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It Happened on July 20th (1955)

Es geschah am 20. Juli (original title)
A dramatic reconstruction of the July 1944 attempt by German Army Officers to assassinate Hitler with a bomb and end the war before Germany was totally destroyed.

Director:

Georg Wilhelm Pabst (as G.W. Pabst)
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A disillusioned Wehrmacht officer named Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg and his co-conspirators attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler on 20 July 1944.

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Cast

Cast overview, first billed only:
Bernhard Wicki ... Oberst Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg
Karl Ludwig Diehl ... Generaloberst a.D. Ludwig Beck
Carl Wery Carl Wery ... Generaloberst Friedrich Fromm
Kurt Meisel ... SS-Obergruppenführer
Erik Frey Erik Frey ... General Friedrich Olbricht
Albert Hehn ... Major Otto Ernst Remer
Til Kiwe Til Kiwe ... Oberleutnant Werner von Haeften
Jochen Hauer Jochen Hauer ... Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel
Annemarie Sauerwein Annemarie Sauerwein ... Frau Olbricht
Jaspar von Oertzen Jaspar von Oertzen ... Oberst Kerst von Quirnstein / Oberst Albrecht Ritter Mertz von Dürnstein
Willy Krause Willy Krause ... Joseph Goebbels
Lina Carstens ... Frau des Küsters
Gernot Duda Gernot Duda ... Leutnant in der Wolfsschanze
Ernst Fritz Fürbringer ... Generalfeldmarschall Erwin von Witzleben
Peter Lühr Peter Lühr ... 1. General
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Storyline

A dramatic reconstruction of the July 1944 attempt by German Army Officers to assassinate Hitler with a bomb and end the war before Germany was totally destroyed. Written by Patrick Dominick <p-dominick@adfa.oz.au>

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Genres:

Drama | History | Thriller | War

Certificate:

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Details

Country:

West Germany

Language:

German

Release Date:

19 June 1955 (West Germany) See more »

Also Known As:

It Happened on July 20th See more »

Filming Locations:

Coburg, Bavaria, Germany See more »

Company Credits

Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs

Sound Mix:

Mono

Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
See full technical specs »
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Did You Know?

Trivia

The same year the Pabst film came out, another film on the same subject, called "July 20th," by Falk Harnack also came out in Germany. See more »

Connections

Version of The Plot to Assassinate Hitler (1955) See more »

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User Reviews

 
First German version about July 20 Plot professionally directed by G.W.Pabst
28 November 2011 | by ma-cortesSee all my reviews

This first version(1955) about the historic events results to be a detailed adaptation about the ¨July 20 plot ¨ with magnificent actors and acceptable direction . This is a fine movie about the July 20 plot of 1944 made with good German actors and passable production values. The picture contains brief remarks about Claus Graf Von Stauffenberg (1907-1944), but focusing mainly the July Plot. The film packs a dark white/black cinematography and atmospheric musical score .This story about Stauffenberg and the famous event from how was orchestrated the dangerous plot has been well directed by G.W. Pabst with Bernhard Wicki as Stauffemberg. Wicki, who was clown before he became a soldier, stole food for and entertained his French prisoners while they waited to find out if they would be executed. Wickie was a famous actor and filmmaker , he directed ¨Morituri, The visitor , The longest day¨ and the prestigious ¨The bridge¨. Other versions about this fateful tale are : an American TV movie starred by Brad Davies and German adaptation titled 'Stauffemberg(2004)' with Sebastian Koch, Christopher Buchold and directed by Jo Baier who bears special remembrance to 'Valkyrie' by Brian Singer with Tom Cruise , Tom Wilkinson and Kenneth Branagh.

Adding more details over the widely described on the movie, the deeds happened of the following manner: In the early part WWII Stauffenberg(Bernhard Wickie) served with distinction as an officer in a Bavarian cavalry regiment in Poland, France and North Africa where in 1943 he was deeply wounded. He was saved by the expert supervision of Dr. Ferdinand, Germany's most famous physician. Reporting back for service, he was appointed chief of staff of the Army Department. During his convalescence he revised his attitude . He made no secret of his utter contempt for Hitler and Nazism. He resented any form of totalitarianism, especially National Socialism, and criticized Hitler as the Antichrist.The meticulous Stauffenberg then decided to join the conspirators against Hitler with the goal of liquidating the Nazi regime and replacing it with a new social state that would maintain the good name of fatherland. Always impelled by Christian morality and angered by the excesses of Nazism, Stauffenberg became the leader of the conspiracy. At the center of the plot were such senior officers as Gen. Von Tresckow, chief of staff in Army Group Center on the Russian front, Col.Gen Friedrich Olbricht, head of supply Section of the Reserve Army , Major Gen. Erwin Van Witzleber(Ernst Fritz) and General Beck(Diehl). Added to these senior members were a number of younger officers who believed who Third Reich was a catastrophe for Germany and were willing to gamble their lives on the outcome of the plot. Others knew of the plot but did not take an active role in it. Among them were Field Marshal Erwin Rommel,popular war hero, General Canaris and Field Marshal Hans Von Kluge, army group commander in France. In March 1943 General Tresckow decided that the time had come for action. A British-made bomb time , disguised as a bottle of brandy, was placed on the Fuehrer's plane , but the bomb failed to explode and it was never discovered. Then General Von Tresckow agreed with Stauffenberg that the assassination attempt must be made at all costs: 'We must prove to the world and to future generations that the men of the German Resistance movement dared to take the decisive step and wager their lives on it'. When Hitler called a conference of his close military advisers at the headquarter at Rastenburg, Staufffenberg arrived and in his briefcase along with papers and reports, was a British time bomb. He set the timer on the bomb and brought it into the conference room. After greeting the Fuehrer , he placed the briefcase on the floor beside Hitler and the excused himself: 'I must make a telephone call'. And the bomb exploded......


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