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Army of Shadows (1969)

L'armée des ombres (original title)
Not Rated | | Drama , War | 12 September 1969 (France)
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An account of underground resistance fighters in Nazi-occupied France.

Writers:

Joseph Kessel (novel), Jean-Pierre Melville (adaptation)
4 wins & 1 nomination. See more awards »

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Cast

Cast overview, first billed only:
Lino Ventura ... Philippe Gerbier
Paul Meurisse ... Luc Jardie
Jean-Pierre Cassel ... Jean François Jardie
Simone Signoret ... Mathilde
Claude Mann Claude Mann ... Claude Ullmann dit 'Le Masque'
Paul Crauchet ... Felix Lepercq
Christian Barbier Christian Barbier ... Guillaume Vermersch dit 'Le Bison'
Serge Reggiani ... The hairdresser
André Dewavrin André Dewavrin ... Colonel Passy
Alain Dekok Alain Dekok ... Legrain
Alain Mottet Alain Mottet ... Commander of the camp
Alain Libolt Alain Libolt ... Paul Dounat
Jean-Marie Robain Jean-Marie Robain ... Baron de Ferte Talloire
Albert Michel Albert Michel ... Gendarm
Denis Sadier Denis Sadier ... Gestapo's doctor
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Storyline

France, 1942, under German occupation. Philippe Gerbier, a civil engineer, is a French Resistance commandant. Denounced by a French collaborator, he is interned in a concentration camp. He manages to escape, and rejoins his network in Marseille, where he has the traitor executed. This movie reveals rigorously and austerely what life was like in the French Resistance: the solitude and fear of its members; their relationships with one another; the constant threat of arrest by the Gestapo; the Resistance command structure and the way its orders were carried out. Head writer Joseph Kessel and co-writer/director Jean-Pierre Melville were both veterans of the "Shadow Army". Written by Yepok

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Taglines:

Betrayal. Loyalty. Collaboration. Resistance.

Genres:

Drama | War

Certificate:

Not Rated | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

View content advisory »
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Details

Official Sites:

Rialto Pictures

Country:

France | Italy

Language:

French | German | English

Release Date:

12 September 1969 (France) See more »

Also Known As:

Army of Shadows See more »

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Box Office

Opening Weekend USA:

$12,620, 30 April 2006, Limited Release

Gross USA:

$741,766, 26 April 2007
See more on IMDbPro »

Company Credits

Production Co:

Les Films Corona,Fono Roma See more »
Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs

Runtime:

Sound Mix:

Mono | Dolby Digital (2006 restoration)

Color:

Color (Eastmancolor)

Aspect Ratio:

1.85 : 1
See full technical specs »
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Did You Know?

Trivia

In the dubbed Italian version for the film, Lino Ventura is dubbed by Emilio Cigoli; Simone Signoret by Adriana de Roberto and Paul Meurisse by Roberto Villa. See more »

Goofs

In the scene where the prisoners share cigarettes amongst each other, one of the man saves his cigarette for later and puts it behind his right ear. In the next shot of him, the cigarette isn't there, but we see him picking it from behind his ear just a few seconds later. See more »

Quotes

Philippe Gerbier: See you later, Comrade.
Legrain: ...You're a communist?
Philippe Gerbier: No. But I can still have comrades.
See more »

Connections

Referenced in Reservoir Dogs (1992) See more »

Soundtracks

Spirituals for String Choir and Orchestra: 4th Movement
Written by Morton Gould
[When Gerbier walks to firing squad]
See more »

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User Reviews

 
Melville's Powerful Epic
2 May 2006 | by wglennSee all my reviews

This is a tough, somber film that captures the absurdities involved in war, and, ultimately, in life. The French Resistance "heroes" in the story are never shown conducting sabotage or planned attacks against the Germans, as one would get in a traditional World War II movie. Instead, we follow their claustrophobic and paranoid lives as they move from one hiding place to another (or one prison to another), constantly hounded by those in power, haunted by their own actions and the inability to communicate with those dear to them. Melville shows us their doubts and questions as they deal with betrayal, cowardice, and the murky ethics of killing their own to preserve the larger good.

Every episode in the film seems to lead to a darkly ironic conclusion, and the meaninglessness of their efforts becomes almost overwhelming, except that, somehow, these ordinary people continue to offer resistance in the face of death, so that their heroism lies not in the ability to stop the Germans but in taking action at all while facing the abyss.

While the acting is excellent all around, Lino Ventura's performance as Gerbier deserves special attention. It's hard to imagine any other actor bearing the tremendous weight of this film as well as he does. Gabin, at an earlier age, might have had the physical and emotional strength, but I'm not sure he would've been capable of Ventura's unassuming portrayal, which is so necessary for his character. The "shadows" at the core of this tale are seriously dark, and Ventura's Gerbier is strong enough to face them, yet modest enough to realize he can't conquer them on his own. The only way the Resistance makes sense by the end of this film, is in the collective effort of its members. Similarly, each of us, individually, cannot conquer death, but we as a group of human beings can continue to live on. _L'Armée des ombres_ ultimately moves beyond a story of the French Resistance in World War II and serves as a powerful existentialist epic, with Ventura's performance responsible for much of the film's dignity and humanity.

As with _Léon Morin, prêtre_ (1961), another story set during the war, Melville seems more emotionally present in _L'Armée des ombres_ than he does in his policiers or noir pieces, and after seeing the film, his overall body of work suddenly seems much heftier. While the movie isn't as visually daring of some of his other works, it has a dark beauty all its own, and his pacing, editing, shot selection, and use of sound show him in great artistic control. Forty-eight hours after seeing it, I still find myself caught in its world.


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