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Trading Places (1983) Poster

Trivia

Don Ameche's strong religious convictions made him uncomfortable with swearing. This proved to be a problem for the scene at the end of the movie, where he had to shout out "Fuck him!" to a group of Wall Street executives. When he did act out the scene, it had to be done in one take, because Ameche refused to do a second one.
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This trivia item contains spoilers. Click to view
Jump to: Cameo (5)  | Director Cameo (1)  | Spoilers (7)
The film was conceived as a vehicle for Gene Wilder and Richard Pryor. When Pryor dropped out and Eddie Murphy came on-board, he made a motion to get Wilder replaced because he didn't want people to think he was just trying to be another Pryor.
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In 2010, as part of the Wall Street Transparency and Accountability Act, which was to regulate financial markets, a rule was included which barred anyone from using secret inside information to corner markets, similar to what the Duke brothers tried to do in the movie. Since the movie inspired this rule, it has since become known as the Eddie Murphy Rule.
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Several funny moments in the film came about by accident. The scene where Mortimer Duke (Don Ameche) is trying to catch the money clip, and having trouble, wasn't supposed to happen that way, but both kept going with it, and not breaking character, so it was kept in the movie. Ophelia's "Swedish" disguise came about because Jamie Lee Curtis couldn't do the correct Austrian accent.
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Eddie Murphy later admitted that while on the floor of the commodities exchange in the final scene, he only followed the script, he had no idea what was going on, as he found commodities trading incredibly confusing.
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In releasing his financial records for 2012, Al Franken revealed he still gets royalties for his appearance as the baggage handler.
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The story about the Dukes' cornering of the orange juice market was probably inspired by the "Silver Thursday" market crash of March 27, 1980, during which, the Hunt brothers of Texas tried to corner the silver market, and subsequently failed to meet a one hundred million dollar margin call.
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Every year since 1997, Italian channel "Italia 1" broadcasts the movie in Christmas Eve nightfall. It does regularly get more than 10% of share.
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This was Ralph Bellamy's ninety-ninth film, and Don Ameche's forty-ninth. This was Eddie Murphy's second film, and he joked: "Between the three of us, we've made one hundred fifty movies!"
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Randolph Duke (Ralph Bellamy) and Mortimer Duke (Don Ameche) always wear matching suits and tie patterns, only Randolph wears a bow tie, and Mortimer a necktie.
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According to John Landis, Jamie Lee Curtis was a hard sell to Paramount, because she had only done horror films and wasn't known for comedy.
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DIRECTOR TRADEMARK (John Landis): (prison number): Louis' (Dan Aykroyd's) prison number is 74745058, which is the same prison number as Jake Blues (John Belushi) in The Blues Brothers (1980), also starring Aykroyd.
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DIRECTOR TRADEMARK (John Landis): (breaking the Fourth Wall): Eddie Murphy looks directly at the camera, as he is being taken away in a police car. When Randolph Duke explains to him what a B.L.T. is., he looks right into the camera as if to say, "These guys must think I'm a complete idiot."
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The Westin Hotel in Philadelphia has a restaurant named Winthorpe & Valentine, after two of the main characters in this movie.
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Ralph Bellamy and Don Ameche "cheerfully admitted" they were unfamiliar with Eddie Murphy and Dan Aykroyd's work. The two also said that Murphy and Aykroyd acknowledged that they were unfamiliar with Bellamy and Ameche.
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In the scene with Valentine in the restaurant, with Winthorpe standing outside in the rain, Valentine is asked for his opinion about wheat. At that moment the entire room stops speaking and leans into hear his advice. This is a reference to a series of 1980s commercials for the brokerage firm, E.F. Hutton. The tagline was, "When E.F. Hutton talks, people listen."
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The electronic status board at Duke & Duke's (seen prominently in the Christmas scene) is the "Big Money" board from Family Feud (1976).
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Premiere voted this movie as one of "The 50 Greatest Comedies Of All Time" in 2006.
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In the opening montage of Philadelphia there is a shot of the Rocky statue erected in Rocky III (1982), that was released the previous year, and was still sitting at the top of the steps in front of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The statue now resides at the base of the museum steps.
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Was filmed immediately after the Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983) accident, when Vic Morrow and two child actors were killed when a helicopter crashed during production. John Landis was later tried and acquitted of manslaughter, the first time in history that a Hollywood director was charged for a death which had occurred on-set.
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The exterior shots of Louis Winthorpe's house are of a house on a very affluent street in Philadelphia. The wreath on the door was replaced, when the producers wanted something bigger and better. They borrowed a handmade wreath from a house across the street.
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When Winthorpe and Valentine arrive at the World Trade Center, Winthorpe tells Valentine "In this building, it's either kill or be killed". This line was removed from some television broadcasts after 2001, out of respect for the victims of the September 11 attacks.
