At the age of eight, Wagner plays for his dying step-father. When sixteen he studies with Cantor Weinlig. Then follows a period of dissipation. In 1834 he is offered the position of conductor of the Lauchstadt Opera. He first refuses, but, meeting the leading actress, Wilhelmina Planer, he accepts. In 1836 he is conductor at Konigsherg, and marries "Minna." They quarrel over his extravagance, but are reconciled in time to greet their friends. In 1838 Wagner is conductor at Riga. While rehearsing he is interrupted by his creditors. Assisted by his friend Moller, he eludes them and the Cossack sentries. He reaches a German seaport, where he boards a small sailing vessel and starts for Paris. During the voyage a terrific storm inspires "The Flying Dutchman." Arriving in Paris he calls upon Meyerbeer and plays parts of "Rienzi" for him. Meyerbeer gives him letters, among them one to the director of the Paris Opera, who, however, reuses to do anything. He calls upon Liszt, who receives him...Written by
Moving Picture World synopsis
A remarkable film about an awful man . . . who happened to be a musical genius
This biographical portrait of composer Richard Wagner (1813-1883), feature-length and lavishly produced, was released in conjunction with the centennial of his birth. It's an outstanding achievement in many respects. Naturally it looks primitive by modern standards, but contemporary viewers should bear in mind that it was made at a time when the motion picture industry was still in its infancy, and feature films were still a novelty. The producers of 'Richard Wagner' had few models to follow. By 1913 Italy's Quo Vadis and France's Queen Elizabeth (i.e. Les amours de la reine Elisabeth, starring Sarah Bernhardt) had been released and widely distributed, but I think it's fair to say that this German opus, which was filmed at some of the historic sites mentioned in the narrative, surpasses those films in cinematic sophistication.
A number of interesting individuals came together to create 'Richard Wagner.' German film pioneer Carl Froelich is the director of record, although it is said that the film's screenwriter and scenic designer William Wauer also served as his uncredited co-director. Like so many silent film artists in Germany, the paths of Froelich and Wauer diverged sharply in later years. Froelich joined the Nazi Party, and ran the official trade organization that controlled access to filmmaking under the Third Reich; Wauer, meanwhile, who was primarily a graphic artist, sculptor and essayist, left the movie business in the 1920s and did not join the Party. During the Nazi era, he was blacklisted and prevented from publishing or broadcasting his views on art or anything else. (Both men survived the war, and both remained in Berlin. If they met in the post-war era I'd imagine their encounters were not cordial.) But getting back to 1913 and Wagner: the title role was played by Giuseppe Becce, an Italian who not only resembled Wagner but was himself a gifted composer. Although he wasn't an actor, Becce gives a sensitive, nuanced portrayal in this demanding role, and his performance is notably understated by the standards of the day. Generally speaking, the performances in this film are restrained, without the "Great Train Robbery" style histrionics one might expect, especially in a story with an operatic theme.
The saga unfolds in episodic fashion, depicting significant moments in Wagner's life from his childhood to his death at age 69. Each scene is introduced with a title card announcing what will occur (a convention one often finds in early silent dramas), but there are no dialog titles within the scenes. At times, we learn what is happening when a character reads a letter or document of some sort, but otherwise, the sense of each sequence is communicated via pantomime—which, unfortunately, is confusing at times. On the plus side, the camera occasionally enters the action and gives us a close look at the actors' faces. Sequences depicting premieres of Wagner's operas, and their impact on audiences, are well staged. Brief highlights from the Ring Cycle are enacted on natural locations. Fantasies or dreams are conveyed through the use of rudimentary optical effects, reminiscent of the early "trick films" of Georges Méliès and his contemporaries. The most striking example comes early, when Wagner, still a young boy, has a dream in which two ladies in portraits hanging in his bedroom come to life, and step out of their frames. One lady starts to lead him in a minuet, but then the other sternly intervenes and stops the dance. Other scenes surprise us with unexpected devices: the mature Wagner, seen in silhouette in his bathtub, is suddenly struck with inspiration; he leaps up, wraps himself in a flimsy silk towel, and rushes to the piano to compose while still semi-nude.
The very notion of a silent movie about a composer may seem odd, but Wagner is an ideal choice, simply because his life was so tempestuous and dramatic. Wagner's personality was operatic, while his tumultuous love life unfolded like a soap opera. He knew great success and abysmal failure, luxury one day and poverty the next. He participated in the wave of revolutions that swept Europe in the late 1840s, and had to flee Germany under threat of arrest. At his nadir, he contemplated suicide. His career was eventually rescued by a Bavarian King who may or may not have been mentally ill. Eventually, the Bayreuth Opera House was built, and became a shrine of sorts to Wagner's genius, a temple where the crowned heads of Europe paid homage to the living legend. There's plenty of material here to work with, and it is a credit to the pioneering filmmakers who created this biopic that they managed to utilize so much of this real-life drama in a film that runs about 80 minutes—and at a time when the average movie ran no more than 10 or 15 minutes!
One final note: the DVD edition of this film that I've viewed features an optional commentary track by stage and film director Tony Palmer, who directed his own biopic of Wagner in 1982, starring Richard Burton as the composer. I can recommend the audio track to anyone interested in additional info about this film, the Burton version, or Wagner himself. Mr. Palmer comes across as charming and a little scattered (he sometimes mixes up names, or begins anecdotes he doesn't finish), but he is also interesting and informative without being pedantic. Significantly, considering that he's an expert on the man, Palmer describes Wagner's personality in harsh terms, calling him a "monster" and worse, but concedes that this was a case where indisputable genius resided in a despicable personality, something Wauer's screenplay suggests only ambiguously. Palmer's commentary track fills in some of the narrative gaps, corrects errors, and complements the experience of seeing this intriguing film.
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