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La Tierra de la Madre (1994)

Exile of 30.000 children from Spanish Civil War is exposed here and related to other European economical migrations in late 20th century, through the voice and story of someone who spent her whole life out of Spain.


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Credited cast:
Conchita Eguidazu Conchita Eguidazu ... Herself


The story of Conchita Eguidazu, who left Spain in 1937, in the midst of a Civil War, and never returned, is the pretext for a reflexion on migrations. Her voice narrating the sailing from Bilbao and Santander to France, and then to the Soviet Union, as well as later refuge in Uzbekistan during WWII and finally to Albania, after marrying, is the storyline of this short documentary. Full of excitement as well as elements for a reflexion on how ideologies have vanished from the media attention to nowadays migrations within the same Europe. Old footage from 1930s is mixed with camera coverage of Albanians trying to reach Italian coasts in 1991: two waves of refugees, both in big ships and sailing the same seas, what has changed since then?

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Official Sites:

VOD official site Hamaca


Spain | France



Release Date:

1994 (Spain) See more »

Filming Locations:

Madrid, Spain See more »


Box Office


ESP 400,000 (estimated)
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Company Credits

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Technical Specs



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Did You Know?


The so-called "children of Russia" are one of the most dramatic episodes of the Spanish Civil War. Up to 30.000 Spanish children were exiled to several European countries, including the Soviet Union and also Mexico by the Spanish Republican government due to the bombing of cities by Franco and German forces. Most of them were taken from Northern cities of Spain, the most punished by rebel forces. And the plan was to bring the children back soon after. This only happened with those children taken to France, Belgium or the United Kingdom, and not all. But all the children taken to countries closer to the Republic, México and Russian, never came back. In the Soviet Union they found a great support and protection by the authorities, who prevented them from suffering or combat in WWII. And only in the 1950s some of those children, already adults, tried to establish in a new Spain under Franco's rule, which turned them into suspects of espionage for the USSR. See more »


Conchita Eguidazu: That's why it's good we all think about that, and teach our children in that sense. The world is full of hunger, with and without wars. Children must be taught and learn to eat anything, and work in any job.
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written by Víctor Nubla
recorded at LMD Laboratorio de Música Desconocida, Barcelona, 1982
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