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Jayalalitha J Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (4)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Trivia (117)  | Personal Quotes (17)  | Salary (39)

Overview (4)

Born in Mandya, Mysore State, India
Died in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India  (heart attack)
Birth NameJayalalithaa Jayaraman
Nickname Jayalalitha

Mini Bio (1)

Jayalalitha J was born on February 24, 1948 in Mandya, Mysore State, India as Jayalalithaa Jayaraman. She is known for her work on Shri Krishna Satya (1971), Aame Evaru (1966) and Tu Hi Ram Tu Hi Krishna (1976). She died on December 5, 2016 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Trivia (117)

Daughter of Actress Sandhya whose original name was Vedavalli/Vedavathi.
Jayalalitha was niece of Vidyavathi who was an actress and whose original birth name was Ambujam/ Ambujavalli. Jaya was also the niece of Padmavalli who remained a housewife from 1958.
She was Chief minister of Tamil Nadu, India from 1991 to 1996, 2001-2006, 2011 to 2016. For a brief period in Sep 2014 to July 2015 and from September 2001 to March 2002; her party person O.Paneerselvam was chief minister of the state.
Popular Tamil actress turned politician.
She was never married.
After death of Jaya's father in 1950, Jaya'smother Vedavalli took her children Jaya Kumar and Jayalalithaa to Bangalore where her maternal grandparents lived and started working as a typist. Vedavallii's sister Ambujam/ Ambujavalli, was an air hostess in Madras since 1948 and had got some breaks in Tamil films from 1951. Ambujawali was working as an air hostess and was also acting in dramas and films using the screen name Vidyavathi. Ambujavalli encouraged Vedavallii to also come to Chennai and be part of theatre and films taking screen name of Sandhya. Hence Vedavalli came to Chennai to be actress since 1953 under the name Sandhya.
Her debut in Kannada film was Chinnada Gombe in 1964 and her debut Telugu film was Manushulu Mamathalu in 1964, in Tamil it was Vennira Aadai (1965) and in Hindi it was Izzat in 1968 and in Malayalam it was film Jesus in 1973.
Jayalalithaa's grandfather was in the service of the Mysore kingdom in 1880-1920 period as a surgeon, with king being Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV of Mysore. How ever her named was derived from two houses of her grandfather in Mysore named Jayavilas and Lalithanivas.
Jayalalithaa was born to Jayaram, a lawyer from Srirangam and and his wife Vedavalli on 24 February 1948 and was named 'Komalavalli' at birth. Jayalalitha was given her grandmother's name Koamalavalli at the time of birth. As per Iyengar custom, 2 names are given - one ancestral grandmother name and other being personal name.The name Jayalalithaa was adopted at the age of 1 for the purpose of using the same in school and colleges . It was derived from the names of two houses where she resided in Mysore. One was "Jaya Vilas" and the other "Lalitha Vilas". Her name was originally spelled with one 'a' at the end. Later another 'a' was added for numerological reasons after 2000. Jayalalitha became Jayalalithaa. However, she was widely known by her pet name "Ammu" in childhood. Since 1990, she is referred to as "Amma," meaning Mother or Madam.
Jayalalithaa's elder brother Jayakumar died in the early 90's and her father died when Jayalalithaa's was just 2 years old.
Jayalalithaa was born in the lap of luxury on 24 February 1948. Her paternal grandfather Dr. Rangachary had amassed much wealth as the Mysore Maharajah Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV 's personal physician. Fate however decreed that his daughter-in-law Sandhya and granddaughter Jayalalithaa become actresses due to financial reasons. Her father Jayaram, had died while she was aged two, in mysterious circumstances after having squandered away her grandfather's considerable wealth .
When the premier of the 1964 film Karnan happened, Sandhya took her daughter too along with her. Sandhya was in supporting role in the film. The director of Karnan was B.R.Panthalu, who saw Sandhya's daughter and said he would like to make her act in his film, he is planning to direct next Chinnada Gombe. Jayalalitha was to studying in PUC from 1964. Panthulu promised to finish all shooting within two months. Jaya's mother Vedavathii, also known as Vadavalli, who achieved success as an actress by screen name Sandhya persuaded Jaya also to join films, on assurance from producer B.R.Panthalu in 1964, that shooting of Chinnada Gombe would take place only during summer vacation and the young woman wouldn't miss classes. Sandya agreed and Jayalalithaa started acting. She was paid Rs. 3,000. Panthulu kept his promise and completed shooting in six weeks. This way her Kannada film debut, Chinnada Gombe, directed by B.R. Panthulu happened.'Chinnada Gombe' , the Kannada version of 'Muradan Muthu' was a commercial success which was followed by 'Mane Aliyaa' followed in the same year. Jayalalitha came into the limelight when her scintillating Bharatanatyam performance at the 1964 Filmfare Awards elicited rave reviews.
