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Sir Laurence Olivier agreed to play the uncredited role of the narrator, because he was so impressed with Zeffirelli's work for the National Theatre of Great Britain, of which Olivier was director at the time. Not only was Olivier the narrator, but as Franco Zeffirelli has also confirmed, he dubbed Antonio Pierfederici's voice (due to the actor's heavy Italian accent) as well as lending his voice to other anonymous characters. He did it all for the love of William Shakespeare, and didn't accept any payment.
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A rumor surrounding this movie was that Olivia Hussey was really Franco Zeffirelli's daughter. Not true, of course. Zeffirelli initially turned Hussey down for the role of Juliet, thinking her overweight. The actress he did choose cut her hair just before filming, ruining the effect she had on Zeffirelli. Hussey came in for another reading but by this time had developed into a beautiful teenager. She got the part.
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This was the first major movie production of this play to cast a leading actor and actress who were close to the ages of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. Franco Zeffirelli needed to get special permission to show teenaged Olivia Hussey topless in one scene. Leonard Whiting, who was from Great Britain, was seventeen at the time (the legal age of consent in Britain is sixteen) and did not need permission. Italy, where this movie was made, has similar age laws.
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During the sword fight scene, when Mercutio throws a sword at Tybalt's feet, Mercutio's shadow is actually Franco Zeffirelli's shadow standing in for him because John McEnery was sick that day (according to Michael York's autobiography).
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Franco Zeffirelli initially planned this movie as a television production. Then Paramount Pictures became involved and increased the budget.
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According to Olivia Hussey, the camera used for filming, Arriflex, was very loud. As a result, the dialogue had to be looped, and recorded separately later.
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As of 2015, this is the last Shakespearean movie to receive an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture.
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It's often reported that Olivia Hussey was fifteen years old at the movie's premiere, and thus not allowed to see it due to (her own) nudity. This is an urban myth. Her birth year is listed as 1951. The British film censor board gave this movie an "A" certificate, this would have made her sixteen or seventeen at the time of release in 1968, and she legally could have viewed the movie. Even if she had been less than sixteen, she could have attended with a guardian. It's possible that the studio could have reported this, as newspaper interviews as late as 1968 still quoted her as being fifteen years old, so her youth was clearly a publicity gimmick.
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Franco Zeffirelli became concerned by Olivia Hussey's full figure during filming, and ordered that no more pasta would be served on the set.
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Along with the fight between Romeo and Paris, the scene where Romeo reads the party's guest list, discovering that Rosaline would be in attendance, was also cut from the final version.
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According to Paramount Pictures' souvenir book, it appears that director Franco Zeffirelli either filmed and cut, or at least intended to film, the scene where Paris confronts Romeo at Juliet's tomb, and is killed by him in a sword fight. Fencing master Niccolo Pena was engaged to train Leonard Whiting, Michael York, John McEnery, and Roberto Bisacco, the actor who played Paris. The book states, "Romeo, Tybalt, Mercutio, and Paris all get into trouble through their haste to draw a sword." It goes on to mention that Whiting was given an authentic Renaissance sword to use in the movie.
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Anjelica Huston was considered for the role of Juliet, but her father, John Huston, intervened by writing a letter to Franco Zeffirelli saying she was already committed to work on his film A Walk with Love and Death (1969), much to her displeasure.
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Sir Laurence Olivier was offered the role of Romeo in Romeo and Juliet (1936) but he turned it down. Leslie Howard was eventually cast.
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Olivia Hussey wrote in her autobiography, "The Girl on the Balcony", that director Franco Zeffirelli fell in love with her during filming. He later confessed that she was the "unrequited love of my life" and the "object of my adoration."
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Bruce Robinson (Benvolio) concentrated on screenwriting, earning an Oscar nomination for The Killing Fields (1984). When he wrote and directed Withnail & I (1987), he based the Uncle Monty character on director Franco Zeffirelli, who had constantly pursued and attempted to woo Robinson during the making of this movie.
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Although this movie was originally shown with a mono soundtrack, and although the soundtrack on the DVD is mono, the three soundtrack albums made from this movie (one with score and dialogue excerpts, one with the entire movie soundtrack, and one with only the music) were all released in stereo.
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This was the first Shakespearean movie that received a classification other than "U" (all ages) by the British censors. Prior to this, Shakespeare adaptations were automatically granted a "U", but the censors ultimately changed their minds due to the nudity and the crypt scene.
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With the famous line "O, Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo?", Juliet uses the word "wherefore" as though it means "where" rather than "how come" or "why", as implied by her subsequent utterance of "In the bushes? Under the balcony?" which isn't in the script of the classic plays, because the Juliet of the original is wondering the reason that the boy with whom she's infatuated is Romeo, a Montague, rather than where he is. The alteration to the script was done for comedic effect, but going one step further to replace "Wherefore art thou Romeo?" with "Where art thou, Romeo?" (with a comma) would've averted this erroneous use of "wherefore", leaving only a slight deviation of the original meaning of Juliet's brief soliloquy instead.
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William Shakespeare's play is thought to have been written between 1591 and 1596 (most likely in the mid 1590s). The first documented performance took place in 1662.
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This was a movie which, according to Thom Yorke, has had heavy influence on the work of British alternative band Radiohead.
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After Romeo and Juliet (1936), this was the second adaptation of the play to receive an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture.
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This movie is included on Roger Ebert's "Great Movies" list.
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The last Shakespearean movie (to date) to have its American television premiere on commercial network television rather than cable. Peter Brook's King Lear (1971) was never shown on commercial television networks, and by the time Sir Kenneth Branagh released his version of Henry V (1989), virtually every movie was shown on cable television before it went to the commercial networks.
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Though a natural dark blonde, Michael York dyed his hair black especially for the role of Tybalt.
