M (1931) Poster



MGM studio executive Irving Thalberg assembled his writers and directors for a private screening of this film, telling them that they needed to be making films of this power and caliber. He also admitted that if anyone had brought a story of a child killer to him, he would have rejected it.
Fritz Lang's cruelty to the actors was legendary. Peter Lorre was thrown down the stairs into the cellar over a dozen times. When Lang wanted to hire Lorre for Human Desire (1954) over two decades later, the actor refused.
Fritz Lang asserted that he cast real criminals for the court scene in the end. According to biographer Paul Jensen, 24 cast members were arrested during filming.
Contrary to popular belief, Fritz Lang did not change the title from "The Murderers are Among Us" to "M" due to fear of persecution by the Nazis. He changed the title during filming, influenced by the scene where one of the criminals writes the letter on his hand. Lang thought "M" was a more interesting title.
Director Fritz Lang said this is his favorite of all of his films.
Although he was thrilled to play such a major part, Peter Lorre came to hate it later as people tended to associate him with being a child murderer in real life.
In Germany, the Nazis banned the movie in July 1934.
Two-thirds of the film was shot with sound, the remaining third was shot silent. At the time the license fees for sound equipment were quite prohibitive, so this was a move to try to keep costs down. However, Fritz Lang liked the eerie, unnerving quality that arose from going from a sound world to one where there is no noise at all.
The film is supposedly based on the real-life case of serial killer Peter Kürten, called "The Vampire of Düsseldorf", whose crimes in the 1920s horrified Germany. However, director Fritz Lang has expressly denied that he drew any inspiration from the case. Nevertheless, he and his wife Thea von Harbou researched the crimes carefully, consulting with German police, visiting murder scenes, interviewing sex offenders in prison and even talking to detectives in Scotland Yard in London. According to Lang biographer Paul Jensen, the director spent eight days doing field research in a mental institution.
The organization of beggars mentioned in the film actually did exist in Berlin at the time.
The use of voiceover narration was a groundbreaking new technique at the time.
Before making this, Peter Lorre had mainly been a comedic actor.
The film premiered in 1931. Adolf Hitler and his Nazi party took power in 1933, and banned the film the next year. It was then stored in a vault, where it stayed for many years. Audiences didn't get the chance to see the film again until 1966. For its video release 30 years later, it underwent a restoration that included the addition of music and sound effects that wouldn't have been authorized by Fritz Lang (he deliberately kept certain passages quiet) and the cutting of certain scenes. The image had also been altered to fit the 4:3 screen size. These injustices were amended in 2009 for the film's Blu-ray release.
Peter Lorre's character is introduced by the musical cue "In the Hall of the Mountain King" from Edvard Grieg's "Peer Gynt Suite No. 1". This was one of the very first times that a musical theme was used to signify a character, a technique borrowed from the world of opera that is now a staple of filmmaking.
Fritz Lang's first sound film.
Peter Lorre was Jewish and fled Germany in fear of Nazi persecution shortly after the movie's release. Fritz Lang, who was half Jewish, fled two years later.
Peter Lorre couldn't whistle well so the whistling of "In the Hall of the Mountain King" heard in the film was actually done by Fritz Lang. Although the director had no musical talent, he felt his own off-key whistling very appropriate.
The film was independently backed by an admirer of Fritz Lang who persuaded him to make another film when the director was thinking of giving it all up. Lang eventually agreed to make the film provided that he had no interference and had final cut.
Chosen by the Association of German Cinémathèques as the most important German film of all times.
Filmed in only six weeks.
This is the last film in which Fritz Lang and Thea von Harbou, then husband and wife, worked on to completion. Due to von Harbou's infidelity and her connections to the Nazi Party, Lang ended their personal and professional relationship before their next project, The Testament of Dr. Mabuse (1933), was complete. Lang finished the film, but ceased working with von Harbou midway through production.
Director Fritz Lang made this film in an effort to claw back his artistic standing after the double failure of his two previous films, Metropolis (1927) and Woman in the Moon (1929).
It was common practice at the time for foreign-language films to be concurrently shot in English, for the British and North American markets. Fritz Lang had nothing to do with the English-language version of his film.
Joseph Goebbels was said to have described the film as "fantastic, free of phony humanitarian sentiments".
Fritz Lang and his wife Thea von Harbou collaborated on the screenplay. According to Lang, the couple wanted to create a film based on "the ugliest, most utterly loathsome crime." The first script they produced was about a man who sent vulgar and anonymous letters; however, both Lang and von Harbou rejected the story as too tame. Ultimately, as Lang recalled, they "decided that the most horrible crime was that of a child murderer."
Two German serial killers are mentioned in the film-- Georg Karl Großman (believed to have killed up to 50 young women) and Fritz Haarmann (known as the Butcher of Hanover as he killed at least 24 young men in the city).
Because he had directed several crime thrillers in the past, Fritz Lang had developed a positive rapport with the Berlin police and had made several influential contacts. He was able to exploit these connections, particularly those in the homicide bureau, in order to meet and interview several actual murderers in preparation for this film.
The failure of the original copyright holder to renew the film's copyright resulted in it falling into public domain, meaning that virtually anyone could duplicate and sell a VHS/DVD copy of the film. Therefore, many of the versions of this film available on the market are either severely (and usually badly) edited and/or of extremely poor quality, having been duped from second- or third-generation (or more) copies of the film.
What convinced Fritz Lang to make the film was his reading of the last scene in the script, when a mother ominously warns, "You have to watch your children".
The film has a very sour vision of contemporary life in Germany. This is probably due to the fact that Fritz Lang--a Jew--was alarmed at the rapid rise of Nazism and that even his wife Thea von Harbou had become a party member.
The title "M" is short for Mörder, the German word meaning Murderer.
Premiere voted this movie as one of "The 25 Most Dangerous Movies".
Robert Osborne recently stated that the 1931 version of this film was still being shown in the 1950s when the updated version starring David Wayne (M (1951)) was released. This contradicts previous statements that the original film hadn't been seen prior to 1966.
Alexanderplatz (the Alex) was the site of the headquarters of the Berlin Police Department.
The tune that Peter Lorre's character whistles is "In the Hall of the Mountain King" from the "Peer Gynt" suite by Edvard Grieg.
M was released in 1931, but was not released to theaters in the United States until 1933, where it grossed just under 30 grand.
This film, along with Costa-Gavras' Z (1969) and Tobias Lindholm's R (2010), and many others, holds the record for the shortest movie title in existence.
Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
The film is included on Roger Ebert's "Great Movies" list.
The Tegel Penitentiary in Berlin is Germany's largest prison with about 1,700 inmates (as of 2007).
This was shot in the early days of optical soundtracks (sound-on-film). The optical track was placed on one side of the film that had originally contained part of the image area. This reduced the aspect ratio to only 1.19:1. This specification was used for only a few years until the academy specification restored the image ratio to 1.33:1. Later prints had the image area enlarged and the top and bottom of the image cut off to achieve the 1.33:1 aspect ratio. This has created headaches for efforts to restore this film to way Fritz Lang had originally created it.
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The October 30, 2005 edition of the comic strip "Frank and Ernest" started with Frank saying that the printing press was down and they would have to do all the posters for the Bijoux's double bill by hand. Frank, of course, assigned himself the poster for "M", and assigned Ernest the poster for Marat/Sade (1967) with the full title written out.
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