Males/Females (Sorted by Birth Date Ascending)


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1. Omar Khayyam

Strangers

Born in a wealthy province of Seljuk-ruled Persia, Omar Khayyam was educated well as a youth and became fascinated by science, especially astronomy and mathematics. He built an observatory and created the Jalalaean Calender that was far more accurate than the Julian Calender in use by his European ...

2. Hildegard von Bingen

Soundtrack | Breath of God

Vision (2009) is a film about her.

3. Jalaluddin Muhammad Rumi

Writer | The Interpreted Dream

Jalaluddin Rumi, Scholar in Religious Sciences and famed Sufi Mystic Poet, was born on September 29th 1207 A.D. in Balkh (modern day Afghanistan). Escaping Mongol invasions he travelled extensively to Muslim lands, Bagdad, Mecca, Damascus, Malatia (Turkey). Married Gevher Khatun of Samarquand and ...

4. Dante Alighieri

Writer | The Trophy Case: Judgement

Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 into the lower nobility of Florence, to Alighiero di Bellincione d'Alighiero, a moneylender. A precocious student, Dante's education focused on rhetoric and grammar. He also became enamored with a young girl, Beatrice Portinari, whose death in 1290 threw a grieving ...

5. Joan of Arc

Writer | HBO First Look

Her birthplace Domrémy was renamed "Domrémy-la-Pucelle" after her nickname "La Pucelle" ("The Maid").

6. Leonardo Da Vinci

Writer | The Year of Living Locked Up

The archetypal "Renaissance Man," Leonardo da Vinci was one of the greatest scientific minds as well as one of the greatest visual artists the human race has ever produced. The illegitimate son of a wealthy Florentine notary, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman named Caterina, Leonardo was born in ...

7. Niccolò Machiavelli

Writer | Monna Vanna

Born into a time of extreme political upheaveal, Niccolò Machiavelli was a member of the old Florentine nobility. He received a proper humanistic Renaissance education, and as a young man began the climb up the perilous political ladder of Italy. In 1502 he was sent to Romagna as an envoy to Cesare...

8. Albrecht Dürer

Art Department | Unser Sandmännchen

Known as a painter, printmaker, draughtsman, and art theorist.

9. Ludovico Ariosto

Writer | The Madness of Roland

Alberto Savinio named his two children after two characters in Ariosto's poem "Orlando Furioso" (1516).

10. Michelangelo Buonarotti

Art Department | Yksitoista ihmisen kuvaa

Michelangelo Buonarotti was born on March 6, 1475 in Caprese. He is known for his work on Yksitoista ihmisen kuvaa (2012) and Michelangelo (1963). He died on February 18, 1564 in Rome.

12. Martin Luther

Soundtrack | Gangs of New York

Martin Luther was the founder of the Lutheran Church in the 16th Century. As a composer he also wrote such well known Christian hymns as "A Mighty Fortess Is Our God".

14. Francois Rabelais

Writer | Kraft Television Theatre

French satirist. Author of "Gargantua and Pantagruel", the famous medieval epic satire about giants. To date, it has never been filmed or dramatized for television.

15. Michel de Nostredame

Writer | Nosutoradamusu no daiyogen

An apothecary before he began to practice the occult, Michel de Nostredame spent the early part of his career battling outbreaks of the bubonic plague in southern France, and northern Italy. Historians attribute his higher-than-average survival rates to his then-radical practice of personal hygiene...

17. John Dee

John Dee was born on July 13, 1527 in London, England. He died in December 1608 in Mortlake, Surrey.

19. Tycho Brahe

Tycho Brahe was born on December 14, 1546 in Knutstorp Castle, Scania, Denmark, Denmark-Norway as Tyge Ottesen Brahe. He died on October 24, 1601 in Prague, Habsburg Bohemia, Holy Roman Empire [now Czech Republic].

20. Miguel de Cervantes y Saavedra

Writer | Don Quixote

Miguel de Cervantes' baptism occurred on October 9, 1547, at Alcala de Henares, Spain, so it is reasonable to assume he was born around that time, and Alcala de Henares has long claimed itself as his birthplace. The son of Rodrigo de Cervantes, an itinerant and not-too-successful surgeon, Miguel ...

21. Félix Lope de Vega

Writer | Qartuli baletis ostatebi

One of Miguel de Cervantes's greatest rivals in the theatre. Lope de Vega was a huge success as a playwright; none of Cervantes' plays were successful onstage. It has been speculated, but never proven, that Alonso Fernandez de Avellaneda, the mysterious and otherwise unknown author who wrote a ...

22. Christopher Marlowe

Writer | Doctor Faustus

Born the son of a shoe-maker two months before the birth of another famous playwright, William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe achieved fame as an Elizabethan dramatist as well as an atheist. He was killed in a tavern brawl by a former friend, allegedly over a bill. There is now some evidence that...

23. William Shakespeare

Writer | M the Movie

William Shakespeare's birthdate is assumed from his baptism on April 25. His father John was the son of a farmer who became a successful tradesman; his mother Mary Arden was gentry. He studied Latin works at Stratford Grammar School, leaving at about age 15. About this time his father suffered an ...

