This movie used 1,295 painted backgrounds and 120,000 drawings.
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Jump to: Spoilers (8)
The last phrase of Cogsworth's line "Flowers, chocolates, promises you don't intend to keep... " was ad-libbed by David Ogden Stiers.
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Dame Angela Lansbury (Mrs. Potts) thought that another character would be better suited to sing the ballad, "Beauty and the Beast." Directors Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise asked her to make at least one recording to have for a back-up; that one recording ended up in the movie.
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The majority of the sculptures seen in the castle are different earlier versions of the Beast.
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When Paige O'Hara was auditioning, a bit of her hair flew in her face and she tucked it back. The animators liked this so they put it in the movie.
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Rupert Everett auditioned for the role of Gaston, but was told by the directors he didn't sound arrogant enough. He remembered this when he voiced Prince Charming in Shrek 2 (2004).
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In Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve's "The Story of Beauty and the Beast", - the original version of the tale - the Prince was not turned into a beast for being selfish and unloving, but because he refused to marry his evil fairy godmother. Likewise, Beauty's challenge in understanding the beast was not his volatile temperament, but his stupidity, for in beast form, he could not express himself intelligently.
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All songs were the last complete works for a movie by Academy Award winner Howard Ashman. Ashman died eight months prior to the release of this movie. This movie is dedicated to Ashman; at the end of the final credits, you can read the dedication: "To our friend Howard, who gave a mermaid her voice and a beast his soul, we will be forever grateful."
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Until Disney/Pixar's Up (2009) was nominated in 2010, this was the only animated movie to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.
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Songs take up twenty-five minutes of this movie and only five minutes were without any musical score at all.
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The stained glass window that is seen at the end of this movie was built in Disneyland after this movie's release.
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In the 1930s, and again in the 1950s, Walt Disney attempted to adapt "Beauty and the Beast" into a movie, but could not come up with a suitable treatment, so the project was shelved. It wasn't until The Little Mermaid (1989) became hugely successful that they decided to try it a third time.
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Chip is the only member of the Beast's staff to refer to Belle by name.
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Many scenes were storyboarded but never animated. Those include a scene where Gaston visits the asylum, and a scene where the Beast is seen dragging the carcass of an animal he killed. Both were considered too gruesome for this movie and the ideas were dropped. However, an animal's skeleton can be seen, though just barely, since it is heavily in shadows, in the corner of the West Wing, leaving a subtle implication of just how far his transformation had affected him.
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Glen Keane, the supervising animator on the Beast, created his own hybrid beast by combining the mane of a lion, the beard and head structure of a buffalo, the tusks and nose bridge of a wild boar, the heavily muscled brow of a gorilla, the legs and tail of a wolf, and the big and bulky body of a bear. He also has blue eyes, the one physical feature that does not change whether he is a beast or a human.
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The first stained-glass window seen in the prologue has the Latin phrase "vincit qui se vincit", which means, in a subtle prefiguring of the arc of the whole story, "He conquers, who conquers himself."
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The smoke seen during the transformation at the end is actually real smoke, not animated. It was originally used in The Black Cauldron (1985).
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While his true name is never mentioned in the media franchise, it has been confirmed by the CD-ROM tie-in game ("The D Show") and the Beauty and the Beast Broadway musical that the Beast's real name is Prince Adam.
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Robby Benson's voice was altered by the growls of real panthers and lions so that it is virtually unrecognizable. His voice is not changed on the original motion picture soundtrack, which is why as the Prince (whose voice-over thoughts are heard in "Something There"), his voice is different. In contrast, when this movie was remade in 2017, the Beast sings "Something There" out loud to himself, as well as an original song, "Evermore". Because these were done out loud, actor Dan Stevens' voice was altered.
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Belle's love of reading is meant to be a sign of great intelligence, a trait that had previously not been shown in a Disney Princess. It is also a subtle hint to the movie's message: "Don't judge a book by its cover."
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In "The Mob Song", when Gaston sings "Screw your courage to the sticking place", this is a reference to Shakespeare's "Macbeth".
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The name of Gaston's sidekick, Lefou, is pronounced just like the French words meaning "the idiot", "the fool", or "the insane".
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Lyricist and executive producer Howard Ashman came up with the idea of turning the enchanted objects into living creatures with unique personalities.
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Jackie Chan performed the voice acting and singing for the Beast in the Chinese (Mandarin) dub of this movie.
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Chip originally had only one line, "Prepare to die", but the producers liked Bradley Pierce's voice so much that extra dialogue and business was written and storyboarded for the character. The original "cute" character of the movie was a music box, which was supposed to be a musical version of Dopey from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) which could soothe the Beast with its music and stowed away with Belle when she was freed. But when Chip's role was expanded, the music box idea was scrapped. However, it can be seen for a brief moment on a table next to Lumiere just before the fight between the enchanted objects and the villagers in the Beast's castle.
