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Apocalypse Now (1979) Poster

Trivia

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More than a year had passed between the filming of Willard and Chef searching the jungle for mangoes and encountering the tiger, and the immediately following shots (part of the same scene) of Chef clambering back onto the boat, ripping off his shirt and screaming.
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The canteen scene with Lieutenant Colonel Kilgore and the wounded Viet Cong is based on an actual wounded VC fighter who fought while keeping his entrails strapped to his belly in an enameled cooking pot. The incident was documented by the photojournalist Philip Jones Griffiths. The real-life U.S. soldier was quoted as saying, "Any soldier who can fight for three days with his insides out can drink from my canteen any time!"
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Laurence Fishburne was 14 when production began in 1976. He lied about his age.
Francis Ford Coppola invested $7 million of his own money in the film after it went severely over budget. He eventually had to mortgage his house and Napa Valley winery to finish the film.
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It took Francis Ford Coppola nearly three years to edit the footage. While working on his final edit, it became apparent to him that Martin Sheen would be needed to tape several additional narrative voice-overs. Coppola soon discovered that Sheen was busy, and unable to perform these voice-overs. He then called in Sheen's brother, Joe Estevez, whose voice sounded nearly identical, to perform the new narrative tracks. Estevez was also used as a stand-in when Sheen suffered a heart attack during the shoot in 1976. Estevez was not credited for his work as a stand-in, nor for his voice-over work.
Francis Ford Coppola shot nearly 200 hours of footage.
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There are no opening credits or titles. The title appears late in the film, as graffiti which reads, "Our motto: Apocalypse Now." The film could not be copyrighted as "Apocalypse Now" unless the title was seen in the film.
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Shooting, originally scheduled for six weeks, took 16 months.
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Most of the dialogue was replaced in post-production. Extraneous noise, such as helicopters, left many scenes with unusable audio.
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Francis Ford Coppola lost 100 pounds while filming.
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Marlon Brando improvised the line "You're an errand boy, sent by grocery clerks, to collect a bill."
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Robert Duvall's iconic Oscar-nominated performance as Colonel Kilgore amounts to just eleven minutes of screentime.
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An early scene where Captain Willard is alone in his hotel room was completely unscripted. Martin Sheen told the camera crew to just let the cameras roll. Sheen was really drunk. He punched the mirror, which was real glass, cutting his thumb. Sheen also began sobbing and tried to attack director Francis Ford Coppola. The crew was so disturbed that they wanted to stop shooting, but Sheen wanted to keep the cameras going. At the time he was fighting a drinking problem and his own issues. He got so caught up in the scene and his own inner struggles that he hit the mirror. He believed that continuing the scene would help him face his problems. This was revealed later in a conversation with Coppola and Sheen, and has been shown in the Redux version.
After Martin Sheen recovered from his heart attack, there was concern that he looked too healthy to be the war-weary cynical assassin that Willard was towards the end of his mission.
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The United States military refused to lend Francis Ford Coppola any military equipment, due to the order to "kill Colonel Kurtz". Coppola instead had to borrow local military equipment.
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While in pre-production, Francis Ford Coppola consulted his friend and mentor Roger Corman for advice about shooting in the Phillipines. Corman's advice: "Don't go."
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Marlon Brando so angered Francis Ford Coppola that Coppola turned over the filming of Brando's scenes to assistant director Jerry Ziesmer.
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The Philippines had no professional film laboratories at the time, meaning the raw camera negatives had to be shipped to the U.S. to be processed. Thus, the entire movie was shot blind. Francis Ford Coppola never saw a shot on film until after returning to California.
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The water buffalo slaughter in the film was real. The scene was inspired by a ritual performed by a local Ifugao tribe, which Francis Ford Coppola had witnessed along with his wife (who filmed the ritual later shown in the documentary Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse (1991)) and film crew. Although it was an American production subject to American animal cruelty laws, scenes filmed in the Philippines were not policed nor monitored. The American Humane Association gave the film an "unacceptable" rating.
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Marlon Brando improvised a lot of Kurtz's dialogue, including an 18-minute speech, two minutes of which survived the final cut. According to Peter Manso's "Brando", Meade Roberts, screenwriter for The Fugitive Kind (1960), later heard the entire monologue, and said that while some of it was incoherent, most of it was brilliant. At the end of the speech, Brando reportedly said to Francis Ford Coppola, "Francis, I've gone as far as I can go. If you need more, you can get another actor."
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Francis Ford Coppola spent several days reading Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" out loud to Marlon Brando on the set.
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Francis Ford Coppola believed that Marlon Brando was familiar with Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness", the novel on which the movie is based. When Brando arrived on-set, Coppola was horrified to find that Brando had never read "Heart of Darkness", did not know his lines, and had become extremely overweight. Kurtz had always been written as tall and very thin. After some panic, Coppola decided to film the 5'7" Brando as if he was a massively built, 6'5" brute to explain his size, and kept the camera away from his huge belly.
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Editing the helicopter napalm attack took one year to complete. Approximately ten percent of the entire film's footage shot (130,000 feet) was from that sequence.
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Francis Ford Coppola threatened suicide several times during the making of the film.
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In a 2006 interview, screenwriter John Milius said that after he had written the now-famous line "I love the smell of napalm in the morning", he thought to himself, "This is over the top. This will be the first thing they'll take out."
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Martin Sheen had a heart attack during the filming. Some shots of Willard's back are of doubles, including Sheen's brother Joe Estevez, who was flown out specially. Francis Ford Coppola and Sheen were so worried that backing would be withdrawn by the studio and distributor if news of Sheen's heart attack leaked out that they both kept it quiet. The official shoot schedule said Sheen was hospitalized due to heat exhaustion.
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Harrison Ford was allowed to pick his own character's name. He chose "G. Lucas" to honor George Lucas, who had directed Ford in "American Graffiti (1973)," before Star Wars. G.D. Spradlin's character is named "R. Corman", after producer Roger Corman.
