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October (Ten Days that Shook the World) (1927)

Oktyabr (original title)
A large-scale view on the events of 1917 in Russia, when the monarchy was overthrown.

Directors:

Grigoriy Aleksandrov (as G. Aleksandrov), Sergei M. Eisenstein (as S. M. Eisenstein)

Writers:

Sergei M. Eisenstein (as S. M. Eisenstein), Grigoriy Aleksandrov (as G. Aleksandrov) | 2 more credits »
Reviews
2 wins & 2 nominations. See more awards »

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Cast

Credited cast:
Nikolay Popov Nikolay Popov ... Kerenskiy
Vasili Nikandrov Vasili Nikandrov ... V.I. Lenin
Layaschenko Layaschenko ... Konovalov
Rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Chibisov Chibisov ... Skobolev
Boris Livanov ... Terestsenko
Mikholyev Mikholyev ... Kishkin
Nikolai Padvoisky Nikolai Padvoisky ... Bolshevik (as N. Podvoisky)
Smelsky Smelsky ... Verderevsky
Eduard Tisse ... German Soldier
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Storyline

In documentary style, events in Petrograd are re-enacted from the end of the monarchy in February of 1917 to the end of the provisional government and the decrees of peace and of land in November of that year. Lenin returns in April. In July, counter-revolutionaries put down a spontaneous revolt, and Lenin's arrest is ordered. By late October, the Bolsheviks are ready to strike: ten days will shake the world. While the Mensheviks vacillate, an advance guard infiltrates the palace. Anatov-Oveyenko leads the attack and signs the proclamation dissolving the provisional government. Written by <jhailey@hotmail.com>

Plot Summary | Plot Synopsis

Genres:

Drama | History

Certificate:

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Did You Know?

Trivia

Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider. See more »

Goofs

The Bolshevik revolutionary killed by the mob can be seen blinking his eyes after dead. See more »

Quotes

V.I. Lenin: We have the right to be proud that to us fell the good fortune of beginning the building of the Soviet State and, by doing so, opening a new chapter in the history of the world.
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Crazy Credits

Only under the iron leadership of the Communist Party can the victory of the masses be secured. See more »

Alternate Versions

The director's cut was 3800 meters long with a running time of 138 minutes. The original commercial release in the USSR was shortened to 2800 meters, or 102 minutes. For political or commercial considerations, the French versions were further cut to 2000 meters (73 minutes) or 2200 meters (80 minutes), the last released in 1966 with synchronized music by Dmitri Shostakovich. See more »

Connections

Edited into Ten Days That Shook the World (1967) See more »

User Reviews

 
Propaganda movie about Russian revolution from the overthrow of the Romanov to final strike to Kerensky government
16 October 2018 | by ma-cortesSee all my reviews

In documentary style, it depicts the historical deeds in St Petersburg , Petrograd are re-enacted from the end of the monarchy in February of 1917 to the end of the provisional government and the decrees of peace and of land in November of that year. Lenin returns to St. Petersburg from exile in April . Huge crowds meet him at the Finland railway station, and he delivers a firing speech . In July, counter-revolutionaries put down a spontaneous revolt, and Lenin's arrest is ordered by President Alexander Kerenski and the military commander-in-chief Kornilov . By late October, the Bolsheviks are ready to strike . As Bolsheviks and other small parties - as the sailors of Krondstat- that participated in the overthrow and take the Winter Palace .While the Mensheviks vacillate, an advance guard infiltrates the palace . Anatov leads the attack and signs the proclamation dissolving the provisional government : All power to Soviets .

The film describes the increasingly chaotic days until the victory of the Bolsheviks over the Mensheviks : ten days will shake the world . Extensive use is made of montage that expresses ideas by editing in frames of things from outside the setting or unrelated to the narrative . As directors Sergei Eisentein and Grigori Aleksandrov use a technique named "intellectual montage", or attraction edition , as the editing together of images of apparently unconnected objects in order to create and encourage intellectual comparisons between them . The frames often contrast faces with still objects . The visual setting is overwhelming : enjoyable sculptures , wide exterior views which encompass roads, canals, masses of people and armies, extended interior views, beautiful decorative objects and art works like Rodin's sculptures . Special mention for the the brethtaking shots of the drawbridge and with a dead horse hanging . It is well re-enacted with impressive human masses, a cast of thousands , an innovative edition , including a great number of close-ups and spectacular backgrounds . At the end takes place a crushing final strike as small warship -Cruise Aurora- enters the city river and posts itself close to the Winter Palace .



This documentary was well based on historical events : commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917. It took place with an armed insurrection in Petrograd on 7 November (25 October, O.S.) 1917. It followed and capitalized on the February Revolution of the same year, which overthrew the Tsarist autocracy and resulted in a provisional government after a transfer of power proclaimed by Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicolas II, who declined to take power after the Tsar stepped down. During this time, urban workers began to organize into councils (soviets) wherein revolutionaries criticized the provisional government and its actions. After the Congress of Soviets, now the governing body, had its second session, it elected members of the Bolsheviks and other leftist groups such as the Left Socialist Revolutionaries to important positions within the new state of affairs. This immediately initiated the establishment of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, the world's first self-proclaimed socialist state. On 17 July 1918, the Tsar and his family were executed. The revolution was led by the Bolsheviks, who used their influence in the Petrograd Soviet to organize the armed forces. Bolshevik Red Guards forces under the Military Revolutionary Committee began the occupation of government buildings on 7 November 1917. The following day, the Winter Palace (the seat of the Provisional government located in Petrograd, then capital of Russia) was captured. The long-awaited Constituent Assembly elections were held on 12 November 1917. In contrast to their majority in the Soviets, the Bolsheviks only won 175 seats in the 715-seat legislative body, coming in second behind the Socialist Revolutionary Party, which won 370 seats, although the SR Party no longer existed as a whole party by that time, as the Left SRs had gone into coalition with the Bolsheviks from October 1917 to March 1918. The Constituent Assembly was to first meet on 28 November 1917, but its convocation was delayed until 5 January 1918 by the Bolsheviks. On its first and only day in session, the Constituent Assembly came into conflict with the Soviets, and it rejected Soviet decrees on peace and land, resulting in the Constituent Assembly being dissolved the next day by order of the Congress of Soviets. As the revolution was not universally recognized, there followed the struggles of the Russian Civil War (1917-22) and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922


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Frequently Asked Questions

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Details

Country:

Soviet Union

Release Date:

24 September 1928 (Sweden) See more »

Also Known As:

October (Ten Days that Shook the World) See more »

Filming Locations:

Moscow, Russia See more »

Company Credits

Production Co:

Sovkino See more »
Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs

Runtime:

(2007 restored) | | (DVD special edition)

Sound Mix:

Silent

Aspect Ratio:

1.20 : 1
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