30 user 111 critic

Footnote (2011)

Hearat Shulayim (original title)
PG | | Comedy, Drama | 25 May 2011 (Israel)
2:01 | Trailer
Eliezer and Uriel Shkolnik are father and son as well as rival professors in Talmudic Studies. When both men learn that Eliezer will be lauded for his work, their complicated relationship reaches a new peak.


Joseph Cedar


Joseph Cedar
Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 14 wins & 8 nominations. See more awards »



Learn more

More Like This 

Beaufort (2007)
Action | Drama | War
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.7/10 X  

The story of a group of Israeli soldiers stationed in an outpost prior to the withdrawal of forces of 2000.

Director: Joseph Cedar
Stars: Alon Aboutboul, Adi Adouan, Ya'akov Ahimeir
Ajami (2009)
Crime | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.3/10 X  

Ajami is the religiously mixed community of Muslims and Christians in Tel Aviv. These are five stories about the everyday life in Ajami.

Directors: Scandar Copti, Yaron Shani
Stars: Fouad Habash, Nisrin Siksik, Elias Saba
Time of Favor (2000)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.6/10 X  

Is today's fanaticism tomorrow's policy? In a West Bank settlement, Rabbi Meltzer has a grand design: he's building a movement "to pray at the Temple Mount." His yeshiva has scholars, and ... See full summary »

Director: Joseph Cedar
Stars: Aki Avni, Tinkerbell, Idan Alterman
Operation Grandma (TV Movie 1999)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.1/10 X  

Mivtza Savta ("Operation Grandma") is a satirical Israeli comedy about three very different brothers trying to get around many obstacles to bury their grandmother on her kibbutz. The story ... See full summary »

Director: Dror Shaul
Stars: Rami Heuberger, Ami Smolartchik, Tzach Shpitzen
Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7/10 X  

As a family from India moves in to a desert neighborhood in Southern Israel in the 1960's, the family's eldest, beautiful daughter discovers friendship and romance with the lovely local ... See full summary »

Director: Avi Nesher
Stars: Neta Garty, Liraz Charhi, Aure Atika
Comedy | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  

At a Montréal public grade school, an Algerian immigrant is hired to replace a popular teacher who committed suicide in her classroom. While helping his students deal with their grief, his own recent loss is revealed.

Director: Philippe Falardeau
Stars: Mohamed Fellag, Sophie Nélisse, Émilien Néron
In Darkness (2011)
Drama | War
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.3/10 X  

A dramatization of one man's rescue of Jewish refugees in the German-occupied Polish city of Lvov.

Director: Agnieszka Holland
Stars: Robert Wieckiewicz, Benno Fürmann, Agnieszka Grochowska
Comedy | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.3/10 X  

A unit of female Israeli soldiers at a remote desert base bide their time as they count down the minutes until they can return to civilian life.

Director: Talya Lavie
Stars: Dana Ivgy, Nelly Tagar, Shani Klein
Late Marriage (2001)
Comedy | Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.1/10 X  

Zaza is a 31-year old Israeli bachelor, handsome and intelligent, and his family wants to see him married. But tradition dictates that Zaza has to choose a young virgin. She must be ... See full summary »

Director: Dover Koshashvili
Stars: Lior Ashkenazi, Ronit Elkabetz, Moni Moshonov
War Witch (2012)
Drama | War
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.1/10 X  

Somewhere in Sub-Saharan Africa, Komona, a 14-year-old girl, tells her unborn child growing inside her the story of her life since she has been at war. Everything started when she was abducted by the rebel army at the age of 12.

Director: Kim Nguyen
Stars: Rachel Mwanza, Alain Lino Mic Eli Bastien, Serge Kanyinda
Campfire (2004)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.9/10 X  

The story of one woman's personal battle for acceptance, but also a portrait of a political movement that has forever affected millions of lives in the Middle East.