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Marlon Brando was paid $1 million in advance. He threatened to quit and keep the advance. Francis Ford Coppola told his agent that he didn't care, and if they couldn't get Brando, they would try Jack Nicholson, Robert Redford, or Al Pacino. Brando eventually turned up late, drunk, and about 88 pounds (40 kg.) overweight. He admitted he hadn't read the script or "Heart of Darkness". He read Coppola's script, and refused to do it. After several days of arguments over single lines of dialogue, Coppola agreed to an ad-lib style script, with Brando filmed mostly in shadows.
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When Francis Ford Coppola first described the role to Marlon Brando, Brando remarked that an American Colonel would not have a name like Kurtz, he would have an English name like "Leighley". Having never read "Heart of Darkness", Brando did not appreciate the reference. Brando eventually read "Heart of Darkness", but not until after the film's completion. After reading the book and liking it, Brando demanded that his name be changed to Kurtz in the film, and Harrison Ford's lines were dubbed to accommodate him.
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The scene in which the helicopters swoop in on the village while playing "The Ride of the Valkyries" was meant to be an ironic comment on the Vietnam War. In the original Wagner opera "Der Ring des Nibelungen," the Valkyries arrive at a point of apparent victory, which later results in defeat. The apparent victory in the helicopter battle would be followed by the eventual defeat in the war.
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When Francis Ford Coppola asked Al Pacino to play Willard, Pacino turned him down, saying, "I know what this is going to be like. You're going to be up there in a helicopter telling me what to do, and I'm gonna be down there in a swamp for five months." The shoot actually lasted 16 months.. If Pacino had signed on it also would have felt like stunt casting: like a gimmicky Godfather reunion.
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The first film to use the 70mm Dolby Stereo surround sound system.
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George Lucas was originally set to direct the film from a screenplay by John Milius, of which Lucas had a hand in the early development of the script. Lucas' initial plan was to shoot the movie as a fake documentary on-location in South Vietnam while the war was still in progress. Francis Ford Coppola, who was to be the executive producer, tried to get the film made as part of a production deal with Warner Brothers. The deal fell through, and Coppola went on to direct "The Godfather (1972)." By the time both men were powerful enough to get the film made, Saigon had fallen, and Lucas was busy making "Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977)." Milius had no interest in directing the film. Lucas gave Coppola his blessing to direct the film. However, Coppola and Lucas's friendship was strained for a number of years due to Lucas unable to direct the film.
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While in the movie, the main character is sent to kill Kurtz, in the source novel, "Heart of Darkness", the main character is sent to rescue him.
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Clint Eastwood turned down the role of Captain Willard because he felt the film was too dark.
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The opening tracking shot of the film was originally a discarded trim from the footage of the village napalm attack. While going through the trims, Francis Ford Coppola accidentally stumbled on the trim and added it. He later said that having that trim complemented well with the The Doors' "The End" and the accompanying montage.
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Sam Bottoms was on speed, LSD, and marijuana during the shooting of his scenes for the movie.
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Emilio Estevez and Charlie Sheen had parts in the film that were cut. Estevez played a messenger boy, while Sheen was an extra.
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When asked what he thought about Marlon Brando's $3.5 million fee after a New York City screening of the film, Tennessee Williams reportedly said, "Gee, I don't know. I think they paid him by the pound."
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Francis Ford Coppola wanted the film to be a special event by having it play in exactly one theater somewhere in Kansas in the geographical center of the country, built especially for the film, with a specially-made sound system, where the film would run continuously for ten years, and then hopefully anybody who wanted to show the film in their theaters would have to approach Coppola and exhibit it on his terms.
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According to screenwriter John Milius, he wrote the entire script of the movie listening only to music by Richard Wagner and The Doors. To him, The Doors had always been "music of war." When he mentioned it to the band, they were horrified. Ironically, the lead singer, Jim Morrison, was a son of George S. Morrison, an important Admiral of the United States Navy.
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Harvey Keitel was initially cast as Willard. Two weeks into shooting, Francis Ford Coppola replaced him with Martin Sheen. According to Coppola, one piece of film with him made it into the final cut; a shot from the distance of the river boat as it is moving through the water.
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Nick Nolte has said that he had never wanted a role more than that of Captain Willard, and was very disappointed when Francis Ford Coppola picked Harvey Keitel for the part. When Keitel was fired, Nolte thought the role was his, but Martin Sheen eventually won the role.
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The iconic opening scene of the palm trees burning under a storm of napalm involved the destruction of a real forest. Around 1,200 gallons of gasoline were poured over the palm trees and then set alight. Tires were also burned to generate more smoke for the shot, while canisters were dropped onto the area to look like falling napalm. Acres of forest were destroyed in a matter of seconds. Since the movie was filmed in the Philippines, which was in the midst of their own war with rebels, environmental issues were not a big priority. Francis Ford Coppola later said, "They'd never let you in the U.S., the environmentalists would kill you."
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The total length of film printed for the movie was approximately 1,250,000 feet, about 230 hours of footage.
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Francis Ford Coppola played the reporter on the camera crew that was yelling at Willard, "Don't look at the camera. Just keep moving", during the beginning of the "air cav" scene with Robert Duvall. The actors that were to play the camera crew didn't show up, so Coppola stood in as the reporter.
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The letter Martin Sheen is reading in the deleted scene "Letter from Mrs. Kurtz" is actually a poem by Jim Morrison.
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Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos agreed to let his Army supply the helicopters and pilots used in the film. The Marcos government was also fighting rebels in the area where filming was taking place, and sometimes withdrew the helicopters and pilots when they were needed in battle, replacing them with pilots who were not familiar with the filming, which caused some problems.
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The tape recording that Clean gets in the mail was recorded by Laurence Fishburne's own mother.