25. Michelangelo da Caravaggio

Actor | Five Revolutionary Painters

Michelangelo da Caravaggio was born on September 29, 1571 in Milan, Duchy of Milan, Holy Roman Empire as Michelangelo Merisi. He was an actor, known for Five Revolutionary Painters (1959) and Canvas (1966). He died on July 18, 1610 in Porto Ecole, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Holy Roman Empire.

26. Johannes Kepler

German astronomer who discovered three major laws of planetary motion, conventionally designated as follows: (1) the planets move in elliptical orbits with the Sun at one focus; (2) the time necessary to traverse any arc of a planetary orbit is proportional to the area of the sector between the ...

27. Ben Jonson

Soundtrack | Sense and Sensibility

Benjamin Jonson was born 1571 as the posthumous son of a Protestant minister. His mother then moved him to Westminster, where she married a bricklayer. He attended a free parish school as a boy, and thanks to the sponsorship of the headmaster, was able to attend Westminster Grammar School. ...

28. Peter Paul Rubens

Art Department | Sister Wendy at the Norton Simon Museum

Peter Paul Rubens was born on June 28, 1577 in Siegen, Nassau-Dillenburg, Holy Roman Empire. He is known for his work on Sister Wendy at the Norton Simon Museum (2002) and Visnews (1962). He died on May 30, 1640 in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands [now Belgium].

29. John Fletcher

Writer | Whatever Next?

Principal dramatist for the King's Men folllowing the death of William Shakespeare.

34. Ivan Gundulic

Writer | Dubravka

Croatian poet and dramatist.

35. Pocahontas

Self | Nova

Pocahontas was born on September 17, 1595 in Werowocomoco, Virginia, USA. She was married to John Rolfe and Kocoum. She died on March 21, 1617 in Gravesend, Kent, England.

36. René Descartes

The Thirteenth Floor

René Descartes was born on March 31, 1596 in La Haye, Indre-et-Loire, France. He is known for his work on The Thirteenth Floor (1999) and Venus Blue (1998). He died on February 11, 1650 in Stockholm, Sweden.

37. Anthony van Dyck

Art Department | The Queen's Palaces

Anthony van Dyck was born on March 22, 1599 in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands. He is known for his work on The Queen's Palaces (2011) and Visnews (1962). He was married to Mary Ruthven. He died on December 9, 1641 in London, Kingdom of England.

38. Pedro Calderón de la Barca

Writer | The Night of Love

Became a priest in 1651.

40. Pierre Corneille

Writer | Les yeux ne veulent pas en tout temps se fermer, ou Peut-être qu'un jour Rome se permettra de choisir à son tour

Tony Kushner and his play, "The Illusion", at the Court Theatre in Chicago, Illinois was nominated for a 2010 Joseph Jefferson Award for Production of a Play (Large).

41. Rembrandt van Rijn

Art Department | Five Revolutionary Painters

Rembrandt van Rijn was born on July 15, 1606 in Leiden, Dutch Republic as Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn. He is known for his work on Five Revolutionary Painters (1959), Rembrandt (1962) and Rembrandt (1976). He was married to Saskia van Uylenburgh. He died on October 4, 1669 in Amsterdam, Dutch ...

42. John Milton

Writer | Paradise Lost

Secretary for Foreign Tongues and official propagandist for the Commonwealth, Milton privately broke with Cromwell when he declared himself Lord Protector. He would have been executed after his arrest in October 1659 were it not for several influential people speaking on his behalf, including poet ...

45. Jean de La Fontaine

Writer | La cicala e la formica

Born in July 8, 1621, in Château-Thierry (Champagne, France), where his father was in charge of Water, Forests and Hunting, Jean de la Fontaine spent his whole childhood and adolescence in the countryside, where he mainly studied Latin language. In 1641, he moved to Paris to continue his study at ...

46. Traudl Lessing

Self | Club 2

Traudl Lessing was born on August 12, 1625 in Vienna, Austria as Traudl Wiglitzky. She was previously married to Erich Lessing.

47. Charles Perrault

Writer | Cinderella

He is the creator of the "Mother Goose" character. His book, "Histoires ou contes du temps passé, avec des moralités: Contes de ma mère l'Oye" (Stories or Tales from Times Past, with Morals: Tales of Mother Goose) published in 1697, featured a frontispiece with an old woman with a distaff, by a ...

48. John Bunyan

Writer | Il pellegrino

He traveled to Reading to preach the gospel and to make peace between a father and son who had become alienated. After he had made the peace, he returned to London on horseback through a very heavy rainstorm. He caught a cold and this developed into a fever, of which he died after ten days.

49. Christopher Wren

Art Department | Question Time

Christopher Wren was born on 20 October 1632 in East Knoyle, Wiltshire, where his father was rector. His father later moved to Windsor and Wren was educated at Westminster School and then Oxford University. He showed an early talent for mathematics and enjoyed inventing things, including an ...


1-50 of 5,869,788 names. | Next »

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