Tom Hanks had to lose almost thirty pounds to appear appropriately gaunt for his courtroom scenes. Denzel Washington, on the other hand, was asked to gain a few pounds for his role. Washington, to the chagrin of Hanks, who practically starved himself for the role, would often eat chocolate bars in front of him.
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Director Jonathan Demme wanted people not familiar with AIDS to see his film. He felt Bruce Springsteen would bring an audience that would not ordinarily see a movie about a gay man dying of AIDS. The movie and the song "The Streets of Philadelphia" did a great deal to increase AIDS awareness and take some of the stigma off the disease.
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The courtroom scenes were filmed in an actual courtroom that the city let the filmmakers use. It was not a set.
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Based in part on the AIDS discrimination lawsuit by Geoffrey Bowers, a young lawyer working for a prominent multinational law firm. On December 4th, 1986 he was fired by a vote of the directors and departed the firm the following day. The directors originally decided to fire him in July of that year, sidestepping company policy by not interviewing his supervisors, asking for a list of his clients, or ascertaining his billable hours. His supervisors protested, which delayed his firing, but the partners voted again that October, twelve votes to three. The initial vote in July to fire him took place two months after Bowers received good marks on a routine performance evaluation. The vote of dismissal took place one month after the positive evaluation and one month before firing Bowers. As with Hanks' Andrew Beckett character, Bowers also suffered from the visible lesions caused by Kaposi's sarcoma. The case took six years in all.
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The moment when Mary Steenburgen's character says that she hates the case was improvised in the moment, when the actress expressed her hate towards her role after shooting the mirror scene and Jonathan Demme encouraged her to incorporate it into the role, so the woman would seem more human.
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According to a 1994 Entertainment Weekly profile of Ron Vawter by Stephen Schaefer, Jonathan Demme had to convince TriStar Pictures to hire Vawter to play Bob Seidman. TriStar wanted Demme to hire someone else because Vawter was HIV-positive and the insurance company covering the film refused to extend coverage to him. Demme managed to convince TriStar to allow the hiring of Vawter anyway, both because Vawter was the actor that Demme wanted, and because refusing to hire an actor because of his HIV-positive status would have been particularly ironic in the context of a movie that is premised on the injustice of a lawyer being fired because he is HIV-positive.
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Originally, Jonathan Demme was going to cast a comedic actor in role of Joe Miller, as he felt it would be a good counterbalance for Tom Hanks, who had already been cast and to give an audience the "it's okay" to watch a film about a gay man dying of AIDS. Demme had considered casting either Bill Murray or Robin Williams. But when Denzel Washington showed interest in the part, he gave the role to him instead, because Demme had wanted to work with Washington for the past few years.
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Filmed in sequence.
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Jonathan Demme decided to record the opera scene live so Hanks could get a better performance with the music playing. This proved extremely tricky in the editing suite (music is usually added in post-production).
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Several scenes depicting a more intimate relationship between Andrew and Miguel were chopped out by the studio. They also attempted to block the casting of the HIV-positive Ron Vawter, until Jonathan Demme pointed out how hypocritical this would be in the face of the film's message.
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There was a statistic that there were 53 gay men who appeared in various scenes in this movie and within the next year, 43 of them had died. On his "Entertainment Urban Legends Revealed" website, Brian Cronin more or less confirmed but also corrected this statistic, based, in part, on a New York Times article and other research. According to Cronin, the movie's producers approached the "Action AIDS" non-profit organization in Philadelphia, and asked it to help recruit, as extras, 50 or so gay men whose appearance was indicative of their having AIDS. Contrary to the statistic, the 40 or so who subsequently died -- including Ron Vawter, who played main character "Bob Seidman" in the film -- did not die in the first year after the film was either produced or released; rather, they died over the next few years thereafter. Freelance writer Clifford Rothman also wrote about this subject in a 1995 New York Times piece that further confirmed at least some of this information.