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According to his book "In the Blink of an Eye", Walter Murch took nearly two years to edit the movie, with an average of 1.47 cuts a day. The workprint was reportedly over 5 hours, but eventually edited back to 3 hours for the Cannes Film Festival premiere, and further cut down to 147 minutes for the 1979 theatrical version. Contrary to popular belief, these versions were never censored for political content by studio mandate; director Francis Ford Coppola had final cut, but chose to leave out scenes he had doubts about. He also shortened the movie on studio advice, since he had co-financed it with his own money and hoped that a shorter run-time would increase its commercial potential. In 2001, he admitted that he had cut away too much, and re-edited the film into a 196-minute 'Redux' version by adding 49 minutes of new footage that he felt the world was now ready to see. But in 2019, Coppola again re-evaluated the movie and decided to remove 21 minutes of footage from the Redux version. So the 175-minute 'Final Cut', released in 2019 during the film's 40th anniversary, is shorter than the Redux version, but still substantially longer than the theatrical version.
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Military sets for the movie were nearly destroyed by a hurricane during filming. Instead of breaking them down and starting over, the partially-destroyed sets were used to create new scenes in the movie (including the scene in "Redux" where the playmates are stranded at the deserted military base).
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Francis Ford Coppola, who considered offering the role of Willard to Al Pacino, said that Pacino would probably have played the role if they could have filmed the movie in his New York City apartment. Jack Nicholson also was offered the role, but turned it down.
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The famous line "terminate... with extreme prejudice" is spoken by assistant director Jerry Ziesmer.
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James Caan was Coppola's first choice to play Colonel Lucas. Caan, however, wanted too much money for what was considered a minor part in the movie, and Harrison Ford was eventually cast in the role.
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Using "The Ride of the Valkyries" on the soundtrack was John Milius' idea. He claimed that it seemed so obvious to him that he almost did not write it, as he was certain it had to have been done in a film before.
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According to Dennis Hopper, Marlon Brando yelled at him over a simple misunderstanding. He then decided to deliberately antagonize Brando whenever he could. This resulted in Brando refusing to share the set with him, and the one scene they share together being shot on separate nights. So when Kurtz throws the book at Hopper's photojournalist character and calls him a "mutt", one can only assume that was Brando's genuine feelings about him.
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John Milius explained how he had come up with the title "Apocalypse Now". Apparently, this was derived from a very popular tattoo among the hippie community of a peace sign that said "Nirvana Now". Milius, by adding just a couple of extra lines, edited the peace symbol to make it look like a circle with a B52 bomber in the middle, and changed the slogan to "Apocalypse Now".
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Francis Ford Coppola went to UCLA film school with all of the members of The Doors, including Jim Morrison, who agreed to let Coppola use the master recordings of their music for his Vietnam film. The five-and-a-half-hour early assembly cut of the movie was scored entirely using songs by The Doors before an actual score was created.
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The visit by the Playboy Playmates was based on an actual visit by 1965 Playmate of the Year Jo Collins. She was so popular with the troops that she was made an honorary G.I. The Playmate of the Year in the movie was played by Cynthia Wood, 1974 Playmate of the Year.
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In the DVD commentary, Francis Ford Coppola downplays his involvement in the controversial slaughter of the water buffalo, saying he "happened to film a ritual" being performed by Ifugao natives. However, in the article "Ifugao extras and the making of Apocalypse Now", cast and crew detail how Coppola staged the entire scene, directing the natives to chant and sing while they killed the animal which Coppola provided. Afterwards, Coppola "went overboard and ordered a whole truckload" of animals which he gave to the Ifugao to slaughter on-camera. However, only one water buffalo slaughter was used in the final cut. ('Flip Magazine 2003, v.2, n.3, pp. 29-33, 90-91')
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Orson Welles wanted his first feature film to be an adaptation of "Heart of Darkness". In 1939, he presented RKO with his one hundred seventy-four page script for the film, but the studio turned it down, feeling it would be too expensive. They asked Welles for a more conventional script, so Welles gave them his script for Citizen Kane (1941).
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The people on the riverboat were Vietnamese refugees who had come to the Philippines less than six weeks earlier.
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Kurtz reads from the T.S. Eliot poem "The Hollow Men". Eliot was inspired to write this poem by "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad. The first line of the poem reads, "Mistah Kurtz - he dead." Kurtz leaves this line and the following line out when he reads. Also, the photojournalist says, "This is the way the fucking world ends. Look at this fuckin' shit we're in, man. Not with a bang, but with a whimper, and with a whimper, I'm fucking splitting, Jack." This is taken from the same poem's famous last two lines, "This is the way the world ends. Not with a bang, but with a whimper."
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Steve McQueen was the first to turn down the role of Captain Willard. He had initially verbally agreed to play him when Francis Ford Coppola agreed to his salary of $3 million. But after thinking about the fact the work would require several months of on-location shooting in the Philippine jungle, McQueen told Coppola he would rather play the Kilgore role instead, which would require much less location work, as long as he would still be paid his full salary. Coppola, who was essentially self-financing the movie, simply could not afford it, and said no.
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According to an interview given by Robert Duvall for National Public Radio's Fresh Air on July 22, 2010, Colonel Kilgore's name was originally going to be Colonel Carnage, but they changed it to make their statement about him less obvious.
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During some sequences, the sound of the helicopters was created on a synthesizer to blend in with the music.
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Francis Ford Coppola initially wanted to use "Universal Studios"-owned Sensurround system, but they would not let him do so. This forced Coppola to create his own version of the surround sound system.
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Unknown to Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Sheen could not swim, and was always scared when in the boat for most of the film. He revealed this in a later conversation with Coppola.
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In May 1979, this became the first film to be awarded the Palme D'Or at The Cannes Film Festival before it had actually been completed. Because the Cannes jury was unable to come to a unanimous vote, this film shared the Best Picture prize with "The Tin Drum (1979)."
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Carmine Coppola (Francis Ford Coppola's father) wrote the score for this film.
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The scene in the beginning, where Willard is moving around chaotically in his underwear and eventually punches the mirror, was filmed on Martin Sheen's thirty-sixth birthday.
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Colonel Bill Killgore (Robert Duvall) was loosely based on author and syndicated columnist Colonel David H. Hackworth's exploits in Vietnam. Hackworth, born and raised in Southern California, commanded a helicopter Air Cavalry brigade, in which pilots actually wore Civil War campaign hats and flew in helicopters with crossed sabers painted on them.
