Elvis Presley's band in the film is his real-life band including Scotty Moore on electric guitar and Bill Black on stand-up bass. Both had been with Elvis since his beginning in Memphis at Sun Records (owned by Sam Phillips). In the recording studio scenes, the piano player is Mike Stoller of the Lieber (Jerry Leiber and Stoller songwriting team, which wrote many of the major hit rock songs of the 1950s.
Judy Tyler never saw the premiere of this movie; she was killed in a traffic accident in Wyoming on July 3, 1957, only three days after the film was completed. It was released theatrically on November 8, 1957.
Originally choreographer Alex Romero created a dance for the song "Jailhouse Rock" that was in a style apropos for a more classically trained dancer than Elvis Presley. When Romero realized that his plans for the number were never going to work, he asked Elvis how would he normally move to the song, leading Elvis to become the uncredited choreographer for what many consider his most famous dance number in all of his movies.
Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller wrote four songs ("Jailhouse Rock", "I Want to Be Free", "Treat Me Nice" and "You're So Square") in five hours after their music publisher, under deadline, locked them in their hotel room.
In the lawn party scene, just after Vince embraces an unresponsive Peggy, the hired orchestra begins an instrumental number. The tune they're playing is "All I Do Is Dream Of You", from the film Sadie McKee (1934). This same tune, with vocal accompaniment, was featured in a series of television commercials for Bell Canada during the mid-'70s.
In December 2004 ( 27 years after Elvis Presley's and 47 after Judy Taylor's death and also 47 years after this film's release),"Jailhouse Rock" was inducted into Library of Congress National Film Registry for "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".