Males/Females (Sorted by Death Date Ascending)
1. Omar Khayyam
Born in a wealthy province of Seljuk-ruled Persia, Omar Khayyam was educated well as a youth and became fascinated by science, especially astronomy and mathematics. He built an observatory and created the Jalalaean Calender that was far more accurate than the Julian Calender in use by his European ...
Writer | Rumi: Poet of the Heart
Jalaluddin Rumi, Scholar in Religious Sciences and famed Sufi Mystic Poet, was born on September 29th 1207 A.D. in Balkh (modern day Afghanistan). Escaping Mongol invasions he travelled extensively to Muslim lands, Bagdad, Mecca, Damascus, Malatia (Turkey). Married Gevher Khatun of Samarquand and ...
Writer | The Trophy Case: Judgement
Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 into the lower nobility of Florence, to Alighiero di Bellincione d'Alighiero, a moneylender. A precocious student, Dante's education focused on rhetoric and grammar. He also became enamored with a young girl, Beatrice Portinari, whose death in 1290 threw a grieving ...
Gutenberg was born between 1394 and 1404 in Hof Gutenberg, Mainz am Rhein, Germany. He invented print-technology and was the first and most popular inventor of the information-technology.
Writer | Excalibur
Born around 1414-1420 into an English gentry family, Sir Thomas Malory spent his first couple of decades in quiet obscurity, aside from campaigning at the Siege of Calais in 1436. By 1441 he had been knighted, and had developed a growing interest in politics. In 1445 he became MP for his county and...
9. Dieric Bouts
Art Department | Met Dieric Bouts
Flemish painter. His "Triptych of the Virgin" (1455), "Martyrdom of St. Erasmus" (1458), "Altarpiece of the Holy Sacrament" (1464-1467), and "The Justice of Emperor Otto III" diptych (1460), "Portrait of a Man" (1462), and "Resurrection" (1455) are considered masterpieces. "Resurrection" part of ...
Columbus Day was named after him.
Art Department | La vita di Leonardo da Vinci
The archetypal "Renaissance Man," Leonardo da Vinci was one of the greatest scientific minds as well as one of the greatest visual artists the human race has ever produced. The illegitimate son of a wealthy Florentine notary, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman named Caterina, Leonardo was born in ...
Writer | Monna Vanna
Born into a time of extreme political upheaveal, Niccolò Machiavelli was a member of the old Florentine nobility. He received a proper humanistic Renaissance education, and as a young man began the climb up the perilous political ladder of Italy. In 1502 he was sent to Romagna as an envoy to Cesare...
Writer | Nosutoradamusu no daiyogen
An apothecary before he began to practice the occult, Michel de Nostredame spent the early part of his career battling outbreaks of the bubonic plague in southern France, and northern Italy. Historians attribute his higher-than-average survival rates to his then-radical practice of personal hygiene...
Writer | Doctor Faustus
Born the son of a shoe-maker two months before the birth of another famous playwright, William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe achieved fame as an Elizabethan dramatist as well as an atheist. He was killed in a tavern brawl by a former friend, allegedly over a bill. There is now some evidence that...
28. Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe was born on December 14, 1546 in Knutstorp Castle, Scania, Denmark, Denmark-Norway as Tyge Ottesen Brahe. He died on October 24, 1601 in Prague, Habsburg Bohemia, Holy Roman Empire [now Czech Republic].
Actor | Five Revolutionary Painters
Michelangelo da Caravaggio was born on September 29, 1571 in Milan, Duchy of Milan, Holy Roman Empire as Michelangelo Merisi. He was an actor, known for Five Revolutionary Painters (1959) and Canvas (1966). He died on July 18, 1610 in Porto Ecole, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Holy Roman Empire.
33. Carlo Gesualdo
Soundtrack | True Story
Born into the Italian nobility, Don Carlo Gesualdo developed an early and passionate interest in music. Though recognized as a dynamic composer who was far ahead of his time, Gesualdo's brilliance as a musical talent has been overshadowed by his violent personal life. After discovering his wife (...
Writer | M the Movie
William Shakespeare's birthdate is assumed from his baptism on April 25. His father John was the son of a farmer who became a successful tradesman; his mother Mary Arden was gentry. He studied Latin works at Stratford Grammar School, leaving at about age 15. About this time his father suffered an ...
Writer | Don Quixote
Miguel de Cervantes' baptism occurred on October 9, 1547, at Alcala de Henares, Spain, so it is reasonable to assume he was born around that time, and Alcala de Henares has long claimed itself as his birthplace. The son of Rodrigo de Cervantes, an itinerant and not-too-successful surgeon, Miguel ...
40. Johannes Kepler
German astronomer who discovered three major laws of planetary motion, conventionally designated as follows: (1) the planets move in elliptical orbits with the Sun at one focus; (2) the time necessary to traverse any arc of a planetary orbit is proportional to the area of the sector between the ...
41. John Donne
Writer | Bright Hair
In 1601 he eloped with Anne More, the 17-year-old niece of his employer, Sir Thomas Egerton. Donne was promptly arrested and imprisoned for marrying a minor without the consent of her guardians. He wrote his young bride a letter from prison, saying, "John Donne, Anne Donne, Undone.".
Writer | Qartuli baletis ostatebi
His play, "Fuente Ovejuna," was performed in a British National Theatre production at the Cottesloe Theatre in London, England with James Laurenson, Jim Barclay, Mark Lockyer, Rachel Joyce, Jonathan Cullen, and Clive Rowe in the cast. Declan Donnellan was director.
43. Ben Jonson
Soundtrack | Sense and Sensibility
Benjamin Jonson was born 1571 as the posthumous son of a Protestant minister. His mother then moved him to Westminster, where she married a bricklayer. He attended a free parish school as a boy, and thanks to the sponsorship of the headmaster, was able to attend Westminster Grammar School. ...
Art Department | Sister Wendy at the Norton Simon Museum
Peter Paul Rubens was born on June 28, 1577 in Siegen, Nassau-Dillenburg, Holy Roman Empire. He is known for his work on Sister Wendy at the Norton Simon Museum (2002) and Visnews (1962). He died on May 30, 1640 in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands [now Belgium].
46. Anthony van Dyck
Art Department | The Queen's Palaces
Anthony van Dyck was born on March 22, 1599 in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands. He is known for his work on The Queen's Palaces (2011) and Visnews (1962). He was married to Mary Ruthven. He died on December 9, 1641 in London, Kingdom of England.