22 user 43 critic

Memories of Underdevelopment (1968)

Memorias del subdesarrollo (original title)
Not Rated | | Drama | 17 May 1973 (USA)
A Cuban man cycles through his opinions and memories as the threat of foreign invasion intensifies and the rest of his family moves to Miami.


Edmundo Desnoes (novel), Edmundo Desnoes (screenplay) | 1 more credit »
2 wins & 2 nominations. See more awards »




Complete credited cast:
Sergio Corrieri ... Sergio Carmona Mendoyo
Daisy Granados Daisy Granados ... Elena
Eslinda Núñez Eslinda Núñez ... Noemi
Omar Valdés Omar Valdés ... Pablo
René de la Cruz René de la Cruz ... Elena's brother
Yolanda Farr Yolanda Farr
Ofelia González Ofelia González
Jose Gil Abad Jose Gil Abad
Daniel Jordan Daniel Jordan
Luis López Luis López
Rafael Sosa Rafael Sosa
Rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Eduardo Casado Revuelta Eduardo Casado Revuelta
René Depestre René Depestre ... Self / Panelist
Edmundo Desnoes Edmundo Desnoes ... Self
Pello el Afrokán Pello el Afrokán


Sergio (Sergio Corrieri), through his life following the departure of his wife, parents and friends in the wake of the Bay of Pigs incident. Alone in a brave new world, Sergio observes the constant threat of foreign invasion while chasing young women all over Havana before finally meeting Elena (Daisy Granados), a young virgin girl he seeks to mould into the image of his ex-wife, but at what cost to himself? Written by Mr Bongo

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Not Rated | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

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Did You Know?


When the US National Society of Film Critics awarded the film a special prize in 1973, Alea was denied a visa to attend the ceremony. See more »


Sergio Carmona Mendoyo: One thing about people that upsets me is their inability to sustain something without collapsing. Take Elena: she was totally inconsistent. Didn't relate things. That's a symptom of underdevelopment: the inability to relate things, to gain experience, develop. It's difficult here because women are conditioned by sentiments and culture. A soft environment. People waste talents on inconsistent adaptations. They always need someone to think for them.
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Followed by Memorias del desarrollo (2010) See more »

User Reviews

An excellent, telling perspective of post-revolutionary Cuba
11 December 1998 | by springsandraSee all my reviews

In this excellent perspective of post-revolutionary Cuba, we see how Sergio has decided to ignore the changes in the world around him even after his parents and wife leave for Miami. Instead he stays in his home and lives off past rent money while focusing on women who attract him and the way the world seems not to have actually changed as he looks out his window with a small telescope. "All of a sudden," he claims,"it looks like a set, a city of card board." The movie is interesting and telling of this world and one man's desire to avoid it. Sergio visits the home of Hemmingway in Cuba and comments on his reasons for living there. The movie ends with an outside view of Cuba by President Kennedy's warnings to the new communist state.

The movie is quick-paced and packed with information, as well as interesting and enjoyable.

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Spanish | English

Release Date:

17 May 1973 (USA) See more »

Also Known As:

Memories of Underdevelopment See more »

Filming Locations:

Havana, Cuba


Box Office

Opening Weekend USA:

$8,244, 14 January 2018

Gross USA:


Cumulative Worldwide Gross:

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Company Credits

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Technical Specs


| (TV)

Sound Mix:


Aspect Ratio:

1.66 : 1
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