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J.D. Salinger Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (3)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Spouse (3)  | Trade Mark (2)  | Trivia (26)  | Personal Quotes (6)

Overview (3)

Born in New York City, New York, USA
Died in Cornish, New Hampshire, USA  (natural causes)
Birth NameJerome David Salinger

Mini Bio (1)

U.S. writer whose novel "The Catcher in the Rye" (1951) won critical acclaim and devoted admirers, especially among the post-World War II generation of college students. His entire corpus of published works consists of that one novel and 13 short stories, all originally written in the period 1948-59. Salinger was the son of a Jewish father and a mother who adopted Judaism, and, like Holden Caulfield, the hero of "The Catcher in the Rye", he grew up in New York City, attending public schools and a military academy. After brief periods at New York and Columbia universities, he devoted himself entirely to writing, and his stories began to appear in periodicals in 1940. After his return from service in the U.S. Army (1942-46), Salinger's name and writing style became increasingly associated with "The New Yorker" magazine, which published almost all of his later stories. Some of the best of these made use of his wartime experiences: "For Esmé - With Love and Squalor" (1950) describes a U.S. soldier's poignant encounter with two British children; "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" (1948) concerns the suicide of the sensitive, despairing veteran Seymour Glass. Major critical and popular recognition came with the publication of "The Catcher in the Rye", whose central character, a sensitive, rebellious adolescent, relates in authentic teenage idiom his flight from the "phony" adult world, his search for innocence and truth, and his final collapse on a psychiatrist's couch. The humor and colorful language of "The Catcher in the Rye" place it in the tradition of Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" and the stories of Ring Lardner, but its hero, like most of Salinger's child characters, views his life with an added dimension of precocious self-consciousness. "Nine Stories" (1953), a selection of Salinger's best work, added to his reputation. The reclusive habits of Salinger,an obsessively private man especially over the last half-century of his life, made his personal life a matter of speculation among devotees, while his small literary output was a subject of controversy among critics. "Franny and Zooey" (1961) brought together two earlier New Yorker stories; both deal with the Glass family, as do the two stories in "Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters"; and "Seymour: An Introduction" (1963).

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Marcos Eduardo Acosta Aldrete

Spouse (3)

Colleen O'Neill (1991 - 27 January 2010) ( his death)
Claire Douglas (17 February 1955 - 1967) ( divorced) ( 2 children)
Sylvia Welter (18 October 1945 - 1946) ( divorced)

Trade Mark (2)

His characters are often young people or adolescents.
Reclusive personality.

Trivia (26)

Was so incensed by Hollywood's treatment of his story "Uncle Wiggly in Connecticut" that he has refused to sell the movie rights to any of his stories to Hollywood. It is reported that his last will and testament has a stipulation blocking any Hollywood adaptations of his works after his death.
The character Terence Mann in Field of Dreams (1989) (based on "Shoeless Joe" by W.P. Kinsella) is actually based on J.D. Salinger.
Father of Margaret Salinger and Matt Salinger; father-in-law of Betsy Salinger.
Sean Connery's character in Finding Forrester (2000) is based on J.D. Salinger.
Despite stating his hatred for technology in his novel "The Catcher in the Rye," he has a computer in his home as well as an AOL e-mail account.
Mark David Chapman was obsessed with "Catcher in the Rye" and was found calmly reading the book when he was arrested for the murder of John Lennon, lead singer of The Beatles.
His works are one of many literary references to be found in Daniel Handler's "A Series of Unfortunate Events" books. Salinger wrote a short story called "For Esmé - with Love and Squalor". "The Ersatz Elevator" introduces two characters named Jerome and Esme Squalor. Jerome is named after Salinger himself.
A neighbor once went to his house to see if Salinger would contribute to a local charity. Salinger met him in the driveway with a gun in his hand and told the man to go away.
When his wife divorced him in 1966, she stated that Salinger refused to communicate with her, sometimes for weeks on end.
Did most of his writing in a concrete bunker. His wife and children were forbidden to enter it.
Shortly after purchasing his home, he had an eight-foot-tall wall built around it.
Used homeopathic medicines for most of his life.
A big fan of classic black-and-white movies.
Had two grandchildren by his son Matt.
Was of Scottish, German, and Irish descent on his mother's side.
Served in a U.S. Army counter-Intelligence division in World War II.
Suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder after returning from World War II.
It was rumored that J.D. Salinger's mother Miriam was born in County Cork, Ireland, likely fueled by an erroneous assertion in a 1963 "Life Magazine" article that she was Scotch-Irish. This led to a further rumor that Miriam's Irish Catholic parents shunned her and refused to speak to her after marrying the Jew Solomon Salinger. Salinger's sister Doris actually believed that their mother had been born in Ireland. In actuality, Miriam's parents were dead by the time she married. She was born Marie Jillich (she took the name Miriam when she converted to Judaism upon her marriage) in Atlantic, Iowa on May 11, 1891. Miriam's paternal grandfather George Lester Jillich, Sr. was the son of German immigrants, and her paternal grandmother Mary Jane Bennett was Anglo-Saxon. George, Sr. was a successful grain merchant whose son George, Jr. (Miriam's father) worked in the family business. Miriam's mother, Nellie McMahon, a Kansas City native, was the daughter of immigrants from Ireland. Miriam's father died in 1909, the year before she met Solomon Salinger (a Chicago movie theater manager). Miriam's mother Nellie died before J.D. Salinger was born in 1919. Solomon Salinger's parents thought that the fair-skinned, red-haired Marie (as she was then known before her conversion) resembled a "little Irisher".
J.D. Salinger's father's family originally came from Sudargas, a small shtetl (Jewish village), which was then located in the Russian Empire near the present day border of Poland and Lithuania. His great-grandfather Hyman Joseph Salinger moved from Sudargas to the town of Taurage when he married the daughter of a prominent family. Hyman's son Simon F. Salinger emigrated to the United States in 1881, marrying Fannie Copland, a Lithuanian immigrant living in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Simon Salinger went to medical school and became a physician. When he died in 1960, he was just shy of his 100th birthday. J.D. Salinger's father Solomon was born in 1887, the second child of five children.
His family nickname was "Sonny". He had a sister, Doris, who was six years older.
His novel "Catcher in the Rye" is mentioned in Billy Joel's song "We didn't start the fire".
Despite his reputation as a recluse, he had a very active social life and enjoyed spending time with his friends and neighbors.
At the time of his death, he had a safe full of manuscripts, with detailed instructions on how and when they were be released to the public.
According to his children, he would often disappear for weeks on end in his personal writing shack.
He was a huge fan of Ernest Hemingway.
Despite his most famous character Holden Caulfield's intense dislike of film, he was an avid movie buff in real life.

Personal Quotes (6)

I'm quite illiterate, but I read a lot.
There's no more to Holden Caulfield. Read the book again. It's all there. Holden Caulfield is only a frozen moment in time.
I'm aware that many of my friends will be saddened and shocked, or shock-saddened, over some of the chapters in 'The Catcher in the Rye'. Some of my best friends are children. In fact, all my best friends are children. It's almost unbearable for me to realize that my book will be kept on a shelf, out of their reach.
What I like best is a book that's at least funny once in a while. What really knocks me out is a book that, when you're all done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it. That doesn't happens much though.
I love to write, but I write just for my own pleasure. There is a marvelous peace in not publishing.
All Mothers are a little insane.

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