In Bangalore Jayalalithaa attended Bishop Cotton Girls' High School till 1958 and later completed her childhood education at Sacred Heart Matriculation School in Chennai from 1958 to 1964.She excelled at school by always securing top ranks and was offered a government scholarship to pursue further education after her matriculation.
After leaving school she joined Stella Maris College, Chennai to study law but had to discontinue as her debut films in Telugu and Kannada in 1964 and her Tamil film debut in 1965 - each of them were very successful and offers started coming up for her as the lead female heroine.
Jayalalithaa made her debut in English movies in 1961 with Epistle released in 1961, which was produced by Shankar Giri, son of former president of India VV Giri.
She was first heroine to appear in Skirts and short-sleeved, knee-length dresses, wool suits and in gowns in Tamil films in the mid-sixties.
MGR was 48 years old and Jayalalithaa only 17 when they acted in Ayirathil Oruvan. Despite the 31-year age difference the pair hit it off grandly on screen. MGR-Jayalalithaa pair acted in 28 films and each of the 28 were box-office hits from 1965-1973. 19 of their hit films were platinum jubilee hits and 8 were golden jubilee hits.Thier only silver jubilee hit film was Anamitta Kai and reason for it being only silver jubilee hit was it was a black and white film released in 1972. Their first film as a pair was Ayirathil Oruvan in 1965 and last film was Pattikattu Ponnaniah in 1973.
It was Jayalalithaa's entry in Tamil films after which producers and directors preferred pairing Jaya opposite MGR rather than Saroja Devi.Saroja Devi's opportunity to work with MGR stopped after 1967 and Jaya replaced Saroja as the No.1 heroine in Tamil film industry from 1966-1980.Saroja was the highest paid and No.1 heroine in Tamil films from 1959-1968 and became No.1 in Kannada films from 1970-1980.But Jayalalithaa and Saroja Devi remained friends since 1970-2013. There was never any animosity between them.
Other than MGR, she also had many hits opposite Sivaji Ganeshan, Muthuraman, Jaishanakar and Ravichandran in the period 1966-1977 in Tamil Films.
Jayalalitha was paired opposite Sivaji Ganeshan in 17 films as his heroine. Of the 17 Tamil films, 16 of them were Golden Jubilee hits. The 16 hit films were Galatta Kalyanam (1968), Enga Oor Raja (1968), Gurudhakshinai (1969), Dheiva Magan (1969), Padhukappu (1970), Engirundho Vandhal (1970), Enga Mama (1970, Sumathi En Sundari (1971), Saveley Samali (1971), , Needhi (1972), Dharmam Engey (1972), Thai (1974), Raja(1972), Anbai Thedi (1974), Avanthan Manithan, Chitra Pournami. Their only 1 flops was Pattam Bharatamum (1976). In the film Motorom Sunderam Pillai, Jayalithaa played as daughter of Sivaji Ganeshan and this film was a box office hit too. A suggested reason for the failure of Pattatum Bharatamum was that the audience could not accept Jayalalitha 's character having a child before marriage or as an old or naive woman who can be suppressed by men.
Her 10 hit films with Ravichandran include Gowri Kalyanam (1966), Kumari Penn (1966), Naan (1967), Magarasi (1967), Madi Veettu Mappillai (1967), Pannakarai Pillai (1968), Moondreezuthu (1968), Andru Kanda Mugam (1968), Baghdad Perazhagi (1974) and Avalukku Ayiram Kangal.The film Gowri Kalyanam and Avalluku Ayiram Kangal starred Jaishankar as well but Jayalalitha was paired with Ravichandran.
Jayalalitha had 6 hits with Muthuraman as a romantic leading pair Dhikku Theriyatha Kattil, Thirumangalyam, Kanaivan Maniavi, Avanthan Manidhan, Suryagandhi, Anbu Thangai.Muthuraman played supporting roles in Major Chandrakant, Naan, Kannan En Kadhalan, Ther Thiruvizha, En Annan, Oru Thai Makal, Aadi Parashakti and Anathai Ananthan.
She did 28 films in Telugu and each of them were platinum jubilee hit.
Jaishankar had 8 hits with Jayalalithaa as the lead hero-heroine of film like Muthuchippi, Yaar Nee, Vairam, Nee, Vandhale Maharasi, Bommalatam (1968) , Raja Veetu Pillai and Avalukku Aayiram Kangal (1975) in Tamil. The films Gowri Kalyanam and Thangagopuram had Jaishankar as Jaya's elder brother. The films Gowri Kalyanam and Avalluku Ayiram Kangal both starred Jaishankar as well but Jayalalitha was paired with Ravichandran in both of them.
