In the planning for the Wilmington attack the term barrage is used several times. The term at that time was bombardment. The barrage as a tactic was developed in the 1880s by the British, and the first English military usage of the term was in WWI at the battle of Neuve Chapelle, 10-13 March 1915.
Filming took place in the Virginia State Capitol. On the wall behind the Speaker of the House is an inscribed marble tablet which reads: "Erected by THE SOCIETY OF THE COLONIAL DAMES OF AMERICA IN THE STATE OF VIRGINIA 1916". Additionally, the society itself was not formed until 1890.
After one of the House sessions, the camera pans to the Washington statue in the Virginia Presidents room at the Virginia State Capitol. Shots from the front include the bust to the right, President Woodrow Wilson, who was born 28 December 1856, and was only 8 years old when the movie is set.
Shortly after Thaddeus Stevens tell the full House that he's not for racial equality, he walks outside into the rotunda area and sits down. He is quickly joined by an angry fellow Representative. The shot of him sitting on a bench in the rotunda shows a modern electrical outlet in the wall below him.
When Lincoln is talking to his Robert, he mentions that Robert didn't enter the tent containing the wounded soldiers. Robert replies, "I snuck in." Nobody in the 1860s would have said "snuck", which is a 20th-century colloquialism (and incorrect; the past tense of "sneak" is "sneaked"). Instead, Robert would have said, "I slipped in", or "I stole in".
Early in the movie there is a military band playing. There is a clarinetist who's using a modern Boehm-fingering clarinet. Until the 1930s or so clarinets were made with the Albert fingering keys. The curved register key is the Albert giveaway, which is not seen in the band's clarinet.
William Bilbo mentions that Lincoln's face is on the 50-cent piece. Abraham Lincoln appeared on fractional currency pieces, that is paper currency that was issued instead of silver coins during the Civil War, but the 50-cent denomination was not one of the ones he was on, until the fourth series, starting 1869.
When Thaddeus Stevens is confronted by an outraged Asa Litton for denying the full humanity and equality of blacks, Stevens tells him "I want the amendment to pass, so that the constitution's first and only mention of slavery is its absolute prohibition." Although the words "slave" and "slavery" appear nowhere in the Constitution, it is in fact addressed in several places: Article I, Section 2, Clause 3 (3/5 of the slaves counted as population for determining representatives and direct taxes); Article I, Section 9, Clause 1 (importing slaves was to be unrestricted by Congress until at least the year 1808); and Article IV, Section 2, Clause 3 (fugitive slaves had to be returned to their owners when caught). Additional references to these provisions show up in Article I, Section 9, Clause 4 and Article V.
At the beginning of the film, a young soldier tells Lincoln that he'd heard Lincoln deliver the Gettysburg Address two years earlier. The scene is set in December 1864 or early January 1865. Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address on 19 November 1863, 13 months earlier.
Lincoln says that a compass will "point you True North," but a compass will actually point towards *magnetic* north. The magnetic North Pole is slightly off from the geographic North Pole, so a compass does not actually point true north.
When President Lincoln is speaking to Private Green and Corporal Clark, shots from behind the soldiers show a hard rain falling, with water dripping off Clark's hat every few seconds. Shots from in front of the two soldiers shows very little rain, and no water drips from Clark's hat.
Throughout the speech by Lincoln to his cabinet which begins with him slamming the table and saying, "I can't listen to this anymore..." Seward rests his clasped hands under his chin. As Lincoln says "...with the fate of human dignity in our hands" Seward lowers his hands from his chin. In the very next shot, as Lincoln shouts "Now! Now! Now!", Seward's hands are once again clasped under his chin resulting in a "jump cut."
When General Grant's staff emerges from The McLean House in Appomattox Courthouse on 9 April 1865, Ely Parker is behind Grant and stands with his hands crossed in front of him. In the next shot, Grant starts descending the stairs to greet Robert Edward Lee, and Parker emerges from inside the courthouse crossing his hands.
Robert Todd Lincoln views the limbs of soldiers being buried and is rattled so much that he craves a cigarette. He uses a small pouch to extract tobacco to make his cigarette but is shaking so badly he cannot do so and discards his rolling paper by throwing it. In the next cut his tobacco pouch abruptly disappears.
When Grant and Lincoln are talking at the house during Lincoln's visit to Petersburg, they both stand up, Lincoln extends his hand to shake Grant's hand, and Grant takes it. In the next shot, Lincoln extends his hand and Grant takes it again.
In the opening scene, as the soldiers start to disperse and return to their units, the shot from behind Lincoln shows Private Green turning and throwing his gun around his shoulder. In the next scene, shot from behind Private Green, he turns and throws the gun around his shoulder again.
When Robert waits outside the military hospital, the shot from inside the hospital shows the American flag over the door billowing in a breeze. In the next shot, from outside, the flag is completely still.
When Lincoln and Tad are going to the military hospital in the carriage, Lincoln clearly puts the papers he is working on in a folder on his left. In the next shot, the papers are back in his lap, and he puts them in the briefcase.