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The Screenwriters hung out with drunk traders for research. "The traders I met and hung out with here in Los Angeles, because it was three hours behind New York City, had their happy hours very early in the day," Herschel Weingrod explained to National Public Radio. "You can imagine what they were like by, maybe, 2 p.m."
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The World Trade Center's commodity exchange, Comex, was used for the trading scenes, and real traders performed alongside professional extras. As reported in studio production notes, the shoot at Comex was initially planned for a weekday, but the appearance of Dan Aykroyd and Eddie Murphy on the set, distracted business activities, and six billion dollars of trading was halted. The shoot was rescheduled for a weekend.
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Prior to this film, John Landis didn't know who Eddie Murphy was. "48 Hrs. (1982) hadn't come out yet, but they'd previewed it, and Eddie Murphy had previewed very well, and they thought, 'Ah this kid's going to be a star,'" Landis recalled of his discussions with Paramount Pictures. "So they said, 'What do you think about Eddie Murphy playing the Billy Ray Valentine part?', and I of course said, 'Who's Eddie Murphy?'"
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DIRECTOR TRADEMARK (John Landis): (police): Frank Oz has a cameo as a police officer who is checking in Winthorpe's property when he gets arrested. In The Blues Brothers (1980), he played an officer who is giving Jake Blues his property back to him. Oz later reprised the role in Blues Brothers 2000 (1998).
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The opening piece of music is Mozart from the Marriage of Figaro.
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This was Don Ameche's first film since Suppose They Gave a War and Nobody Came? (1970). He had been doing television guest appearances. This movie jump started his return to theatrical films, including an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Cocoon.
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The Dukes' starting salary for Valentine (eighty thousand dollars) is a little over one hundred ninety-four thousand dollars, when adjusted for inflation in 2016. Their five dollar "Christmas Bonus" for Ezra is twelve dollars and fourteen cents in 2016 dollars.
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A scene in the movie, not included in the theatrical cut, but seen frequently when the movie is shown on television (presumably to fill a longer time slot with commercials) occurs after Clarence Beeks (Paul Gleason) talks to the Dukes via telephone, and Billy Ray (Eddie Murphy) eavesdrops on their scheme. In the original cut, Beeks goes from the phone booth to the Amtrak train platform, holding the briefcase with the crop report. In the added scene we see Beeks procure the reports from a secured vault where he drugs a security guard and opens a safe deposit box.
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The punch line of Bunny's story ("...and she stepped on the ball") is a reference to Auntie Mame (1958), in which Gloria Upson tells a joke with the same punch line.
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While she was making this movie, Jamie Lee Curtis stayed in Marlene Dietrich's apartment (12E) at 993 Park Avenue in Manhattan. She'd been engaged to Dietrich's grandson, Production Designer J. Michael Riva.
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When John Landis was told that Don Ameche hadn't made a film in thirteen years, he asked if the actor had died.
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Winthorpe's watch, a "Rouchefoucauld", is named after French writer François de La Rochefoucauld. Winthorpe names six cities, with the intention that the watch tells six different time zones, which is not the case. Monte Carlo, Paris, Rome, and Gstaad all share the same time zone, so the watch tells only three.
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The theme of rich men taking in a bum and passing him off as an aristocrat is reminiscent of the George Bernard Shaw play Pygmalion, and also includes specific elements of Hoi Polloi (1935), a previous American film parody of the same play. The theme of a rich and poor person exchanging positions in life comes from the Mark Twain novel The Prince and the Pauper.
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The idea for the film was inspired by a tennis game. "There were these two brothers who were both doctors who I would play tennis with on a fairly regular basis, and they were incredibly irritating to play with because they had a major sibling rivalry going, all the time about everything," Screenwriter Timothy Harris explained. He presented the idea of brothers arguing the "nature versus nurture" debate to his writing partner, Herschel Weingrod, and the two went to work.
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The original title: "Black and White".
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When shown on television in April, 1987, it was the highest-rated theatrical film broadcast by any network.
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DIRECTOR TRADEMARK (John Landis): (breaking the fourth wall): When the Dukes explain to Billy Ray what bacon is, he looks directly into the camera as if to say, "These guys must think I'm a complete idiot."
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The baggage handlers were supposed to be Rick Moranis and Dave Thomas as the Mackenzie brothers from SCTV (1976). When they fell through, Dan Aykroyd or Eddie Murphy recommended Tom Davis and Al Franken from their Saturday Night Live (1975) days.
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The barbershop quartet song sung by Todd and his pals at the tennis club is sung to the tune of "Aura Lea". An American Civil War song, written by W.W. Fosdick (words) and George R. Poulton (music).
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Alfred Drake's last film.
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The final day of production for this movie was on March 1, 1983 on a beach in the U.S. Virgin Islands.
