The cast and crew filmed under extreme weather conditions: freezing temperatures, cold Atlantic water, intense winds, snow, rain and no protective flora on the Forchu terrain kept them exposed to the elements throughout the shoot. Three Nor'easters blew across Cape Forchu during various stages of the production. Much of the film was shot in real weather elements, so rain and wind machines weren't needed most of the time, with director Robert Eggers stating that "the most crazy and dramatic stuff was shot for real." The crew had to film the scene where Pattinson's character goes into the sea at night when the weather settled down, because they were afraid they might lose him to a riptide.
791 of 798 found this interesting Interesting? |
Jump to: Spoilers (3)
Willem Dafoe and Robert Pattinson stated that they barely spoke a word to each other on set and were too exhausted to hang out together after a day of shooting because filming was so physically demanding due to the miserable weather conditions. While Pattinson stayed at a normal hotel with the rest of the film crew during the shoot, Dafoe lived in a little fisherman's cottage in solitude. On set, on the other hand, Pattinson would tend to eat and stay by himself during filming breaks, while Dafoe stayed with the crew. Both stated that they liked each other very much as soon as they had their first real conversation a few months later.
1,631 of 1,638 found this interesting Interesting? |
The scene where Willem Dafoe's character gives the sea curse to Robert Pattinson's character because he doesn't like his cooked lobster was shot in one single take. According to director Robert Eggers, Dafoe didn't blink for over two minutes.
1,258 of 1,268 found this interesting Interesting? |
Since the film is set in 1890, it was shot on 35mm black and white Double-X 5222 film, all while augmenting the Panavision Millennium XL2 camera with vintage Baltar lenses from as early as 1918 to as late as 1938. This makes the aspect ratio approximately 1.19:1, which is practically square. To enhance the image and make it resemble early photography, a custom cyan filter made by Schneider Filters emulated the look and feel of orthochromatic film from the late 19th century. This filter blocks all the red wavelengths from hitting the film, so that the reds appear black. Considering most pores and skin tones have red in them, the orthochromatic emulation allows the audience to see just about every imperfection and pore on the actors faces.
873 of 883 found this interesting Interesting? |
Robert Pattinson's accent is based on a very specific area of Maine farming dialect, while Willem Dafoe's is the jargon of Atlantic fishermen and sailors of the time. Director/writer Robert Eggers was very precise about the actor's accents and line delivery. He would, for example, give instructions to "say the second sentence of your third line 75% faster."
1,000 of 1,013 found this interesting Interesting? |
The film was shot on Double-X stock black and white, which requires much more light to get exposure, so when they shot at night and indoors they had to use about 15 to 20 times more light on set to actually see something on film. The crew put flickering 500- to 800-watt halogen bulbs in period-correct kerosene lamps that were only a few feet away from the actor's faces, resulting in the set being blindingly bright and the actors barely seeing each other. The lights were so bright that crew members sometimes wore sunglasses even during night shoots.
729 of 738 found this interesting Interesting? |
Before filming began, Willem Dafoe and Robert Pattinson rehearsed with Robert Eggers for a week in a hotel in Halifax, Nova Scotia. While Dafoe loved to rehearse given his extensive theatre background, Pattinson didn't want to show and let out too much beforehand, preferring to jump directly into the scene blindly. He found the rehearsal process frustrating and uncomfortable, being used to react impulsively in front of the camera and getting self-conscious by thinking too much about the scene beforehand. His method being, that if he accomplishes certain things in rehearsal, it will later ruin the spontaneity and feel fake in front of the camera. Director Robert Eggers welcomed that the two worked so differently and stated: "They have this incredible, electric chemistry on screen, but it was chemistry through tension. That couldn't have been better for the movie. Rob hated to rehearse because he wanted to surprise me and Willem, but mostly surprise himself with what he would do in the scene. Rob tends to be the best in his first take and he feared he would ruin that. So he held back in the rehearsal period."
795 of 806 found this interesting Interesting? |
The story is very loosely based on a real-life tragedy from 1801 (called "The Smalls Lighthouse Tragedy"), in which two Welsh lighthouse keepers, both named Thomas, became trapped on their lighthouse station during a storm. When one man died, it is said to have driven the other mad. Other influences were seafaring literary classics by authors Herman Melville, Robert Louis Stevenson, and the supernaturally tinged cosmic horror tales of H.P. Lovecraft, as well as Algernon Blackwood.
