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The Manchurian Candidate (1962) Poster

Trivia

The two scientific journal articles that Dr Yen Lo mentioned in the opening hypnosis sequence are in fact real studies, and their full citations are: Wells, W.R. (1941) "Experiments in the hypnotic production of crime," Journal of Psychology, volume 11, pages 63-102 Brenman, M. (1942) "Experiments in the hypnotic production of anti-social and self injurious behavior," Psychiatry, volume 5, pages 49-61.
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Jump to: Spoilers (9)
Frank Sinatra broke the little finger of his right hand on the desk in the fight sequence with Henry Silva. Due to ongoing filming commitments, he could not rest or bandage his hand properly, causing the injury to heal incorrectly. It caused him chronic discomfort for the rest of his life.
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According to Howard W. Koch, the budget was $2,200,000. Of that amount $1,000,000 went for star Frank Sinatra's salary with another $200,000 for Laurence Harvey, leaving only $1,000,000 for everything else.
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By his own admission Frank Sinatra's best work always came in the first take. John Frankenheimer always liked the idea of using the freshness of a first take - so nearly all of the key scenes featuring Sinatra are first takes, unless a technical problem prevented them from being used.
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Janet Leigh found the role of Rosie one of the most difficult she had done because "the character was plunked down in the middle of the script, with no apparent connection to anyone, transmitting non sequiturs while sending meaningful rays through her eyes." But she was proud of her work and credited Frank Sinatra and John Frankenheimer with helping her achieve it. Modern interpretations suggest that Rosie may also have been a double agent, but this idea was never developed in the final version.
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Angela Lansbury was thirty-six at the time of filming, only three years older than Laurence Harvey, who played her son.
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The topic of the movie was considered politically so highly sensitive it was censored and prohibited just before its theatrical release in many of the former 'Iron Curtain' countries, such as Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria - and even in neutral countries such as Finland and Sweden. The theatrical premiere for most of those countries was held after the collapse of Soviet Union in 1993.
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A scene where Laurence Harvey jumps in Central Park lake was shot on February 12, the coldest day in 30 years. They had to break the foot-thick ice on the lake with a bulldozer before the scene could be shot.
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Joe Adams, as the army psychiatrist, was the first black actor cast in a part that wasn't specified as a black character.
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Filming began each day after 11 A.M. at the request of Frank Sinatra who couldn't get to sleep before 5 in the morning. Normally film shoots take place in pre-dawn hours.
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Senator Iselin's plane in real life was owned by Frank Sinatra.
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In an interview with 'Starlog' magazine in 1990, Henry Silva said "no one was doubled" in the fight scene between him and Frank Sinatra.
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According to George Axelrod, Frank Sinatra had some demands. All his scenes had to be scheduled up front and shot in 15 days. Before he left the set, he announced that he would have to see every bit of footage he was in. John Frankenheimer told him he could see it all except the complex, multi-perspective brainwashing sequence, which had not yet been edited, but Sinatra insisted "in a voice where you felt kneecaps were going to be broken," Axelrod said. To accommodate the star, Axelrod and editor Ferris Webster went through the shooting script and noted where all the cuts should be, then Webster put it together so Sinatra could see it. According to Axelrod, the sequence as cut for that purpose made it into the finished film unchanged.
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In spite of his reputation, Frank Sinatra turned out to be, for the most part, a hard worker and pleasant and cooperative on the set. John Frankenheimer called him "one of the most charming human beings I have ever met." Janet Leigh was friends with the actor before filming began but still nervous about stories she heard from others who worked with him. She found him to be "a caring, giving actor, willing to rehearse indefinitely, taking direction, contributing ideas to the whole." George Axelrod said he was "a dream to work with" and called him "one of the best screen actors in the world...lyrically sensitive...magic." Most people agreed that Sinatra's attitude could be attributed largely to the fact that he had tremendous respect for his director and enthusiasm for the project.
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The brainwashing sequence was filmed three times in its entirety (the garden club ladies, the black soldier's viewpoint, and the Communist captors) against three different sets constructed so the camera could turn completely around in each. The parts were then edited together to convey the shifting perspectives.
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George Axelrod copied the lecture about hydrangeas verbatim from a seed catalogue.
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Contrary to popular belief, the film was not pulled from circulation following the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy. It made its American television debut on The CBS Thursday Night Movies in September 1965 (source: Broadcasting magazine), and was repeated on that network later that season. Only when the rights reverted to Frank Sinatra in 1972 did the film disappear from view, although even then turning up for third and fourth network showings on NBC in spring 1974 (source: TV Guide) and summer 1975 (source: Variety). Sinatra's neglect in keeping the film in distribution gave rise to the legend that it was suppressed because of its alleged role in Lee Harvey Oswald's assassination of the 35th president. The legend was further perpetuated when Sinatra, in alliance with MGM/UA, re-released the film to theaters in 1988.
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United Artists chief Arthur Krim initially wanted nothing to do with the film, calling it "irresponsible and too incendiary." Frank Sinatra then went to President John F. Kennedy, whose 1960 campaign had benefited from the $2 million Sinatra had reportedly raised. The Chief Executive had loved the book and was interested in who had been cast as the mother. With Kennedy's blessing, Krim withdrew his objections and United Artists agreed to release the film. However, after ten years, full release rights would revert back to the production company, M.C. Productions.
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The film was completed in only 39 shooting days.
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"The Manchurian Candidate" was part of a four picture deal between United Artists and Frank Sinatra's production company with Sinatra appearing in two of them.
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Prior to the commissioning of the book as a movie, Arthur Krim, then President of United Artists and Finance Chairman of the Democratic Party, is known to have felt uneasy about its subject matter. President John F. Kennedy, as a favor to his friend Frank Sinatra, called Krim to let him know that he had no objection to a film version being made.
