At the time of King Richard the Lion Heart's reign, the syllable "Fitz" was always added to the name of an illegitimate child of the aristocracy. Marion FITZwalter is referred to as "Lady" even though illegitimate children could not inherit titles. They could have titles created for them, however. See more
In the year of Our Lord 1191 when Richard, the Lion-Heart, set forth to drive the infidels from the Holy Land, he gave the Regency of his Kingdom to his trusted friend, Longchamps, instead of to his treacherous brother, Prince John.
Bitterly resentful, John hoped for some disaster to befall Richard so that he, with the help of the Norman barons, might seize the throne for himself. And then on a luckless day for the Saxons...
Town Crier announcing capture of Richard
News has come from Vienna: "Leopold of Austria has seized...