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When young Charlie Bucket (Peter Ostrum) finds the last of five golden tickets hidden in Wonka candy bars, he and his Grandpa Joe (Jack Albertson) join four other children—Augustus Gloop (Michael Bollner), a gluttonous German boy; Veruca Salt (Julie Dawn Cole), a spoiled English girl; Violet Beauregarde (Denise Nickerson), a gum-chewing American girl; and Mike Teavee (Paris Themmen), an American boy who, like his name, is obsessed with television—for a very special tour of the Wonka Chocolate Factory led by eccentric candy-maker Willy Wonka (Gene Wilder) himself. Edit (Coming Soon)
The film is based on Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1963), a children's novel by British author Roald Dahl. A sequel to the novel, Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator, also by Roald Dahl, was released in 1972. Dahl also wrote the screenplay for the movie. He based his novel on stories he had heard when he was a child about candy spies who would take jobs at competitors' factories in order to steal their secret recipes. A second adaptation of the novel, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005), was released in 2005. Edit (Coming Soon)
The film's financier was the Quaker Oats Company, and they had just come out with a new candy, named after the Wonka Bar introduced in Dahl's books. For purposes of promotion, the title of the movie was changed from Charlie & the Chocolate Factory to Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory. Ironically, the original Quaker Oats Wonka Bar that the film was designed to promote didn't last more than a few months. There was a problem with the formula (some reports claim that the bars melted while still on store shelves, while others claim that the bars simply "tasted terrible") and the bars were quickly pulled from the market. Unable to fix the formula, Quaker Oats discontinued the product. Quaker Oats' Wonka Bar -producing company was subsequently sold to Nestlé. The original Nestle Wonka Bar was discontinued in 2010. However, that same year, Nestle's Wonka company introduced a new line: Wonka Exceptionals, which includes chocolate bars (a few of which, such as the Scrumdiddlyumptious Bar, are named after Wonka bars from the book and movies). Edit (Coming Soon)
The poem is titled "The Fairy Folk", written by Irish poet William Allingham [1824-1889]. The line recited in the movie goes: "Up the airy mountain, / Down the rushy glen, / We daren't go a-hunting / For fear of little men". The entire poem is in public domain and may be freely downloaded, along with 15 more of Allingham's poems, from Project Gutenberg. Edit (Coming Soon)
The Chocolate Factory is locked to outsiders so that competitors can't send in spies posing as employees in order to steal his candy recipes. Consequently, Willy Wonka has hired Oompa-Loompas from Loompaland, a small island in the Atlantic Ocean. Oompa-Loompas are very short with green hair, orange skin, and prominent white eyebrows. Edit (Coming Soon)
"Is it my soul that calls upon my name?" * and "Adieu, parting is such sweet sorrow" are from William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.
"All I ask is a tall ship and a star to sail her by" † is from the poem "Sea Fever" by John Masefield.
"A thing of beauty is a joy forever" is from "Endymion: A Poetic Romance" by John Keats
"Round the world and home again, that's the sailor's way!" is from "Homeward Bound" by William Allingham.
"We are the music-makers" is from "Ode" by Arthur O'Shaughnessy.
"Where is fancy bred" and "So shines a good deed" ** are from Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare.
"Sweet lovers love the spring time" is from As You Like It by William Shakespeare.
"Candy is dandy, but liquor is quicker" is from "Reflections on Ice Breaking" by Ogden Nash.
"The suspense is terrible, I hope it will last" is from "The Importance of Being Earnest" by Oscar Wilde.
* = In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo says the line a bit differently: "It is my soul that calls upon my name".
** = In The Merchant of Venice, the line is "So shines a good deed in a naughty world". Wonka uses "weary" instead of "naughty".
† = Willy may have the uncanny ability to memorize tons of literary quotes, but, proving that even the great Willy Wonka can forget things, he actually misquotes this line. The actual line is "All I ask is a tall ship and a star to steer her by". Edit (Coming Soon)
Charlie is the last child remaining, but Willy Wonka refuses to award him with the lifetime supply of chocolate because of his escapade in the Fizzy Lifting Gas Room. In a fit of anger, Grandpa Joe vows to give Slugworth (Günter Meisner) the Everlasting Gobstopper in revenge, but Charlie returns it. Suddenly, Willy hugs Charlie and tells him that he has passed the test and won the grand prize. Slugworth enters the room, only he isn't really Slugworth. He's a Wonka employee named Wilkinson, and it was his job to test all five children in order to find an honest one. Willy takes Charlie and his grandpa for a ride in the Wonkavator. As they soar over the town, Willy informs Charlie that the grand prize includes not only the lifetime supply of chocolate but the entire Chocolate Factory. Willy is making Charlie his heir, and Charlie's entire family can come and live at the factory. In the final scene, Willy reminds Charlie about the man who suddenly got everything he ever wanted and lived happily ever after. Edit (Coming Soon)
Augustus got sucked into a pipe and sent to the Fudge Room when he fell into a river of chocolate after being warned by Willy Wonka not to touch the chocolate. Violet was sent to the Squeezing room when she blew up into a giant blueberry after disobeying Willy by trying an experimental piece of Three-Course-Dinner gum. Veruca had a fit in the Chocolate Golden Egg sorting Room when she was told that she couldn't have one of Willy's golden egg-laying geese and, after being rejected as a "bad egg", was sent plummeting down a garbage chute leading to an unlit furnace and was possibly simply stuck in the pipes. Mike was sent to the Taffy-Pulling Room when he became miniaturized after sending himself, against Willy's orders, through the Wonkavision transmitter, a machine that can send objects through television. Edit (Coming Soon)