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Eros + Massacre (1969)

Erosu purasu gyakusatsu (original title)
Not Rated | | Biography, Drama | 14 March 1970 (Japan)
Two interwoven stories. The first is a biography of anarchist Sakae Osugi which follows his relationship with three women in the 1920s. The second centers around two 1960s' students researching Osugi's theories.


Yoshishige Yoshida




Credited cast:
Mariko Okada Mariko Okada ... Noe Ito
Toshiyuki Hosokawa ... Sakae Osugi
Yûko Kusunoki Yûko Kusunoki ... Itsuko Masaoka
Kazuko Inano Kazuko Inano ... Akiko Hiraga
Etsushi Takahashi Etsushi Takahashi ... Jun Tsuji
Daijirô Harada Daijirô Harada ... Wada
Toshiko Ii Toshiko Ii ... Eiko Sokutai
Rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Yoshihide Gotô Yoshihide Gotô
Toshiko Inoue Toshiko Inoue
Kikuo Kaneuchi Kikuo Kaneuchi
Kyûzô Kawabe Kyûzô Kawabe
Katsuya Kobayashi Katsuya Kobayashi
Kazuko Kui Kazuko Kui
Kinji Matsueda Kinji Matsueda
Kazunori Miyazaki Kazunori Miyazaki


In the 1920s, the anarchist revolutionary Sakae Osugi is financially supported by his wife, journalist Itsuko Masaoka. He spends his time doing nothing but philosophizing about political systems and free love and visiting with his lovers Yasuko and the earlier feminist Noe Ito. He conveniently defends three principles for a relationship between a man and a woman: they should be financially independent (despite the fact that he is not); they should live in different places; and they should be free to have sex with other people. In 1969, twenty-year-old student, Eiko Sokuta is sexually active with various men. Her friend, Wada, is obsessed with fire and they usually play odd games using a camera while they read about Osugi and Ito. Written by Claudio Carvalho, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


Biography | Drama


Not Rated | See all certifications »

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Did You Know?


The first movie in Yoshishige Yoshida's unofficial trilogy on Japanese radicalism. The other two titles are Heroic Purgatory (1970) and Coup d'Etat (1973). See more »


Opening Text: Drunk upon the happiness of decadence, this film is a dialogue with you and I, the ambiguous participants in the erotica and revolutions of Sakae Osugi and Noe Ito, whose lives were dedicated to the beauty of chaos.
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Referenced in Century of Cinema: 100 Years of Japanese Cinema (1995) See more »

User Reviews

What possible way to describe this masterpiece? An unique experience for sure...
28 September 2014 | by mevmijaumauSee all my reviews

Eros Plus Massacre by Yoshishige Yoshida is considered to be his masterpiece and the peak of the Japanese New Wave (Nuberu Bagu), a movement that Yoshida himself never considered to be a part of. The film lasts 3 1/2 hours and may be the most experimental and ambitious of all of Yoshida's 1960s works. A bunch of things are discussed in the film, most notably anarchism, existentialism and feminism. It's the first installment in Yoshida's Trilogy of Radicalism, followed by Heroic Purgatory and Coup d'etat.

It tells two stories - one fictional, one biographical - the latter concerns the Japanese anarchist Sakae Osugi and is set in the 1920s. It's centered about his theories, ideas and relationships with three women - his wife, his first lover (who tries to kill him), and his second lover Noe Ito (played by Yoshida's wife Mariko Okada). The second story is intercut with the first, is fictional, and is set in the '60s, following a young female student named Eiko who researches Osugi's life. We follow her relationship with three men (similar to Osugi's three lovers), a pyroman called Wada who joins her in her research, a suicidal film director and a policeman who investigates her in suspicion that she's connected to a ring of prostitution.

The way the stories are connected is very, very loose and feels like a dream. Similar actions are repeated in both time periods, characters from the two periods interact with each other in oniric sequences, etc. From what I gathered from it, the major point of the film is showing that history may be nothing like people imagine or romanticize it. Truth is illusive, complicated and ambiguous. The scenes set in the '20s usually show the characters through various mirrors, or obstructed by objects such as furniture, walls or doors. One scene in particular, showing Ito meeting the staff journalist of the Seito compound, shows the two women in the inverted reflection of themselves in the lake. The other theme of the film may be Eiko and Wada's struggles to keep their idealistic image of Osugi true, because his revolutionary ideas and principles mean nothing in their time, when his thoughts aren't considered radical anymore. The two students spend a lot of time playing with fire. This radical "game" is what took the lives of Osugi and many others in the first place.

Eros Plus Massacre relies heavily on contrasts to tell its story. The differences between the two times are put further into life by contrasting '60s rock with '20s traditional music with orchestral elements, the '60s contemporary flats and urban life with the '20s simple houses and gardens. The majority of time spent on Osugi's story shows characters endlessly talking, while the '60s story puts an emphasis on (weird) things actually happening. Eiko and Wada spend some of their time reenacting the lives of martyrs, anarchists and revolutionaries - the most famous of these scenes climaxes with them faux-crucifying themselves.

The cinematography is out of this world. It's one of the most beautiful black and white films ever made, period. The way characters are put into frame, the lighting, the shadow play - holy sh*t. Almost every frame is a work of art, and some are literally unforgettable. Even though the story is quite grim, the angelic, white glow predominates almost every shot and makes the film that more unique. Characters are separated by walls, pillars, window frames, etc., to accentuate their isolation (esp. Ito and her husband) in typical Yoshida fashion. It seals the deal on Yoshida being one of the finest aesthetes of Asian cinema.

The opening scene is one of the best film intros I've ever seen - in this 5-minute scene, Eiko interviews Ito's daughter (also played by Okada) in the most stylish, theatrical and impactive manner. It's a highly immersive cold opening, typical for many Yoshida's films, and just plain rocks overall.

Some may not like that it's a bit self-indulgent but I guess that's just what you have to expect from a film like this. Because of its lengthy runtime (200 min.), it may often lose you, or you may find it too cryptic and complex. Despite this, it's a VERY unique movie that'll stick with you for a long time.

The title probably describes the two stories - Osugi's somber tale of political turmoil (Massacre) and Eiko's erotic vignettes (Eros). While Osugi is violently assassinated, Eiko enters the story by having sex with a man and later masturbating in the shower. Meanwhile, Osugi does some time in prison, has a football match played over his ashes and gets his near-fatal encounter with his lover Rashomonically played out in several different potential situations. Osugi is shown as a hypocrite because he stands for financial independence,nd yet he's financially suppported by his wife. Meanwhile, Eiko is all for free love, but charges it to other men, seeing as she's a prostitute in her free time.

This is the first Yoshida picture to be released outside Japan and had to be cut from 202 to 166 minutes (pity they didn't cut out more :D) for international release. Although it's considered to be Yoshida's best movie, I disagree. I think that the man has some better ones (he is a genius, after all). It can also be really confusing if you decide to watch it without knowing what's it about beforehand. Unfortunately, like all of Yoshida's films, it doesn't have a Criterion release... Yet.

Give this movie any adjective and it fits. Lyrical, haunting, boring, erotic, entertaining, unnerving, hypnotic, pointless, poignant, whatever.

@Carvalho, the actress who played Eiko is called Toshiko Ii. Not sure why she's unlisted here, but anyway, I added her now.

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Release Date:

14 March 1970 (Japan) See more »

Also Known As:

Eros + Massacre See more »


Box Office

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Company Credits

Production Co:

Gendai Eigasha, Bungakuza See more »
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Technical Specs


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Sound Mix:


Aspect Ratio:

2.35 : 1
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