She is fluent in several languages, including Tamil (her mother tongue), English, Telugu, Hindi, Kannada, and Malayalam.
Not to be confused with South Indian character actress Jayalalitha. The second actress by this name started her career in the late 80s.
She was Simha Rasi and her birth star was Maham Nakshtram.
She did her own choreography in the song of Thani Piravi - Orey More Daan - especially the steps where M G Ramachandran is dressed as Murugan and she as Valli.
She established herself as a regular heroine of Devar Films from the year 1966 with 4 hit films in same year 1965-1966 with them - Kanni Thai, Kumari Penn, Muharassi and Thani Piravi.
Her 5th film with Devar was Thaikku Thalaimagan released in 1967 which became a golden jubilee.
She learned Bharatnatyam from age of 3.
Jayalalitha's mother was Sandhya. Sandhy had acted in films from 1953 to 1967 such as Padikaatha Medai, Sampoorna Ramayanam, Karnan as a supporting actress with Sivaji Ganesan and in Poojaiki Vandha Malar with Gemini Savithiri and Muthuraman. Sandhya as an actress never became a star but was able to garner many supporting roles. She played the leading lady in a few films including 'Minnal Veeran,' opposite actor Ranjan.
Her mom 's film world name was Sandhya but her original name was Vedavalli aka Vedavathi.
In her year of her debut, she became an instant star with 3 consecutive hits - Veniradai, Kanni Thai and Ayirathil Oruvan.
The year 1966 establish her as the highest paid actress in Tamil film industry. She had 11 consecutive hits in same year. Motor Sunderam Pillai (26th January), Mani Magudam (18th February), Yaar Nee (14th April), Kumari Penn (6th May), Chandrodhayam (27th May), Muharassi (18-August), Thanipiravi (16th September), Lorry Driver (7th October), Major Chandrakant (11th November) and Gowri Kalyanam (11th November).The film Nee released last on 24th December 1966 was the last hit of 1966. Also her Telugu releases Aastiparulu and Aame Evaru and Kannada film Badukuva Daari had become hits.
When she did her Bharatnatyam Arangetram, which is a function conducted when formal training of a girl dancing gets over , the chief guest was Sivaji Ganesan. He praised the little girl Jayalalithaa saying she looks like a queen sitting in golden throne. (Thangapadakamm).The function was in May 1960. It was held at the Rasika Ranjani Sabha hall in Mylapore. She was 12 years old at the time. Sivaji in his address commended Jayalalithaa's dancing and also praised her physical beauty particularly her figure and fair complexion.He was definite that she would take to acting. He referred to her as the Thangachellai meaning Golden Statue. Sivaji predicted then that "Ammu" would become a great film star. Both mother and daughter shared the vision of Jayalalithaa becoming a lawyer and hence did not like Sivaji Ganeshan's prediction in the year 1960.
Devar films and actress Savithri had a fight in 1964 after the success of the film Vetaikaran and were on look out for actress who would have long association with them. Co-incidentally in year 1965, Jayalalithaa made her debut in 1965 and with Success of Kanni Thai, Kumari Penn , Muharassi - they decided to give Jayalalitha - the tag of long-term heroine of Devar Films.
She won Gold State Award for coming first in 10th standard in not just her school but also in Tamil Nadu.
T.R.Ramanna directed Naan and the song Athaiyo Mamiyo - proved that she could even dance to songs belonging to beliefs of lower class of society . She danced effectively such that her director praised her saying that Jaya had great camera sense, dancing skills and acting skills.
Ammu was the nickname of Jayalalithaa since her childhood. She was called by this name by her mother Vedavathi (Sandya) and her aunt Vidhyavathi.
Actress Vidhyavthi( Ambujam) was Jayalalitha's mother Sandhya's sister.
In 1959 Jayalalithaa lived with her aunt and mother and brother in T Nagar in Chennai.
She did her matriculation from Presentation Convent School which was also called as Church Park School.
Present Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, India. [May 2005]
Jayalalithaa holds the record for having been the Tamil actress with maximum silver jubilee hits in her career - 84 hits of 89 Tamil films as the main lead heroine and in addition she also has all 28 films in Telugu as silver jubilee hits. Her one film in Hindi Izzat was also a hit, 1 hit in Malayalam and 5 films in Kannada - Badukuva Daari (1966),Nanna Kartavya (1965), Mavana Magalu (1965), Chinnada Gombe (1964) and Mane Aliya (1964) which were box office hits. She did guest appearance in 8 films and of these 3 in Tamil, 2 in Kannada, 2 in Tamil, 1 in Hindi. Cinema Paithiyam which too was a hit. Hence her tally of box office hit is 119 of the total 125 films she did as the main female lead of the film.
