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City of Joy (1992)

PG-13 | | Drama | 17 April 1992 (USA)
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Independent of each other, the Pal family - parents Hazari and Kamla, and their three offspring Amrita, Shambu and Manooj - and Max Lowe arrive in Calcutta, their initial dealings there ... See full summary »

Director:

Roland Joffé

Writers:

Dominique Lapierre (book), Mark Medoff (screenplay)
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1 nomination. See more awards »

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Cast

Cast overview, first billed only:
Patrick Swayze ... Max Lowe
Om Puri ... Hazari Pal
Pauline Collins ... Joan Bethel
Shabana Azmi ... Kamla H. Pal
Ayesha Dharker ... Amrita H. Pal
Santu Chowdhury Santu Chowdhury ... Shambu H. Pal
Imran Badsah Khan Imran Badsah Khan ... Manooj H. Pal
Art Malik ... Ashok Ghatak
Nabil Shaban Nabil Shaban ... Anouar
Debatosh Ghosh Debatosh Ghosh ... Ram Chander
Suneeta Sengupta Suneeta Sengupta ... Poomina
Mansi Upadhyay Mansi Upadhyay ... Meeta
Shyamanand Jalan Shyamanand Jalan ... Ghatak - Godfather
Shyamal Sengupta Shyamal Sengupta ... Gangooly - Con man
Rudraprasad Sengupta ... Chomotkar
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Storyline

Independent of each other, the Pal family - parents Hazari and Kamla, and their three offspring Amrita, Shambu and Manooj - and Max Lowe arrive in Calcutta, their initial dealings there being less than positive. After losing their farm in the nearby countryside to the "money lender", the Pals are in the city in search of a better life, especially in wanting to build a dowry for Amrita who is now of marrying age. Max, a Houston based surgeon who fell into the career as a matter of family obligation, quit his job unable to cope with the emotional toll especially of losing patients, and has come to Calcutta in search of spiritual enlightenment. Their lives converge by chance in the slum neighborhood nicknamed the City of Joy, most specifically at the makeshift City of Joy Clinic and School opened and operated by Irishwoman Joy Bethel who came to Calcutta on a whim and never left. While the Pals eventual settle in the City of Joy, Joy herself tries to convince Max to provide his much ... Written by Huggo

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Taglines:

He was a man who couldn't care less... until he met a man who couldn't care more. See more »

Genres:

Drama

Motion Picture Rating (MPAA)

Rated PG-13 for scenes of brief strong violence | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

View content advisory »
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Details

Country:

France | UK

Language:

English

Release Date:

17 April 1992 (USA) See more »

Also Known As:

La ciudad de la alegría See more »

Filming Locations:

Calcutta, West Bengal, India See more »

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Box Office

Budget:

$27,000,000 (estimated)

Opening Weekend USA:

$3,405,890, 15 April 1992, Wide Release

Gross USA:

$14,683,921
See more on IMDbPro »

Company Credits

Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs

Runtime:

Sound Mix:

Dolby

Color:

Color

Aspect Ratio:

1.85 : 1
See full technical specs »
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Did You Know?

Trivia

Indian writer Sunil Gangopadhyay, a former collaborator of Satyajit Ray, was brought on board to help with the script's authenticity. This also acted as a seal of approval for the Indian authorities, who will only allow foreign productions to be filmed in their country if they contain significant Indian input. See more »

Goofs

The school girl in the rickshaw gets dropped daily to St. Xavier's School on Park Street - which is an all boys school. See more »

Quotes

Hasari Pal: If the journey is not what you expected, do not be surprised.
See more »

Connections

Referenced in En la Tierra de la Alegría (2013) See more »

Soundtracks

Original folk score
Richard Blackford
See more »

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User Reviews

"I Came To Find Enlightenment"
29 December 1999 | by stryker-5See all my reviews

A child dies on an operating table in a Texas hospital. The surgeon, Max Lowe (Patrick Swayze), abandons his practice after the fatality and travels to Calcutta, leaving painful memories behind him. At the same time, in the Indian province of Bihar, Hasari and his family are quitting the land. Two years of drought have reduced them to despair, and now they are drifting to the city, hoping to make a new life there.

The story of the film is that of an impoverished community in Calcutta's backstreets, and how with Max Lowe's help the poor people learn to throw off the yoke of oppression. Max gives of his time and talent, and in return these simple folk teach him new perspectives, and enable him to come to terms with his own regrets.

This film is an example of American insensitivity at its worst. It is extremely patronising in its treatment of Indian society and crude in its handling social and moral issues. The film fails utterly to appreciate that a social system that has existed for thousands of years might not need 'straightening out' by a young man from a 200-year-old culture. All the standard American cliches are trotted out. People are urged to 'stand up and be counted', and to 'make choices in their lives'. Individualism and self-reliance are trumpeted brainlessly, as if they were eternal truths. This is the arrogance of youth. American exporters of films would do well to remember that there are ways of living that happen to be distinct from their own - and far wiser.

The plot is brain-numbingly simplistic. An evil Indian 'godfather' and his (even more evil) son are terrorising the City of Joy. Max preaches rebellion to the local people, exhorting them to reject the feudal system by which they have lived since time immemorial. He has been in India for three weeks, but he know best. The film blithely ignores three essential realities, because they happen to be inconvenient. Firstly, street dwellers such as these have to work too long and too hard, and are too worn down by malnutrition, to stage rebellions and construct new clinics on a foreigner's whim. Secondly, even if an age-old feudal system could be discarded overnight (and it can't), something has to fill the vacuum. The film doesn't come close to hinting what sort of social structure will supplant the godfather's regime. Thirdly, the film arrogantly assumes that the people would turn against their own, with whom they have ancient bonds of blood and custom, in order to side with an American stranger who knows nothing of their way of life, and who is free to pack up and leave whenever he wishes.

Indian people have to behave like Americans, lest they lose the sympathy of the American cinema audience. Poor families have to be too proud to beg for food, but this is nonsense in an Indian context. In reality, Hasari and his wife and children would beg without hesitation - and why shouldn't they? If a prostitute were to lure a foreigner into a robbery, would a local poor man tend the foreigner's wounds? And would the prostitute help him? The preparation of the new clinic is all meaningful bustle and smiling self-help, but these are the values of the American frontier, not the backstreets of Calcutta. Hasari's daughter chooses her husband western-style, via a romance, rather than the arranged marriage which would almost certainly happen in real life.

Everything comes about too easily. Hasari needs to double his income, so he does. Max earns the undying love of Calcutta's poor in a few weeks of grudging voluntary work. In the same timespan, the film gives us the full cycle of birth, death and marriage. People are slashed with razors and make complete (scar-free) recovery, without proper medical attention or modern pharmaceuticals. Max decides on the marriage, not the girl's family, and it's Max who takes the place of honour at the wedding ceremony. That's about as likely as water-skiing on the Ganges.

Ennio Morricone's score is extremely low-key, consisting of little more than a few sitar flourishes. It is almost as if the maestro is embarrassed to be associated with this shallow, tactless film. Max says he travelled to Calcutta to find enlightenment. He would stand a better chance if he didn't carry Texas along in his backpack.


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