In the second half of the nineteenth century, Mexico found itself confronted with two models of government: monarchy or republic. In Europe, the great powers were competing for expansion of their colonial power and social revolutions were multiplying, sparking movements of liberalism, nationalism and democracy. For its part, the United States was debating questions of liberty and slavery. At the end of 1861, the French Empire undertakes a military intervention in Mexico to impose a monarchical government headed by the archduke Fernando Maximiliano de Habsburgo. In the space of six years the monarchy was not able to consolidate itself, the international situation turned against France and Napoleon III decided to end his adventure in Mexico, leaving Maximilian abandoned to his own fate.