Jayalalitha had 7 hits with Akkineni Nageswara Rao in Telugu - Manashulu Mamatalu (1965), Aastiparulu (1966), Brahmachari (1968), Aadarsa Kutumbam (1969), Adrushtavanthalu (1969), Bharya Biddalu (1971), Nayakudu Vinayakudu (1980).She also made guest appearance in Navarthi(1966), which again was a hit.
Jayalalitha had 12 hits with Taraka Rama Rao Nandamuri, in Telugu - Gopaludu Bhoopaludu (1967), Chikkadu Dorakadu (1967), Tikka Shankaraiah (1968), Niluvu Dopidi (1968), Bagdad Gajadonga (1968), Katha Nayakudu (1969), Kadaladu Vadaladu (1969), Gandikota Rahasyam (1969), Alibaba 40 Dongalu (1970), Shri Krishna Vijayam (1970), Shri Krishna Satya (1971), Devudu Chesina Manushulu (1973).
Her 10 hit films with Tamil actor Ravichandran include Gowri Kalyanam (1966), Kumari Penn (1966), Naan (1967), Magarasi (1967), Madi Veettu Mappillai (1967), Pannakarai Pillai (1968), Moondreezuthu (1968), Andru Kanda Mugam (1968), Baghdad Perazhagi (1974) and Avalukku Ayiram Kangal .The films Gowri Kalyanam and Avalluku Ayriam Kangal both starred Jaishankar as well but Jayalalitha was paired with Ravichandran.
In the 2000s, a person named Mr Vasudevan claimed that he was step brother of Jayalalitha and that their father Jayaram had married Jayamma and had two children - Vasudevan and Shailaja. Jayaram married for second time with Sandhya and had 2 more children - Jayakumar and Jayalalithaa.But Jayalalithaa refused to entertain them, despite knowing the struggles they were going through to earn their livelihoods. When they went public with their relationship, Ms Jayalalithaa filed a defamation case against them in a Madras sessions court. Ms Shailaja lived in Bengaluru and Vasudevan lived in a tiny village of Sri Rangarajapura, 40 km from T. Narasipur taluka of Mysore district.Vasudevan was a heart patient and had been living on a meager Rs 400 monthly pension given by the Karnataka government at the time of going public with his claim in 2000s.These claims were rubbished by Jayalalitha and she said her father had only one wife - Sandhaya, who was her mother.The court case was dismissed by the judge and judgment supported Jayalalitha.
Her first film was an English flick Epistle released in 1961, while the first film as a child artist dancer was in Kannada in 1961 film Shrishaila Mahatme and her debut film in Kannada as lead heroine was Chinnada Gombe, directed by critically acclaimed director B R Panthalu which released in 1964.Her debut Telugu film was Manushulu Mamathalu in 1964 opposite Akkeni Nageshwar Rao.Her debut Tamil film was Venniradai in 1965 directed by C.V.Sridhar.Her debut film in Malayalam was Jesus directed by A.Vincent in 1973. She made her Hindi debut film in 1968 directed by T.Prakash Rao.Each of her debut films were blockbusters.
Jayalalitha's mother Sandhya and Jayalalitha's mom's sister Vidya, along with their grand-parents lived in House No 91, East Chittirai Street initially in Srirangam in 1910-1930 period. They were Iyengaars. They were staying as tenants, but after some time the family moved to a new place, several houses away on the same street to House No 104, which they had purchased and named as Komala Vilas Veda Nilayam. Later the new occupants of House No 104 renamed it as "Komala Vilas- Alamelu Illam.".This House number 104 was sold when after few years of Sandhya's sister Padmavalli got married in 1958, Rengasamy Aiyengar died and Jayalalitha shifted with Sandhya in Madras .Dewan of Pudukottai Samasthanam.bought house at door no. 104.
Jayalalitha's mother's grandfather Rengasamy Aiyengar, had bought the house at Door Number 104 in East Chittirai Street in Srirangam from a Divan and named it as Komala Vilas Veda Nilayam. Dewan of Pudukottai Samasthanam bought house at door no. 104 later after 1959. Sandhya's grandfather was a practicing lawyer at Karur in the 1910-1930 period.
Upon M G Ramachandra's direction, she joined his Anna DMK party in 1980 as a party worked and later became party's propaganda secretary. She won the Tiruchander by-elections in 1983, and in the year 1984, she was nominated for the Rajya Sabha post. With the sudden demise of the film actor and the party chief, MGR in 1987, the party was divided into two groups led by MGR's wife Janaki Ramachandran and Jayalalitha respectively. In 1989, Jaya won the Boinayakannur assembly constituency in the 1989 general elections and became the leader of opposition with a total of 27 seats.
