Batman Returns (1992)
Some new gadgets were introduced in Batman Returns that were also later adapted into the comics, including the double grapple gun/line launcher and the programmable batarang.
Stories like Grant Morrison's Batman: Gothic (1990) and Peter Milligan's Batman: Dark Knight, Dark City (1990) displayed gothic sensibilities in common with those in Burton's movie. Meanwhile, the early nineties also saw the publication of several gothic horror themed Elseworld stories, such as Doug Moench's Batman and Dracula: Red Rain (1991).
Screenwriter Daniel Waters has cited Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns (1986) as having left a strong impression on him
The fight ends when bats emerge from the wreckage of the Batskiboat and swarm around the Penguin. The Penguin in the Golden Age comics exhibited a fear of bats on more than one occasion and would become similarly flustered whenever they swarmed around him.
Members of the False Face Society have also been known to wear masks resembling clowns, devils, skeletons and other carnival-themed designs. So while the Red Triangle Gang may have been an original creation, they are nevertheless fairly typical of the type of gangs populating Batman's world.
To this end, he dispatches penguin-shaped rockets that emit sonic signals to incite flocks of birds to attack the people. In the movie, Cobblepot tries something similar using real penguins armed with rockets and guided by control signals. In both stories, his plans are foiled when Batman disrupts the source of the signal.