IMDb > The Lord of the Rings (1978)
The Lord of the Rings
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The Lord of the Rings (1978) More at IMDbPro »

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The Lord of the Rings -- All of the magical adventure of "Lord of the Rings" trilogy comes to life in this brilliantly animated tale of the enchanted land of Middle Earth.
The Lord of the Rings -- Blu-Ray Combo Pack trailer


User Rating:
6.1/10   23,094 votes »
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Down 2% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
Chris Conkling (screenplay) and
Peter S. Beagle (screenplay) ...
View company contact information for The Lord of the Rings on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
15 November 1978 (USA) See more »
Come to Middle-earth, a world beyond the furthest reaches of your imagination. See more »
The Fellowship of the Ring embark on a journey to destroy the One Ring and end Sauron's reign over Middle Earth. Full summary » | Full synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
Nominated for Golden Globe. Another 1 win & 2 nominations See more »
User Reviews:
A misfire for Bakshi, that much is certain See more (314 total) »


  (in credits order) (verified as complete)
Christopher Guard ... Frodo Baggins / Mr. Underhill (voice)
William Squire ... Gandalf The Grey / Gandalf The White / Narrator / Dwimmerlaik - The Witch-King of Angmar (voice)
Michael Scholes ... Samwise 'Sam' Gamgee (voice)

John Hurt ... Aragorn 'Strider' - Son of Arathorn (voice)

Simon Chandler ... Meriadoc 'Merry' Brandybuck (voice)

Dominic Guard ... Peregrin 'Pippin' Took (voice)
Norman Bird ... Uncle Bilbo Baggins (voice)
Michael Graham Cox ... Boromir - Son of Denethor (voice) (as Michael Graham-Cox)

Anthony Daniels ... Legolas Greenleaf - Son of Thranduil / Déagol - Smeagol's Cousin (voice)
David Buck ... Gimli - Son of Gloin (voice)
Peter Woodthorpe ... Gollum / Smeagol (voice)
Fraser Kerr ... Saruman The White Sorcerer / Narrator (segment "Epilogue") (voice)
Philip Stone ... King Theoden / Uglúk - Uruk-Hai Captain (voice)
Michael Deacon ... Grima Wormtongue - Saruman's Spy / Grishnákh - Mordor Orc Captain (voice)

André Morell ... Lord Elrond (voice) (as Andre Morell)
Alan Tilvern ... Mr. Barliman Butterbur - Innkeeper / Odo Proudfoot (voice)

Annette Crosbie ... Lady Galadriel of Lothlorien (voice)
John Westbrook ... Treebeard - Ent Leader / Lord Celeborn of Lothlorien (voice)
John A. Neris ... Gandalf The Grey / Gandalf The White
Sharon Baird ... Frodo Baggins
Michael Lee Gogin
Paul Gale
Patrick Sullivan Burke

Billy Barty ... Bilbo / Sam
Donn Whyte

Trey Wilson ... Aragorn 'Strider' - Son of Arathorn
Albert Ash (as Albert Cirimele)
Patty Maloney

Jere Rae Mansfield ... Lady at Inn (as Jeri Lea Ray)

Felix Silla
Mike Clifford
Larry Larsen
Art Hern
David Dotson
Tommy Madden
Gary Jensen

Aesop Aquarian
Santy Josol
Stan Barrett
John L. (as John L)
Herbie Braha (as Herb Braha)
Sam Laws
Hank Calia ... Mustachioed Red Hood Cloaked Customer at Inn
Terry Leonard ... Bald Customer at Inn
Frank Delfino

Peter Looney
Russ Ernest (as Russ Earnest)
Dennis Madalone ... Prince Isildur - Son of Elendil
Louie Elias
Robert 'Big Buck' Maffei ... The Dark Lord Sauron (as Buck Maffei)
Edoardo Faieta (as Eddy Fay)
Jerry Maren
Carmen Filpi
Harry Monty
Ruth Gay ... 2nd Lady at Inn
Frank Morson
Leonard P. Geer (as Lenny Gear)

Walter Robles (as Walt Robles)
Harriet Gibson (as Harriett Gibson)

Mic Rodgers ... Marshal Eomer - Theoden's Nephew
Bob Haney
Angelo Rossitto ... 5th Dwarf Customer at Inn
Chuck Hayward
Peter Risch (as Pete Risch)
Eddie Hice (as Eddy Hice)
Jack Verbois

Loren Janes
Greg Walker (as Gregg Walker)
rest of cast listed alphabetically:

