The Edison Kinetophone (1913)

A spoken prologue to Thomas Edison's 1913 sound movie road show.

Director:

Allen Ramsey

Star:

Allen Ramsey
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Cast

Credited cast:
Allen Ramsey Allen Ramsey
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Storyline

A spoken prologue to Thomas Edison's 1913 sound movie road show.

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Genres:

Short

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Details

Country:

USA

Language:

English

Company Credits

Production Co:

Edison Company See more »
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Technical Specs

Sound Mix:

Mono (Kinetophone sound cylinder)

Aspect Ratio:

1.33 : 1
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User Reviews

 
Presenting the Kinetophone
26 November 2018 | by bobliptonSee all my reviews

Allen Ramsey, dressed like a footman, declaims on the genius of Thomas Edison and the perfection of the sound-on-cylinder-and-film techniques of the Kinetophone.

The idea of synchronized sound accompanying film was not new. Even before silent films were a thing, back when his lab was working on their development, Edison speculated on the subject. In 1894, Dickson recorded a violinist and two men dancing to a phonograph. By 1906, sound films were a reality in Europe, with production in England, France and Germany, all using sound-on-disc systems.

The issues with these methods, as with Edison's Kinetophone were twofold. First, synchronization was difficult. Film could break, record speed control was not perfect and required trained and attentive handlers. Edison's system had a very complicated system that required two people to maintain synchronization, as well as the projectionist. That is why there were one or two theaters in each of the nations in Europe that produced sound films in the era to actually show them.

The other problem was loudness. To show a sound film in a theater meant the sound had to be loud; bodies absorb sound, furniture absorbs sound, and Lee DeForest had only invented the triode, which is used for amplification, in 1906. DeForest himself would tackle sound pictures beginning about 1919, after all these earlier techniques had fallen away.


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