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The first animated feature to win a Golden Globe for Best Picture - Musical or Comedy.
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Donny Osmond and Patrick Swayze were considered for the role of Gaston. Osmond played Gaston in the stage version of Beauty and the Beast and provided the singing voice for Shang in Mulan (1998).
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Nominated for an Oscar for Best Picture, losing to The Silence of the Lambs (1991). It was, however, the first full length animated feature to win the Golden Globe Award for Best Picture (Musical or Comedy), and the first Best Picture Oscar nominated for Walt Disney Pictures since Mary Poppins (1964), as well as third nominated for the Walt Disney Company after Mary Poppins (1964) and Dead Poets Society (1989).
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By the time Alan Menken and Howard Ashman won an Academy Award for Best Original Song (for the song "Beauty and the Beast"), Ashman had already died. Ashman's longtime romantic partner, Bill Lauch, accepted the award on his behalf.
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Many paintings on the walls of the castle are undetailed versions of famous paintings by such artists as Rembrandt van Rijn and Francisco de Goya.
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The dance between Belle and Prince Adam in the finale was actually re-used animation of the dance between Princess Aurora and Prince Phillip in Sleeping Beauty (1959). The original Sleeping Beauty (1959) pair had been drawn over to become the new Beauty and the Beast pair because the animators were running out of time during the production of this movie.
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In the French release, Cogsworth's name is Big Ben, after the famous bell in the Elizabeth Clock Tower in London.
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The song 'Be Our Guest' was originally supposed to be sung to Maurice instead of Belle, but Bruce Woodside pointed out that the song was in the wrong place because Maurice was not the focus of the story, and it made no sense to waste such a wonderful song on a secondary character.
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The prologue states that the rose will bloom until the Prince is twenty-one. Later, in "Be Our Guest", Lumiere sings "Ten years we've been rusting..." So, if the castle has been enchanted for ten years, and the Prince is now twenty-one, then he was eleven years old at the time he encountered the enchantress. Many fans noticed this and pointed it out, so when this movie was remade, there is no mention of the Prince's twenty-first birthday, and Lumiere's line was changed to "too long we've been rusting."
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HIDDEN MICKEY: After Gaston and the men chop down the tree, there are three droplets of water that form an upside-down classic Mickey head. Also, a trio of stones by the roots to the left of the cottage at the beginning form an upside-down vision of the symbol. During the "Human Again" sequence, Cogsworth is outside inspecting the shovels when a heap of ashes is dumped on him from above. Three circles appear in the snow on the left side of screen that form the Classic Mickey head.
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For the song "Gaston", Howard Ashman had written more lyrics than were required, so some lyrics had to be cut for the final version in the movie. The cut lyrics were later reinstated for the version performed in the Broadway musical, as well as the remake.
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Almost the entire cast were stars of Broadway musicals (most notably Dame Angela Lansbury and Jerry Orbach). Disney intended it that way, hoping that a theatrical backer could finance a future stage version of this movie.
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Originally, this movie was going to be more faithful to the original French fairy tale, which featured a darker and more sinister theme. However, when Alan Menken and Howard Ashman joined the production, this idea was dropped.
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Dame Julie Andrews from Mary Poppins (1964) was considered for the role of Mrs. Potts, prior to it being given to Dame Angela Lansbury from Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) in the final movie.
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Throughout the movie, Maurice's socks are mismatched (one striped, one solid color), a sign of his eccentricity.
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When Beast and Gaston are having their life-or-death struggle on the castle during the climax, Gaston yells, "Belle is mine!" Originally, he was supposed to say, "Time to die!" but the writers changed it to fit Belle back into the scene.
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For the song "Be Our Guest", Alan Menken created placeholder melodies for which Howard Ashman would be able to write lyrics. Menken later decided that those original melodies were more suitable than anything else he could compose, and they became the final version of the song.
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Belle is the first brown-haired Disney Princess.
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In the first song, where Belle sings in the town, she sits by a fountain. As she reads the book (described earlier as an adventure with a Prince in disguise, which sounds just like this story), she flips to a page with a picture. Look closely, and you will see see that she is in the bottom right, the beast in the middle left, and the Prince's castle in the middle.
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Belle's blue-and-white dress and hairstyle were inspired by Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz (1939).
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This was the first Disney animated movie to use a fully-developed script prior to animation. The story had been developed through use of storyboards only in previous movies, then was further developed during animation. One possible explanation for this was that several previous Disney movies had gone way over-budget when animators spent too much time and effort animating scenes that would eventually be deleted from the final cut of the movie.
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The role of Cogsworth was written specifically with John Cleese in mind, but he turned it down.
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The signs that Maurice comes upon when going to the fair, according to movie commentary, read from top to bottom: Saugus, Newhall, Valencia, and Anaheim, all towns in southern California, where most of the workers at Walt Disney Feature Animation lived. The sign just above Saugus reads Ramona, another town in southern California, although the commentary did not mention it specifically. Anaheim is the name of the city where Disneyland is located.