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In the scene where the Dukes are explaining commodities to Valentine, they have a plate with nine 1-kg bars of gold on it. At the time of release, this amount of gold would be worth roughly $119,070.
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(At one minute and thirteen seconds) In the opening credits, a clerk is putting away Philadelphia brand cream cheese from a box that is on top of a product labeled "Landis".
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The "other" Santa Claus is Mike Strug, a television reporter who still works for a network affiliate in the city of Philadelphia.
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Dan Aykroyd and Jamie Lee Curtis also appeared in My Girl (1991), My Girl 2 (1994), and Christmas with the Kranks (2004).
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DIRECTOR TRADEMARK (John Landis): (See You Next Wednesday): On a poster in the apartment.
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The exterior of the men's club is really the Curtis Institute of Music.
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When William (Billy Ray) is dining in the fancy restaurant with Mortimer, Randolph at a table full of other wealthy customers, while Louis stands in the rain and watches him through the window, the music playing in the background is the same as that was used in "The Blues Brothers", when Jake and Elwood are dining in the fancy restaurant, and trying to get "Mr. Fabulous" to rejoin the band.
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In disguise on the train as an exchange student from Cameroon, Valentine uses the name "Nanga Eboko." Nanga Eboko is a village in eastern Cameroon.
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The shooting schedule included fifteen days in Philadelphia for exterior scenes, and for the interior of the Duke & Duke Christmas party, which was located at the Fidelity Bank Building on Broad Street. Other locations in Philadelphia, included Rittenhouse Square, Independence Hall, a street of restored townhouses in Center City for the exteriors of "Louis Winthorpe III's" house, and the Community College of Philadelphia for the exteriors of the police station. New York City locations, which were shot in January and February 1983, included the Park Avenue Armory for the Heritage Club, the Duke & Duke office interiors, and an Upper East Side residence, which was used for the interiors of Winthorpe's house. The apartment of Ophelia, Barney's Pawn Shop, and the interiors of the police station, were all shot in New York City, even though they had Philadelphia locations in the context of the film.
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The house used in the film is not the Rosenbach Museum and Library, but is a private house two doors west. Both houses, however, were built at the same time, and originally had identical floor plans. During the filming of the movie, DeLancey Place was closed for a few days. Denholm Elliott was the only actor in the film to visit the Rosenbach. The staff of the museum were all given Pennsylvania State Film Commission t-shirts.
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Sir John Gielgud and Ronnie Barker were offered Coleman the butler.
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The building used for the exterior of Duke & Duke Commodities Brokers is located at 123 South Broad Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As of February 2014, it is a Wells Fargo Bank.
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Randolph Duke has a picture of Ronald Reagan on his side of the Dukes' shared desk, while Mortimer has a picture of Richard Nixon. Bryan Clark who portrayed Stock Exchange Official #2 has often played former President Ronald Reagan.
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Ray Milland was the first choice for the role of Mortimer Duke.
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While disguised as Lionel, a Rastafarian, Louis makes mention of Haile Selassie who was emperor of Ethiopia for 44 years and is considered one of the fathers of the Rastafari religion.
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Senator Al Franken, former writer on Saturday Night Live (1975), plays one of the baggage handlers on the train. Many connections to Saturday Night Live (1975) are in the film.
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During the processing of Louis Winthorpe III's arrest, an officer played by Frank Oz inventories Louis's personal property. Frank Oz also played the Illinois Department of Corrections officer at Joliet prison who inventories and returns Joliet Jake Blues' personal property upon his release during The Blues Brothers also starring Aykroyd as Elwood Blues.
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Final acting role of Ralph Clanton.
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When explaining how their business works we can see a portrait of the Marquis De Lafayette over the right shoulder of Randolph Duke.
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Clarence Beeks shares his name with a jazz musician, who recorded under the name "King Pleasure".
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Tony Sherer, who plays Winthorpe's friend Phillip (the one who says they "need a fourth for squash"), ended up teaching Drama and English at the same private grade school attended by Bryce Dallas Howard.
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In the scene where Billy Ray(Eddie Murphy) exits the cab and stands on the sidewalk looking up and down the street for Winthorpe(Dan Akkroyd) a skull face can be seen in the scale face inside the fruit vendor store. When Billy Ray turns to right, presumably spotting Winthorpe in the distance the skull face appears surprised and turns to follow Billy Ray as he runs down the street.
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The first of two movies in which characters played by Dan Aykroyd and Jamie Lee Curtis start of as strangers and go onto become lovers. The other is My Girl (1991).
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The character Blly Ray Valentine is based on a Twilight Zone character named Henry Valentine in season 1 episode 28 "A Nice Place to Visit". In this episode the small time crook, Henry is killed and given everything he desires but grows weary of always winning.
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Cameo 

