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Hell, Heaven or Hoboken (1958)

I Was Monty's Double (original title)
During WW2, a British actor impersonates Field Marshal Montgomery in order to confuse German intelligence.


John Guillermin


Bryan Forbes (screenplay), M.E. Clifton James (book)
1 nomination. See more awards »


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Cast overview, first billed only:
John Mills ... Major Harvey
Cecil Parker ... Col. Logan
Patrick Allen ... Col. Mathers
Patrick Holt ... Col. Dawson
Leslie Phillips ... Maj. Tennant
Michael Hordern ... Governor of Gibraltar
Marius Goring ... Nielson
Barbara Hicks ... Hester
Duncan Lamont ... Wing Cdr. Bates
Anthony Sagar Anthony Sagar ... Villa - Guard Sergeant
John Gale John Gale ... Flight Lt. Osborne
Kenneth J. Warren Kenneth J. Warren ... F / O Davies (as Kenneth Warren)
James Hayter ... Sgt. Adams
Sidney James ... Porter Y.M.C.A.
Brian Weske ... Despatch Rider


The true story of how an impersonator was recruited to impersonate Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery to mislead the Germans about his intentions before the Normandy campaign. Written by Steve Crook <steve@brainstorm.co.uk>

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


The Gigantic Hoax of World War II


Drama | History | War


See all certifications »






Release Date:

6 February 1959 (Ireland) See more »

Also Known As:

Hell, Heaven or Hoboken See more »

Company Credits

Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:

Mono (RCA Sound Recording)

Aspect Ratio:

1.85 : 1
See full technical specs »

Did You Know?


The US release title, "Hell, Heaven, or Hoboken", is an American slogan of World War I, attributed to General John J. Pershing. The city in New Jersey was the main point of departure and return for US Expeditionary Forces, and the point of the phrase was that by Christmas 1917 the soldiers would either be dead or have returned in triumph. It is of course hardly relevant to a film about a senior British army officer of World War II. US distributors were perhaps aware that Bernard L. Montgomery's personal popularity was not high Stateside; a 1984 New York Times article about him is called "The Ally We Loved To Hate". See more »


A picture of Queen Elizabeth 2 appears on a wall, whereas it should be her father, King George VI.

The portrait is not of Queen Elizabeth II but of her mother, who was also Queen Elizabeth (later known as "the Queen Mother"), the consort of King George VI. He died in 1952. The King's portrait is hanging opposite it on the wall of the governor's residence in Gibraltar. See more »


[A civilian has just bumped into Clifton-James outside a cinema]
Civilian: Who do you think you are?
[Storms off]
Maj. Harvey: Yes, who do you think you are? Monty?
See more »

Crazy Credits

Opening credits prologue: THE SOUTH COAST, ENGLAND. SPRING 1944 See more »


Referenced in Twilight's Last Gleaming (1977) See more »

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User Reviews

Modest hero
5 January 2014 | by GoingbeggingSee all my reviews

At the fag-end of the 50's, a generation of long-demobbed soldiers were still trying to cut it in uniform, in a spate of cheap black-and-white war films. More convincing than most was the unknown star of this true story, a minor Australian actor who had been rejected by the entertainment services, and was reluctantly pen-pushing in the pay office, when someone noticed that he was a dead ringer for Montgomery.

This was in the run-up to D-Day, when the allies were desperate to draw enemy attention away from Normandy as the obvious invasion zone. Might a Monty-lookalike be able to fool German intelligence by touring North Africa, as though preparing for a big Mediterranean landing instead?

The actor in question, M.E. Clifton James, is secretly employed as a driver on Monty's staff, in order to get close enough to study his speech and mannerisms. But he doubts his own ability to replicate the character and personality of the great man, not least because 'Jimmy' is a chain-smoking alcoholic. Eventually, jolly optimist John Mills persuades him to go through with it, and suddenly he's stepping off a plane in Gibraltar, under scrutiny from enemy agents (one of them brilliantly sinister, as played by Marius Goring), as well as certain officers who remember Monty from before the war.

Defying many attempts on his life, Jimmy overcomes his desperate shyness, and learns to take massed salutes from whole armies. Then all too soon, D-Day has come and gone, his one brief star-performance is over, and it's back to the humble pay office. Except... they felt it necessary to bolt-on a false ending, about which we can reveal nothing, except that it never happened.

As for the real-life outcome, we have to face the disappointing fact that it was only part of a much larger decoy operation, which did throw the enemy into some confusion, but reports of Jimmy's own effort reaching Hitler's desk seem to be wishful thinking.

The film displays some recognisable weaknesses of those low-budget productions. The over-long opening section is taken up with John Mills' various flirtations, whose only consequence for the story is that his humourless boss (Cecil Parker) decides to replace their seductive secretary with the ugly-beautiful Barbara Hicks, in some ways more arresting. And the way Mills and Parker chat freely in public about top secret plans will grate on the ear of anyone who has worked in intelligence. No war-film of its day was complete without the stuffed-shirt spoilsport Allan Cuthbertson, who duly pops-up here, as does the perennial plug-ugly sergeant Anthony Sagar. Jimmy's one meeting with Monty is awkwardly dodged; we simply cut away from him on the steps of the general's caravan, although split-screen techniques had long since enabled an actor to shake hands with his own double (try the 1937 'Prisoner of Zenda').

None of this really detracts from the joy of the film, principally the deeply-believable performance of a professional actor, acting himself acting Monty. Sympathy and charm shine through this modest man, who seems to have been shabbily treated after the war, when he was reduced to the dole. Hopefully this popular film brought a little benison for the five short years that remained to him.

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