When Lincoln visits W.M. Bilbo and the other attorney's that are lobbying the Democrats, Lincoln mentions the contested election of Alexander Coffroth and Bilbo cites him as representing the Pennsylvania 16th District. Coffroth represented the 17th District.
In many of the scenes set in the House of Representatives, the marble behind the Speaker bears the words "State of Virginia." All of the House scenes were filmed in the Old Chamber at the Virginia State Capitol, in Richmond, Va.
During the debate on the day before the vote is taken, Lincoln's team has to rush back to the White House to secure a letter from Lincoln which will reassure the house that he has not met with Confederate commissioners. The team members are seen running out of the Front of the Capitol to do this. But the Capitol was built the wrong way round and, in reality, they would have rushed out the back to get to the White House faster.
When the Speaker of the House does the Congressional roll call, in alphabetical order by state, he starts with Connecticut. He should've started with California, which was admitted to the union in 1850 and had 3 representatives in the 38th congress (March 1863 to March 1865).
In Lincoln's death scene, he is shown lying somewhat on his side, on top of the covers on a bed at the Petersen House (across from Ford's Theatre). In reality, Abraham Lincoln lingered nearly ten hours and had been put into bed under the covers to keep him warm, and diagonally, because he was so tall he wouldn't have fit otherwise.
In 1863, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton "commissioned" Tad Lincoln an artillery 2nd lieutenant. In the film, Tad wears the uniform of an infantry lieutenant colonel, outranking his brother, Captain Robert Lincoln, by two grades.
The two-seat horse buggy ridden by Lincoln had two men in the front, but they're in the wrong places. The shotgun rider should be on the right, and the coachman, with the whip, should be on the left, to protect pedestrians from the whip.
When Lincoln is speaking with Ms. Keckley on the North Portico, columns can be seen along the north facing wall of the White House to Lincoln's left. The White House has never had columns along this wall.
Raymond H. Johnson plays Republican Congressman John F. McKenzie, but the end credits list a different actor. Raymond H. Johnson is listed in the End Credits as Raymond Johnson, under House of Representatives.
In a scene taking place January 31, 1865, the vote count is conducted in the House of Representatives and General Grant is seen closely following the results from his headquarters. Lincoln's son Robert Lincoln is present in army uniform. In fact, Robert was commissioned as a captain in the army on February 11 and joined Grant's staff thereafter.
In the movie it shows the old original capitol dome when in fact in 1865 the new dome was completed, the dome we have today. For in 1861 when the civil war broke out they were considering putting a hold on the finishing on the new dome that was already under construction . But President Lincoln Personial insisted that the dome be completed which in was by 1865.
Speaker of the House Schuyler Colfax was in his early forties when 13th Amendment was passed, roughly the same age as Speaker Paul Ryan when the movie was made. Yet, Colfax is portrayed by actor Bill Raymond who was in his early seventies when the film was made.
Thaddeus Stevens says that the 13th amendment will be the first time slavery is mentioned in the Constitution. Slavery is often believed to be mentioned explicitly - particularly in the first paragraph of Article 1, Section 9 - but it was not. In fact, the absence of the direct mention of slavery formed the basis of an argument made by abolitionists including Lysander Spooner that slavery was unconstitutional even before the 13th amendment.
Abraham Lincoln's secretary, John Nicolay, was Bavarian by birth, but immigrated with his parents to the United States at age 6, grew up in Cincinnati, Ohio, and did not speak with a German accent. (Despite this, in the 1992 documentary Lincoln, his letters were read by future California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger with his usual trademark Germanic accent.)
On 14 April 1865, the pit orchestra plays Ludwig van Beethoven's "Egmont" Overture. The scene is a play (not a concert) attended by Tad Lincoln that night at Grover's Theater: "Aladdin! Or His Wonderful Lamp."
Early in the film, Lincoln meets with Seward and others in a White House office or drawing room, and bright daylight streams through a window in the background. The camera briefly pans past a clock that reads 5 pm, very close to sunset in mid-November.
In the scenes where the cameras are facing the rear of the house of representatives (away from the speaker) you can see flush-mounted speakers for the modern PA system as well as sprinkler heads of the fire suppression system in the ceiling under the upstairs visitors gallery.
When President Lincoln is expressing his frustrations over the pending vote of the 13th amendment, he slams his hand on the table. The gesture would surely raise a visible reaction by those present. Secretary of War Stanton is appropriately startled. However, sitting behind the president is his personal secretary John Nicolay whose expression and clenched arms never changes throughout the lengthy shot. This indicates that Daniel Day-Lewis performed the scene in front of a green screen. The inanimate Nicolay was part of the C.G.I. scenery inserted by the technical editor. As the angle of the camera reverses in the subsequent scene, Seward remains the only "live" character in the shot with Lincoln. Congressman James Ashley, Preston and Montgomery Blair are motionless, inanimate parts of the background.
While Thaddeus Stevens is giving his responses to Representative Wood, (equally before the law speech) you can see two large holes in the speakers/clerks platform right behind Tommy Lee Jones. These holes are where the shelf that holds the Mace of Virginia is mounted and it is placed in a cradle on that shelf during our legislative sessions.