She was the highest paid Indian actress from 1964-1980. She worked as Aidmk worker under MGR from 1980-1987.
The roles she performed between 1964 to 1980 inspired females in Tamil Nadu, Andra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala and also the Tamil speaking population across the world including Malaysia, USA, Singapore, Norway etc.
She introduced the Amma Canteen,where quality food served at below 5 rupees, when inflation was at its peak, to help people from all backgrounds, in 2004 when she was Chief Minister.
She arranged low cost mass weddings for people. Her government bore cost of this. This continued every year she was Chief Minister since 1991.
Jayalalitha made another provision with medical vehicles which go to every village and do medical checkup free for the under privilege, ensuring no outburst of diseases, when she was Chief Minister, in year 2011.
She was highest paid and in demand actress from 1964-1980. She worked as AIDMK party worker when MGR was chief minister from 1980-1987.
She made provision to ensure no video piracy happens for newly released Tamil films in Tamil Nadu while she was CM in 2004.
Jayalalitha - in real life enjoyed the support of the people from Tamil Nadu, in her every bad time when she was arrested or accused wrongly of corruption, in the same way as characters played by Kamal Hasan in the film Nayakan or character played by Rajnikant in Sivaji -The Boss (2007) enjoyed. People had already admired her for her successful career and variety of roles she did as an actress from 1961 to 1980. But admiration increased more due to the schemes she launched for the welfare of people from Tamil Nadu.

In 2007 film Sivaji the attention which character played by Rajnikanth receives; In Nayakan the aura which Kamal Hasan enjoys and the respect and support he has from common man; the same in reality Jayalalitha enjoyed in her public life as politician since 1991. In Mudhalvan the work which Arjun did in the film brought him accolades from the public and the same were being done in reality by Jayalalitha.These characters worked only in films. However , Jayalalithaa did all these in her period as Chief Minister and does have these extraordinary qualities which these 3 characters had in the respective films. This is the reason, Tamil Nadu stopped just idolizing these 3 male characters and instead chose to back their female CM when tough times befell her.
People who played lead heroine in just 60 films and then either played supporting roles or mother roles in films or retired from films - got Padma Bhushan. But for her stupendous acting career - starring as lead heroine in 125 films - with 119 box office hits - she has not been given any award between 1990 to 2016, just because she became Chief Minister or as she was standing in elections. She appeared as the lead heroine in 89 Tamil films and made guest appearance in 8 films in various languages. She had 84 box office hits in Tamil of the 89 as the lead heroine, all 28 Telugu films were hits, 5 hit films in Kannada and 1 in Hindi and 1 in Malayalam.
Jayalalitha as the chief minister in 2003, made a provision that people can use their mother's name to enroll in school This helped single mothers ensure education for their children.
Jayalalithaa had agreed to perform with her dance troupe at an exhibition held at Bengaluru (then Bangalore) in Karnataka in 1970. Due to her shooting schedule going awry Jayalalithaa had to cancel the performance at the last minute. This led to Vatal Nagaraj,a dreaded figure and the leader of a Karnataka-based political outfit,issuing a statement condemning her for canceling the event .In spite of Vatal Nagaraj's fearsome reputation, Jayalalithaa responded bravely by issuing a statement contradicting him.she was a Tamil and not a Kannadiga. An infuriated Nagaraj then warned her not to set foot again on Karnataka soil. Jayalalithaa replied in 1970 that if and when necessary she would set foot on Karnataka soil. Then in 1971, Jayalalithaa was at Premier studio in Bangalore where the shooting of the film 'Ganga Gowri' was taking place. The director was the famous Kannada-Tamil filmmaker B.R. Panthulu. A gang of thuggish activists from Vatal Nagaraj's outfit got to know of this and invaded the studio premises. The mob surrounded Jayalalithaa and demanded that she withdraw her statement of being a Tamil woman. Jayalalithaa was defiant even when mob had encircled her. It was with great difficulty that members of the film crew, studio workers and media personnel prevented the goondas from assaulting the unflinching actress. Finally the Police arrived and dispersed the mob. Jayalalithaa however remained unbowed and unafraid to the very end. This incident when Jayalalithaa was a film star without any involvement in politics illustrates both her courage and pride in being Tamil.
Thirumangalyam' released in January 1974 was Jayalalithaa's 100th film. There was a felicitation ceremony where the Chief Minister at the time, Karunanidhi, was the Guest of Honour. Recalling that his late leader C.N. Annadurai had once described actress Bhanumathy as "Nadippukku Ilakkanam Vahuthavar" (devised the grammar of acting), Karunanidhi praised Jayalalithaa in similar vein as "Nadippukku Ilakkiam Vahuthavar," which means "devised literature in acting".Jayalalitha gave a superbly restrained performance as the protagonist Seetha. And to add luster to her portrayal, she sang 3 songs in the movie - first 'Thirumangalyam Kollum Morai' with P.Susheela, solo song Ulagam Oru Naal, Porkudathil Pongum Ezhir Suvaiyo' with Muthuraman.