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John Frankenheimer and cinematographer Lionel Lindon chose to use a lot of hand-held cameras to give many scenes their off-balance, disorienting feel.
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One of the early uses of martial arts in a Hollywood film is a key fight sequence (between Frank Sinatra and Henry Silva), over a decade before the Kung Fu craze of the 1970s. Still earlier, however, is Blood on the Sun (1945), with its climactic judo bout involving James Cagney. And though Peter Lorre was using jujitsu in Mr. Moto movies as early as 1937, Harry Parke (as Parkyakarkus) mentions jujitsu in the Eddie Cantor movie Strike Me Pink (1936).
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In spite of John Frankenheimer's insistence that much of the credit for The Manchurian Candidate's success was due to George Axelrod's writing, the script actually contained very few camera directions. The imaginative depiction of the brainwashing sequence, with its intercutting between different perspectives and fantasies, the playing out of the assassination scene, and such touches as the use of TV screens in the press conference, were all worked out by Frankenheimer.
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The scenes of the convention were filmed at the Old Madison Square Garden on 8th ave at 49th street. The last event ever held there was in February 1968. It was torn down shortly after closing and today an office tower stands on the site.
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Director John Frankenheimer stated during an interview on NPR's "Fresh Air" that during the portion of the brainwashing sequence shown from the perspective of black soldier Cpl. Melvin (James Edwards) he had a white actor dressed as a servant standing in the background as if prepared to wait on the black women at the gardening lecture. Given the racial attitudes in 1962, however, that particular shot did not make it into the final cut of the scene.
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John Frankenheimer opted to direct this movie after plans to film author Richard Yates's 1961 novel "Revolutionary Road" failed to materialize. The latter would not be filmed until Revolutionary Road (2008).
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Frank Sinatra told the press he was more excited to do this film than any other he had ever worked on. He was particularly taken with having to say things in the script "I've never had to speak on screen before...long, wild speeches." George Axelrod said he thought it was terrific "to have that marvellous, beat-up Sinatra face giving forth long, incongruous speeches."
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Frank Sinatra's choice] for the role of Mrs. Iselin (played by Angela Lansbury) was Lucille Ball
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When Janet Leigh first meets Frank Sinatra, he asks her what she prefers her friends call her, she replies, 'Rosie', which is the same name her character in her next picture, Bye Bye Birdie (1963) has.
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In joke: During the prologue set in 1952, one of the bar girls reads an old movie magazine with a cover shot of Tony Curtis and his then-wife, Janet Leigh who plays Rosie.
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Rosie's number, ELdorado 5-xxxx was once a telephone company test number that would always give anyone who calls it a busy signal. However, as of 2009, the number is active in at least one area code.
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When Captain Marco's shown a photo of the communist official Gomel (Reggie Nalder) at a child's birthday party, the 2 children in the photo are the children of screenwriter George Axelrod.
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The assassination sequence was filmed first over a period of four days in an empty Madison Square Garden in New York with Laurence Harvey walking between vast rows of vacant seats and arriving at the booth high up in the arena. The rest of the sequence was filmed in the far smaller Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles with tight shots of crowds at the fictional convention, edited together to give the impression that the original location was now filled with thousands of people.
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One scene was filmed at the Bar and Grill that Frank Sinatra's friend Jilly Rizzo owned in New York City.
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Included among the American Film Institute's 1998 list of the Top 100 Greatest American Movies.
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Frank Sinatra never served in the United States Armed Forces. On 11 December 1943 he was officially classified 4-F ("Registrant not acceptable for military service") by his draft board because of a perforated eardrum.
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At the end of the movie Major Bennett Marco reads to Rosie from a book that relates citations for Medal of Honor recipients. This book, The Compact History of the United States Army, is out of print but was printed in 1956 and written by Colonel R. (Richard) Ernest Dupuy.
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The film is included on Roger Ebert's "Great Movies" list.
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During the shooting of the film, Sinatra told in an article destined to a magazine that Lawrence Harvey had communist members in his family and also loved kissing men in public. Harvey was shocked but Sinatra told him it was a joke.
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Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
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Four minor characters have the names of actual performers in Phil Silvers' "Sgt. Bilko" segment from The Phil Silvers Show (1955): Silvers, Melvin, Lembeck, Grossfield; and series creator Nat Hiken.
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The only non-Best Picture Oscar nominee that year to be nominated for Best Editing.
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The film was a collaboration between George Axelrod's and John Frankenheimer's and Frank Sinatra's Essex Productions.
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Executive producer Howard W. Koch has stated that because officially credited producer George Axelrod was busy writing, Koch himself acted as the film's de facto producer.
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Among the names on the actual historic listing of Korean War Medal of Honor winners the name Raymond Harvey appears; a combination of the character's name and the actor's name in this fictitious story.
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The film says there were 77 Medal of Honor recipients for the Korean War. As of 2019 there are 145 of which 103 were awarded posthumously.
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The November 1988 issue of "Films in Review" ran a nine page retrospective on the film by Michael Scheinfeld.
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Production designer Richard Sylbert created most of the interiors in the studio.
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Janet Leigh's character name of Rosie would be repeated one year later in Bye Bye Birdie (1963).
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Colonel Milt, played by Douglas Henderson, is seen "covered" (wearing the uniform hat) of a junior officer rather than the field grade officer which he is. The bill should be decorated with golden leaf-shaped embellishments commonly referred to as scrambled eggs and properly called "fretting."
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Mort Nathanson of the United Artists Corporation released a preliminary fact sheet for the movie. It describes the film as being "the utmost in suspense and thrills".
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Spoilers 

