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Paragraph 175 ()


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Historian Klaus Müller interviews survivors of the Nazi persecution of homosexuals because of the German Penal Code of 1871, Paragraph 175.

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Cast

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...
Narrator (voice)
Klaus Müller ...
Himself - Historian
Karl Gorath ...
Himself
Pierre Seel ...
Himself
Heinz F. ...
Himself
Annette Eick ...
Herself
Albrecht Becker ...
Himself
Gad Beck ...
Himself
Heinz Dörmer ...
Himself
Rest of cast listed alphabetically:
...
Herself (uncredited) (archiveFootage)
Magnus Hirschfeld ...
Himself (uncredited) (archiveFootage)
...
Himself (uncredited) (archiveFootage)
Ernst Röhm ...
Himself (uncredited) (archiveFootage)

Directed by

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Rob Epstein
Jeffrey Friedman

Written by

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Sharon Wood ... ()

Produced by

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Janet Cole ... producer
Michael Ehrenzweig ... producer
Rob Epstein ... producer
Jeffrey Friedman ... producer
John Hoffman ... producer: Home Box Office
Klaus Müller ... associate producer
Sheila Nevins ... executive producer: Home Box Office
Howard Rosenman ... co-producer

Music by

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Tibor Szemzö

Cinematography by

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Bernd Meiners ... director of photography

Film Editing by

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Dawn Logsdon

Editorial Department

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Gary Coates ... color timer / colorist: post-production services, Western Images
Sari Gilman ... second editor
Jacquie Lawrence ... commissioning editor: Channel Four Television
Salome Milstead ... assistant editor
Mark Sorensen ... editor: post-production services, Western Images

Production Management

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Michael Ehrenzweig ... production supervisor
Elena Figarola ... production manager: Europe (as Ilena Figarola)
Sari Gilman ... post-production supervisor
Volker Heise ... production manager: Europe
Joe Hoffman ... post-production supervisor
Jules Hussey ... production manager: Europe
Gabriela Seidel ... production manager: Europe (as Gabriele Seidel)
Mark Sorensen ... post-production supervisor

Sound Department

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Pascal Capitolin ... sound recordist
Lora Hirschberg ... re-recording mixer
Al Nelson ... sound designer
Jurgen Scharpf ... re-recording mixer (as Jürgen Scharpf)
Lora Hirschberg ... sound editor (uncredited)
Al Nelson ... supervising sound editor (uncredited)
Colin O'Neill ... digital audio technician (uncredited)
Steve Romanko ... re-recordist (uncredited)

Other crew

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Roberto Acordi ... travel arrangements
Richard Alderman ... translator
Christy Applegate ... intern
Tassilo Aschauer ... production and research asssitant: Europe
Paul Brennan ... legal services
Carlos Cabrales ... producer: graphics and titles
Bill Norfleet Craft ... intern
Kate Davidson ... intern
Michael A. Dively ... funding provided by
Robert D. Dockendorff ... funding provided by
Terri Fredlund ... intern: translator
Melanie Parson Gao ... translator
Pari Garvanos ... assistant to producer
Jacolyn Harmer ... translator
Esmond V. Harmsworth ... funding provided by
Gerrit Hermans ... production crew: Europe
Albrecht Hoffman ... production crew: Europe
Joe Hoffman ... producer: graphics and titles
Joshua H. Johnson ... producer: graphics and titles
Fatime Kahveci ... production crew: Europe
Nancy L. Kittle ... funding provided by
Thomas Kufus ... production services: Zero films, Berlin
Arthur Laurents ... funding provided by
Rachel Lipsits ... intern
Torsten Löhn ... production crew: Europe
Daniel McCarthy ... intern
Madeline S. McEneney ... production associate
Marianne McEvoy ... translator
Barry McKay ... intern
Norbert Mentrop ... production crew: Europe
Hillel Meyer ... translator
Greta Miskatel ... translator
Lars Morgenroth ... production crew: Europe
Klaus Müller ... research director
Devra Noily ... translator
Sönke Ohlen ... production crew: Europe
Annette Perry ... accountant
Matthew Riutta ... intern (as Matt Riutta)
Whitney Saik ... assistant: Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman
Inbar Sarig ... translator
Verena Sixt ... translator
David Abravanel Stein ... archival material
Amelia Stephenson ... intern
Frank A. Suchomel Jr. ... funding provided by
Michael John Suchomel ... funding provided by
Joerg Taszman ... translator (as Jörg Taszman)
R.D. Tong ... accountant
Jason Topolski ... intern
Emmanuelle Vuillequez ... production crew: Europe
November Wanderin ... intern / translator
Vanessa Warheit ... intern
Johannes Weidinger ... funding provided by
Regina Wosnitza ... translator