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This movie was previewed at the New York Film Festival in September 1991 in a "Work-In-Progress" format. Approximately seventy percent of the footage was the final color animation. The other thirty percent consisted of storyboard reels, rough animation pencil tests, clean-up (final line) animation pencil tests, and computer animation tests of the ballroom sequence. This marked the first time that Disney had done a large-scale preview of an unfinished movie. There was some concern at the studio as to what the audience, consisting of only adults, would think of the work-in-progress version. According to producer Don Hahn, the audience gave this movie a strong, overwhelming, standing ovation.
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This movie depicts Belle as being an only child, or at least makes no mention of her having siblings. In the original fairy tale, Belle is the youngest of three daughters and her sisters are wicked and selfish, and secretly taunt and treat the kind-hearted Belle like a servant to them. It is believed that the sisters were purposefully omitted from the Disney adaptation because they were too similar to characters in another Disney movie, Cinderella (1950).
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"Gaston", the song sung in the tavern, originally ended with Lefou trying to spell out Gaston's name but failing and ultimately giving up. The line, performed by Jesse Corti, can be heard on the soundtrack, and this was included in the 2017 live-action remake.
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Computer technology was considered for the rooftop fight and the forest chase, but the primitive state of the technology only allowed time to use it for the ballroom scene. Even for that scene, they had a fallback strategy: what they called the "Ice Capades" version, with just a spotlight on the two characters against a black background.
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Actress and writer Sherri Stoner, best known for voicing Slappy the Squirrel on Animaniacs (1993), was used as the live-action model for Belle.
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Art directors working on this movie travelled to the Loire Valley in France for inspiration, and studied the great French Rococo painters of the eighteenth century, like Jean-Honoré Fragonard and François Boucher, to give their settings a European look.
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Disney was originally going to have Jodi Benson, the voice of Ariel in The Little Mermaid (1989) also provide the voice for Belle. However, it was decided that Belle needed a more "European"-sounding voice. Howard Ashman remembered working with Paige O'Hara and suggested she try out for the part.
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A song sung by the enchanted objects titled "Human Again" was cut before production started. The song was later added to the Disney on Ice and theatrical productions and was recorded and animated for the 2002 IMAX re-release. It was also added to the Platinum Edition released on October 8, 2002, making the movie a bit longer.
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The library in the Beast's castle bears a strong resemblance to the Oval Reading Room of the Richelieu Building at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris.
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WILHELM SCREAM: During the raid on the castle in the third act, when a villager is thrown through the front doors. (For those looking for it, it's right after Chip's "You guys gotta try this.") This was the first animated movie to use the Wilhelm scream.
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The number of magical objects in the Beast's Castle would suggest that the castle had employed a ridiculously large staff. While some of the objects were once human (Mrs. Potts, Lumiere, Cogsworth), most of them appear to be regular objects that became enchanted with independent motion and personalities because they have no faces (dishes, mugs, chairs).
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The inaugural winner of the Annie Award for Best Animated Feature.
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The first Disney animated movie to have a pop version of the main song play over the end credits.
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Three hundred seventy men and women were involved in this movie's production, of whom forty-three were animators.
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This became the first movie musical to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture since All That Jazz (1979), and the last one until Moulin Rouge! (2001). Of the movie musicals nominated for Best Picture, this is the only animated musical movie to be nominated for the award.
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Linda Woolverton drew her inspiration for the screenplay not from Jean Cocteau's Beauty and the Beast (1946), but from Little Women (1933), admitting that there's a lot of Katharine Hepburn in the characterization of Belle.
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Scheduling conflicts with Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987) forced Sir Patrick Stewart to turn down the role of Cogsworth. He was able to do voice work in Disney's animated movies Chicken Little (2005) and Bambi and the Great Prince of the Forest (2006).
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Glen Keane was most excited about the transformation sequence and said it would be the highlight of his career in animation. He purposefully asked that it be the last thing animated of the Beast in order to save "the dessert for last". The schedule said that he would only have two weeks to complete the animation. He went to producer Don Hahn and asked that it be changed, because he was not going to be able to get the emotion across that was needed on such a tight agenda. Hahn told him to forget about the schedule and take as long as was needed.
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The first Disney animated movie to use fully rendered and textured 3-D CGI moving backgrounds in combination with the traditionally animated character animation, a technique that was expanded upon in the Disney short Off His Rockers (1992) and in Aladdin (1992).
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Of the three animated movies nominated for Best Picture, this is the only traditionally hand-drawn movie. Additionally, it is the only animated movie to be nominated alongside four other nominees as opposed to nine (Up (2009)) and eight (Toy Story 3 (2010)). It is also the only animated movie to be nominated for Best Picture without being nominated for Best Animated Feature, as the latter category had not been created at the time.
