Captain Marvel (2019)
That particular design of the Microsoft Excel logo first appeared in the 2003 edition of Microsoft Excel.
Errors in geography
Earth's gravity is not created by the atmosphere, but by the mass of Earth itself. (The moon is still caught in Earth's gravitational pull.)
Secondly, the plane is shown to still be accelerating away from Earth, which would have, at the least, pushed them back in their seats.
In simple terms, weightlessness in space is caused by continually falling back toward the surface (due to gravity) but moving fast enough sideways to avoid hitting the Earth.
Incorrectly regarded as goofs
Every time that a Skrulls dies, they revert back to their true form, but the clothes remain unchanged. The big question is if their abilities extend to their clothes, or if the clothes changes because of advanced technology. In the case of the latter, it'd be a separate feature from their own biological ability to change. This is inconsistent, though, as at one point a Skrull impersonates Vers in her Kree uniform but when killed the clothing changes to the nondescript black garments the Skrulls are wearing on their ship.
Coulson never says that they are now known as SHIELD. When Pepper tries to say the full name, Coulson responds: "just call it SHIELD". Even if one regards that as the birth of acronym, it has been ignored since the start of the MCU. The opening montage of The Incredible Hulk shows a document, written before 2008, where the organization is identified as "Shield". Marvel One-Shot: Agent Carter (set in 1946) calls the organization "SHIELD". As does flashbacks (that take place before the events of Iron Man) in Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D..
This could have been made clearer in the movie, but the FTL travel used by the Kree is a network of "jump points", essentially stable wormholes. This is the same method used in both Guardians films. The jump points exist in fixed locations and lead to other fixed locations, and their distribution is irregular. The lightspeed engine described in the film would presumably permit travel at lightspeed (or faster) directly rather than by means of jump points. This would enable trips to places that might not be readily reachable by jumps, and therefore would make a ship with such an engine much harder to track and follow for someone without such an engine.
There is no evidence that she left the suit at the store; the mannequin she took the clothing from is stripped bare, and the suit is not seen lying around. Given the properties demonstrated by the suit elsewhere in the movie (particularly the space helmet that forms by itself), it is probable that the entire suit uses some kind of nanoparticle construction that can re-form into different configurations. This kind of technology has been seen being used elsewhere in the Kree's sphere of influence. The suit might simply deconstruct into a small container that can be put in a pocket.
Since we see very little of Carol Danvers' time as an Air Force pilot, there is no reason to assume that no such story exists. There's nothing inherently pejorative about Maria Rambeau's call sign, "Photon", either. What makes a person's call sign meaningful comes from the story behind it, not merely the word used, and we aren't given any information about the stories behind Danvers' and Rambeau's call signs.
Incorrectly regarded as goofs
We so far have not seen any footage of Fury from the period between this movie and his assumption of the directorship of S.H.I.E.L.D. Coulson presented him with a case of glass eyes at the end of the movie. Fury may have used a glass eye for several years and later decided he preferred the patch.