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Alexander the Great (1956)

Not Rated | | Biography, Drama, History | 23 March 1956 (UK)
The life and military conquests of Alexander III of Macedon (July 20/21, 356 - June 10/11, 323 B.C.), commonly known as Alexander the Great.

Director:

Robert Rossen

Writer:

Robert Rossen
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1 nomination. See more awards »

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Cast

Cast overview, first billed only:
Richard Burton ... Alexander
Fredric March ... Philip of Macedonia
Claire Bloom ... Barsine
Barry Jones ... Aristotle
Harry Andrews ... Darius
Stanley Baker ... Attalus
Niall MacGinnis ... Parmenio (as Niall Macginnis)
Peter Cushing ... Gen. Memnon
Michael Hordern ... Demosthenes
Marisa de Leza ... Eurydice (as Marisa De Leza)
Gustavo Rojo ... Cleitus
Rubén Rojo ... Philotas (as Ruben Rojo)
Peter Wyngarde ... Pausanias
Helmut Dantine ... Nectenabus
William Squire ... Aeschenes
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Storyline

An epic movie that follows the life of Alexander the Great, the Macedonian King that conquered all of the ancient Greek tribes and led the Macedonian Army against the vast Persian Empire. Alexander conquered most of the then known world and created a Greek empire that spanned all the way from the Balkans to India. Written by Chris Makrozahopoulos <makzax@hotmail.com>

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Taglines:

The colossus who conquered the world! See more »


Certificate:

Not Rated | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

View content advisory »
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Did You Know?

Trivia

Richard Burton was twenty-nine at the time of filming, but many critics felt he already looked too old to play Alexander. He was supposed to be a teenager for the first hour. See more »

Goofs

When the Macedonian horsemen attack Darius' soldiers, one of the spear tips clearly bends in a way that shows it to be made of rubber. See more »

Quotes

Alexander: [Opening credits with anonymous voice-over:] It is men who endure toil and dare dangers that achieve glorious deeds. And it is a lovely thing to live with courage and to die leaving behind an everlasting renown.
See more »

Alternate Versions

The German version, which is based on the already shorter version, was heavily edited (ca. 23 minutes removed) at the time of its release. Even the DVD release, instead of using a subtitled and more complete version, contains only the edited version. The DVD cover erroneously says, it would be 130 minutes long, but it actually runs only 107 minutes. See more »

Connections

Version of Alexander (2004) See more »

User Reviews

Fascinating but frustrating!
14 August 2000 | by markcappsSee all my reviews

Now, we shouldn't look to Rossen's film for actual history, EXCEPT as reflected in later romance and, indeed, the Alexander legend. The film does indeed egregiously telescope events and make a complete chronological, genealogical and motivational muddle of real historical events. Absolute realism is not the point of the film, however -- Hollywood is guilty of much simplistic remaking of history, but Rossen's film is much more personal and ambitious in grand design if not in little details -- the portrait of Alexander as a man, brilliantly realized on many levels by Richard Burton, is the real focus of the movie. What we have here is a portrait of the disintegration of the character of a promising, ambitious young man, intoxicated with power and the lies accompanying that, and the formative power that the strong personalities of his parents, Olympias and Philip, had over Alex's mind.

For this last reason, I find the first half of the film to be superbly done. His stimulating contact with Aristotle, the camaraderie between him and his companions, and especially his complex relationships with Olympias and Philip are brought out beautifully (if necessarily briefly), by Burton, in the film. (Most of this is derived from the late Greek biographer Plutarch's "Life of Alexander".) Burton plays the young Alexander beautifully, full of emotional ambiguities and hidden resentments. The murder of Attalus after the assassination of Philip is not only presented as the first of Alexander's blood crimes, but as a necessary consequent of his upbringing, as abetted and encouraged by his amazing, monstrous mother. The rest of his career is presented not only as a continuation (and surpassing!) of his father's ambitions, but as a fulfillment of Olympias' own expectations for her son. The psychological complexity here is exquisite, and appropriate.

This fine beginning makes the rest of the film redundant and annoying. We, of course, expect a good exposition of Alex's adult achievements, but Rossen is frustrated at being tied to history here (mostly derived from the ancient historians Arrian and Diodorus), and we are treated to a perfunctory, lazy account of all of his victorious battles and conquests. (For instance, the battles of Ipsus and Gaugamela are conflated into one encounter, and the degeneration of Alex into a paranoid alcoholic is too broadly played.) The usual "cast of thousands" used in the battle scenes are not convincing, and we do not feel that the fates of nations and peoples hang in the balance. We are not granted any glimpse of Alex's genius at tactics and generalship. Darius is a mere cipher, not a convincing King and opponent. Only Peter Cushing as Memnon gives us a spark of convincing opposition to Alexander's tyranny, and he refreshingly reminds us that not all Greeks responded to Alex's call for a "Panhellenic" crusade against Persia. (In historical fact, more Greeks, in all probability, fought AGAINST Alexander than for him!) Memnon's death at the battle at the Granicus is also an unhistorical invention; he died of disease a year or so later, after leading the increasingly successful resistance to Alex in western Asia Minor. His wife Barsine was certainly a captive to Alexander, and probably bore him a son as well, but this fact is blown up far too much in the film. The real Alexander's emotional attachments were homosexual (to Bagoas, Hephaestion, Cleitus, et al.).

In short, the first half of the film is well realized and acute, while the second half is confused, hurried and unsatisfying. We understand much about Alex from the family drama in the first part; we understand little about him from the second. Rossen certainly had limitations in telling this story; if he had a larger budget and less (at the time) conventional restrictions on telling a story, then we would have had a different and better (and much longer!) movie. The golden age of the epic film may well be past, but I think that it can still be told. Consider this review as a challenge: this story can be told, well, and at length, with all the richness and complexity of the real, without sacrificing drama and immediate interest. This is certainly one of the most fascinating stories of recorded history, and it is a shame that Rossen was unable to complete what he had so brilliantly begun.


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Details

Country:

Spain | USA

Language:

English

Release Date:

23 March 1956 (UK) See more »

Also Known As:

Alexander the Great See more »

Filming Locations:

Estudios CEA, Madrid, Spain See more »

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Box Office

Budget:

$4,000,000 (estimated)
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Company Credits

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Technical Specs

Runtime:

(TCM print) | (Turner Library Print)

Sound Mix:

4-Track Stereo (RCA Sound Recording)

Color:

Color (Technicolor)

Aspect Ratio:

2.55 : 1
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