Kelly Curtis: The country club member "Muffy" is played by the sister of Jamie Lee Curtis, and the exteriors of that scene were filmed at The Curtis Institute of Music.
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Richard Hunt: Frank Oz's fellow Muppeteer is Wilson, the Duke Brothers' trader on the stock exchange.
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George Folsey Jr.: The Executive Producer appears as the first man to greet Winthorpe at Duke & Duke. (Dan Aykroyd refers to him by his real name with the line "Morning Folsey".)
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Nicholas Guest: Jamie Lee Curtis' future brother-in-law appears as Harry.
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Arleen Sorkin: Woman at party.
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Director Cameo 

John Landis: When Valentine is released from jail, he stands near three men in trench coats on the steps of the precinct. Landis has his back to Valentine holding a briefcase.
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Spoilers 

The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

Ralph Bellamy (Randolph) and Don Ameche (Mortimer) make cameo appearances in Coming to America (1988); the two are homeless and Prince Akeem (Eddie Murphy) gives them a large amount of money to get them back off the streets.
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The main titles are accompanied by the overture to "The Marriage of Figaro" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and in an early scene, as Louis is leaving his office he whistles the beginning of the aria "Se vuol ballare" from the opera. In that aria, Figaro declares his plan to turn the tables on his master, just as Louis and Billy Ray will eventually outwit the Duke brothers.
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Winthorpe and Valentine conduct what's known as "short selling", selling stock (or commodities) that one doesn't own, and then repurchasing the security at a lower price. It's the same principle as "buy low, sell high", just with the actions performed in reverse order. This is available to most clients, in the sense that they borrow the security from the holdings of their brokerage houses. It doesn't seem like Winthorpe and Valentine have a house from which to borrow their F.C.O.J. contracts, but Winthorpe appears to have had the guts to short sell on the fly, knowing the consequences of a mistake. Winthorpe was trading on a cash basis, using cash collateral, which is why Coleman and Ophelia gave the two traders all their cash in the train station.
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G. Gordon Liddy was offered the part of Clarence Beeks, but turned it down after discovering Beeks' fate. Beeks is reading Liddy's book, "Will", on the train. Maurice Copeland, who plays the Secretary of Agriculture also played Attorney General John Mitchell in Will: The Autobiography of G. Gordon Liddy (1982).
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The scheme "buy low, sell high" is easy enough to understand, but what is not explained is what is being bought and sold: it is not orange juice itself, but so called "futures" in orange juice.