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At the costume party, Andrew and Miguel are both dressed in U.S. military uniforms. This is a reference to the fact that when the movie was filmed, there was a total ban on gays and lesbians serving in the U.S. Armed Forces, but Bill Clinton had made a campaign promise to dispense with that ban. Instead, in December 1993, Clinton passed a compromise legislation (popularly known as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell") which allowed for gay and lesbian people to serve as long as they did not tell anyone their sexual orientation. This policy remained in place until September 2011.
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While filming on Market Street, the Mellon Bank Building had been changed to the Wheeler Building and the art department had made temporary signs that were placed over the ones for Mellon. As a result of this, many law students who were scheduled to go on interviews for impending jobs missed their appointments. The reason given was that all they could find was the Wheeler & Wheeler building and had difficulty finding the Mellon Building.
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Tom Hanks said that his casting was a deliberate step to get people to see "the movie about a lawyer with AIDS over the big puppet show" or some other less intense option. A number of the previews made it clear it was a legal drama but gave no hint whatsoever of the actual subject matter of the movie.
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When Andy Beckett leaves Joe Miller's office for the first time, he stands on the street in front of a window with the partially visible words "Macready & Shilts" written on it. This is a reference to journalist Randy Shilts, who wrote the acclaimed AIDS history "And the Band Played On" and who himself died of AIDS the year after the film came out.
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Screenwriter Paul Rudnick credited this film, and particularly Tom Hanks' Academy Award acceptance speech, as serving as the inspiration for his comedy In & Out (1997). In Hanks' speech, he credited his high school teacher for being the inspiration behind his performance. A major plot point in Rudnick's film is when an Academy Award-winning actor accidentally outs his former teacher in his acceptance speech.
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Many gay rights activists and historians have credited this film with being the first major motion picture to tackle the AIDS epidemic, bringing awareness to the issue, and working toward lessening the stigma of having AIDS. Despite the praise, others have been critical that it took Hollywood over a decade to address the issue.
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In the film, Denzel Washington's character says he prays that the Philadelphia Phillies win the pennant. The Phillies had done just that three months prior to the film's release.
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Jonathan Demme has stated that he was moved to direct the film after a friend of his, the illustrator Juan Suárez Botas, was diagnosed with AIDS.
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In the scene shown on the television in the bar, then Mayor Edward Rendell was interviewed for the news. Jonathan Demme wanted him to follow lines in the script and Rendell had refused. He insisted on simply answering as he would for any other topic when interviewed for the news. As a result, he managed to get the take on the first try. Through the rest of his tenure as mayor, many referred to him as "One Take Eddie" due to this part in the film and his subsequent ability to do this shot in one try.
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Tom Hanks lost 26 pounds during his role for this film.
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As of 2022, Denzel Washington's last role where he does not play as the main actor.
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Daniel Day-Lewis, Michael Keaton, William Baldwin, Tim Robbins, and Andy Garcia were all considered for the role of Andrew Beckett.
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This film stars the last two actors to win Academy Awards in two consecutive years. Jason Robards was named Best Supporting Actor in 1976 and 1977 for All the President's Men (1976) and Julia (1977), while Tom Hanks won Best Actor for Forrest Gump (1994), one year after winning for his performance in this film.
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As of 2018, Bruce Springsteen's "Streets of Philadelphia" is the second of just two songs -- the first being Carly Simon's "Let the River Run" from Working Girl (1988) -- to win the three major awards - Oscar, Golden Globe, and Grammy - while being composed, written, and performed by a single artist.
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Jonathan Demme initially wanted Daniel Day-Lewis to play Andrew Beckett. He turned it down in favor of In the Name of the Father (1993).
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Director Trademark: [Jonathan Demme]: Characters looking directly into the camera in extreme close-ups. This trademark is present in several scenes.
