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Biography

Jump to: Overview (4)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Spouse (1)  | Trivia (33)  | Personal Quotes (8)

Overview (4)

Born in Shadwell, Goochland County [now Albemarle County], Virginia, USA
Died in Monticello estate, near Charlottesville, Virginia, USA  (chronic diarrhea)
Nicknames * Father of the University of Virginia
* Long Tom
* Man of the People
* Pen of the Revolution
* Philosopher of Democracy
* The Red Fox
* The Sage of Monticello
* Scribe of the Revolution
* Father of the Declaration of Independence
Height 6' 2½" (1.89 m)

Mini Bio (1)

Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 in Shadwell, Goochland County [now Albemarle County], Virginia, USA. He was a writer, known for Hamilton/Jefferson, Biography (1987) and Rome: Power & Glory (1999). He was married to Martha Wayles Skelton. He died on July 4, 1826.

Spouse (1)

Martha Wayles Skelton (1 January 1772 - 6 September 1782) ( her death) ( 6 children)

Trivia (33)

Pictured on the 2¢ United States postage stamp in the Liberty series, issued 15 September 1954 1948.
Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans, 1900 (charter election).
Died on the same date as president John Adams, 4 July 1826, exactly 50 years after the American colonies declared their independence from England.
Author of the United States Declaration of Independence.
Second vice president of the United States, 4 March 1797 - 4 March 1801.
Third president of the United States, 4 March 1801 - 4 March 1809.
Pictured on a 29¢ United States definitive postage stamp in the Great Americans series, issued 13 April 1993.
Became President-elect John Adams's Vice-President, despite being from opposing political parties. This was due to the fact that in early elections, there was no party "ticket" and instead the runner-up was given the post of vice-president.
Under Jefferson, the United States nearly doubled in size, as France sold a vast tract of land to the fledgling country: the Louisiana Purchase.
Contrary to popular belief, he had little say in the formation of the Constitution. During the time of the Constitutional Convention, he was serving as the American Ambassador to the Royal Court of Louis XVI.
As well as being a politician and political philosopher, he was also a tireless inventor (much like his contemporary Ben Franklin) and created designs for the dumb-waiter (an early service elevator) and an improved sundial, as well as architectural designs for his home at Monticello. He was also deeply interested in science of all stripes and was a competent violin player.
Although he owned slaves, he did agitate for abolition of slavery and tried to introduce language in the Declaration of Independence that would have called for its immediate abolition. Due to a backlash from southern states (led by South Carolina) that threatened to derail the entire independance proposal, he finally and very reluctantly struck the passages from the draft declaration.
He hated the presidency so much that it was left off his headstone. It reads simply: "Here was buried Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of American Independence, of the statute of Virginia for religious freedom and father of the University of Virginia." However, a statue dedicated to him that sits in front of the state capitol building in Jefferson City, Missouri, does mention his presidency.
Cousin of Congressman John Marshall and Congressman William Segar Archer.
Father-in-law of Gov. Thomas Mann Randolph and Sen. John Wayles Eppes.
Governor of Virginia (1779-1781).
United States Secretary of State (1790-1793).
An Onondaga chief gave him the name of Karanduawn, meaning the Great Tree.
Invented the dumbwaiter, lazy Susan, pedometer, swivel chair, and folding chair. He also came up with Chicken a la King (chicken, peas and carrots in a white sauce) and Baked Alaska (a cake and ice cream concoction).
He was asked to write the Declaration of Independence only after John Adams turned it down, saying he was too busy.
Jefferson City, Missouri, actually became the state capital while Thomas Jefferson was still alive.
The first of only four American Presidents without a First Lady during his time in office.
He is among the tallest U.S. Presidents alongside his contemporary George Washington, Lyndon Baines Johnson and Abraham Lincoln (Who are both tied for the tallest).
Loved Ice Cream and served it frequently in his home.
Had a reputation for wearing wacky, mismatched outfits. He also often received visitors while he was still in his pajamas. It is believed he did this as a way of distracting people from his poor speaking skills.
He was a supporter of the French Revolution.
He founded the University of Virginia.
He was the first U.S. ambassador to France.
After the War of 1812, Jefferson sold his personal library of more than six thousand books so that the Library of Congress could be restored. The British destroyed the library by setting fire to the Capital.
He was an excellent writer and a notoriously bad public speaker due to being extremely shy.
He spoke six languages.
He led America's first ever Archaeological dig.
He made major anti-slavery moves like abolishing importation of slaves into America, which was done at the same time as England's abolition and the enforcement of the West Africa Squadron. This ended the international slave trade from Africa, but internal slavery within America continued until Abraham Lincoln abolished it.

Personal Quotes (8)

When angry, count ten before you speak. If very angry, a hundred.
Information is the currency of democracy.
Question with boldness even the existence of a God.
The first object of my heart is my own country. This solitary republic of the world is the only monument of human rights, and the sole repository of the sacred fire of freedom.
There isn't a sprig of grass uninteresting to me.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed, by their creator, with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
Error of opinion may be tolerated where reason is left free to combat it.
Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.

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