Thanks

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Donald Bird ... special thanks
Ellen Bruno ... special thanks
Paul Camarillo ... special thanks
Susan Clark ... special thanks
Cappy Coates ... special thanks
Julie Dorf ... special thanks
Ellis Driessen ... special thanks
Diana Elbaum ... special thanks (as Dianna Elbaum)
Michael Engel ... special thanks
Mark Epstein ... special thanks
Vincent Escareno ... special thanks
Raye Farr ... special thanks
Connie Field ... special thanks
Michael Mitch Fricke ... special thanks (as Michael Fricke)
Eric Friedman ... special thanks
Richard Gordon ... special thanks
Leigh B. Grode ... special thanks (as Leigh Grode)
John Haptas ... special thanks (as John Haptos)
Paul Herman ... special thanks
Deborah Hoffmann ... special thanks
Jeff Iorillo ... special thanks
Deborah Kaufman ... special thanks
Ayse Kenmore ... special thanks
Hubert Kennedy ... special thanks
Gerard Koskovich ... special thanks
Mark Leno ... special thanks
Matthew Lesar ... special thanks
James Lichti ... special thanks (as Jim Lichti)
Michael Lumpkin ... special thanks
Sue Marcoux ... special thanks
David Mixner ... special thanks
Jennifer Morris ... special thanks
Sharon Mueller ... special thanks
Jenni Olson ... special thanks
Mark Page ... special thanks
Lucy Massie Phenix ... special thanks
Janis Plotkin ... special thanks
Mark Pogachefsky ... special thanks
Frances Reid ... special thanks
Jan Rofekamp ... special thanks (as Jan Röfekamp)
Kristine Samuelson ... special thanks (as Kris Samuelson)
Ellen Schneider ... special thanks
Ken Schneider ... special thanks
Veronica Selver ... special thanks
David Shepard ... special thanks
Gail Silva ... special thanks
Chris Simms ... special thanks
Alan Snitow ... special thanks
Wieland Speck ... thanks
Jim Steakley ... special thanks
Peter L. Stein ... special thanks (as Peter Stein)
Jamie Stobie ... special thanks
Leslie Switt ... special thanks
Margaret Teskey ... special thanks
Jack Walsh ... special thanks
John Wright ... special thanks
David Young ... special thanks

Production Companies

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Distributors

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Special Effects

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Other Companies

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Storyline

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Plot Summary

By the 1920's, Berlin had become known as a homosexual eden, where gay men and lesbians lived relatively open lives amidst an exciting subculture of artists and intellectuals. With the coming to power of the Nazis, all this changed. Between 1933 and 1945 100,000 men were arrested for homosexuality under Paragraph 175, the sodomy provision of the German penal code dating back to 1871. Some were imprisoned, others were sent to concentration camps. Of the latter, only about 4,000 survived. Today, fewer than ten of these men are known to be living. Five of them have now come forward to tell their stories for the first time in this powerful new film. The Nazi persecution of homosexuals may be the last untold story of the Third Reich. Paragraph 175 fills a crucial gap in the historical record, and reveals the lasting consequences of this hidden chapter of 20th century history, as told through personal stories of men and women who lived through it: the half Jewish gay resistance fighter who spent the war helping refugees in Berlin; the Jewish lesbian who escaped to England with the help of a woman she had a crush on; the German Christian photographer who was arrested and imprisoned for homosexuality, then joined the army on his release because he "wanted to be with men"; the French Alsatian teenager who watched as his lover was tortured and murdered in the camps. These are stories of survivors -- sometimes bitter, but just as often filled with irony and humor; tortured by their memories, yet infused with a powerful will to endure. Their moving testimonies, rendered with evocative images of their lives and times, tell a haunting, compelling story of human resilience in the face of unspeakable cruelty. Intimate in its portrayals, sweeping in its implications, Paragraph 175 raises provocative questions about memory, history, and identity. Written by Anonymous

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Additional Details

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Also Known As
  • Paragraphe 175 (France)
  • Параграф 175 (Russia)
  • 175. Madde (Turkey, Turkish title)
  • Natsit ja homoseksuaalit (Finland)
  • Paragraf 175 (Poland)
  • See more »
Runtime
  • 81 min
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Did You Know?

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Trivia "An unnatural sex act committed between persons of the male sex or by humans with animals is punishable by imprisonment; the loss of civil rights may also be imposed." (Paragraph 175, German Penal Code, 1871) See more »
Movie Connections Featured in Episode 2 (2011). See more »
Soundtracks Falling in Love Again See more »

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