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An American in Paris (1951)
About the Music
I write this, not so much as a film fan (which I very much am), but as a classical musician. I was in my early teens when I first heard GERSHWIN's "American in Paris" and have loved and admired it ever since.
If you grant the film the conventions of that era's movie musicals, it's a stunner. I want to note the difference(s) between how the Gershwin SONGS were handled versus how his CONCERT MUSIC was handled. Songs in musical shows were almost never used without extensive modifying by arrangers and orchestrators other than the composer. His pieces composed for concert situations (the first of which was "Rhapsody in Blue") I think demand and largely deserve a different approach.
Two of the concert pieces were used in the film. The first is the third (last) movement of the Piano Concerto for Oscar Levant's dream sequence. I haven't listened again to another recording to verify this, but I'm confident that that movement was used without any alteration. Also, to get technical about it, specific shots of Levant playing might not have used the soundtrack made in that specific shot, but Levant had dazzling facility and surely played every last note that we hear.
As for the big ballet finale, only about two-thirds of the music comes directly from GERSHWIN's "American in Paris." My hunch is that Kelly made requests of the brilliant musical staff and decided to switch chunks of the score, played material again that Gershwin did not, re-orchestrated some passages, and even added completely new material to suit the choreography. I can't watch the otherwise superb ballet without wincing at various musical moments, therefore only 9 stars.