Though she played glamorous roles, she was a good actress and made an impression if given challenging roles with scope to display histrionic ability. She exuded chic and élan in her film career and was a favorite among teens of that era. She designed many of her costumes and was a trend-setter in fashion for young women. Jayalalithaa was one of the first heroines to don bathing costumes on screen and was described as a bombshell in bikini.
Jayalalithaa studied at Bangalore's famous Bishop Cotton Girls school in her early life and was living with her unmarried aunt Padmavalli in Madras, after her grandparents had died, since her mother was busy acting in films in Madras. She would go to Madras to be with her mother during school holidays.In 1958 Padmavalli got married and left her father's home. Sandhya then got down her children to Madras to be with her. Jayalalithaa was admitted to the prestigious Sacred Heart Matriculation School popularly known as Church Park Presentation convent or Church Park. She was 10 years old then.
Sandhya had acted in a Tamil film 'Karnan' produced and directed by Kannada filmmaker B.R. Panthulu. The film ran for over a 100 days and a celebration was arranged at the Woodlands Hotel. Jayalalithaa dressed in a silk Saree accompanied her mother to the event. She was a "sweet 16" then and a dazzling sight. B.R. Panthulu saw her and immediately decided to cast her opposite Kalyankumar in the Kannada movie 'Chinnada Gombe'.Sandhya demurred saying her would be studying for her PUC in two months' time. Panthulu promised to finish all shooting within two months. Sandya agreed and Jayalalithaa started acting. She was paid Rs. 3,000. Panthulu kept his promise and completed shooting in six weeks. Jayalalithaa forgot all about films and got ready to attend classes at Stella Maris.But the Kannada debut film became a blockbuster in 1964 and she became a well known face. 'Mane Aliyaa' followed in the same year. Jayalalitha came into the limelight when her scintillating Bharatanatyam performance at the 1964 Filmfare Awards elicited rave reviews.
Her mother Sandhya and her mother's elder sister Vidyavathy acted in dramas produced by the famous Y.G. Parthasarathy the father of comedian Y.G. Mahendran. YGP as he was known ran the drama troupe United Amateur Artistes (UAA), which staged English and Tamil plays. Soon Jayalalithaa while a school girl began acting in some YGP plays along with her mother and aunt. She acted in plays such as 'Malathi,' 'The Whole Truth,'The Hidden Truth', 'Tea House of the August Moon' and 'Under Secretary' and Kaveri Thanda Kalaiselvi between 1960 to 1966.Former Indian President V.V. Giri's son Shankar Giri saw her small roles in Tea Houses of August Moon, Undersecretary and was impressed by Jayalalithaa. Shankar Giri approached the mother Sandhya and told her that he wanted to cast her daughter in an English film called 'The Epistle'. Sandhya reluctantly agreed with the condition that shooting should be held only during weekends or school holidays.
Jayalalithaa's first Tamil film 'Vennira Aadai' made history even before it was released by getting an 'A' certificate as an adults only film. The last time a Tamil film got an A certificate was in 1951 for 'Marma Yogi'. Apparently the Film Certification Board was upset by some shots of Jayalalithaa bathing and dancing in the film. The movie when released ran successfully for over a hundred days in several theaters. Jayalalithaa got rave reviews. Thousands became her fans overnight. A star was born! A fragrant sign of this stardom was in posing for advertisements extolling the virtues of Lux soap.
Her paternal grandfather Dr. Narasimhan Rangachary had amassed much wealth as he served as the court physician to Mysore Maharajah Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV. Jayalalithaa's grandfather Rangachary died before she was born. Thereafter things took a turn for the worse. Jayalalithaa's father Jayaram though a BA graduate a lawyer, had never worked in his life, post his graduation on his own, after Rangachary died. He squandered away the family fortunes on alcohol, women and gambling. Jayaram died before his daughter reached the age of two.The widowed Vedavalli was left destitute and returned to her father's home in Bangalore in 1950. Sandhya learnt shorthand and typewriting to take up a clerical position to help support the family in 1950. Sandhya's younger sister Ambujavalli had moved to Madras and was working as an air hostess since 1948 and was also acting in dramas and films using the screen name Vidyaavathy since 1951. After a while Jayalalithaa's mother Sandhya also relocated to Madras and stayed with her sister since 1953. Vedavalli worked in a commercial firm in Madras and began dabbling in acting since 1953. While Jayalalitha remained with her mother's elder sister Padmavalli from 1950 to 1958 and with maternal grandparents."Padma chithi," as she called her aunt, was like a foster mother to her. Jayalalithaa studied at Bangalore's famous Bishop Cotton Girls school in her early life. She would go to Madras to be with her mother during school holidays. In 1958 Padmavalli got married and left her father's home. Sandhya then got down her children to Madras to be with her. Jayalalithaa was admitted to the prestigious Sacred Heart Matriculation School popularly known as Church Park Presentation convent or Church Park. She was 10 years old then in 1958.