Lucille Bliss ... Additional Voices (voice) (uncredited)

Mel Smith ... Additional Voices (voice) (uncredited)

Directed by
Ralph Bakshi 
Writing credits
Chris Conkling (screenplay) and
Peter S. Beagle (screenplay)

J.R.R. Tolkien (novels "The Fellowship of the Ring" and "The Two Towers")

Produced by
Saul Zaentz .... producer
Original Music by
Leonard Rosenman 
Cinematography by
Timothy Galfas (director of photography)
Film Editing by
Donald W. Ernst 
Peter Kirby 
Art Direction by
Phil Carroll (uncredited)
Makeup Department
Patricia Messina .... key makeup artist (uncredited)
Production Management
Steven Hahn .... production manager (uncredited)
Denise O'Dell .... production supervisor (uncredited)
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
John Sparey .... assistant director
Art Department
Tom Jung .... poster artist (uncredited)
Tom Jung .... poster designer (uncredited)
Sound Department
Stephen Katz .... consultant: Dolby
Carl Lewis .... assistant sound editor (as Cari Lewis)
Bob Minkler .... sound re-recording mixer
Bill Mumford .... sound re-recording mixer
Dan Sharp .... assistant sound editor (as Daniel Sharp)
Bill Varney .... sound re-recording mixer
Cathy McKelvey .... assistant sound editor (uncredited)
John Post .... sound effects editor (uncredited)
Curt Schulkey .... adr editor (uncredited)
Curt Schulkey .... dialogue editor (uncredited)
Visual Effects by
James W. Riley .... visual effects producer (uncredited)
Camera and Electrical Department
Phil Bray .... still photographer
Animation Department
Marcia Adams .... landscape painter
Christopher D. Andrews .... animation effects (as Christopher Andrews)
Craig Armstrong .... key animator
Dale Baer .... key animator
Dale Baer .... layout artist
Brenda Banks .... key animator
Carl Bell .... key animator
Nino Carbe .... animation effects
Mary Jane Cole .... ink and paint special effects
Jesus Cortes .... key animator
Janet Cummings .... color modeler
Janet Cummings .... ink and paint supervisor
Retta Davidson .... assistant animator
James A. Davis .... key animator
Lillian Evans .... key animator
Dotti Foell .... animation checker
Frank Gonzales .... key animator
Steven E. Gordon .... key animator (as Steven Gordon)
Stan Green .... animation effects
Edgar Gutierrez .... cel reproductions
Vince Gutierrez .... ink and paint supervisor
Lee Guttman .... ink and paint supervisor
Ann Hamilton .... ink and paint special effects
Kevin Hanna .... layout artist
Edwin B. Hirth III .... landscape painter
Mentor Huebner .... layout artist
Charlotte Huffine .... assistant animator
Barry E. Jackson .... landscape painter (as Barry Jackson)
Sam Jaimes .... animator
David Jonas .... layout artist
Sean Joyce .... key animator
Lisa Kahatriya .... ink and paint supervisor (as Lisa Kshatriya)
Chrystal Klabunde .... key animator (as Chrystal Russell)
Rob LaDuca .... assistant animator (as Rob La Duca)
Terry Lennon .... assistant animator (as Terrence Lennon)
Ed Newmann .... assistant animator (as Edward Newmann)
Linda Pearce .... ink and paint special effects
Manuel Perez .... animator (as Manny Perez)
Daniel Pia .... animation production supervisor
Michael G. Ploog .... layout artist (as Mike Ploog)
Carol Kieffer Police .... landscape painter (as Carol Kieffer)
Lou Police .... background assistant
Sally Reymond .... ink and paint supervisor
Nelda Ridley .... ink and paint supervisor
Lenord Robinson .... key animator
Joe Roman .... animator
Phil Roman .... animator
Emalene Seutter .... ink and paint special effects (as Emaline Seutter)
Paul Smith .... key animator
Irven Spence .... key animator
J. Michael Spooner .... background assistant
Karin Stover .... ink and paint special effects
Martin Taras .... animator
Barry Temple .... assistant animator
Ruth Tompson .... ink and paint supervisor
Hank Tucker .... key animator
Ira Turek .... background assistant
John Vita .... landscape painter (as Johnnie Vita)
Ed Wexler .... key animator (as Edward Wexler)
Bruce Woodside .... key animator
Louise Zingarelli .... layout artist
Micki Zurcher .... ink and paint supervisor
Kristine Brown .... final checker (uncredited)
Tim Burton .... inbetween artist (uncredited)
Daryl Carstensen .... xerox checker (uncredited)
Davis Doi .... assistant animator (uncredited)
Brad Frost .... assistant animator (uncredited)
Edward Goral .... inbetween artist (uncredited)
Ray Harris .... assistant animator (uncredited)
Larry Leker .... animator (uncredited)
Madlyn O'Neill .... paint technician (uncredited)
Gary Randall .... animator (uncredited)
Richard Raynis .... background illustrator (uncredited)
Rusty Stoll .... assistant animator (uncredited)
Tom Tataranowicz .... animator (uncredited)
Costume and Wardrobe Department
William Barbe .... special costume designer and constructor
Lynne Betner .... special costume designer and constructor
Hollis Trainer .... costume supervisor (uncredited)
Editorial Department
Jack Hooper .... negative cutter
Tom Hooper .... negative cutter
Music Department
Ralph Ferraro .... orchestrator
Jim Henrikson .... music editor
Leonard Rosenman .... conductor
Paul Kont .... composer: additional music (uncredited)
Other crew
Mark Bakshi .... production staff
Leah Bernstein .... assistant to director
Lynne Betner .... assistant to director
Martin Cohen .... production staff
Christine Danzo .... production staff (as Christine L. Danzo)
Nancy Eichler .... assistant to producer
Wayne Fitzgerald .... title designer
Jacquelyn Herst .... production staff
Jacqueline Roettcher .... studio production supervisor
Cathy Rose .... production staff
Michael Takamoto .... production staff
Robert K. Feldmann .... production assistant (uncredited)
Crew believed to be complete