890 of 903 found this interesting Interesting? |
Robert Pattinson had an unusual approach to psych himself up before emotionally extreme scenes. Director Robert Eggers states, "Sometimes he'd beat himself in the face so bad. Or when it was raining through the cottage roof, Rob was drinking the rainwater in-between takes. He also spun around in circles a lot, that was helpful for him. Or he'd stick his fingers down his throat to make himself gag, stuff like that." Particular the scene where both characters are drunk and Dafoe lies on Pattinson's chest, he "was sticking his fingers down his throat (before the take). Willem gave me a look as if to say, 'If Rob f*****g pukes on me...'"
770 of 781 found this interesting Interesting? |
No seagulls were harmed while filming this movie. The seagull scenes were filmed with a puppet, which was digitally replaced with real seagulls. The real birds were trained rescue seagulls named Lady, Tramp and Johnny. They re-shot the scenes with the real seagulls in front of a greenscreen in a studio in the UK, because they couldn't fly the seagulls to Nova Scotia, Canada. The missing eye was done in post-production. Other seagulls seen flying around in the distance were living in that area and were always around while shooting, much to the anger of the crew, because the seagulls quickly realised to use them as their food source.
559 of 566 found this interesting Interesting? |
The word "wickie" used by Wake is the 19th Century slang term for a lighthouse keeper and is based on the "wick trimming" that was required of lighthouse keepers.
297 of 300 found this interesting Interesting? |
The film has an aspect ratio of 1.19:1, an almost-square frame that was used in the early sound years by filmmakers including Fritz Lang and Georg Wilhelm Pabst. It was originally necessary to make room on the physical film for the soundtrack. For The Lighthouse, they specifically chose this aspect ratio because "the spaces in this movie are meant to feel confined, it's more of a close-up movie than The Witch (2015). The idea of widescreen only came about in the 1950s - we wanted to take people back further than that."
341 of 345 found this interesting Interesting? |
Robert Pattinson's and Willem Dafoe's facial hair was all real. However, Pattinson had to dye his mustache dark because he's naturally dark blonde. Dafoe's bad teeth were a prosthetic.
421 of 427 found this interesting Interesting? |
For dialogue inspiration, the Eggers brothers read the works of Herman Melville, Robert Louis Stevenson, and more, consulting 19th century slang and nautical dictionaries for concise jargon. Willem Dafoe's character is prone to articulate soliloquies in the style of William Shakespeare and Milton. For naturalistic dialogue, the Eggers brothers turned to the works of Sarah Orne Jewett, a Maine-based poet and novelist best known for her works set on the Eastern seaboard, including 'Tales of New England' and 'Strangers and Wayfarers', both published in 1890. As research for her own work, Jewett interviewed old sailors and farmers, often writing in their dialect.
327 of 331 found this interesting Interesting? |
The Fresnel lighthouse lens fabricated for the movie was a functioning and historically accurate reproduction, which, through its intense reflective capacity, allows light to be visible for 16 miles. Director Robert Eggers and cinematographer Jarin Blaschke discovered it during a research trip to Northern California. They visited Point Cabrillo, the site of a lighthouse dating back to 1909, featuring a working Fresnel lens. There is only one team, Dan Spinella, Lens Preservationist and Kurt Fosburg, U.S. Coast Guard Lampist, that manufacture the lenses today. The team worked with Production Designer Craig Lathrop who directed them to create the style lens he had envisioned.
229 of 231 found this interesting Interesting? |
The camera equipment broke down frequently due to the level of moisture on location. Also, three different types of camera equipment from three different eras were coupled together. Robert Pattinson had to walk into the ocean around 25 times because the camera lens kept fogging up while shooting a scene.
320 of 324 found this interesting Interesting? |
Central to the sound design is a bellowing foghorn, so sound designer Damian Volpe turned to J.J. Jamieson, a craftsman in Shetland, Scotland who makes YouTube tutorials on operating and maintaining foghorns, for recordings of a period-accurate foghorn. Using Jamieson's samples, Volpe manipulated the sound and created a foghorn that was ominous, memorable, and unique to the film. The fog horn heard throughout the film is a recording of the Nash Point Lighthouse Fog Horn (located in Wales, UK). The Nash Point Fog Horn is sounder with compressed air.
449 of 456 found this interesting Interesting? |
When asked to describe the movie, director/writer Robert Eggers always used the same choice of words in every interview: "Nothing good can happen when two men are trapped alone in a giant phallus."
