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Janmabhoomi (1936)

A nationalist rural drama- Janmabhoomi was the first patriotic Hindi movie. The plot has Dr. Ajay Ghosh and his girl friend Protima working to improve the lives of Indian villagers, ... See full summary »


Franz Osten


J.S. Casshyap (dialogue), Niranjan Pal




Cast overview:
Devika Rani ... Protima
Ashok Kumar ... Ajoy Kumar Ghosh
Khosla Khosla
Chandraprabha Chandraprabha ... Pagli
Sunita Devi Sunita Devi ... Karuna
Mumtaz Ali ... Madhu
N.M. Joshi N.M. Joshi
Kamta Prasad Kamta Prasad ... Panditji
H.S. Naik H.S. Naik
Jhaverbai Kaiser Jhaverbai Kaiser ... The Zamindar
P.F. Pithawala P.F. Pithawala ... Sanatan
Ahteramuddin Ahteramuddin
D.A. Kamat D.A. Kamat
Madhurika Devi Madhurika Devi ... Courtesan (as Madhurika)

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A nationalist rural drama- Janmabhoomi was the first patriotic Hindi movie. The plot has Dr. Ajay Ghosh and his girl friend Protima working to improve the lives of Indian villagers, incurring the enmity of the local zamindar and his vicious, scheming henchman Sanatan. Ajay's relentless goodness eventually persuades the zamindar to bequeath his property to the hero, and general well-being reigns as class conflict is transmuted into class collaboration. The film includes the nationalist song 'Jai jai janani janmabhoomi' and other choruses with a similar thrust. Written by Sujit R. Varma

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User Reviews

Perhaps the first ever patriotic Hindi movie
29 August 2014 | by ashtray25See all my reviews

Dr. Ajoy Kumar Ghosh (Ashok Kumar) follows in the footsteps of a deceased friend and renounces all worldly pleasures in service of the village (a metaphor for the motherland). Joined by his lover Protima (Devika Rani), Ajay sets out to improve the lives of the people, educating them against age-old superstitions and encouraging them to stand up to the unfairness of the rural caste system. The attempts at social reform bring them in direct conflict with vested interests keen to preserve the old order.

Ashok Kumar, acting in only his third movie (both his earlier movies being from the same year), is visibly at sea. His inexperience is in contrast with Devika Rani, who's assured as ever. She looks every bit the star of that era. The surprise package however, is P.F. Pithawala as the villainous Sanathan. Despite the stagy dialogue delivery, he's supremely convincing as the scheming, vicious assistant to the reactionary zamindar.

What is remarkable is the manner in which the patriotism undertones have been concealed. The British Raj was still going strong in 1936 and so openly patriotic overtones would have been a recipe for disaster. The dialogue and lyrics writer Jamuna Swarup Casshyap did an amazing job of slipping in perfectly innocuous sounding words carrying patriotic undertones beneath the surface, which no doubt helped the movie get past the British era censors. Frankly, I gave two extra marks just for Casshyap's brilliant play with words.

The acting is typically stagy and the dialogue delivery stilted and unnatural- as is the case with early talkies pretty much anywhere in the world. The dialogue delivery frequently grates, distracting from the other merits of the movie. Janmabhoomi is best seen as a piece of cinematic history. It was perhaps the first ever patriotic movie in the history of Hindi cinema.

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Release Date:

10 November 1936 (India) See more »

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Technical Specs


Sound Mix:


Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
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