In the commodity trade, "future contracts" is an agreement to buy or sell a commodity at a fixed price, at a certain date in the future, no matter what the market price is on that day. For example: if you have a contract to buy, and the market price has risen above the value of that future, you can purchase the commodity for the cheaper price set in the contract, and then sell it again at the higher market price. This is an instant profit, and this is what the Dukes are hoping for.

The Dukes instruct their trader to secure futures to buy orange juice. They think this is a sure bet, because they have a report that says the orange crop will be bad. With a bad orange crop the market price of orange juice will go up. So later they can buy juice at the cheap price set in the futures contract, and immediately sell at the higher market price. Everyone else sees the Dukes do this, and joins in. when everyone is buying and few are selling, the price of futures go up. So now plenty of people have obliged themselves to buy orange juice at a high price, later on.

Winthorpe's shout - that sets off the frenzy - is "SELL 200 April at 1.42". This means: "Let us agree that I will sell orange juice to you in April, for 1.42 a piece". The reason everyone is so excited is that they think in April, the price will be much higher than 1.42. This sudden change - with someone selling instead of buying - causes the price to start dropping. The buyers are still happy, because they expect the prices to be high in April.

Then comes the reveal: the orange crop is fine, hence the orange juice prices will NOT be high in the upcoming year. With that the price of orange juice will be low in April.

Now everyone that has obliged themselves to buy from others risk being stuck with orange juice they have paid a lot for. And since orange juice spoils, they MUST find someone that promises to buy it, or the loss is complete. The frenzy to sell causes the price to plummet even faster. Winthorpe and Valentine only need to wait a bit, and then they reverse course, now promising to buy orange juice from others, at a lower price. This is the orange juice they will sell to others in April, which they obliged themselves to do earlier.

In the end, Winthorpe and Valentine are left with contracts that obliges them to buy orange juice at a low price. But they also have the obligation of others to buy orange juice from them at a high price, giving them a very good profit on each of their contracts.

The Dukes of course are left with the opposite - because they bought high, and were then forced to sell low - which bankrupts them. The reason this happens immediately is because they are getting a "margin call" at the end of the day's trading. When you are trading in futures, you must have a "margin" available which is a percentage of the value of the future contracts. They do not have that much money available. Winthorpe and Valentine are fine, because they can point to their guaranteed-to-be-profitable futures and get a loan for the margin.

The reason Ophelia and Coleman are pitching in money is because when obtaining a future contract, you need to pay a small percentage of the value of the contract to the one you are striking the deal with.
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The Duke brothers' manipulation of Louis and Billy Ray's fates is similar to God and Satan's bet in the Book of Job in the Old Testament. God presents Job as a good example of a righteous man, but Satan says he is only faithful to God, because God has rewarded him. To test his faith, God agrees to let Satan take away all of his friends and riches. The climax, in which Louis and Billy Ray take their revenge by using false information to trick the brothers into losing money at the stock exchange, is not unlike how Edmond Dantès take his revenge on Danglars in The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas.
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The Sailboat Louis and Ophelia are on at the end is a Nautical Development 56 foot boat called "Tandemeer" which is still sailing in the Caribbean today.
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Goofs | Crazy Credits | Quotes | Alternate Versions | Connections | Soundtracks

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