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According to the George Lucas biography "Skywalking", Lucas' decision to pull out of this movie destroyed his working relationship with Francis Ford Coppola, who felt betrayed, and ended their friendship, and the Colonel Lucas character was meant as a back-handed snub to his then ex-friend. It would be several years before they would be on speaking terms again, and would not work together again until Captain EO (1986).
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Although no date or year is given for when the film took place, a newspaper article being read by Chef reports the trial of Charles Manson. This would date the action to November 1969 at the earliest since the article could've reached Chef and the crew after that date.
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In the Playboy Bunny show scene, several drums with the name "Dow Chemicals" are visible. Dow is one of the companies that manufactured Agent Orange, the chemical defoliant used throughout Southeast Asia to kill the jungle plant life that the United States government claimed was aiding the enemy in hiding from Army forces.
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Much of Scott Glenn's part ended up on the cutting room floor. He has more screentime in the workprint.
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When the photographer (Dennis Hopper) is babbling about the religious fervor of Kurtz, he babbles out portions of the poem "If" by Rudyard Kipling.
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One of the sequences cut from the original release version but added to the "Redux" version is a sequence featuring the soldiers making out with two Playboy Playmates. Colleen Camp was the Playmate surrounded by birds. Camp said her character trained birds at Busch Gardens, she did this in real life. Camp, who had never been a Playmate (although Coppola thought she had), had to be specially photographed topless to make the ersatz centerfold seen in the movie.
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A typhoon destroyed sets, causing a delay of several months.
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Although filming on-location in the Philippines lasted from March 1976 until May 1977, Marlon Brando's presence on-set was only six weeks (from September 2, until October 11, 1976).
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Emilio Estevez hung out on the set of the movie in the Phillipines with his father, Martin Sheen. When casting for The Outsiders (1983), Francis Ford Coppola remembered Estevez and wanted him to be in The Outsiders (1983).
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There are three different treatments of the opening and end credits. In the 35mm version, the credits roll over surrealistic explosions and burning jungle. The 70mm version has none of this, no credits, nothing but a one-line copyright notice at the end. Both versions are available on video. The 70mm version has been letterboxed. A third version has the credits rolling over a black background.
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The movie's line, "The horror... the horror..." was voted as #66 of "The 100 Greatest Movie Lines" by Premiere in 2007.
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Francis Ford Coppola's wife, Eleanor Coppola, filmed and recorded the making of this film, leading to Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse (1991).
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The character of Colonel Kurtz is inspired by the story of the traitor Lope de Aguirre, a sixteenth century Spanish soldier whose caravan trekked through the Amazon jungle in search of the lost city of El Dorado.
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Randy Thom, one of the film's sound mixers, said that the sound mix took over nine months to complete.
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The film was originally supposed to be scored by Francis Ford Coppola mainstay David Shire. His score was not used, however, in favor of Carmine Coppola and Mickey Hart's synthesizer and percussion score.
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Burt Reynolds was offered the role of Willard. Marlon Brando virulently opposed this decision, and you can hear him on the DVD slamming Reynolds to director Coppola. Interestingly, the same thing happened between the three of them a few years earlier on The Godfather (1972). Coppola offered Reynolds the part of Michael Corleone, and Brando objected and threatened to quit.
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The picture of Marlon Brando in military uniform in the dossier is from "Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967)," for which Francis Ford Coppola had contributed to the screenplay.
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At the 1979 Cannes Film Festival, Francis Ford Coppola iconically said about the film, "My film is not about Vietnam. It is Vietnam".
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John Milius originally wrote the script in 1969, which was known then as "The Psychedelic Soldier". As Francis Ford Coppola described it, the original screenplay was a series of "comic book" scenes to point out the absurdity of the Vietnam War. Over the course of several years of re-writes, the final script kept some of the absurd elements from Milius' original screenplay for the first half, with Joseph Conrad's novel, "Heart of Darkness" added to it for the second half of the movie.
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The poem quoted by The Photojournalist (Dennis Hopper) (the line about "a pair of ragged claws") is from the poem "The Lovesong of J. Alfred Prufrock" by T.S. Eliot.
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Filmed in 1976, but released in 1979.
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When Steve McQueen was being pursued for the role of Willard, the script was called "Apocalypse Three" as it featured three main characters, including a helicopter pilot. Gene Hackman reportedly was considered for the role of the pilot, as it was Francis Ford Coppola's idea initially to cast the three roles with stars.
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Laurence Fishburne saved Emilio Estevez from dying in quicksand during some downtime, while this film was being made.
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Kilgore says he's a "Goofy foot". This means he surfs with his right foot forward whereas most people have their left foot forward.
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The movie's line "I love the smell of napalm in the morning" was voted as the number twelve movie quote by the American Film Institute, and as the #45 of "The 100 Greatest Movie Lines" by Premiere in 2007.
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The film was on in Polish cinemas when martial law was introduced on 13th December 1981 by communist government to crush political opposition. A famous photograph taken by Chris Niedenthal shows huge "Apocalypse Now" title on a cinema in Warsaw, and a military vehicle surrounded by soldiers right in front of it.
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The Doors song "The End" is featured prominently in the beginning and end of the film. Harrison Ford, who plays Colonel Lucas in the film, was a cameraman for The Doors' concert film Feast of Friends (1969).
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The character of the photojournalist was first suggested by unit photographer Chas Gerretsen and Robert Capa, Gold Medal Award winner (1973) during a lunch with Francis Ford Coppola. During the lunch, they discussed the scene where an American television correspondent (played by Coppola) yells at some passing soldiers, "Don't look at the camera". Gerretsen suggested that if Coppola wanted to portray the manic side of the press, he should use a photojournalist because, "We were all crazy". The three black body Nikon F cameras that Hopper's character used, had been used by Gerretsen in Vietnam. He sold the three cameras to Zoetrope Studios after Hopper, who had originally been cast as Captain Colby, became the photojournalist. Gerretsen used three Nikon F2 cameras and one Leica M4 during the filming. He did not like using blimps (sound boxes) because it prevented him from immediately shooting an image when he saw it (as he had learned as a photojournalist). Coppola gave him permission to shoot during filming in-between the dialogue (except for Marlon Brando's dialogue), a great annoyance to the sound editors, who had to edit out the clicking of the camera.