The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

In Richard Condon's novel, the relationship between Mrs. Iselin and her son Raymond is more explicitly incestuous, complete with a bed scene. Director John Frankenheimer and screenwriter George Axelrod wanted to include that element, but reduced it to the less-than-motherly kiss that Mrs. Iselin plants on Raymond's lips. To appease the censors, Frankenheimer instructed Angela Lansbury to put her hand between their mouths and the camera during the kiss to obscure what she was doing a bit. By time of Jonathan Demme's The Manchurian Candidate (2004), the incestuous content between the mother and son shown on screen had been reduced even more, so that the camera cuts away before she kisses her son on the lips, only leaving the implication of that relationship between them.
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Famous for his use of innovative camera angles, director John Frankenheimer was widely acclaimed for a shot that is slightly out of focus: Frank Sinatra showing the all-queens deck of cards to Laurence Harvey. Frankenheimer said that rather than the shot being evidence of inspiration, it was an accident and merely the best take for Sinatra. Audiences interpreted it as Shaw's blurred perspective.
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Frank Sinatra refers to Orestes and Clytemnestra when he is talking to Laurence Harvey. Clytemnestra was the wife of Agamemnon (King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Mycenae) who, with her lover Aegisthus, murdered him and took over the throne. Orestes, the son of Clytemnestra, later killed them both.
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Body Count: 8
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In both the film and the novel, Raymond kills Senator Iselin, his mother, and then himself during the convention. Unlike the film, the novel concludes with the hypotized Raymond commiting those murders, and his own suicide, after being ordered to do so by Ben Marco.
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During the ladies gardening club dream sequence, Dr. Yen Lo says, "You will notice that I have told them they may smoke. I've allowed my people to have a little fun in their selection of bizarre tobacco substitutes....Yak dung. Tastes good! Like a cigarettes should!" This is a joking reference to an advertising slogan and jingle used for Winston cigarettes from 1954 (when the brand was first sold) until 1972, ten years after the film's release: "Winston tastes good like a cigarette should."
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Though described by Mrs. Iselin as a "a two-piece Soviet Army sniper's rifle" the weapon Raymond Shaw assembling is in reality a Japanese Arisaka Type 99 Type 2 Paratrooper rifle mounted with a low power rifle scope.
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On the copy of the New York Post announcing the slaying of Senator Jordan and his daughter, a small headline at the top reads: "VIOLENT HURRICANE SWEEPS MIDWEST; 20 DEAD, HUNDREDS HOMELESS"
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In the nightmare scene, Raymond uses a German Walther P-38 nine millimeter pistol to shoot Private Lembeck.
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Goofs | Crazy Credits | Quotes | Alternate Versions | Connections | Soundtracks

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