P.Susheela and Jayalalitha sung together for the movie "Thirumangalyam". Jayalalitha's portion is like a poem.The song was Thirmangalyam Kollum Muraiilayo. When the character of Seetha, comes to her senses, Seetha is benumbed at the sight of the scared thread dangling on her neck. She cries out to the Almighty asking him, if such a marriage could be considered fair in His scheme of things. In her dazed frame of mind, her alter ego in the form of Goddess Seetha seems to appear before her and answer her queries. P. Susheela sings the lines of impassioned entreaty with her customary grace, while Jayalalitha responds with dramatic lines of philosophical ruminations.
Vedavalli had two children by Jayaram. One was a son, Jayakumar, and the other a daughter, Jayalalithaa. Jayalalitha was given her grandmother's name Koamalavalli at the time of birth. The name Jayalalitha was adopted when she was in play school. It was derived from the names of two houses where she resided in Mysore. One was "Jaya Vilas" and the other "Lalitha Vilas". Her name was originally spelled with one 'a' at the end, through out her school life and film career. Later another 'a' was added for numerological reasons after 2001.
The man B.R.Panthalu, who made 'Chinnada Gombe' Kannada film with Jayalalithaa in 1964, when she was spending her vacation for 2 months, now in 1965 wanted to make a color film in Tamil with the legendary M.G. Ramachandran (MGR).This was the first MGR film by Panthulu. MGR wanted a new face as his leading lady. Panthulu suggested Jayalalithaa. So MGR and wife Janaki watched the Kannada film Chinnada Gombe and Tamil film starring Jayalalithaa Venniradai. It was MGR's wife Janaki who insisted that MGR act with Jayalalithaa.The film was Jayalalithaa's second Tamil film - Ayirathil Oruvan.
It was during a break in the sets of 'Kannan En Kaadhalan' that MGR chanced upon Jayalalitha singing an intricate Meera Bhajan with choreographer Sampath. He stood spellbound and complimented her on her singing. He declared that she would sing a song in their forthcoming magnum opus 'Adimai Penn'. When KVM sang to her the tune, he was delighted when Jayalalitha could repeat it in a sweet, perfectly aligned tone. Jayalalitha practiced diligently for the song, with Pugazhendhi coaching her on the nuances.The song 'Amma Endraal Anbu' was written by lyricist Vaali and music composed by K.V. Mahadevan, and this song became the very first song officially sung by Jayalalitha as playback singer.On the day of the recording, MGR was present at AVM studios to lend moral support to Jaya. She had a creamy, crony voice and the song got popular.
Sandhya however made sure that apart from studies, Jayalalithaa also learnt music, dancing and singing. She learnt Western classical music and how to play the piano at Church Park. Jayalalithaa also learnt carnatic music at home from the vocal guru Gopalakrishna Sarma. The danseuse K.J. Sarasa taught her Bharatha Natyam. She also learnt Kathak and Mohini Aattam.
Jayalalithaa's maternal grandfather, Rengasamy Aiyengar, had resided at No. 61 East Chithirai road in Srirangam. He then moved from Srirangam to Nellore in Andhra Pradesh. Thereafter he relocated to Karnataka where he worked at Hindustan Aeronautics. Rengasamy had three daughters and a son. His first daughter was Padmavathi, who remained unmarried from 1948 to 1958 and lived with maternal grandparents of Jayalalitha till 1958. His second daughter was named Vedavalli/Vedvathi, who later turned to acting in films and adopted the screen name Sandhya since 1953. Sandhya was Jayalalithaa's mother. His third daughter Ambujawali/Vidhyawati worked as air-hostess since 1948 and started acting in dramas and films since 1950. Padmavathi took care of Jayalalitha from 1950 to 1958 till she herself got married off in 1958.
Once Sandhya took her daughter to the studio with her. The film 'Shree Shaila Mahathmiya' was being shot. While Jayalalithaa was watching the shooting, a problem arose. The child actor playing the Goddess Parvathy in a school drama scene in the film had not turned up. The producer turned to Sandhya. Jayalalithaa was swiftly dressed up as Parvathy and the scene was shot. This was her first screen performance.