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Every line from the title song has exactly five syllables.
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"Beauty and the Beast" opened on Broadway at the Palace Theater on April 18, 1994 starring Terrence Mann, Susan Egan, and Tom Bosley. It ran for five thousand four hundred sixty-one performances, closing on July 29, 2007. As of 2010, it was the seventh-longest-running play on Broadway, and was nominated for the 1994 Tony Award for Best Musical.
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Disney's thirtieth animated movie.
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David Ogden Stiers (Cogsworth) originally auditioned for Lumiere.
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The first song of the movie, "Belle", has her express her fantasies, "Oh, isn't this amazing. It's my favorite part because, you'll see. Here is where she meets Prince Charming, but she won't discover that it's him till chapter three". Later, the same music is reprised during "Something There", where along the same tune she sings, "New and a bit alarming, who'd have ever thought that this could be? True, that he's no Prince Charming, but there's something in him that I simply didn't see." It is basically a retelling of the story she had read, with herself, unknowingly, as a character in it.
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Tim Curry was considered to voice The Beast. He later played the villain in Beauty And The Beast: The Enchanted Christmas (1997).
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Ron Clements and John Musker turned down the chance to direct this movie citing exhaustion from working on The Little Mermaid (1989) and instead decided to direct Aladdin (1992).
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All of the dialogue spoken by Tony Jay (Monsieur D'Arque) heard in this movie was recorded during his audition. He gave two readings. The reading heard in this movie was using what Jay called his "Masterpiece Theater voice". This brief role led to him being cast as Judge Claude Frollo in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996), another movie directed by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise and set in France, as well as featuring David Ogden Stiers in the cast.
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The second Disney animated movie to use their proprietary CAPS (Computer Animation Production System) system entirely, a digital ink, paint, animation, and camera process. The Rescuers Down Under (1990) was the first Disney movie to use the system.
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Several characters in this movie are an homage to characters in the nine-time Academy Award winning Gigi (1958): Lumiere is a tribute to Maurice Chevalier, perfectly impersonated by Jerry Orbach. The main male protagonist's name is Gaston, with a similar air of confidence as Gaston from Gigi. When Gigi rebuffs him in the 1958 movie, it is similar to when Belle rebuffs Gaston and both sing a self-righteous song of indignation. Gaston of this movie is not redeemed in the end however, unlike Gigi's Gaston. This movie is a take on the classic French novel "La Belle et la Bete". Though not the same source material, both being French-themed, this movie pays homage to great French actors and themes past in Gigi. Watching Gigi will lead to a greater appreciation of this movie. Jerry Orbach intended Lumiere's voice to be similar to Maurice Chevalier's, and even paid tribute to him in the middle of the "Be Our Guest" number (right as he says "course by course, one by one."
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Disney's original choice for director was Richard Williams, fresh off directing the animation for Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988). Williams declined the offer in order to continue work on The Thief and the Cobbler (1993), but suggested Richard Purdum. Purdum's treatment was closer to the original Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve story, with a darker tone and no musical numbers. Dissatisfied with the initial story reels, Jeffrey Katzenberg asked Howard Ashman and Alan Menken, who were just finishing work on The Little Mermaid (1989), to add songs and contribute story ideas. Purdum left the production at the end of 1989, feeling the project was no longer the movie he wanted to make. The opening scenes of his initial treatment can be seen as an extra on the 2010 Diamond Edition DVD/Blu-ray release.
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Supervising animator Andreas Deja has said that animating Gaston is one of the highlights of his career in animation, largely because of how he was able to animate a character with such drastic changes to his personality. According to Deja, he "never worked on a character which quite the same progression."
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Sir Ian McKellen was considered for the role of Cogsworth. He voiced and portrayed the character in Beauty and the Beast (2017).
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Howard Ashman had written two songs for Beast to develop his character more. However, this idea was scrapped.
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Howard Ashman wanted to have a scene in which the young Prince is first transformed into the Beast. He considered it to be emotional and tragic. However, an argument erupted when Directors Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise, who couldn't shake visions of Butch Patrick in The Munsters (1964), called the idea a "cheap shot" and considered it to be too "ridiculous to take seriously." Ultimately, it was decided to open this movie with the stained-glass windows as a mirror to the opening storybook of previous Disney movies. The transformation was not shown until the direct-to-video sequel Beauty And The Beast: The Enchanted Christmas (1997), and it was also seen in the 2017 live-action remake.
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The only animated feature-length movie of the twentieth century to have been nominated for Best Picture at the Academy Awards. Its nomination prompted the Motion Picture Academy of Arts & Sciences to establish a new category - Best Animated Feature - so that animated movies would not compete with live-action movies for the top prize.
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During the scene when the servants talk outside of Belle's bedroom door, in the background, the painting "Girl with a Pearl Earring" is visible.