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Voted number one in Film4's "50 Films To See Before You Die".
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When Willard and Chef are running back to the boat and there is a reaction shot of the rest of the crew, Bill Kilgore's surfboard can be seen. In the Redux version, Willard stole it.
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Jeff Bridges auditioned for the role of Willard.
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"Warner Brothers" put an ad in Boxoffice Magazine in November 1970 announcing their future production slate. It had this movie scheduled to start shooting in 1971.
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Filmed in 238 days.
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The helicopter attack scene bears more than a passing resemblance to some parts of a 1941 German propaganda-newsreel "Angriff auf Kreta" (Attack on Crete). Replace the helicopters with Junkers 52 and everything is there: inside and outside shots, attacking airplanes and, above all, Wagner's music.
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Actual Locales: The film was not shot in Vietnam, but rather in the Philippines. The surfing scenes ("Charlie doesn't surf") were shot in a place called Baler (Aurora), which now has surfi shops. The beach is now called "Charlie Beach", after the line from the movie. Other scenes were shot in various other locations, such as Zambales, north of Subic Bay, which was a U.S. Navy base, on a beach near Iba; a typhoon struck at that time, and yet the crew shot a few scenes; it was also shot in Pagsanjan (near Manila). Francis Ford Coppola initially wanted to shoot the movie in Vietnam, but felt that would be too dangerous, and it would be difficult to convince the cast and crew.
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The film holds the record on the MovieMistakes.com collaborative website for the film with the most errors, a total of 558.
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War movie staple R. Lee Ermey has an uncredited cameo as a pilot who flies one of the Huey helicopters during the "Flight of the Valkyries" scene, before he would gain fame as the Drill Instructor in Full Metal Jacket (1987), co-written by Michael Herr who scripted the narration here as voiced by Martin Sheen.
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Joseph Conrad's novella "Heart of Darkness" was the inspiration for John Milius's screenplay of Apocalypse Now. Many who are unfamiliar with the source material believe the novella was written about the Vietnam War. Conrad actually wrote the novella in 1899 and was set in what was then the Belgian Congo. Conrad's story is based on his own experiences working for a Belgian trading company on a river steamer sailing up the Congo River from post to post. The film and book share the central antagonist, Kurtz; a shadowy, charismatic and entrepreneurial European found at the last post. Otherwise, the stories reveal scant resemblance to each other except for critical analysis of European/American imperialism, native subjugation, and military adventurism.
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Writer Michael Herr was called in to write much of Willard's voice-over dialogue and a few scenes. The scene where Roach uses a grenade launcher to kill the North Vietnamese soldier in the wire during the scene at the Do Long bridge is taken directly from "Dispatches", Herr's memoir of the year (1967 to 1968) he spent in-country as a journalist accredited to Esquire Magazine during the war.
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"Dennis Gassner" is the author of one of the articles about Kurtz in the dossier given to Willard. Dennis Gassner designed the dossier information for the movie and later became a noted production designer.
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Francis Ford Coppola first offered the role of Kurtz to Orson Welles (who had previously tried to adapt "Heart of Darkness" to the screen), but Welles declined.
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The following conversation took place and was recorded between Marlon Brando and Francis Ford Coppola on the set of Apocolypse Now; during the down time in between takes; as they were discussing various people in the industry:" Coppola: Burt Reynolds. Brando: Don't say that name in front of me. He is the epitome of everything that makes me want to throw up. He is the epitome of everything disgusting about being a thespian. Coppola: He's a nice guy though. Brando: He can't be. He worships at the temple of his own narcissism." According to industry gossip Coppola was considering casting Reynolds in Apocolypse, just as he had considered casting him in the Godfather years before; and reportedly Brando vehemently put his foot down each time; even threatening to quit Godfather if Reynolds was cast as Sonny or Michael. Reynolds himself told this story to the media; and he was flattered that Brando even knew who he was and would go to such extreme lengths to get rid of him. Other people who were in Coppola's production team refuted this claim though; saying Coppola was never seriously considering Reynolds for either movie. But it's clear from this recorded candid conversation between the two that Brando did indeed hate Reynolds. The conversation can be found and played on Youtube.
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The photojournalist quotes two T.S. Eliot poems. In a late scene in the film, a slow pan over a table in Kurtz's room shows a copy of "From Ritual to Romance", a book by Jessie Weston that inspired Eliot's poem "The Waste Land".
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Scenes featuring Aurore Clément as the owner of a French plantation were filmed, but cut from the finished picture. They were replaced in the 2001 "Redux" edition.
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In a 1979 interview with Playboy Magazine, Colleen Camp stated that Lynda Carter did some test shots, but this story has never been substantiated by Francis Ford Coppola, nor anyone from the film company.
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Martin Sheen's son Charlie starred as the main protagonist in a movie set during the Vietnam War, Platoon (1986). It is also in the IMDB Top 250.
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"Apocalypse Now" is credited as helping making the music of The Doors popular again eight years after the death of lead singer Jim Morrison. This movie, followed a year later by the release of The Doors' Greatest Hits and a biography of Morrison called "No One Here Gets Out Alive" made The Doors, largely forgotten by younger music fans, a core group in the classic rock pantheon.
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Captain Willard's fatigues were known as Tigerstripe camouflage. They were a Republic of Vietnam uniform used by their Rangers and Marines. United States Special Operations adopted the uniform.