Production CompaniesDistributorsSpecial EffectsOther Companies

Additional Details

Also Known As:
"J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings" - USA (complete title)
See more »
132 min
Color (DeLuxe) | Color
Aspect Ratio:
1.85 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
3 Channel Stereo (5.1) (L-R) | Dolby Stereo (Dolby 5.1) (5.1) (L-R)
Argentina:Atp | Australia:PG | Canada:G (Manitoba/Quebec) | Canada:A (Nova Scotia) | Canada:PG (Ontario) | Finland:K-12/9 (1988) | Finland:K-12 (1980) | Iceland:L | Netherlands:AL | Peru:PT | Sweden:11 | UK:PG | USA:PG | West Germany:12

Did You Know?

Filmed with live actors in black-and-white and rotoscoped, each animation cel drawn over a film frame of an actor. This was the first entirely rotoscoped animated feature.See more »
Errors made by characters (possibly deliberate errors by the filmmakers): Gandalf and Aragorn pronounce "Edoras" differently.See more »
Aragorn:[as Boromir's funeral boat floats away] Either we take the last boat and follow Frodo, or we follow the orcs on foot.
Legolas:Pippin and Merry may be dead by now, we don't know.
Aragorn:We cannot forsake them... the fate of the ringbearer is my hands no longer, the company of the Ring has played it's part.
Aragorn:We follow the orcs!
See more »


Why does the film only cover half of the story?
Why wasn't it indicated that this would be the first part of the story?
Who is Aruman?
See more »
46 out of 71 people found the following review useful.
A misfire for Bakshi, that much is certain, 8 September 2002
Author: Roosta Lee from Dallas, Texas

I won't dwell on the purists' outrage over Bakshi's liberties with story or characters. For the most part, they are correct. I'm certainly not coming to the filmmaker's defense, but in the context of the material's density, animation technology of 1978, et al., this guy really took a swing at bringing this thing to the silver screen.

Sadly, the film wasn't that good. Much of the animation was disjointed, and most of the backgrounds were crudely drawn and failed to create the correct atmosphere that one gets from reading the book. I will say, though, that I have always liked the rotoscoping, in particular that of the orcs. There is something exceedingly frightening about the way they are displayed, something today's CGI characterizations seems to miss. Bakshi used this technique in his other works as well, particularly in Wizards, which is a better, if different, film than his version of LotR. But mixing purely-drawn characters (hobbits) with those that are rotoscoped (orcs) just didn't look right here.

I must agree with some others who assert that some of the frame direction and scene selection is oddly similar to Peter Jackson's version of late. And if Jackson was influenced by at least SOME of the look of Bakshi's film, then what's the harm?

If you want to be dazzled, this version of LotR probably won't rouse you. There's many more misses than hits. But it isn't as bad as many would have you believe. If it weren't a Tolkien adaptation, I think it would be received much better.

Was the above review useful to you?
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