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Douglas MacArthur Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (5)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Spouse (2)  | Trade Mark (2)  | Trivia (21)  | Personal Quotes (5)

Overview (5)

Born in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
Died in Washington, District of Columbia, USA
Birth NameDouglas MacArthur
Nicknames American Caesar
Beau Brummel of the Army
D'Artagnan of the A.E.F.
Disraeli of the Chiefs of Staff
Dougout Doug
Napoleon of Luzon
Height 6' (1.83 m)

Mini Bio (1)

Douglas MacArthur was born on January 26, 1880 in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. He was married to Jean MacArthur and Henrietta Louise Cromwell Brooks. He died on April 5, 1964 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA.

Spouse (2)

Jean MacArthur (30 April 1937 - 5 April 1964) ( his death) ( 1 child)
Henrietta Louise Cromwell Brooks (14 February 1922 - 18 June 1929) ( divorced)

Trade Mark (2)

Corncob pipe
Aviator sunglasses

Trivia (21)

Army officer who retired with the rank General of the Army (5 stars).
Pictured on a 6ยข US commemorative postage stamp issued in his honor, 26 January 1971 (91st anniversary of birth).
Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor during WWII as a General.
Graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. on June 11, 1903 and later returned to head the school (1919-22) before returning to his military career.
Accepted the surrender of the Japanese aboard the USS Missouri on 2 September 1945. MacArthur directed the occupation of Japan from 1945-1950, instituting such reforms as female suffrage, freedom of the press, workers' unionization rights, and ownership of land for peasants.
He and his father, Arthur MacArthur, are the first father and son to be awarded the Medal of Honor (MacArthur was awarded the medal for his service during World War II. His father was awarded the medal as a private in a Wisconsin regiment during the Battle of Missionary Ridge in Tennessee during the US CIvil War). In 2001 Theodore Roosevelt was posthumously awarded the medal; his son was awarded the medal for his efforts on D-Day.
Relieved as Supreme Allied Commander by US Pres. Harry S. Truman in April 1951 during the Korean War. Fearing nuclear war with the USSR, Truman warned MacArthur against an incursion into Soviet-backed China, even after Chinese troops began pouring across the North Korean side of the 38th parallel. MacArthur publicly criticized that policy. Truman interpreted that as MacArthur challenging longtime US policy of civilian control over the military, and relieved him of command. When he returned home, he was met with massive adulation, epitomized by his famous "Old soldiers never die" address to Congress, which was interrupted by 30 ovations.
A classic "mama's boy", the married MacArthur was so afraid that his mother would learn of his affair with a woman while he was living with his wife and mother in the Philippines that he paid muckraking columnist Drew Pearson $15,000 to return letters the couple wrote each other.
Awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1962.
A movie buff, MacArthur was known to attend the movies with his wife Jean MacArthur most evenings during his pre-war tenure as military commander of the Phillipines.
Only American officer to hold the rank of Field Marshal - as commander of the Phillippine armed forces.
Father, with Jean MacArthur, of son Arthur MacArthur.
Famous for smoking a corncob pipe and being very outspoken in the same manner as George S. Patton.
Grand Cross Knight in the Order of Orange Nassau, the official military and civil order of the Netherlands. It is the highest honor a foreigner can receive.
Former stepfather of Tanya Brooks.
Buried in the MacArthur memorial, Norfolk, Virginia, USA.
MacArthur promoted himself aggressively to get a Medal of Honor, even going so far as to recommend himself for one after a mission. Quite a few people feel that his Medal of Honor should never have been awarded for "Defense of the Philippines" because the Philippines fell to Japan, and because he did not personally see or engage in combat during the battle, instead being evacuated as soon as possible. Quite a few people felt that he should not have been decorated at all after the fall of the Philippines, and would have preferred to see him court-martialed for incompetence. Eisenhower himself blocked efforts to be awarded his own Medal of Honor at the end of the war, precisely because he had not been in combat, and he regarded the Medal as something to be awarded only for actions under fire. MacArthur knew he was stepping onto very thin ice regarding the Medal, and at the award ceremony he made a comment about only accepting it in recognition for the valiant efforts of the men under his command. He's on record as stating, early in his career, that he was willing to sell his soul for the Medal of Honor.
MacArthur rarely approached the front lines, which meant he had no conception of the horrific New Guinea terrain, which meant he thought his men were slackers when they were literally hung up on mountains and bunkers. On at least two occasions, commanders were sacked right at the point where they were about to succeed, and their replacements got all the credit.
Truman's removal of MacArthur caused the former's popularity to plummet and contributed to his decision to not seek re-election. To this day, Truman still has one of the lowest approval ratings ever recorded for a President in office.
Around late 1930, he began to refer to himself exclusively by his last name, even conversationally.
Contrary to popular belief, MacArthur never recommended the use of atomic weapons during the Korean War, although he did suggest using radioactive poisons to cut off North Korea if the Soviet Union formally entered the conflict.

Personal Quotes (5)

I am closing my fifty-two years of military service. When I joined the army, even before the turn of the century, it was the fulfillment of all my boyish hopes and dreams. The world has turned over many times since I took the oath on the plain at West Point, and the hopes and dreams have long since vanished, but I still remember the refrain of one of the most popular barracks ballads of that day which proclaimed most proudly that old soldiers never die; they just fade away. And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty. Good-bye.
The powers in charge keep us in a perpetual state of fear, keep us in a continuous stampede of patriotic fervor with the cry of grave national emergency. Always there has been some terrible evil to gobble us up if we did not blindly rally behind it by furnishing the exorbitant sums demanded. Yet, in retrospect, these disasters seem never to have happened, seem never to have been quite real.
Duty, honor, country... they teach us to be proud and unbending in failure but humble and gentle in success.
[March 9, 1948] I have been informed that petitions have been in Madison signed by many of my fellow citizens of Wisconsin, presenting my name to the electorate for consideration at the primary on April 6th. No man could fail to be profoundly stirred by such a public movement. I can say, with due humility, that I would be recreant to all my concepts of good citizenship were I to shrink because of the hazards and responsibilities involved from accepting any public duty to which I might be called by the American people.
[from radio broadcast to the US from the USS Missouri after accepting the Japanese surrender that ended World War II on September 2, 1945] Today the guns are silent. A great tragedy has ended. A great victory has been won. The skies no longer rain death--the seas bear only commerce--men everywhere walk upright in the sunlight. The entire world is quietly at peace . . . And in reporting this to you, the people, I speak for the thousands of silent lips, forever stilled among the jungles and the beaches and in the deep waters of the Pacific which marked the way . . . A new era is upon us. Even the lesson of victory itself brings with it profound concern, both for our future security and the survival of civilization. The destructiveness of the war potential, through progressive advances in scientific discovery, has in fact now reached a point which revises the traditional concepts of war . . . We have had our last chance. If we do not now devise some greater and more equitable system, Armageddon will be at our door . . . My fellow countrymen, today I report to you that your sons and daughters have served you well and faithfully with the calm, deliberate, determined fighting spirit of the American soldier and sailor . . . Their spiritual strength and power has brought us through to victory. They are homeward bound - take care of them.

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