Director: Joseph Cedar
Stars: Michaela Eshet, Hani Furstenberg, Moshe Ivgy
Gett (2014)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.7/10 X  

After a lukewarm marriage of over twenty years, a woman appeals to her husband's compassion to obtain the desirable divorce document in front of a court, which proves to be more challenging than she would expect.

Directors: Ronit Elkabetz, Shlomi Elkabetz
Stars: Ronit Elkabetz, Simon Abkarian, Gabi Amrani


Cast overview, first billed only:
Shlomo Bar-Aba ... Eliezer Shkolnik (as Shlomo Bar Aba)
Lior Ashkenazi ... Uriel Shkolnik
Aliza Rosen ... Yehudit Shkolnik (as Alisa Rosen)
Alma Zack ... Dikla Shkolnik (as Alma Zak)
Micah Lewensohn Micah Lewensohn ... Yehuda Grossman
Nevo Kimchi ... Yair Fingerhut
Yuval Scharf ... Noa newspaper reporter
Daniel Markovich Daniel Markovich ... Josh Shkolnik
Tsipi Gal Tsipi Gal ... Mystery Woman
Michael Koresh Michael Koresh ... Committee Member
Idit Teperson ... Committee Member
Shmuel Shiloh Shmuel Shiloh ... Committee Member (as Shmulik Shilo)
Albert Iluz ... Committee Member (as Albert Illouz)
Gad Kaynar Gad Kaynar ... Committee Member
Jackey Levi ... TV Host (as Jacky Levy)


The story of a great rivalry between a father and son, both eccentric professors in the Talmud department of Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The son has an addictive dependency on the embrace and accolades that the establishment provides, while his father is a stubborn purist with a fear and profound revulsion for what the establishment stands for, yet beneath his contempt lies a desperate thirst for some kind of recognition. The Israel Prize, Israel's most prestigious national award, is the jewel that brings these two to a final, bitter confrontation. Written by Anonymous

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


Pride, Envy, Vanity... How far would you go for recognition?


Comedy | Drama

Motion Picture Rating (MPAA)

Rated PG for thematic elements, brief nudity, language and smoking | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

View content advisory »






Release Date:

25 May 2011 (Israel) See more »

Also Known As:

Footnote See more »

Filming Locations:

Jerusalem, Israel See more »


Box Office

Opening Weekend USA:

$47,528, 11 March 2012

Gross USA:


Cumulative Worldwide Gross:

See more on IMDbPro »

Company Credits

Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:

Dolby Digital



Aspect Ratio:

2.35 : 1
See full technical specs »

Did You Know?


Joseph Cedar is the son of the Israel Prize recipient, Haim Cedar. See more »


At around 38:00, when Uriel enters the room that the committee is meeting in for the first time, he can open and close the door easily. But when he returns with a chair a few seconds later, suddenly there's not enough space to close it, despite his chair not being in the way. See more »


Eliezer Shkolnik: That's a very nice idea, very nice... but wrong.
See more »

Crazy Credits

The credits for the major cast and crew members all have the initial letters of their names in bold, echoing the plot device that causes the confusion between the father and son. See more »


Referenced in A Wonderful Country: Episode #9.5 (2012) See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.

User Reviews

A sour and mostly unpleasant affair
1 April 2012 | by howard.schumannSee all my reviews

Though Joseph Cedar's Footnote is a look at the Israeli academic community's insularity and hubris, the problems it raises are universal and the film could most likely take place anywhere in the world. One of five nominated films at this year's Oscars in the Best Foreign Film category, Footnote allows us to take a peak behind the hallowed walls of academia and it is not a pretty sight. With its exposure of political maneuvering, egotism, ambition, and tightly controlled orthodoxy, the film makes clear its point of view that professors who are out of the mainstream are marginalized and passed over for recognition by their peers.

