Songwriter ("It's a Lonesome Old Town"), composer, pianist and conductor, educated at business college and a private music student of his father and John Adam Hugo. At 14, he was a pianist in a vaudeville orchestra, and he recorded player-piano rolls. Between 1924 and 1929 he accompanied and was music director for the Duncan Sisters, including their film "It's a Great Life", and he came to Hollywood in 1930 to work in films as a pianist, music supervisor and composer. Joining ASCAP in 1936, his chief musical collaborators include Harry Tobias, Ralph Freed, Henry Tobias, Sam Coslow, Leo Robin, Neil Moret, Al Hoffman, Jack Scholl and Harry Pease. His other popular-song compositions include "The Daughter of Peggy O'Neill", "Song of Troy", "Love in the Moonlight", "Love Is a Dream", "It's Not a Secret Anymore", "You Really Started Something", "Somewhere in Monterey", "Spring Is in the Air", and "Annapolis Farewell".