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Rome, Open City (1945)

Roma città aperta (original title)
Not Rated | | Drama, Thriller, War | 8 October 1945 (Italy)
Trailer
1:30 | Trailer
During the Nazi occupation of Rome in 1944, the Resistance leader, Giorgio Manfredi, is chased by the Nazis as he seeks refuge and a way to escape.

Director:

Roberto Rossellini

Writers:

Sergio Amidei (screenplay) (as A. Amidei), Federico Fellini (collaboration on screenplay) (as F. Fellini) | 4 more credits »
Reviews
Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 7 wins. See more awards »

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Cast

Complete credited cast:
Aldo Fabrizi ... Don Pietro Pellegrini
Anna Magnani ... Pina
Marcello Pagliero Marcello Pagliero ... Giorgio Manfredi aka Luigi Ferraris
Vito Annichiarico Vito Annichiarico ... Piccolo Marcello
Nando Bruno Nando Bruno ... Agostino the Sexton
Harry Feist Harry Feist ... Major Bergmann
Giovanna Galletti ... Ingrid
Francesco Grandjacquet Francesco Grandjacquet ... Francesco
Eduardo Passarelli Eduardo Passarelli ... Neighborhood Police Sergeant (as Passarelli)
Maria Michi ... Marina Mari
Carla Rovere Carla Rovere ... Lauretta
Carlo Sindici Carlo Sindici ... Police Commissioner
Joop van Hulzen Joop van Hulzen ... Captain Hartmann (as Van Hulzen)
Ákos Tolnay Ákos Tolnay ... Austrian Deserter (as A. Tolnay)
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Storyline

The location: Nazi occupied Rome. As Rome is classified an open city, most Romans can wander the streets without fear of the city being bombed or them being killed in the process. But life for Romans is still difficult with the Nazi occupation as there is a curfew, basic foods are rationed, and the Nazis are still searching for those working for the resistance and will go to any length to quash those in the resistance and anyone providing them with assistance. War worn widowed mother Pina is about to get married to her next door neighbor Francesco. Despite their situation - Pina being pregnant, and Francesco being an atheist - Pina and Francesco will be wed by Catholic priest Don Pietro Pelligrini. The day before the wedding, Francesco's friend, Giorgio Manfredi, who Pina has never met, comes looking for Francesco as he, working for the resistance, needs a place to hide out. For his latest mission, Giorgio also requests the assistance of Don Pietro, who is more than willing as he sees... Written by Huggo

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Taglines:

Rossellini's Great Film of Our Time

Genres:

Drama | Thriller | War

Certificate:

Not Rated | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

View content advisory »
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Did You Know?

Trivia

The film about the behavior of the Nazi military in Italy was not allowed to be shown in theatres in Germany until 1960,about 15 years later.The lengthy scene depicting the torture of a Communist activist was truncated. See more »

Quotes

Major Bergman: You clearly aim to harm the Reich and its armed forces.
Don Pietro: That wasn't exactly my aim.
Major Bergman: Then what would you call a man who not only provides refuge and forged documents to Italians plotting attacks on our soldiers but even shelters German deserters?
Don Pietro: A man who humbly seeks to practice charity.
Major Bergman: He's a traitor who must be punished, subject to the military law of the Reich.
Don Pietro: God will judge.
See more »

Connections

Referenced in The Children of Rome Open City (2005) See more »

Soundtracks

Mallinata Fiorentina
Composed by Giovanni D'Anzi
Lyrics by Michele Galdieri (as Galdieri)
(1941)
See more »

User Reviews

Powerful Portrayal of Dignity and Courage
24 April 2002 | by howard.schumannSee all my reviews

Open City, a powerful Italian film directed by Roberto Rosselini in 1946, is a historically-based story of the Italian Resistance movement and its struggle against Nazi occupation. The film is a searing indictment of the Nazis and a powerful portrayal of the dignity and courage of the Italian Resistance fighters.

With the city's studios destroyed, Rosselini was forced to shoot his film in the streets on stock that was purchased bit by bit, then taped together. It was shot almost immediately after the city was liberated from the Germans while the Germans still occupied the streets. Naturally, the quality of the print (although on DVD) is limited by the kind of stock that had to be used. The resulting film, however, is unique and deeply moving, and is a film of historic importance.

Open City was the first of the great Italian Neo-realist films (followed by Paisan, The Bicycle Thief, Shoeshine, I Vitteloni, and Umberto D). These films were characterized by the use of non-professional actors, natural lighting, location shooting, the desire to get closer to everyday reality, and the struggle for dignity of the masses of people.

Though I strongly recommend this film, there are a few minor quibbles. The Nazi leaders are portrayed as homosexuals who are associated with a decadent life style. This is contrasted with the Resistance representing the church and the family. Though I do not grant the Nazis much in the way of humanity, I think these broad strokes only obscure rather than clarify. Likewise, there is an over- identification of the Resistance as Communist. Though the Communist Party made up a good part of the Resistance, it also included Christian Democrats and Socialists.

Open City, though depressing in its presentation, remains hopeful. This hope for the future is symbolized at the end of the film by the children making their way back down into the streets of Rome after witnessing an execution. This attitude is also expressed by Francesco as he talks to Pina (Anna Magnani) in the flats, "We must believe it, we must want it,, We musn't be afraid because we are on the just path.We're fighting for something that must come. It may be long..it may be difficult, but there'll be a better world."

56 years later, we're still waiting.


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Details

Country:

Italy

Language:

Italian | German | Latin

Release Date:

8 October 1945 (Italy) See more »

Also Known As:

Rome, Open City See more »

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Box Office

Cumulative Worldwide Gross:

$16,712
See more on IMDbPro »

Company Credits

Production Co:

Excelsa Film See more »
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Technical Specs

Runtime:

Sound Mix:

Mono (Western Electric Recording)

Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
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