony Hopkins ... Richard
John Castle ... Geoffrey
Nigel Terry ... John
Timothy Dalton ... Philip II
Jane Merrow ... Alais
Nigel Stock ... William Marshal
Kenneth Ives Kenneth Ives ... Queen Eleanor's Guard
O.Z. Whitehead ... Bishop of Durham
Fran Stafford Fran Stafford ... Lady in Waiting
Ella More Ella More ... Lady in Waiting
Kenneth Griffith Kenneth Griffith ... Strolling Player
Henry Woolf ... Strolling Player
Karol Hagar Karol Hagar ... Strolling Player
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Storyline

It's Christmas 1183, and King Henry II (Peter O'Toole) is planning to announce his successor to the throne. The jockeying for the crown, though, is complex. Henry has three sons and wants his boy Prince John (Nigel Terry) to take over. Henry's wife, Queen Eleanor (Katharine Hepburn), has other ideas. She believes their son Prince Richard (Sir Anthony Hopkins) should be King. As the family and various schemers gather for the holiday, each tries to make the indecisive King choose his or her option. Written by Jwelch5742

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Taglines:

The most significant reserved seat attraction of the year! See more »


Certificate:

PG | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

View content advisory »
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Details

Country:

UK | USA

Language:

English

Release Date:

30 October 1968 (USA) See more »

Also Known As:

The Lion in Winter See more »

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Box Office

Budget:

$4,000,000 (estimated)

Opening Weekend USA:

$5,339, 16 December 2016, Limited Release

Gross USA:

$22,276,975, 20 January 2017
See more on IMDbPro »

Company Credits

Production Co:

Haworth Productions See more »
Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs

Runtime:

| (70 mm)

Sound Mix:

70 mm 6-Track (70 mm prints)| Mono (35 mm prints)

Color:

Color (Eastmancolor) (uncredited)

Aspect Ratio:

2.35 : 1
See full technical specs »
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Did You Know?

Trivia

Although Peter O'Toole played the father of Sir Anthony Hopkins, John Castle, and Nigel Terry, he was only five, seven and thirteen years older, respectively. Also, O'Toole was twenty-five years younger than Katharine Hepburn, but played her husband. It should be noted, however, that there was a substantial age gap between Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. She was approximately eleven years older. During Christmas 1183, when the movie takes place, Eleanor of Aquitaine, born 1122, would have been sixty-one years old. Katharine Hepburn, who was born May 12, 1907, was also sixty-one years old at the time of production (1968). Henry II, born March 5, 1133 was fifty years old during Christmas 1183. Peter O'Toole, born August 2, 1932, was only thirty-six at the time of production, fourteen years younger than the character he was playing. See more »

Goofs

Alais calls Stonehenge "Stonehenge". In his glossary, 10th-century English abbot Ælfric of Eynsham called the pre-historic monument "Stanenges" or "Stanheng", which is what Alais would have called Stonehenge. See more »

Quotes

[first lines]
Henry II: Come for me!
See more »

Alternate Versions

The roadshow release included an overture and entr'acte, and had an intermission, but the general release version did not. See more »

Connections

Referenced in NCIS: Los Angeles: Blame It on Rio (2015) See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

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User Reviews

 
One King's Family: 1183
22 April 2006 | by theowinthropSee all my reviews

It is very rare to find an actor who has played the same historical figure twice. Charleton Heston was Andrew Jackson in THE PRESIDENT'S LADY and THE BUCCANNEER (1958). Edward Arnold was Diamond Jim Brady in DIAMOND JIM and LILIAN RUSSELL. Reginald Owen was Louis XV in VOLTAIRE and MONSIEUR BEAUCAIRE. Raymond Massey was John Brown in SANTA FE TRAIL and SEVEN ANGRY MEN. But only Peter O'Toole played the same historical figure in two major productions that were made only four years apart, and that showed the character seriously aging.

O'Toole had played King Henry II of England in BECKET (1964) as a young, vibrant monarch who makes the serious mistake of appointing his best friend to the one post that will make them enemies. The period that BECKET encompasses was roughly 1165 to 1171 (when Henry allowed himself to be whipped for the murder of Becket the year before - apparently at his orders). In THE LION IN WINTER (1968) he was King Henry some twelve years later. Henry is now the most powerful monarch in Western Europe, but he has problems of dynastic and political natures.

His power structure in 1183 is dependent on his hold of the marriage dower of his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. In BECKET, Pamela Brown played Eleanor as a sharp tongued and jealous woman who arranged the murder of her rival Gwendolen (Sian Phillips), on the night Henry was going to have sex with her. Henry (who hates the sight of blood) has a nervous collapse upon seeing the results of Eleanor's activities. In THE LION IN WINTER Eleanor was played by Katherine Hepburn. Now older, she is still a match in terms of political abilities to her husband. He has let her out of her castle prison to visit him and their three surviving sons (Richard, Geoffrey, and John) as well as Princess Alais of France and her brother King Phiip Augustus of France.

Henry's family get-together is not for holiday reasons (although it is occurring at Christmas). He has taken a dower from King Philip's father King Louis for Pincess Alais (Jane Merrow) to marry his oldest son Richard (Anthony Hopkins). But Alais has become the mistress of the monarch, who is considering divorcing Eleanor and starting a "proper" family with his second wife Alais. Richard and his two brothers (John Castle and Nigel Terry) are not happy with this prospect - nor with dynastic ambitions of each other. Of the three sons, Henry favors John (Terry) over Richard, although Richard is the better fighter. The reason is that Richard is the favorite of his mother, and has been implicated in some of her attempts to stir up civil war against Henry. Geoffrey (Castle) has brains but he is untrustworthy and finds that he is constantly dismissed by both parents. And King Philip (Timothy Dalton) is furious that due to the highhanded actions of Henry his father was reduced in power in Europe, and he is forced to report to a man who is technically his vassal due to the French lands that Henry controls.

THE LION IN WINTER had been a Broadway success in the middle 1960s, starring Robert Preston as Henry. The film is a successful transition, with the elderly monarch and his elderly consort tearing at each other in a kind of medieval WHO'S AFRAID OF VIRGINIA WOOLF. O'Toole is wonderful as the still intelligent, vigorous, and bullying monarch he was in BECKET, except now he is facing his own mortality. Hepburn (who won her third Oscar for this film - one year after winning her second for GUESS WHO'S COMING TO DINNER and tying this time with Barbara Streisand for FUNNY GIRL) is able to display a woman capable of any political damage be it encouraging her sons to revolt or threatening future harm to Alais and any child she and Henry may have to torturing Henry with the suggestion that she (Eleanor) slept with Henry's father before they met.

Hopkins' hapless Richard is the most sympathetic of the three sons, with his humiliation when Philip maliciously reveals that Richard is a homosexual (the first time this trait was revealed in any film about Richard the Lion Hearted). Terry's John is properly "pimple faced" and immature on the surface, but showing when he betrays his father that two-faced ability that would lead to his disasters as King. Castle is properly sinister throughout - one realizes that both parents will not suggest him as heir because he'd kill them as soon as he could safely plan it out afterward. Dalton's Philip is galling to O'Toole, as he keeps showing that unlike his father he knows how to harm the British monarchy - by disgracing it's leading hero (Richard), and by simply waiting for time to take it's toll on his enemy Henry. And Merrow is the most sympathetic figure in the film, genuinely loving Henry but finding even he regards her as a dynastic pawn in the end. The movie was that rarity, a sequel as thoughtful and intelligent as the first film had been, and filling in the results of that first film's background and story very well indeed.


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