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(June 2008) Ranked number seven on the American Film Institute's list of the ten greatest movies in the genre "Animation".
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Rob Minkoff was approached to be the director, but the studio turned him down because he wanted complete creative control.
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Céline Dion was initially skeptical about recording the pop version of "Beauty and the Beast" at the ending credits shortly after being terminated from An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (1991) with her rendition of "Dreams to Dream". Dion, who was initially unknown in the U.S. at that time, Walt Disney Pictures contacted Peabo Bryson to be her singing duet partner for the song.
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Jesse Corti also voiced Lefou in the Latin American Spanish version of the movie.
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Caricatures of directors Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise can be seen in the scene where Belle is given the book as a gift. As she is leaving the store, three men are seen pretending to not look through the window then they sing, "Look, there she goes, the girl who's so peculiar. I wonder if she's feeling well." They are the two men on the outside of the large blond man.
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In 2001, to commemorate the 10th anniversary of this movie, they added an extra seven minutes to the final movie, which included a scene where the Castle is preparing for the dinner and dance. Disney productions got all of the original animators to complete this scene. This scene is available to watch on the 2001 release of this movie on Disney DVD and VHS, and any further re-release onward.
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According to producer Don Hahn, the motif of the enchanted rose was inspired by the Wicked Witch's giant hourglass from The Wizard of Oz (1939).
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If you look closely at the page of the book that Belle is holding during "Belle" as she is sitting at the fountain, you can see that beneath the illustration of the Prince and Princess in the garden are the words "le prince de charmont". This can be interpreted as French for "Prince Charming", but it is interesting to note that the author of the adapted, shorter version of Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve's "The Story of Beauty and the Beast", was named Jeanne-Marie le Prince de Beaumont.
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Paige O'Hara was in her early thirties when she voiced the much-younger Belle.
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The line in the opening scene "If he could learn to love another, and earn HER love in return" was in the original movie, but it was later changed to "and earn THEIR love in return." The structure of the genderless singilar "their" had been well established in English, but wasn't in common usage in the 90's and early 2000' s, but has since had a resurgance.
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According to producer Don Hahn, the audition song for the character of Lefou was "Take Me Out to the Ballgame", which was similar in composition to "Gaston".
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Many people believe that the Prince was cursed as a child and that the rose will bloom until his twenty-first birthday. However, this is actually false. The quote from the prologue actually says "... until his twenty-first year." It never actually says "birthday". Therefore the curse may have been put on the Prince as an adult and he was frozen in time for twenty-one years. This would also explain how Chip came to be, considering he is just a child when the curse breaks. An alternative idea is that Chip doesn't age while he is a cup.
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Walt Disney was planning to make this animated movie as far back as the 1930s.
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Amongst the trophy heads on Gaston's tavern is what appears to be a frog's head, visible in the shot as Gaston spits. A bald eagle can be seen while he jumps onto his chair during his song.
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Belle's eyes were originally going to be gray, but in the final cut, they were hazel. Belle is currently the only official Disney Princess to have hazel eyes.
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Paige O'Hara, the voice of Belle, was amongst the first few artists to express an interest in recording the pop version of "Beauty and the Beast" as heard at the ending credits, but Walt Disney Pictures dismissed her because she sounded "too Broadway".
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Glen Keane, the supervising animator for Beast, had pitched the idea that Beast stay in his true form instead of reverting back to the Prince, and even suggested that Belle was originally going to ask him "Do you think you grow a beard?", but it was unsuccessful. The suggested line was used in Beauty and the Beast (2017) during the finale.
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Right after Beast goes mad and leaves because Belle won't go down to dinner with him, you can see on the walls of the corridor "Girl With an Earring" by Johannes Vermeer and "The Laughing Cavalier" by Frans Hals.
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During a playing of "Belle" to the animation team, story supervisor Roger Allers improvised the background village voices on the spot after noting that the part where Gaston was trying to catch-up to Belle felt a little empty musically. Howard Ashman told Roger to do it as Alan Menken played the piece on the piano. Roger Allers never felt so rushed to do something like that in his life. His demonstration actually improved the song as Ashman liked what was heard.
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In this movie, David Ogden Stiers played Cogsworth and the narrator, and Tony Jay played Monsieur D'Arque. They both went on to play main villains in future Disney animated movies. Stiers played Governor Radcliffe in Pocahontas (1995), and Jay played Judge Claude Frollo in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996).
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The first Disney animated movie to be dubbed in Spain. Previously, most had been dubbed in Mexico for the Spanish market, with one or two dubbed in Argentina.
