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The Day That Lasted 21 Years (2012)

O Dia que Durou 21 Anos (original title)
Provides evidence of manipulation and investment funding from the U.S. government to carry out the Brazilian military coup that occurred in 1964.


Camilo Tavares


Camilo Tavares
1 win & 4 nominations. See more awards »


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Credited cast:
Auro de Moura Andrade Auro de Moura Andrade ... Self (voice) (archive footage)
Robert Bentley Robert Bentley ... Self
Júlio de Sá Bierrenbach Júlio de Sá Bierrenbach ... Self
Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco ... Self (archive footage)
Newton Cruz Newton Cruz ... Self
Bocayuva Cunha Bocayuva Cunha ... Self (archive footage)
Arthur da Costa e Silva Arthur da Costa e Silva ... Self (archive footage)
Carlos Fico Carlos Fico ... Self
Lincoln Gordon Lincoln Gordon ... Self (archive footage)
João Goulart João Goulart ... Self (archive footage)
James Naylor Green James Naylor Green ... Self
Lyndon B. Johnson ... Self (archive footage) (as Lyndon Johnson)
John F. Kennedy ... Self (archive footage)
Peter Kornbluh Peter Kornbluh ... Self
Stanley Howard Lehman Stanley Howard Lehman ... (voice)
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Provides evidence of manipulation and investment funding from the U.S. government to carry out the Brazilian military coup that occurred in 1964.

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Are we really, completely without bias?
25 September 2017 | by jgcorreaSee all my reviews

Was the CIA responsible for the military coup d'état in Brazil in 1964? So-called "Operation Thomas Mann" is a reference to the then Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs of the Lyndon Johnson Administration. It happens, however, that nonexistent documents were later forged by a Czech spy who, in 1964, operated in Brazil via KGB: Mr. Ladislav Bittman, who acted on behalf of Czechoslovakia's Service of Disinformation, and later told the story in his book "The KGB And Soviet Disinformation." Bittman wrote: "We wanted to create the impression that the U.S. were forcing the OAS to take an anticommunist position as the CIA planned coups d'état against the regimes of Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Mexico and Cuba (...) The operation was designed to create vis-à-vis the Latin American audience a preventive policy against hard-line America, to incite demonstrations of intense anti- American sentiments and to label the CIA as a notorious perpetrator of undemocratic intrigue". Bittman's revelations were made public in 1985, but the Brazilian media never mentioned them, either through ignorance or for not wanting the public to be aware of long-standing lies. Anyway, the basic scenario was told in the 1970s by the American historian Phyllis Parker in her book "The Role of the United States in the 3/31 Coup." Parker interviewed the main players in the episode, having had access to most of the secret correspondence. She came to the conclusion that the 1964 coup was staged by Brazilians, not by Americans. This sounds obvious, but the alternative (leftist) version sustains that the takeover by the military was planned in Washington and included an invasion of Brazil by U.S. Marines. Phyllis Parker actually showed that the U.S. monitored the situation closely, lobbied with her usual aggressiveness, and did have a Plan B in case Brazil suffered a civil war. In the words of that historian, there is no evidence that the United States instigated, planned, directed or participated in the execution of the 1964 coup. In a nutshell, the so- called "Operation Brother Sam" denounced by this film did start, but was aborted as redundant. Democracy prevailed (unfortunately only for a certain time). All interviewees in this film take on a predictably politically correct, anti-American core stance. The film would be less unbalanced or sectarian if it didactically described the big picture, i.e. the broader context of the Cold War, the Foggy Bottom-inspired Domino Theory, the recent establishment of communism in Cuba, the assassination of JFK etc.

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Release Date:

29 March 2013 (Brazil) See more »

Also Known As:

El Día que Duró 21 años See more »


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