La Tierra de la Madre (1994)

Exile of 30.000 children from Spanish Civil War is exposed here and related to other European economical migrations in late 20th century, through the voice and story of someone who spent her whole life out of Spain.


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Credited cast:
Conchita Eguidazu Conchita Eguidazu ... Herself


The story of Conchita Eguidazu, who left Spain in 1937, in the midst of a Civil War, and never returned, is the pretext for a reflexion on migrations. Her voice narrating the sailing from Bilbao and Santander to France, and then to the Soviet Union, as well as later refuge in Uzbekistan during WWII and finally to Albania, after marrying, is the storyline of this short documentary. Full of excitement as well as elements for a reflexion on how ideologies have vanished from the media attention to nowadays migrations within the same Europe. Old footage from 1930s is mixed with camera coverage of Albanians trying to reach Italian coasts in 1991: two waves of refugees, both in big ships and sailing the same seas, what has changed since then?

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Official Sites:

VOD official site Hamaca


Spain | France



Release Date:

1994 (Spain) See more »

Filming Locations:

Madrid, Spain See more »


Box Office


ESP 400,000 (estimated)
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Company Credits

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Technical Specs



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Did You Know?


Letters from the children are shown and read in the film. They had been recently found in a sack, close since 1937, when the children had just arrived to Kharkov and other soviet cities. By the time the letters arrived in Spain, their hometowns had already been taken by Franco's troops. So they were only read by military censors, but never delivered to parents and families that expected news from Russia. Prior to preparing the film, the letters had been accidentally found in the cellars of the Salamanca Civil War Archive, where all military paperwork from the Spanish War is kept. See more »


Conchita Eguidazu: My mother was a school teacher, very polite, and when we didn't want to eat something, she always mention the 1914 war: people starving, nothing to eat, up to eating grass, so you have to learn to eat everything... As whatever my parents said was law for me, I went to the garden by the house to eat grass, taste it and thinking of the war, I didn't hear her calling us for lunch. She found me and asked: what are you doing? it's not necessary now, but you must eat everything.
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written by Víctor Nubla
recorded at LMD Laboratorio de Música Desconocida, Barcelona, 1982
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