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To Have and Have Not (1944)

Not Rated | | Adventure, Comedy, Romance | 20 January 1945 (USA)
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During World War II, American expatriate Harry Morgan helps transport a French Resistance leader and his beautiful wife to Martinique while romancing a sensuous lounge singer.

Director:

Howard Hawks

Writers:

Ernest Hemingway (novel), Jules Furthman (screen play) | 1 more credit »
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1 win. See more awards »

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Cast

Complete credited cast:
Humphrey Bogart ... Harry Morgan
Walter Brennan ... Eddie
Lauren Bacall ... Marie 'Slim' Browning
Dolores Moran ... Mme. Hellene de Bursac
Hoagy Carmichael ... Cricket
Sheldon Leonard ... Lt. Coyo
Walter Szurovy Walter Szurovy ... Paul de Bursac (as Walter Molnar)
Marcel Dalio ... Gerard aka Frenchy
Walter Sande ... Johnson
Dan Seymour ... Capt. M. Renard
Aldo Nadi Aldo Nadi ... Renard's Bodyguard
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Storyline

Harry Morgan and his alcoholic sidekick, Eddie, are based on the island of Martinique and crew a boat available for hire. However, since the second world war is happening around them business is not what it could be and after a customer who owes them a large sum fails to pay they are forced against their better judgment to violate their preferred neutrality and to take a job for the resistance transporting a fugitive on the run from the Nazis to Martinique. Through all this runs the stormy relationship between Morgan and Marie "Slim" Browning, a resistance sympathizer and the sassy singer in the club where Morgan spends most of his days. Written by Mark Thompson <mrt@oasis.icl.co.uk>

Plot Summary | Plot Synopsis

Taglines:

...the screen's most masculine he-man meets the year's sexiest feminine discovery! See more »


Certificate:

Not Rated | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

View content advisory »
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Details

Country:

USA

Language:

English | French

Release Date:

20 January 1945 (USA) See more »

Also Known As:

Ernest Hemingway's To Have and Have Not See more »

Filming Locations:

Laguna Beach, California, USA See more »

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Box Office

Gross USA:

$3,650,000, 31 December 1945
See more on IMDbPro »

Company Credits

Production Co:

Warner Bros. See more »
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Technical Specs

Runtime:

Sound Mix:

Mono (RCA Sound System)

Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
See full technical specs »
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Did You Know?

Trivia

When Howard Hawks discovered Lauren Bacall, he gave her the choice of working with either Cary Grant or Humphrey Bogart. She was very tempted to work with Grant, but Hawks ended up casting her with Bogart in this film, and one of Hollywood's greatest romances was started. See more »

Goofs

When Frenchy takes Capt Morgan to the cellar to remove a bullet, Frenchy unlocks the cellar door and promptly relocks it after they enter the cellar. A few minutes later, Slim comes down the stairs in the cellar with the first aid kit and the hot water. Frenchy has been in the room with the wounded man all this time and couldn't have unlocked the cellar door. See more »

Quotes

Title Card: [first lines]
Title Card: Martinique, in the summer of 1940, shortly after the fall of France.
Title Card: Forte de France
Steve: Morning.
Officer at port: Good Morning, Captain Morgan. What can I do for you today?
Steve: Same thing as yesterday.
Officer at port: You and your client wish to make a temporary exit from the port?
Steve: *That* is right.
Officer at port: Name?
Steve: Ha - Harry Morgan.
[...]
See more »

Connections

Referenced in All Dogs Go to Heaven II (1996) See more »

Soundtracks

How Little We Know
(1944)
Music by Hoagy Carmichael
Lyrics by Johnny Mercer
Performed by Lauren Bacall (uncredited), Hoagy Carmichael (uncredited) and others
Played occasionally in the score and at the end
See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

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User Reviews

 
Derivative to the point of just plain weird, and it's more fun than intense or romantic...
5 October 2010 | by secondtakeSee all my reviews

To Have and Have Not (1944)

Is this the first post-modern film? Or the first total rip-off? Even the writer William Faulkner is in on recasting (and making almost invisible) Ernest Hemingway's novel.

But this says "Casablanca" all over it, from the opening shot of a map on. Then throw in Humphrey Bogart and a Sidney Greenstreet wannabe, have an engaging piano player at the center of the popular nightclub, and set it in an exotic part of the French Empire where the war is raging but you can hardly tell. Director Howard Hawks seems to be winking all the way to the box office and no one else seems to know it.

Not that people aren't trying hard. Certainly the romance has gone from some archetypal, dreamy impossibility (with Ingrid Bergman in "Casablanca") to a very earthy and valid (and real) romance with Lauren Bacall. That's actually a big reason this movie has such fame, because the Bogart/Bacall chemistry is right there for us to watch, and I mean the people, not the characters. Another reason is Walter Brennan, who is so odd and so convincing at the same time you have to wonder. I think Hoagy Carmichael has to be appreciated, too, more than he usually is. He has a major secondary role, and is in the movie more than almost anyone, playing the piano in all kinds of moods...and really playing it, and singing, too (along with Bacall, a little).

But all this stuff never actually gels the way it should. It's almost like it knows it's imitative and so it doesn't try for actual high stakes drama or romance. If you think otherwise, give "Casablanca" another look, and besides much better screen writing, and much better photography, you'll see some basic emotional wires attached that are only superficial here--the War itself, for one thing, and patriotism, and love lost (rather than just love found), and sacrifice of all kinds. And some character actors to beat the band--there is no one here to match Peter Lorre, or Sidney Greenstreet.

These are fair comparisons because Hawks invites them. But since it is all knowing, does that make this a commercial one-off, the director and his buddy Bogart winking, at least, at each other? Maybe. Or maybe it's the first dip into an irony about movies, and about the reality and artificiality that goes with that, that is deliberate and yet can't show its hand too clearly because the audience is frankly not as jaded and cold as the people making the movies. It's a really fun movie, but it'll keep you on the surfaces, and if you want depth, don't be disappointed.


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