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Viewers have repeatedly commented on a supposed inconsistency that occurs in this movie, of Beast having been cursed for ten years and therefore being only eleven years of age when punished by the enchantress (inconsistent with his torn portrait). The incessant claims have led the writers to reluctantly acknowledge an error that does not actually exist. The misconception is based on a misinterpreted line delivered by Lumiere during the break in the "Be Our Guest" number, "for ten years we've been rusting, needing so much more than dusting." The line was interpreted to refer to the amount of time the servants had lived as objects, when in fact, the line refers to the amount of time that the servants had been prevented from using their service skills due to the young Prince's developed distaste for merriment. Lumiere and Cogsworth are very keen on keeping the matter of the spell a secret from Belle (with Cogsworth rapidly halting the talks on the subject as Belle walks into the kitchen, as well as saying, "who said anything about the castle being enchanted?") so Lumiere would not have made a blunt reference to the spell for everyone, Belle included, to hear. Though the age of the Prince at the time of the curse has never been explicitly given, one could guess that he was around seventeen or eighteen, meaning the objects had lived as such for about three to four years, but had not been able to enjoy themselves, such as by preparing a feast or show, for much longer.
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Included amongst the American Film Institute's 1998 list of the four hundred movies nominated for the Top 100 Greatest American Movies.
The river seen when Belle breaks into song after refusing Gaston in marriage bears more than a passing resemblance to Walt Disney Pictures opening logo's river. It enters the scene from left to right in the distance and, five curves later, exits right to left in the foreground.
When Maurice and Felipe are trying to find their way in the woods, the sign post that they come upon has the names Valencia and Anaheim written on it. Both cities have a deep connection to Disney. Anaheim is the home of Disneyland and Valencia is the home of the California Institute of the Arts, or CalArts, which was founded by Walt and Roy Disney.
The only movie ranked in the American Film Institute's Top 10 in the genre "Animation" to be nominated for a Best Picture Oscar.
The Beast is the first male protagonist to not "save" his female counterpart near the movie's climax. He does, however, save Belle from a vicious wolf attack roughly at the movie's turning point.
Walt Disney Animation Studios' last musical movie in which all of the voice actors and actresses performed both the speaking and singing parts until The Princess and the Frog (2009).
The following scenes take place in one single night to the early morning: when Belle is imprisoned by the Beast after taking her father's place; when she refuses dinner from the Beast; the famous "Be Our Guest" musical sequence; when Belle is frightened out of the West Wing from the Beast and runs out of the castle; when Belle returns to the castle with the Beast's injured body and tends to his wounds after he saves her from the pack of wolves.
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If you look carefully during the famous ballroom scene, you can see a grand piano. In the 2017 live-action remake, a new original character named Cadenza, who is a harpsichord, appears.
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The character Gaston was pictured on one of ten U.S. non-denominated commemorative postage stamps celebrating "Disney Villains", issued as a pane of twenty stamps on July 15, 2017. The set was issued in a single sheet of twenty stamps. The price of each stamp on the day of issue was forty-nine cents. The other villains depicted in this issue were: The Evil Queen from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Honest John (Pinocchio (1940)), Lady Tremaine (Cinderella (1950)), The Queen of Hearts (Alice in Wonderland (1951)), Captain Hook (Peter Pan (1953)), Maleficient (Sleeping Beauty (1959)), Cruella De Ville (One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961)), Ursula (The Little Mermaid (1989)), and Scar (The Lion King (1994)).
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With Jerry Orbach having died on December 28, 2004, this is the only theatrically released animated movie in which he appeared.
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The wolf chase sequence was originally going to include computer generated images like the ballroom scene. But it was unsuccessful.
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Dame Angela Lansbury (Mrs. Potts) also played Mrs. Nellie Lovett in the original production of "Sweeney Todd". In Beauty and the Beast (2017), Mrs. Potts was played by Dame Emma Thompson, who played Mrs. Nellie Lovett at the Lincoln Center performance of "Sweeney Todd".
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According to animator Glen Keane, Beast is a combination of seven different animals: the mane of a lion, the beard and head of a buffalo, the brow of a gorilla, the eyes of a human, the tusks of a wild boar, the body of a bear, and the legs and tail of a wolf.
Belle's name means "beautiful" in French (not "beauty" which is said "beauté" in French). Her complete surname in the tale is "La belle enfant" ("The Beautiful Child").
Belle's movements maintain an air of elegance. This was at the behest of the story writers and producers of this movie, where they studied the movements of ballerinas during the course of Belle's development. Like ballerinas, Belle walks diligently and swiftly on her toes no matter what types of shoes she is wearing or where she is located. She can subconsciously navigate her way through a crowded street while reading, without colliding with any other people or objects (although having several near-hits), at one point even deflecting water that was about to pour on top of her while she was reading without once looking up.
Because Chip was alive when the enchantress cursed the Beast's Castle, it is likely that he did not age during that time period.
Belle's horse was called Philippe. This name (and other variants of Phillip) means "lover of horses".
The title song has a 4:4 time signature, with every first measure consisting of four quarter notes, and every second measure having a single whole note.
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In his teacup form, Chip has a chip on his head. As a human, this manifests as a chipped tooth, which explains how he got his nickname.