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This film features Laurence Fishburne and Scott Glenn. Both have played FBI agent Jack Crawford. Glenn played the role in The Silence of the Lambs (1991), and Fishburne played it Hannibal (2013). Harvey Keitel, who was offered the role of Capt. Willard, also portrayed Director Jack Crawford in Red Dragon
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Although it is said that Sean Flynn was the main inspiration for the drug-addled-brave war photographer played by Dennis Hopper, the character was largely based on English-born Tim Page. He was regarded by his press friends from that time as one of the craziest and most daring photographers running around between Saigon, May Lay, and Hamburger Hill.
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The phrase "terminate with extreme prejudice" was not invented by the scriptwriters, but rather had already been used as a euphemism for "kill" during the Vietnam War. It was first popularized in a 14 August 1969 article in the NY Times about a murder which became known as the "Green Beret Case". A North Vietnamese asset (Thai Khac Chuyen) was accused of being a double agent. Chuyen was tortured and interrogated by Special Forces officers, and allegedly the local CIA officials directed them to terminate Chuyen with extreme prejudice. Special Forces Colonel Robert Rheault and seven others were brought to trial for Chuyen's murder, but the charges were later dismissed and there was considerable debate as to who (if anyone) had actually approved the execution. The details of this case are quite similar to Colonel Kurtz's background (i.e. murdering several alleged Vietnamese double agents).
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At the end of the U.S.O. show, the Playboy Bunnies and the emcee leave by helicopter. The emcee was played by Bill Graham, who died in a helicopter crash in 1991.
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Besides being a straightforward pun, Colonel Kilgore's name is also the name of the hometown of a gung-ho helicopter door gunner, described by writer Michael Herr in his book "Dispatches".
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In the original script, and the shooting of some scenes, Colonel Kurtz was originally to be called Colonel "Leighley" (this can be seen in bonus materials of "Apocalypse Now Redux" DVD edition). In the movie, when Harrison Ford says the line, "pick up Colonel Kurtz path at Nu Mung Ba", you can see his mouth does not match the word "Kurtz" (indicating it was dubbed).
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The IMAX poster for Kong: Skull Island (2017) is an homage to the original iconic onesheet for this movie.
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Voted number seven On Empire's 500 "Greatest Movies Of All Time" (September 2008).
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The boat's name is "Erebus", seen on the transom, referring to the son of the Greek god of utter darkness, as the movie's source novel was Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness". (Erebus and Terror were also the two lost ships in the famous 1845 to 1846 British polar expedition of Sir John Franklin.) The back of the seat in the forward turret (with dual M2 .50 cal MGs) of the PBR (Lance's position) has the words "God's Country" written on it. The steel gun-shield protecting the gun mount (single M2 .50 cal MG) on the back of the boat is marked with the words "Canned Heat".
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This is one of Francis Ford Coppola's top five favorite films of his own.
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The character played by Scott Glenn does not have any lines in the final cut of the movie.
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In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked this as the number thirty Greatest Movie of All Time.
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While Willard is riding on the boat, one section of the dossier on Kurtz he reads is entitled "IVORY IV". In "Heart of Darkness", Kurtz is an ivory trader, and Marlow (the book's version of Willard) is a boat Captain working for the same ivory company.
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One of the photos Willard studies in the dossier shows Kurtz in a line of soldiers being decorated by General William C. Westmoreland.
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After being fired from this film, Harvey Keitel went on to appear in "The Duellists (1977)," a film also based on a Joseph Conrad novel.
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In Kurtz's village, "Our Motto: Apocalypse Now!" is spray-painted on a wall.
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The original editor, Barry Malkin, withdrew in the earlier stages of the production. However, it was Malkin who recommended his friend Richard Marks to do the editing.
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In addition to the other T.S. Eliot references, one book shown at the Kurtz compound is "The Golden Bough", one that Eliot said, along with "From Ritual to Romance", his "The Waste Land" was largely based.
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Animaniacs: Hitchcock Opening/Hearts of Twilight/The Boids (1993) parodies this film. It tells of Yakko, Wakko, and Dot Warner being sent by Warner Brothers studio chief Mr. Plotz to a distant soundstage to pull the plug on a movie by a crazed and egomaniacal director (Jerry Lewis).
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Lee Beaupre, publicist for this movie until his murder in 1979, wrote in a publicity release on Chas Gerretsen as a war photographer for Apocalypse Now, "From Real to Reel". "His (Chas Gerretsen's) photographic career had come full circle." The release was later withdrawn, since it was decided that Sean Flynn, son of Errol Flynn, had more publicity value.
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General Corman states that Colonel Kurtz is the Operations Officer for the 5th Special Forces Group. This would have made him the third ranking officer in the group.
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Martin Sheen's character's name combines the names of the two eldest sons of Harrison Ford, Benjamin and Willard.
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The original choice for the soundtrack was to be done by Isao Tomita, as Francis Ford Coppola liked his version of Holst's Planets. Tomita even travelled to the Philippines to see the filming. Because Tomita's contract was with RCA, and the film was released through United Artists, he could not compose the score.
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The opening hotel scene was shot in Olongapo, just outside Subic Bay Naval Base, which was a U.S. Navy base at that time. The main street was closed for traffic for a day.
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Despite being nominated for a Grammy, a BAFTA and winning the Golden Globe, the film's score was not nominated at the Academy Awards.
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During pre-production, Francis Ford Coppola had the idea of casting Clint Eastwood as Captain Willard and Gene Hackman as Colonel Kurtz. Neither actor was interested though.
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Although the character played by Marlon Brando was based on ivory trader Kurtz in Joseph Conrad's book Heart of Darkness, another inspiration for the character in the film was Australian Col. Barry Petersen (1935-2019) AKA: The Tiger Man of Vietnam, who was Australian Army advisor in Vietnam to the CIA. His job in 1963 was to recruit, train and operate a Montagnard guerrilla force, whose tasks were to not only protect their villages from the communists, but also to disrupt the communist supply lines to South Vietnam and to stop them setting up bases. His men not only ruined the Viet Cong supply lines through the highlands, they staged kidnappings, ambushes and killed many Viet Cong agents. The disruption to their supply lines eventually forced the communists to send supplies through Cambodia. The CIA started to fear he had built up a "personality cult" in the highlands. He was replaced by an American CIA employee two years later who failed to gain the respect of the Montagnards or the Vietnamese. Petersen was later informed that if he had not left when ordered to, he would have likely been killed by the CIA.