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Sir Laurence Olivier (Narrator), Olivia Hussey (Juliet), and Michael York (Tybalt) were amongst the all-star cast of the mini-series Jesus of Nazareth (1977). Olivier played Nicodemus, Hussey played Mary, mother of Jesus, and York played John the Baptist.
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Theatrical movie debut of Pat Heywood (The Nurse).
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Olivia Hussey (Juliet) and Michael York (Tybalt) were among the all star cast of the 1977 miniseries, Jesus of Nazareth. Hussey played Mary, mother of Jesus Christ and York played John The Baptist. Sir Lawrence Olivier,who was the movie's narrator and served as voice dub for Italian actor Antonio Pierfederici (Lord Montague), was also in the mini-series, as Sanhedrin member Nicodemus.
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Ross Lynch (of "Austin and Ally") has stated on multiple occasions that this is his all-time favorite movie.
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The first scene between Romeo and Juliet is so famous, it's simply known as "the balcony scene", and people automatically know what it entails.
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Olivia Hussey later said that the studio told her she would have to appear very much like Juliet in all press interviews too. She rebelled in one famous interview, where she tied her hair back, lit a cigarette and sipped a glass of mimosa for the whole fifteen minutes. The video of this interview resurfaced on the internet in the 2010s.
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The only Best Picture Oscar nominee that year not to be nominated in either of the lead acting categories, or in any acting category.
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For the scene where Juliet runs into Paris as she goes to see Friar Laurence, Olivia Hussey ran all around the set to get herself in the same agitated state she imagined Juliet would be. As Franco Zeffirelli attempted to give her direction, she told him there was no need and did the scene. After "cut" was called, she recalls a moment of silence before the director said "One Take Hussey I think we should call her from now on."
Leonard Whiting recalls the director coming up to him with good news and bad news. The good news - Romeo's duel with Paris in the crypt was viewed as the best acting he'd done in the whole film. The bad news - it was being cut to shorten the running time.
In a 2018 interview, Olivia Hussey said that she felt at ease on set filming her first ever nude scene. "I think because it was done very tastefully. And in Europe, it was very different. In America, it was very taboo. But in Europe a lot of the films had nudity. Nobody really thought much of it. But it was just the fact that I was 16 that got a lot of publicity. The large crew we worked with was whittled down to only the very basic people, a handful of people. It was done later in the day when it wasn't busy. It was a closed set. And we shot it at the very end of the film. So by that time, we've all become a big family. It wasn't that big of a deal. And Leonard (Whiting) wasn't shy at all! In the middle of shooting, I just completely forgot I didn't have clothes on."
For her audition, Olivia Hussey learned the monologue for when Juliet decides to take the potion to fake her own death on her own, and insisted on performing it at call backs. She was dismayed to find out that, when the time came to film that scene, the monologue had been cut down to three lines.
Olivia Hussey was put on diet pills when she was first cast as Juliet. After seeing the effects they were having on her daughter after only a few days, her mother called the studio up to inform them Olivia would not be taking the pills anymore or else they could find themselves another Juliet.
The song 'What Is a Youth', sung by Glenn Weston at the masquerade ball, was originally to be sung by Leonard Whiting. He later recorded his own version of it.
The scene of Romeo and Juliet first meeting at the masquerade was filmed as an exterior. However Franco Zeffirelli decided it didn't work, and re-shot it to take place indoors.
The first conversation between Benvolio and Romeo was shot four times in three different locations.
Milo O'Shea (Friar Laurence) was filming Barbarella at the same time as this.
The Nurse is commonly portrayed as an older woman, and in all other film adaptations, has been played by an actress over forty. Pat Heywood was only thirty-six when she played her in this film.
Both the leads were sent for a few months of vocal training before shooting started. Leonard Whiting had grown up in London and had to downplay his cockney accent. Olivia Hussey meanwhile had a slight Argentinian lilt she had to get rid of.
The music played for the 'Moresca' in the masquerade ball caused people a few headaches as they tried to track down who it belonged to. They eventually discovered that the film's composer Nino Rota had written it years ago and just forgot.
John McEnery performed most of Mercutio's "a plague on both your houses" scene while suffering from pneumonia.
Much of the dialogue from the balcony scene had to be redone with ADR - due to the noises made from the lights on set. Olivia Hussey recalls storming out of one session, feeling frustrated, and spending some time talking with an older Italian man she ran into in the studio. She later found out that man was Federico Fellini.
After a producer saw the film, Olivia Hussey was offered the role of Mattie in True Grit. She famously turned it down, saying "John Wayne doesn't do anything for me."
Laurence Olivier had to record his narration (and dubbing as Lord Capulet) barefoot - as the shoes he wore to the studio that day were too noisy.
Olivia Hussey revealed in her autobiography that, despite spending two years making and promoting the film, she was only paid £1500 for her work.
The young actors were forbidden from going out on the town while filming, so as to preserve the image of innocence to the public. Franco Zeffirelli in fact had an agreement with local journalists that any photos of the actors on nights out be brought to him before going to the papers. One night near the end of the shoot, John McEnery, Bruce Robinson and Olivia Hussey rebelled by taking a scooter from the set and going out on the town.
The famous nude scene was saved until the very end of the shoot so as to make sure the young actors were comfortable.
The fate of Benvolio is not known in the original play, as he disappears after Mercutio's death. According to one of Lord Montague's lines in the quarto ("and young Benvolio is slain"), he somehow dies offstage before the final scene. This film depicts him in the ending, publicly mourning the deaths of Romeo and Juliet. This is similar to Lady Montague, who is said to have died offstage in the final scene, but the film spares her. The Nurse is shown in this final scene too when she wasn't in the play (although in the original tale Shakespeare got his inspiration from, she was banished as punishment for helping Juliet).