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This movie was released on the same day as Universal Pictures' An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (1991).
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The only Best Picture Oscar nominee that year not to be nominated in any of the writing categories.
The only Best Picture Oscar nominee that year to be nominated for Best Song, it earned three nominations in the category.
According to part two of "Lyrical Love", Chip is Mrs. Potts' twelfth child.
According to producer Don Hahn and directors Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise, Beast's rage over Belle's intrusion in the West Wing came from the shame he felt over Belle entering his hidden space and seeing for herself just how animal-like he had become, as opposed to the popular perception of Beast fearing that Belle would harm the rose. "He didn't want Belle to see this not because he was afraid she was going to wreck the rose, but because he was a little ashamed of it."
This was one of two movies released in 1991 and preserved in the National Film Registry in 2002; the other was Boyz n the Hood (1991). Both movies were inducted one year after the minimum ten-year waiting period. In addition, Laurence Fishburne, who played Furious Styles in the latter, was considered for the role of Beast.
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Beast is one of Disney's most unpredictable characters, because at first glance, he's a fierce monster, but behind the intimidating face is a loving heart, which he displays toward Belle at the end of this movie. Because the viewers of this movie grew more attached to the character's beastly form, most merchandising featuring the Beast tries to aim for the use of this form, not his human form. This is also why Beast's human form rarely ever appears as a Meet-and-Greet Character at the Disney Parks, as most patrons prefer to interact with the Beast.
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Although Chip and his siblings are implied to be of English descent (due to their mother's accent and "Potts" being an English name), he speaks with an American accent.
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Robby Benson (Beast/Prince Adam) also did the voice of Prince Alexander in King's Quest VI: Heir Today, Gone Tomorrow (1992). Ironically, in Prince Alex's adventures, he bumps into a beast with a magic mirror, who must find someone to marry to break the spell before he is turned into a beast.
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Chef Bouche is French for "mouth, facial feature above the chin and below the nose; bottled, blocked, corked; dense, dim-witted, stupid; obstruct, cork; plug, block; stuff, bung; stop, choke, stop up", several of which refer to various element of culinary techniques. In addition, "Boucher" is also French for "butcher", which is a type of cooking profession for chopping up various meats and preparing them for sale.
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Beast says only two words to Gaston, "Get out!"
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The style of Lefou's design is in the tradition of characters including Mr. Smee from Peter Pan (1953) (Ollie Johnston) and Lampwick from Pinocchio (1940) (Fred Moore), who are considerably very cartoonish-looking.
Several animals were studied and observed during the process of animating Beast, such as wildebeests, bears, lions, wolves, and gorillas.
One of the concept artworks for Beast bore a large resemblance to the character of the same name from the X-Men series from Marvel Comics. Coincidentally, both characters are now owned by Disney, which acquired Marvel in 2009 and Twentieth Century Fox (which held the movie rights for the X-Men film franchise) in 2019. Ironically, one of the "Beautiful & Beastly Mail" correspondences in the second issue of the "Beauty and the Beast" Marvel Comics requested a crossover between the two beasts, with Barbara Slate stating that, while one isn't in the works, if they do have one, expect "fur to fly".
In the ending credits of the 3-D re-release, instead of a black background, they added in rough animation 3-D silhouette drawings of all of the characters.
This is one of the few animated Disney productions released in the 1990s where Frank Welker didn't provide all of the animal vocal effects. Specifically, while he did voice the footstool and the wolves, Hal Smith was given the role of Philippe. Welker did, however, take over the part in the sequel, which was made after Smith's death.
Maurice was originally going to have a song called "The Invention Convention". However, this scene was story-boarded but not animated due to time constraints.
This is the first theatrically released animated movie to feature David Ogden Stiers. He went on to voice Governor Ratcliffe and Wiggins in Pocahontas (1995), Archdeacon in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996), Fenton Q. Harcourt in Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001), Dr. Jumba Jookiba in Lilo & Stitch (2002), Jolly in Teacher's Pet (2004), and Nicky Flippers in the Hoodwinked movies.
Human Lumiere has red hair in this movie, but some books depict him with either blond, white, brown, or strawberry blond. It can possibly be noted that as a human, Lumiere may resemble America's third president, Thomas Jefferson, who also had red hair and had an on/off relationship with John Adams (America's second President) just like Lumiere's relationship with Cogsworth.
The fourth Disney film set in France. The first three were Cinderella (1950), Sleeping Beauty (1959), and The Aristocats (1970).
If you watch closely and notice the time frame of the movie, the entire story takes place in just a few days.
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Dame Angela Lansbury (Mrs. Potts in this movie) and Dame Emma Thompson (Mrs. Potts in Beauty and the Beast (2017)) appeared in Nanny McPhee (2005).
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Human Cogsworth's wig is auburn in this movie. Yet, the midquel, book adaptions, and live action remake depict him wearing a brown or white wig, especially the Disney Cruise Line version.