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Tommy Lee Jones was considered for the role of Captain Richard Colby.
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The film was voted "Best Picture of the last 25 years" by the Dutch movie magazine "Skrien" on December 3, 2002.
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The character Lance Johnson is a surfer. In the writer John Milius' film Big Wednesday the main character is a surfer called Matt Johnson. Matt Johnson's friend also a surfer, is drafted to go to Vietnam.
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The film was originally distributed by United Artists. Since then, ownership has switched from United Artists to MGM/UA, then to Zoetrope Studios and to Paramount Pictures.
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One of five movie collaborations of Frederic Forrest and Francis Ford Coppola. The others were Hammett (1982), The Conversation (1974),One from the Heart (1981), and Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988).
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Audio/dialogue samples from the film have been used in songs by numerous bands, including 23 Skidoo's "Fuck You GI (23 F.P.M.)," Fear Factory's "Crisis," Proud'z's "Ajuste De Cuentas" and notably industrial-metal band Ministry's Grammy-winning single "N.W.O.," which utilized Dennis Hopper shouting "It's all right!" as the patrol boat is approaching the Colonel's fort, the siren used during that scene, and the guitar solo playing on a transistor radio in the grenade launcher's bunker, "The Do Long Bridge Roach."
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In a 2015 The Hollywood Reporter interview, Clint Eastwood revealed that Coppola offered him the role of Willard, but much like McQueen and Pacino, he did not want to be away from America for a long time. Eastwood also revealed that McQueen tried to convince him to play Willard; McQueen wanted to play Kurtz because then he would only have to work for two weeks.
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Many critics felt Marlon Brando was too old and too heavy to play Kurtz.
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Francis Ford Coppola approached Lee Marvin to play Colonel Kurtz.
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Laurence Fishburne's character mentions in Boyz n the Hood (1991) that he was a soldier in Vietnam, meaning that he played an older character in this movie, Boyz n the Hood (1991), as well as Last Flag Flying (2017), in which he also played a Vietnam veteran.
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Superstar actor Steve McQueen was offered the role of Captain Willard before any other actor (which Martin Sheen eventually got), but turned it down. He turned down many other famous roles in the 1970's before his untimely death in 1980. These included "First Blood", "The Gauntlet", "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest" and several other very famous films and/or roles. In the late 1960's he also turned down the chance to co-star with Paul Newman in "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid".
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Released less than a year after another Vietnam-related film, The Deer Hunter (1978). Two of the actors from this film have played the on-screen fathers of actors in that one. Marlon Brando played the father of John Cazale in The Godfather (1972). Robert De Niro played the younger version of his character in The Godfather: Part II (1974). Robert Duvall appeared in both of those films, while John Savage played his son in The Godfather: Part III (1990). Martin Sheen is also the real-life father of Charlie Sheen, who appeared in the Vietnam-themed film Platoon (1986).
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The film was shown again as an "official selection", though not part of competition, at the May 2001 Cannes Film Festival.
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The music during the helicopter scene is Wagner's "Ritt der Walküren" ("Ride of The Valkyries") and the original music was about speared men charging.
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Harrison Ford's character is named "Colonel G. Lucas", a nod to George Lucas. Lucas, of course, directed Ford in Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977), in which his character, Han Solo, was modelled after Francis Ford Coppola. The last film in that trilogy, Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi (1983) also featured Ian McDiarmid, who appeared in the television movie Heart of Darkness (1993).The climax of the film was also modelled after Lucas' original concept for the ending of this film.
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Benjamin Willard, like Martin Sheen, is from Ohio.
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Apocalypse Now - originally scheduled for 1976) was finally released in North America in August 1979. It was beaten to theaters (by less than two weeks) by More American Graffiti, the sequel to American Graffiti, directed by George Lucas and produced by Francis Ford Coppola. While a failure with critics, More American Graffiti was praised for its Vietnam sequences, which were shot on a low budget in California. Lucas was the executive producer on the movie, and helped photograph and edit the Vietnam scenes. Shot on 16mm stock, the sequence is meant to resemble a documentary. Lucas has said that his vision for Apocalypse Now would have been done in a similar guerrilla filmmaking documentary style.
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On March 5 of that year, Sheen had a heart attack and struggled for a quarter of a mile to reach help. By that time, the film was already so over-budget, even he worried funding would be halted if word about his condition were to reach the investors, and claimed he suffered heat stroke instead.
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John Milius had written the story for this movie a few years earlier. It was originally planned to be directed by George Lucas, but upon starting with Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977), Lucas was too busy to take on this project, and Francis Ford Coppola and Milius decided to make the movie.
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Two pairs of actors from this film have shared a role elsewhere. Scott Glenn played Jack Crawford in The Silence of the Lambs (1991), a role played by Laurence Fishburne in Hannibal (2013). The role was also played in Red Dragon (2002) by Harvey Keitel, who was originally cast in the lead role in this film, before being replaced by Martin Sheen. Martin Sheen played Robert E. Lee in Gettysburg (1993), a role played by Robert Duvall in Gods and Generals (2003).
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The film is included on Roger Ebert's "Great Movies" list.
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Included among the American Film Institute's 1998 list of the Top 100 Greatest American Movies.
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The budget had doubled to over $25 million, and Coppola's loan from United Artists to fund the overruns had been extended to over $10 million. UA took out a $15 million life insurance policy for Coppola. By June 1977, Coppola had offered his car, house, and The Godfather profits as security to finish the film. After Star Wars became a gigantic hit, Coppola sent a telegram to George Lucas asking for money. The release date was pushed back to spring 1978.
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G.D. Spradlin (Corman) sends Captain Willard (Martin Sheen) to find Colonel Kurtz (Marlon Brando). In Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970), Spradlin played a real-life naval officer named Commander Curts.