690 of 703 found this interesting Interesting? |
The design of the mermaid's genitals was based on shark labia and was constructed entirely out of silicone. Robert Eggers on the backstory: "The mermaid on the Starbucks (coffee) cup that has two tails is based on an early mermaid design: Medieval and Renaissance mermaids were always split so that these anima figures of male fantasy could perform their role that had been unfairly thrust upon them by their male imaginers. But no surprise that in the Victorian era, they closed the mermaids up and made them impenetrable. So that single-tail mermaid silhouette has become the archetypal mermaid look for people today, and also what a mermaid would have looked like in the period of the movie. But we still had to figure out how mermaids can copulate and create more mermaids. So, we studied shark genitals."
479 of 487 found this interesting Interesting? |
While writing the screenplay, Robert Eggers was listening to hours of YouTube videos of subwoofer rumblings, waves crashing, wind blowing, and foghorns.
312 of 316 found this interesting Interesting? |
In 2012, Robert Eggers' brother, Max Eggers, first had the idea for a contemporary ghost story set in a lighthouse. After years of trying to get The Witch (2015) made, and failing, Eggers turned to his brother, Max, to work on that ghost story, but decided it had to be a period piece after he discovered a real-life tragedy about two Welsh lighthouse keepers in 1801. But this film was put on the back-burner once The Witch (2015) finally was financed and started filming in 2014.
346 of 351 found this interesting Interesting? |
Every building appearing on screen was made for the film. The lighthouse complex was actually two sets: For the exteriors shots, a full-scale, 70-foot lighthouse tower that could withstand 120-kilometer winds on Cape Forchu in Nova Scotia, Canada, a unique outcropping of volcanic rock, was built. The skeleton for the lighthouse was covered with plywood, then wrapped in a thin sheet that resembles brick facing and got torn down after shooting finished. A few of the interiors were filmed there as well, but the majority were built inside soundstages and warehouses outside of Halifax, Nova Scotia. In the writing phase, it became clear that it would be too cramped to maneuver the camera inside the lighthouse tower.
340 of 345 found this interesting Interesting? |
The dream sequence where Wake stands naked, beaming light from his eyes onto Winslow, is a reference to the painting "Hypnosis" by German artist Sascha Schneider from 1904.
97 of 97 found this interesting Interesting? |
Robert Eggers knew from the start that the film had to be in black and white. Even before he began writing the script, he wrote on the front page: "This film must be photographed on black & white 35mm negative, Aspect ratio: 1.19:1, Audio mix: Mono."
392 of 401 found this interesting Interesting? |
The script didn't explain what Wake and Winslow's characters were seeing when they are staring into the light of the lighthouse. When Willem Dafoe and Robert Pattinson were playing these scenes, they didn't know either. The script only explained how their characters felt while looking at the light.
356 of 364 found this interesting Interesting? |
According to director Robert Eggers, the original script included "a very juvenile shot of a lighthouse moving like an erect penis and a short match-cut to an actual erect penis". A24 and New Regency only agreed to Eggers shooting on 35mm black and white negative if he removed all scenes of full frontal male nudity (including scenes with erections in them) in order to avoid an NC-17 rating.
368 of 377 found this interesting Interesting? |
Director Robert Eggers stated that the scene where Robert Pattinson's character gets excrement in his face was inspired by The Big Lebowski (1998).
378 of 388 found this interesting Interesting? |
The residents from Yarmouth, Nova Scotia (where the lighthouse set was built) liked it so much that some fought to keep and maintain the fake lighthouse when filming wrapped, but it was removed because of safety issues and because it was only made out of wood.
259 of 265 found this interesting Interesting? |
The departing wickies at the beginning of the movie were played by crew members.
140 of 142 found this interesting Interesting? |
Principal photography lasted 35 days and took place in April and May 2018 in Cape Forchu (Yarmouth) and Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
181 of 185 found this interesting Interesting? |
Robert Eggers on the film's music: "I was looking for an aleatoric score with nods to ancient Greek music. I wanted to de-emphasize strings, and instead focus on glass and instruments you can blow into, including horns and pipes. It needed to sound like the sea. But I realized that we needed elements that would also harken back to an old movie score, so there's a nod to Bernard Herrmann."
254 of 261 found this interesting Interesting? |
Robert Pattinson and Willem Dafoe reached out to Robert Eggers to work with them because they loved The Witch (2015). When Eggers finished the script, it was clear to him to cast them because he had been looking for a project to do with both. Before this movie, Eggers talked with Pattinson about other roles in films (including The Knight, and Nosferatu), but Pattinson declined because the roles Eggers wanted him to play were all too boring and normal for him.