Ranked at #34 on AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions list, one of the only two animated films featured on the list, the other one being Lady and the Tramp (1955).
Casting of the Beast was a true challenge, considering the fact that directors Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise were searching for someone who could alternate between a deep, gruff, and rather uninviting voice to a soft, Prince-like tone. When Robby Benson surprisingly auditioned for the role, the casting directors were shocked and pleased, and immediately cast him. Critics claim Benson did the role so well that they couldn't even tell it was him.
Actress Jodi Benson who voiced Ariel in The Little Mermaid (1989) was actually the studios first choice for the voice of Belle in 1991's Beauty And The Beast (1991); however ,the role was ultimately given to Paige O'Hara. Benson did voice Belle for a limited time during the early seasons of House of Mouse (2001).
In early versions of the script, Lefou was based more on comedian Woody Allen, and the studio was hoping to persuade Allen to voice him. However, after some changes were made once Howard Ashman and Alan Menken were brought in to help make this movie, Lefou's character changed and Allen's voice didn't match Lefou anymore, so Jesse Corti was cast instead.
Glen Keane went to the Los Angeles Zoo to study animals for the Beast's looks and personality. When he studied a six-hundred-pound antisocial gorilla, Caesar, and tried to draw him, Caesar charged at him and slammed against the bars. Keane knew this was how Belle would feel when she first caught sight of the Beast.
when Belle sings "True that he's no Prince Charming but there's something in him that I simply didn't see" about the beast its the same melody as when she sings "Here's where she meets Prince Charming but she won't discover that it's him till chapter three" earlier.
Film analysts often accuse the film of promoting Stockholm Syndrome.
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Beast tells Gaston to "Get out!" Coincidentally, the horror/thriller movie Get Out (2017) came out the same year as Beauty and the Beast (2017).
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Dan Castellaneta was considered for the role of Lumiere.
Cast members Jerry Orbach (Lumiere), David Ogden Stiers (Cogsworth), and Jo Anne Worley (Wardrobe) have all made guest appearances on co-star Angela Lansbury's long-running TV series Murder, She Wrote (1984).
When Belle brings her father Maurice back to their cottage, Lefou is shown disguised as a snowman, in the 2017 live-action remake Lefou is portrayed by Josh Gad who did the voice of the snowman Olaf in Frozen (2013).
Paige O'Hara sobbed real tears while recording Belle's mourning of Beast. Her performance was so intense that directors Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise asked her if she was okay, upon which O'Hara immediately dropped out of character and said "Acting!"
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The curse on Beast requires him to be worthy of pure love, without any emphasis on exterior beauty. In essence, the rose is the one living gatekeeper of this curse. When Belle accidentally comes across the torn portrait of Prince Adam (Beast in his human form), she tries to put it together to be able to figure out the face painted, but is distracted by the suddenly brighter light of the rose which is to make sure she doesn't figure out the Beast's true identity.
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When Gaston is falling at the end, there is close-up of his eyes. For two frames, a tiny skull flashes in each of his eyes. For the VHS and LaserDisc release, these frames were altered to remove the skulls from his eyes. However, no such alteration was made for the DVD nor Blu-ray release. Walt Disney Pictures claims that the skulls determined Gaston's fate as fans were unsure whether he died or not at the end.
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An original draft for Gaston's demise was supposed to be that the wolves would kill him after surviving his fall from the Beast's castle with a broken leg. This outcome was later used in The Lion King (1994).
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Originally, Beast was supposed to be stabbed by Gaston twice: once in the leg and again in the side, followed by Gaston deliberately pushing himself off the tower and laughing maniacally while falling. The filmmakers changed it to just his side to avoid the already dramatic scene becoming too disturbing for children, but Gaston's edited suicide is a probable explanation for his choosing such a dangerous position to kill Beast, despite knowing that he would never win Belle's heart.
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Alan Menken composed two different musical scores for the Beast's death scene. The original (which is part of the transformation piece on the original motion picture soundtrack) was considered too happy for the feeling needed, so Menken changed it to the version now heard in the movie.
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The character of Gaston was not in the original fairy tale of "Beauty and the Beast". Rather, he was inspired by the antagonist of Beauty and the Beast (1946). Avenant also was in love with Belle and tried to kill the Beast upon learning that she loved him, losing his life in the process. Reportedly, a direct-to-video sequel to the Disney movie was to feature a villain named Avenant, Gaston's revenge-seeking younger brother, but the project was scrapped in favor of Beauty And The Beast: The Enchanted Christmas (1997).
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When Belle first becomes Beast's prisoner, he warns her to never go to the west wing. Belle not only goes to the west wing once, but three times in the entire movie. The first time she goes is in the beginning after "Be Our Guest". The second time is when Belle wishes to see her father. The third time is when the Beast was dying in Belle's arms.
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