The conquest of the West was nearly complete by the 1870s. In one remarkable decade, with Indians effectively confined to reservations, over four million new settlers arrived to stake their claim to the future.
Did You Know?
Richard White, historian, guest commentator: The (American) West is about possibilities. And sometimes the price of success of one group's possibilities is going to be the ending of possibilities for another group. Americans aren't wrong in seeing the West as the land of the future, of seeing a land in which astonishing things are possible. What they often are wrong about is that there's no price to be paid for that (success)--that everybody can succeed or that even what succeeds is necessarily the best for everyone concerned. The West is much more complicated than that. See more
Any Indian who shall engage himself in the Sun Dance, Scalp Dance or War Dance shall be deemed guilty of an offense, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by withholding of his rations not exceeding ten days. - Bureau of Indian Affairs