325 of 336 found this interesting Interesting? |
There were versions of the script that were "too clear". Director Robert Eggers's goal was to make the audience go mad and become confused like Winslow, so the final script turned out being more confusing for the audience.
93 of 94 found this interesting Interesting? |
Robert Eggers' preparation for this film began with the creation of a look book, detailing and distilling the film's aesthetics through works of literature, music, historical documentation, including photographs of New England marine life in the 1890s. Also paintings by Andrew Wyeth, an early 20th century realist who painted the land and people of rural Pennsylvania and Maine, and symbolist painters like Arnold Boecklin, Jean Delville, among others, whose allegorical and mythical subjects inspired some of the fantastical imagery in the film.
162 of 166 found this interesting Interesting? |
10 days before filming was due to start, production company New Regency tried to convince director Robert Eggers to shoot on wide screen because the film sets were "too beautiful" to not be shown on full scale.
55 of 55 found this interesting Interesting? |
The audio of Willem Dafoe's farts was added in post-production. They didn't originate in a sound library, meaning they were created practically. Sound designer Damian Volpe stated that he won't reveal how he created the sounds of passing gas and that he will take the secret to his grave.
385 of 402 found this interesting Interesting? |
198 of 206 found this interesting Interesting? |
In the original script, Thomas Wake had a glass eye, a peg leg, and three missing fingers. This was changed because Eggers felt the audience could misinterpret Wake as a pirate, and that the effects required for his appearance would be too difficult under a tight budget.
64 of 65 found this interesting Interesting? |
Composer Mark Korven centered the film's score on brass instruments with some orchestral production including friction rubs, an effect achieved by dragging a wooden mallet with a rubber ball on its end across various surfaces, including wood and glass. Other instruments present in the score include a glass harmonica, designed to replicate the sound of music made by wine glasses and wet fingers, and a waterphone, or ocean harp; a stainless steel bowl with bronze rods around the rim that gives off a vibrant, ethereal sound when used with a friction mallet.
156 of 163 found this interesting Interesting? |
The mermaid carving used in the film was auctioned by A24 to benefit the NYC Food Bank during the Covid-19 pandemic. It sold for $110,750 to an anonymous buyer.
39 of 39 found this interesting Interesting? |
During shooting, director Robert Eggers was afraid that the film was going to be "too funny" because Robert Pattinson and Willem Dafoe are naturals at comedy and are very funny in real life. Eggers then used the music score in post-production to keep the tone dark enough.
48 of 51 found this interesting Interesting? |
The film had its world premiere in the Directors' Fortnight section of the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, three days after the news leaked that Robert Pattinson was in negotiations to play the next Batman. When press outlets asked him about it, he declined to comment. Two weeks later, it became official.
134 of 165 found this interesting Interesting? |
Willem Dafoe learned to knit for the film, but they only found a single scene in which to have him doing it.
5 of 5 found this interesting Interesting? |
This is the third movie starring Robert Pattinson in which his character has a masturbation scene, after Little Ashes (2008) and Damsel (2018), with a possible fourth in the following year's The Devil All the Time (2020).
133 of 214 found this interesting Interesting? |
"After making The Witch so miserable and self-serious I thought if I was gonna explore misery again I would wanna be able to laugh at it. So. The fart jokes." In case you were wondering. Robert Eggers stated.
3 of 3 found this interesting Interesting? |
It was filmed in part on the southern tip of Nova Scotia in a small fishing village called Cape Forchu.
Willem Dafoe didn't want to wear a hat for the first dinner scene, but Robert Eggers wanted his character to look authoritative and in charge. It's historically inaccurate as it was considered bad luck to wear hats in the kitchen.
Learning how to roll cigarettes was a problem for Robert Pattinson, but he eventually figured it out.
Willem Dafoe is afraid of heights and was no fan of going atop the lighthouse, but he's a professional and did so without squawking once action was called.
That's Hershey's chocolate syrup coming out of the water pump at (39 mins.)
Robert Eggers was somewhat surprised by the success of and reaction to The Witch. "I didn't think it was a bad movie, I thought it was good enough to get some kind of distribution, and I hoped that it would get enough good reviews that maybe someone would let me make another movie." Dafoe's management team emailed on his behalf saying the actor wanted to meet with him. "I wanna do whatever you're doing next," said Dafoe, and they made it happen.
They shot the burial scene on the second day of filming.
The seagull murder scene has more impact when watched in color.
3 of 4 found this interesting Interesting? |
The dinner knife that Young pockets, breaks into the shape of a seagull's beak after attempting to break into The Light.