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This is the second film in which Robert Duvall and Harrison Ford appeared together. The first was The Conversation (1974), also produced, written and directed by Francis Ford Coppola.
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Frederic Forrest and Marlon Brando earlier appeared in The Missouri Breaks (1976)
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The way that Captain Willard is directly told, on the record, by U.S. Army senior leadership to kill Colonel Kurtz is not realistic. The U.S. military has never authorized the murder of American personnel in an official way, and while it is plausible that the military would have unofficially tasked Willard to kill Kurtz, the order was neither clandestine nor covert, and therefore implausible. Given that Kurtz was wanted for desertion, and not direct crimes against fellow U.S. service members (such as assault or murder), any official order would more likely have called for him to be arrested and court-martialed rather than executed.
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Favorite film of screenwriter David Hwang.
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The only Best Picture Oscar nominee that year to be also nominated for Best Sound.
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Principal photography ended on May 21, 1977, after 238 days of filming.
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Both Robert Duvall and Martin Sheen later went on to play Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Gods and Generals (2003) and Gettysburg (1993), respectively.
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Chef reads aloud a news report about Charles Manson being arrested, suggesting that the action takes place in August 1969.
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Al Pacino was also offered the role, but he too did not want to be away for that long and was afraid of falling ill in the jungle as he had done in the Dominican Republic during the shooting of The Godfather Part II.
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Apocalypse Now won the Palme d'Or for best film along with Volker Schlöndorff's The Tin Drum - a decision that was reportedly greeted with "some boos and jeers from the audience".
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Milius changed the film's title to Apocalypse Now after being inspired by a button badge popular with hippies during the 1960s that said "Nirvana Now" .
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During Capt. Willard's conversation with Kurtz, it is revealed that Willard is from Ohio. Martin Sheen who plays Willard is, in fact, from Dayton, Ohio.
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This film is in the Official Top 250 Narrative Feature Films on Letterboxd.
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Cameo 

Vittorio Storaro: The cinematographer filming a war documentary.
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Dean Tavoularis: The production designer filming a war documentary.
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Director Cameo 

Francis Ford Coppola: Filming a war documentary.
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Spoilers 

The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

Although top billed, Marlon Brando does not appear until more than two and a half hours into the movie (Redux version) and his total screentime is fifteen minutes.
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John Milius' early draft ended with Willard returning to America to take the news to Kurtz's wife and son.
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In, or just before each of the scenes where a member of the boat crew dies, purple smoke from a flare is visible. A similar thematic element was used by Francis Ford Coppola in The Godfather trilogy, where oranges appear just before, or in a scene where, a character dies.
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The sequence where the PBR gets attacked with spears exactly mirrors the attack on the jungle boat in the novel "Heart of Darkness". In the book, the pilot on the steam boat is killed, whereas in the movie, it is the Captain.
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Francis Ford Coppola was unable to find a satisfactory way of ending the film until his wife, Eleanor Coppola, witnessed the Ifugao tribesmen employed as extras performing an animal sacrifice.
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One ending considered for the film was that an air strike was called to destroy the temple. Explosives were rigged especially for this sequence, but Francis Ford Coppola changed his mind, feeling that the finale should represent the end of war and the beginning of peace. However, since it was required by Philippine law to get rid of the sets after filming, the sets were blown up anyway. After its initial engagements, which presented the film without credits, Coppola decided to use footage of the demolition as the backdrop for the end title sequence. After the public misconstrued this sequence as the alternate ending, Coppola re-edited that portion and had the titles run on black.
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Dennis Hopper's death scene was cut out of the film. It appears in the bootlegged workprint.
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The document, through which Willard skimmed, near the film's conclusion, on which "DROP THE BOMB. EXTERMINATE THEM ALL" was scrawled, was titled "The Role of Democratic Force in the Underdeveloped World, by Walter E. Kurtz, Colonel USSF", and was "Commissioned by The Center For Democratic Studies, Santa Barbara, California". This is taken directly from Joseph Conrad's novella, where a report written for "the International Society for the Suppression of Savage Customs" by Kurtz is also graffitied with a similar message: "Exterminate all the brutes!"
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The original script by John Milius climaxes with Kurtz fighting off an attack by U.S. Army helicopters, firing a machine gun while exclaiming to Willard, "I can feel the power in my loins!" Francis Ford Coppola thought this was absurd.
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One of the books on Kurtz's night table is "The Golden Bough" by James Frazer. It is an anthropological study of rites in several cultures in which a young usurper ritually kills an aging King and inherits his throne.
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In the theatrical version of the film, Robert Duvall and Dennis Hopper leave the same way, by standing up from a squatting position and walking out of the frame to the right. However, this changes in the "Redux" version of the film, which features a few extra minutes with Duvall's character.
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Director Francis Ford Coppola was never fully satisfied with the original theatrical version, so his 2001 Redux version restored 49 minutes of previously deleted footage, for a total running time of 196 minutes. The new material consists mainly of more scenes of Kilgore during the attack on the Vietnamese village; Willard stealing Kilgore's surfboard and hiding with his crew and the boat, as Kilgore flies around looking to get his board back; Willard arranging some quality time with the Playmates for his men; a long scene with a group of old French colonists on their plantation; and Kurz reading Vietnam reports from Time Magazine to Willard. However, in 2019, Coppola felt that he had added back too much, so he chose to re-edit the film back to a 175-minute Final Cut, mainly by removing the scenes with the Playmates and Kurz reading the Times report, and substantially shortening the French plantation scene.
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Excluding voice-overs, Willard doesn't speak during the final half hour. His last spoken words are "I'm a soldier."
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Willard's last lines in voice over are "Even the jungle wanted him dead, and that's who he really took his orders from anyway."
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John Millius's original draft borrowed the framing device of the Conrad novella. It begins in the mid 1970s, with Willard working as security for a financier in California. Willard then flashes back to Vietnam. At the film's end, Willard meets Kurtz's widow, just as Marlow does at the end of Heart Of Darkness.
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