The film centers on Eliezer Shkolnik (Schlomo Bar Aba), an aging Talmudic scholar and philologist, who has become a bitter and aggrieved man after having been passed over for the prestigious Israel Prize for twenty years. Eliezer arrogantly denounces the selection committee for the Prize as people who have forgotten the meaning of true scholarship. He has spent his career researching corrupted Jewish texts that deviate from the original Talmud, but whose only recognition has been a citation in a footnote.

Ill at ease in the hallowed walls of academia and in relationships in general, Eliezer sleeps in his office and only ventures out to go to the library. He continues to schedule classes even though as little as one or two people enroll. His relationship with his wife Yehudit (Alisa Rosen) appears strained and distant and, when he is at home, he blocks out the world by putting on gigantic yellow earphones. His behavior is contrasted with that of his more sociable and outgoing son, the bearded Uriel (Lior Ashkenazi) who is also a Talmudic scholar but one whose work is more attuned to popular tastes. His father, unfortunately, is generally disdainful, calling him a "folklorist" and a scholar subservient to the prevailing academic status quo.

The film opens with Eliezer sitting in an auditorium with a dour and rigid look on his face as Uriel is being inducted into a scholarly academy, an honor which the father has never received. Despite the downbeat beginning, the first part of the film is fairly lighthearted with Cedar entertaining us with inter-titles describing the background of the characters and Amelie-like cutesy cinematic tricks bouncily scored by Amit Poznansky. Halfway through, however, the film takes a more dramatic turn when Eliezer learns that he has finally won the Israel Prize after waiting for twenty years, an event that threatens the resentment he clings to so obsessively.

Unfortunately, a ridiculous faux-pas by the Nominating Committee only serves to place more obstacles in the father-son relationship. It is, unfortunately, not an easily correctable mistake but a true ethical dilemma and one that precipitates a confrontation between Uriel and the academic committee in a tiny room, an absurd scenario that would be funny if it did not have so many potential disastrous ramifications. The brunt of Uriel's attack is directed towards Yehuda Grossman (Michah Lewesohn), a scholar who has either rejected or ignored his father's work and whose publication of his own Talmudic discovery undermined all the meticulous research Eliezer had been doing for years. In the film's most dramatic sequence, the confrontation escalates into highly articulated personal attacks, ultimatums, and even a bit of physical violence.

While Uriel is defending his father at the committee meeting, Eliezer is doing the opposite, criticizing his son during an interview, lumping him in with those whose Talmudic studies he considers to be shallow and superficial. Needless to say, this even further exacerbates their troubled relationship. Footnote is an engaging film marked by exceptional performances by Lewesohn, Ashkenazi, and Bar Aba and you can enjoy it whether or not you care very much whether or not the current version of the Talmud correctly reflects the original ancient texts. The depiction of Eliezer, however, is one-dimensional and the father's incessant self-righteousness turns the film into a sour and mostly unpleasant affair. In addition to its depressing tone, numerous plot points are introduced and then dropped without further comment.

Eliezer is seen talking to another woman, a sequence that leads to a bedroom discussion of the event between Uriel and his wife Dikla (Alma Zack), but soon morphs into an argument, its purpose obscure. Also in another thread that goes nowhere except to add to the general unpleasantness, Uriel's son Josh (Daniel Markovich) goes on a hiking trip and comes home having to confront his father's anger at his ostensible lack of ambition or goals. Although the film's loose ends are particularly annoying, we are caught up in its very compelling scenario. Cedar knows how to build up the tension and we eagerly await some sort of resolution but, as is the trend of late, the director feels that his film is more valuable as a gigantic set-up than as a satisfying resolution and the result is a film that leaves us thinking that the projectionist inadvertently cut out the best part of the movie.

6 of 11 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you? | Report this
Review this title | See all 30 user reviews »

Contribute to This Page

Free Movies and TV Shows You Can Watch Now

On IMDb TV, you can catch Hollywood hits and popular TV series at no cost. Select any poster below to play the movie, totally free!

Browse free movies and TV series

Recently Viewed