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The film was very nearly lost to oblivion when Orion Studios filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy in December 1991. Producer Edward Saxon had to appear before a bankruptcy court to convince them that the film's rights should not be lost as an asset in the studio's bankruptcy fallout.
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An elderly double was used for the close-up of Beckett's hands after his collapse in court.
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Denzel Washington's part was originally written as an Italian-American character named Joe Martino.
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Denzel Washington's character's office is above the now defunct Snow White diner in Philadelphia. The office itself became a bar called "No Che". The entrance to the office (Where Tom Hanks' character famously exits onto the street and looks both ways as if with no hope left) is located at 1901 Chestnut Street, and is still there.
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The film's journey from script to screen was an extraordinarily rocky one. The script underwent over 25 major revisions, the film's rights were embroiled in bankruptcy proceedings, and the subject matter sparked some major protests.
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Michael Keaton was the second choice to play Andrew Beckett. He turned down the role and made My Life (1993) instead.
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According to Philadelphia (film) - Wikipedia, "The director deliberately asked Bruce Springsteen to make the main song for this film in an effort to try to get more people who don't know much about AIDS to be more comfortable with viewing the film, and to raise awareness overall. However, Springsteen's first contribution, "Tunnel of Love", was rejected by Demme". It wouldn't have been the same had that song been used, "Streets of Philadelphia", was far more fitting for Philadelphia (1993), as it's a sad song and low-key. "Tunnel of Love", on the other hand is a happy song and upbeat. Not really in keeping with Tom Hanks's gay, HIV positive lawyer Andrew Beckett, who is also nearing the end of his life.
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Included among the American Film Institute's 1998 list of the 400 movies nominated for the Top 100 Greatest American Movies.
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At Beckett's Costume/Memorial Party, the elderly chap standing next to 'Mona Lisa' is none other than Quentin Crisp, the British gay celebrity portrayed in Thames Television film The Naked Civil Servant (1975) starring John Hurt. Another writer, Roy Blount Jr., also appears at a party guest.
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The film's workings title included "People Like Us", "At Risk" and "Probable Cause".
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The protestors outside the courthouse holding signs are based on the members of the Westboro Baptist Church in Topeka, Kansas, led by "Reverend" Fred Phelps. Phelps called this movie "one of my favorite comedies".
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Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
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Many gay publications had quite a few issues with the film. Out magazine referred to Philadelphia as "maddeningly closeted". There was a lack of dimensionality in the film's gay characters. Many gay viewers felt that Jonathan Demme missed an opportunity here to accurately portray someone's experience living with AIDS. Gay activist and playwright Larry Kramer described the film as "dishonest" and "simply not good enough". Also "often politically, legally and medically inaccurate".
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Jonathan Demme, a fan of Debbie Harry, included the video of her duet with Iggy Pop - "Well Did You Evah" - from Red Hot + Blue: A Tribute to Cole Porter (1990), on the television in the background during the opening of the party scene.
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One of the soundtrack songs "It's In Your Eyes" is performed by leading man Denzel Washington's wife Pauletta Washington
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Variety gave a mixed review of Philadelphia (1993), as shown in the following extracts: "Intelligent but too neatly worked out in its political and melodramatic details, pic is fronted by a dynamite lead performance from Tom Hanks". And "The screenplay has been extremely well worked out, but too much so, because every piece fits so perfectly that there are no rough edges, no moments where the raw, devastating reality of the situation registers with total force".
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Before casting Hanks, there were talks about a lesser known actor. Male adult film star Jerry Kelly was considered to give more of a real feel, since he had experience as a gay man and dealt with some similar issues.
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At 46:18, while the camera is panning over City Hall in downtown Philadelphia, you can see the remains of the One Meridian Plaza building directly behind the William Penn statue. On February 23, 1991, a fire started on the 22nd floor and burned for over 19 hours, considered one of the worst high-rise building fires in history. The incident escalated to a 12-alarm response, and resulted in the deaths of three members of Engine Company 11 (Captain David P. Holcombe, Firefighter Phyllis McAllister, and Firefighter James A. Chappell). The fire spread to the thirtieth floor with limited resistance due to the lack of fire suppression sprinkler systems and large open office floor layouts. Following the fire, the burned-out shell of the building remained until it was finally demolished in 1999. You can clearly see most of the window spaces secured by plywood and burn patterns in this short clip.
