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Biography

Jump to: Overview (4)  | Spouse (1)  | Trivia (23)  | Personal Quotes (6)

Overview (4)

Born in Paris, France
Died in Nohant, Indre, France
Birth NameAmantine Aurore Lucile Dupin
Nicknames Piffoël
The Good Lady of Nohant

Spouse (1)

Casimir Dudevant (1822 - 1836) ( divorced) ( 2 children)

Trivia (23)

First well-known female French writer. Her books include "Lélia", "Simon", "Mattéo", "La Mare au Diable", "Consuelo", "François le Champi", "La petite Fadette" and "Elle et Lui" (about the love she shared with Alfred de Musset). A romantic writer who enjoyed writing about nature and country life.
Her father, Maurice Dupin, died when she was four years old. Her mother left and Sand was brought up by her grandmother, noblewoman Mme Dupin de Francueil at Nohant.
Sand's refuge was the place she grew up and spent the most of her life: Nohant's castle, in Berry, in the French countryside.
After her grandmother's death in 1822, she left boarding school and her mother, Sophie-Victoire Delaborde, married her to Baron Dudevant.
As Baroness Dudevant, she politically fought for her republican and socialist ideals (notably during the Empire period).
Son Maurice Dudevant born in 1982.
Sixth child, daughter Solange Dudevant, born 1828.
In 1830 she split with her husband, Baron Dudevant, whom was obliged to wed and never loved.
From 1831-1833 she lived in Paris and met young author Jules Sandeau. She started writing with him. She chose "George Sand" as a pseudonym for her solo career. After two years, they broke up.
Became interested in the theater in 1833 due to her association with famous actress Marie Dorval.
From 1835 to 1836 she had an affair with a lawyer, Michel de Bourges. He helped her to legally separate from her husband and keep custody of the children.
From 1838-1846 she lived with (and without for periods) composer Frédéric Chopin.
In 1840 her son, Maurice Dudevant-Sand chose an artistic path and became the student of renowned French painter Édouard Delacroix and produced some books of drawings.
In 1847 her daughter Solange, with whom she was already on bad terms, married sculptor Auguste Clésinger.
First granddaughter Jeanne "Nizi" Clesinger born in 1849.
From 1859 to 1975 she lived with engraver Alexandre Manceau, until his death.
In 1853 her daughter left her husband. The following year they fought for custody of their daughter, Jeanne. The child was left in the custody of Sand, but Jeanne's father refused to let the child go.
In 1862 Maurice marries Lina Calamatta, daughter of Luigi Calamatta (an engraver and a friend of Sand)'s daughter).
In 1863 her grandson, Marc-Antoine Dudevand-Sand, was born. He died the following year.
Granddaughter Aurore "Lolo" Dudevand-Sand born in 1966. Two years later granddaughter Gabrielle Dudevant-Sand born.
In 1869 Lina Calamatta dies. Sand will bring up Lolo and Gabrielle. They will be a great source of happiness.
Died in 1876, with daughter Solange next to her.
In 1833 she met Prosper Mérimée. She was close friends with famous couple Franz Liszt and Countess Marie d'Agoult (writer). She was friends with her publisher François Buloz, musician Pauline Viardot, future emperor Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoléon III) writers Planche, Sainte-Beuve, Honoré de Balzac, Stendhal, Alphonse de Lamartine, Gustave Flaubert, Alexandre Dumas fils, 'Ivan Turgenev" and Théophile Gauthier.

Personal Quotes (6)

Guard well within yourself that treasure, kindness. Know how to give without hesitation, how to lose without regret, how to acquire without meanness.
Happiness lies in the consciousness we have of it.
On strategy: You live. No use asking whether life will bring you pleasure or unhappiness, whether it will prove a blessing or a curse. Who could answer these questions? You live, you breathe.
On growth: One changes from day to day...every few years one becomes a new being.
On time: As soon as life becomes bearable we stop analyzing it. A tranquil day is spoiled by being examined.
On imagination: Genius, whether locked up in a cell or roaming at large, is always solitary.

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