The opening shot was filmed with a Petzval lens which was designed around 1840. "There's obviously a lot of weird lens characteristics which helps transport us back into time and make for a mysterious shot. hopefully." Robert Eggers stated.
They built all of the buildings including the 70-foot working lighthouse tower.
Around the 4:22 mark we see Thomas Howard (Robert Pattinson) trying to get into Thomas Wake's (Willem Dafoe) desk. "Don't know if it reads, but that's the intention there." Robert Eggers stated.
Part of the sound design behind the water pump noise is a donkey's "hee-haw."
There were at least eight Robs on-set which caused only minor confusion.
The main seagull was played by three seagulls from the UK named Lady, Tramp, and Johnny. They're rescue birds.
That's a seagull puppet swooping up at Pattinson at (17 mins.) and "now that I say that it will always look like a puppet for everyone, so maybe I shouldn't have said anything." Robert Eggers stated.
"The sound design is very delicate here," Robert Eggers says, roughly fifty seconds before the first fart is heard.
The top interior of the lighthouse "is one of the places where my insistence on historical accuracy maybe wasn't the best thing for the movie." It's too cramped, and Robert Eggers is still not sure if he likes any of the scenes filmed up there.
USLHE is marked and tagged over most of the things at the lighthouse to discourage theft, and it stands for United States Lighthouse Establishment.
They shot in 1.19:1 which is "a rare aspect ratio from early sound cinema" because they felt it captured the cramped quarters and vertical objects well.
The screenplay refers to Wake and Howard and Old and Young, respectively, as their names aren't even mentioned until halfway through the film.
Robert Eggers had offered Robert Pattinson a role in something more traditional that he was working on, but the actor passed as "he was only interested in doing challenging and strange stuff."
Robert Pattinson would stick his fingers down his throat and gag himself a little bit whenever he was drunk. Robert Eggers shares this only because Pattinson himself had been mentioning it in interviews.
The mermaid's labia is based on shark genitals.
The production company (ie the suits) wondered if a more traditional score would be better for The Lighthouse, so Eggers tried it for several scenes before realizing that it just didn't work. They eventually decided to have composer Mark Korven add a smidgen of Bernard Herrmann into this score.
The book that Howard is intently flipping through at (1hr 26 mins.) is filled with photos and memorabilia of Wake's family. Early audiences were apparently confused by the images thinking it was a plot point of some kind, so Eggers removed the cuts and instead stayed on Howard's face.
They looked at different ways in which people used tools to help them carry heavy loads, and Robert Pattinson chose the head strap visible at (14hr 48 min.) because he thought they were cool.
1 of 2 found this interesting Interesting? |
The opening title treatment is from the treatise of a 19th century book called The Lighthouse "that has nothing to do with the plot or story of this movie." director Robert Eggers found it to be an attractive typeface that "suited the atmosphere of this movie."
Is this interesting? Interesting? |
"This is the shot where Robert Pattinson said he wanted to punch me in the face," Robert Eggers says at the scene with Robert Pattinson running in close-up in the rain at (1hr 17 mins.)
Is this interesting? Interesting? |
According to Robert Eggers, the two lead characters represent figures in Greek mythology: Wake represents Proteus, an old prophetic sea-god, who was called the "Old Man of the Sea". Winslow represents Prometheus, a Titan and trickster figure, who defies the gods (Wake's character) by stealing fire (represented by the light of the lighthouse).
584 of 588 found this interesting Interesting? |
Wake mentions that it's bad luck to kill a seagull because of a superstition stating that seagulls contain the souls of sailors. Wake also mentioned that his previous assistant went mad and died. The seagull that antagonizes Winslow is missing an eye. The rotting head later found in the lobster trap (that of Wake's assistant) is shown to be missing the same eye as the seagull, implying that this seagull contained the soul of Wake's former partner.
524 of 529 found this interesting Interesting? |
The final shot of seagulls swarming over Winslow's body and pecking at his insides as he lies helpless on the rocks resembles that of the Greek mythological tale of "Prometheus": The Greek Gods took away the fire from humans as punishment for disobeying them. Then, the Titan Prometheus stole the fire back to give the valuable gift to mankind. The Gods were outraged by Prometheus' theft of fire, and so they punished Prometheus by chaining him helplessly to a rock, where each day an eagle was sent to eat Prometheus' liver, which would then grow back overnight to be eaten again the next day, forever.
563 of 570 found this interesting Interesting? |