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(Cameo) Roger Corman: as Mr. Laird, who gives his views in court to Joe Miller (Denzel Washington), on how Andrew Beckett (Tom Hanks) performed his duties at the law firm. Corman was also a mentor to Jonathan Demme earlier in his directing career.
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James Woods was considered for the role of Charles Wheeler.
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In a June 2022 interview with the New York Times Magazine, Tom Hanks said firmly that if a movie like "Philadelphia" was made in the present day that the Andrew Beckett role would be played by a gay man. Hanks' reasoning that part of his casting in the film was to assure viewers that it was "OK" to see a movie about AIDS and discrimination because it starred a well-known actor in the lead role.
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When the film premiered on ITV in late 1998, Philadelphia (1993) was Film of the Week in Radio Times. Reviewer Tom Hutchinson started writing like this: "Tom Hanks is an actor who isn't afraid of a challenge. Witness this, Hollywood's first major movie about AIDS".
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Chandra Wilson's debut.
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In the party scene, the band plays the Talking Heads song "Heaven". Philadelphia director Jonathan Demme also directed the 1984 Talking Heads concert movie Stop Making Sense, where Heaven was the second song played.
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Joanne Woodward, who plays Andrew Beckett's mother, was married to Paul Newman, who co-starred with Tom Hanks in Road to Perdition (2002). One of Newman's early roles was in The Young Philadelphians (1959), in which he played a young Philadelphia lawyer involved in a major courtroom case.
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Depiction of courtroom treatment of AIDS: At 1:26, the Bailiff swearing in Andrew Beckett is clearly wearing gloves. The Bailiff exits the courtroom, only to return, crossing between the witness and the Jury a minute later without gloves. This disparate treatment is made quite obvious in the closeup when the Bailiff swears in Mr. Wheeler at the 1:39 mark-no gloves and the Bailiff immediately returns to his table. The Bailiff is not shown swearing in the female witness with AIDS.
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Actors Tom Hanks & Jason Robards appear in this Film. Both also played Ben Bradlee in to different films. Robards in All The President's Men (1976) and Hanks In The Post (2017).
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Joe Miller names his baby daughter, Clarice, another reference to Jonathan Demme's The Silence of the Lambs (1991), where the main character is named Clarice Starling.
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The live band playing during the dance scene midway through the film are performed by Q Lazzarus, writers of "Goodbye Horses." Diane, the singer of Q Lazzarus, is briefly shown singing in close up. "Goodbye Horses" is a prominent song in "Silence of the Lambs," another one of Demme's movies.
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Included among the American Film Institute's 2004 list of the top 100 America's Greatest Music in the Movies for the song "Streets of Philadelphia."
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Trailer narrated by Hal Douglas.
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Included among the American Film Institute's 2004 list of 400 movies nominated for the top 100 America's Greatest Music in the Movies for the song "La Mamma Morta."
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All the scenes filmed in Andrew Beckett's apartment were filmed at night. The lights made the scenes shot for daytime seem like daylight. The loft still stands today and has always had a baseball diamond/playground across the street.
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In his courtroom testimony, Bob Seidman recalls learning that his law associate Andrew Beckett had AIDS. "I didn't mention it to anyone, not even Andy. I didn't even give him a chance to talk about it. And I think I'm going to regret that for as long as I live." However, at the end of the film, Bob Seidman is among the guests at the memorial in Andrew Beckett's apartment, indicating that at least Andrew's family has forgiven him. (Seidman is played by Ron Vawter, the only member of the main cast who was HIV-positive.)
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