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Bad Education (2004)

La mala educación (original title)
NC-17 | | Crime, Drama | 11 February 2005 (USA)
An examination on the effect of Franco-era religious schooling and sexual abuse on the lives of two longtime friends.


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Nominated for 1 BAFTA Film Award. Another 16 wins & 39 nominations. See more awards »


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Complete credited cast:
... Ángel / Juan / Zahara
... Enrique Goded
... Padre Manolo
... Sr. Berenguer
Francisco Maestre ... Padre José
... Ignacio
Juan Fernández ... Martín
Nacho Pérez ... Ignacio (as Ignacio Pérez)
Raúl García Forneiro ... Enrique (as Raúl Gª Forneiro)
... Paquito
... Enrique Serrano
... Madre
Roberto Hoyas ... Camarero


In the early 60s, two boys - Ignacio and Enrique - discover love, movies and fear in a Christian school. Father Manolo, the school principal and Literature teacher, both witnesses and takes part in these discoveries. The three characters come against one another twice again, in the late 70s and in 1980. These meetings are set to change the life and death of some of them. Written by Anonymous

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


Crime | Drama

Motion Picture Rating (MPAA)

Rated NC-17 for a scene of explicit sexual content | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:






Release Date:

11 February 2005 (USA)  »

Also Known As:

Bad Education  »


Box Office


$5,000,000 (estimated)

Opening Weekend:

€1,199,793 (Spain), 21 March 2004, Limited Release

Opening Weekend USA:

$147,370, 21 November 2004, Limited Release

Gross USA:

$5,211,842, 24 April 2005

Cumulative Worldwide Gross:

$40,273,930, 27 April 2008
See more on IMDbPro »

Company Credits

Show more on  »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:



Aspect Ratio:

1.85 : 1
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Did You Know?


Pedro Almodóvar worked on the story structure for over 10 years. See more »


When Burenguer declines Ignacio's story over the phone, he says that he wouldn't be accepting it for "Short Stories of the 80's". According to his story, it would have had to been at least 1977, three years before the '80s let alone before a compilation of stories from the '80s would be released. See more »


Ignacio: I think I've just lost my faith at this moment, so I no longer believe in God or hell. As I don't believe in hell, I'm not afraid. And without fear I'm capable of anything.
See more »


References La bête humaine (1938) See more »


from "Petite Messe Solennelle"
by Gioachino Rossini
Performed by Anna Fernández
With collaboration from Cor Vivaldi-Pequeños Cantores de Catalunya
See more »

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User Reviews

A wonderful film despite being hard to watch at times and having some weaknesses at the end
31 May 2004 | by See all my reviews

Enrique is a film director working on his new project when an old school friend, Ignacio, arrives looking for acting work. Enrique fobs him off with excuses and Ignacio leaves him with a story he has written called 'The Visit'. The story is based on their childhood together as well as having a totally fictional section where Ignacio (Zahara). As Enrique reads the story it takes him back to his childhood effectively where they fell in love as boys before being separated by Father Manolo who also loved Ignacio. When he decides to make the film of the story it only serves to spark more memories as well as bringing revelations.

When I read the plot summary for this film I assumed that it would be difficult to penetrate (pardon the pun) and that I would struggle to follow it. Now that I think back on it I wonder how on earth I managed to follow a film that has threads and characters that don't exist even within the film and it is to the film's credit that it works really well. The film appears to have about three of four stories but really it is only one story that we are being told and a very effective story it is. It is engaging and very well written – we care about the characters even as they change and trick us. Only the final 20 minutes appear to be unsure of themselves and it is here that the film drags slightly, but at till this point it is all great. This is not to say it is an easy watch because it isn't.

If you are homophobic then this is not the film for you – I am used to seeing shows (Oz, 6 Ft Under) where such acts are portrayed but I was taken aback by the graphic nature of the acts here. I don't mean you see anything but it leaves very little to your imagination. This is not a problem – it's just that many men may find this difficult to watch. Likewise scenes involving mutual masturbation between young boys is hardly something that one can watch without feeling slightly uncomfortable. However the one thing the film does through all this is deliver good characters. As much as I couldn't watch Ignacio licking his fingers to wet his 'area' and ease penetrate I still liked him as a character. Even more pleasing was the fact that the film never makes Father Manolo a monster; of course there is no sympathy for the man in the film but it could have just made him a lecherous beast who the audience immediately hate – a pantomime villain – but the script creates a more complex character.

The cast do a great job of delivering these characters and they make it work very well even if come of them have to change characters midstream or be one of several actors playing the same character. Martínez plays the most consistent character in the film and he does well with a good part, even if he has a less showy role than some others. Bernal has the most difficult role and he does really well to keep the audience with him while delivering all sorts of roles! If nothing else he is a brave actor and he deserves good parts to do more work like this. I don't know the rest of the actors by name but I enjoyed the other queen in the fictional part and also the guy who played Manolo in the fictionalised and childhood sections. Boira's Ignacio lacks subtlety and is overblown – but by his point of the film I think that was the whole point.

Overall this is far from most people's cup of tea – even those used to seeing art films may find it hard going due to the graphic simulation of the sexual acts within the film. But despite this the film is really well delivered. Many Almodóvar fans have said this is one of his lesser films but I cannot agree when I think of the skill he displays in keeping the difficult narrative together. The characters are mostly well written and the story is engaging even if it flags a little bit at the end.

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