Jayalalithaa was a brilliant student at Church Park and placed first in her class most of the time between 1958 too 1964. She particularly excelled in English. Jayalalithaa's maternal great-grandfather had been a lawyer practicing in Karur. It was Sandhya's hope that her daughter too would become a successful lawyer like her own grandfather. Jayalalitha too subscribed to that ambition. Sandhya had left Jayalitha under care of her elder sister Padmavallii and her own parents since 1950 to 1958. Sandhaya however made sure that apart from studies, Jayalalithaa also learnt music, dancing and singing during her vacations between 1953 to 1958. Jayalalitha learnt Western classical music and how to play the piano at Church Park from 1958. Jayalalithaa also learnt carnatic music at home from the vocal guru Gopalakrishna Sarma. The danseuse K.J. Sarasa taught Jaya - Bharatha Natyam. Jaya also learnt Kathak and Mohini Aattam.
An accomplished dancer, she lit up the screen and stage by her performances. Her dance drama, 'Kaviri Thantha Kalaichelvi,' was a smashing success with music by Shankar and Ganesh. Jayalalithaa was versatile. She has been a magazine columnist, short story writer, novelist and film actor in 5 languages and then chief minister of Tamil Nadu.
C.V. Sridhar saw the rushes of 'Chinnada Gombe'(1964) and Manushulu Mamathalu(1964) in July 1964. Sridhar was planning to shoot a color film with newcomers under his famous banner Chitralaya films. He felt Jayalalithaa was ideal to act in the role of a schizophrenic widow in his film 'Vennira Aadai' (White Dress). Moving swiftly Sridhar went to the YMCA swimming pool to meet mother and daughter. Sandhya was thrilled that the maestro Sridhar wanted her daughter to act in his film.Jayalalithaa however refused to act in more films. She wanted to study. There was a heated argument at home. Finally Sandhya revealed that the family was in dire straits financially. Acting opportunities were becoming scarce for her and debts were piling up.Being launched by Sridhar meant glowing prospects and a bright future in an acting career. Meanwhile Jaya was becoming well known face with lots of acting offers coming to her due to her performance in plays of Y.G.Parthasarathy, her successful debut in Kannada and Telugu as the lead heroine. The daughter was asked to make the correct choice. After a long night of deep thought Jayalalithaa conveyed her decision in the morning. It was adieu to studies.
Jayalalithaa's paternal grandfather was Dr. Narasimhan Rangachary. He too moved to Mysore and served as the court physician to Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV, who reigned as the Maharajah of Mysore from 1894 to 1940. A large part of what is today the Karnataka state was under the suzerainty of the Wodeyar dynasty during British rule.Rangachary had a son, Jayaram.
Her successful Kannada films include Mane Aliya (1964), Badukuva Daari (1966),Nanna Kartavya (1965), Mavana Magal (1965), Chinnada Gombe (1964). Jayalalithaa holds the record for having been the Tamil actress with maximum silver jubilee hits in her career - 84 hits of 89 Tamil films as main female lead heroine and in addition she also has all 28 films in Telugu as silver jubilee hits, 5 hits in Kannada, 1 in English Epistle, 1 in Hindi Izzat. She was the highest paid Indian actress from 1965-1980.She made guest appearances in 8 films like Navrathri and Sri Ram Katha in Telugu, Sri Shaila Mahatme and Amarshilpi Jakanachari (1964) in Kannada, Cinema Paithiyam in Tamil. Another 6 of her films were dubbed into Hindi.Her only English film Epistle was unsuccessful and her Hindi film Izzat was a success and Malayalm film Jesus in 1973 was successful. She had 119 box office hits between 1961 to 1980, of the total 125 films she did as the main female lead.
Ulagam Oru Naal Pirandhadhu - this solo song has been sung by Jayalalitha and composed by M.S.Viswanathan. The song has Jayalalitha teaching about how world works to the child artiste Sridevi. The film was Jayalalitha's 100th film and turned out out to be Diamond Jubilee Hit , running for 75 weeks continuously in theaters.
Those films in which she did not star opposite MGR and Sivaji, she was the main lead, on whose shoulders the success of the film rested. She died in three films - Muthuchippi, Nee and Adimai Penn, each of them were super-hits. The film Thanagagopuram had Srividya and Venniradai Nirmala, both playing second fiddle to Jayalalitha.
Her fans and film critics have given her names and titles like Thangagopuram meaning Golden Tower of acting and Thangaratham meaning Golden Chariot of acting and as Kalaiselvi meaning Master of Arts. Other than these she is referred as Amma, Ammu, Jaya.
She played the main lead in the female centric films, where the whole film revolved on her character and each of them proved to be blockbusters like Thirumangalyam, Suryagandhi, Thangagopuram, Yaar Nee, Nee, Kanaivan Manaivi, Muthuchippi, Venniradai, Engerindo Vandhaal, Yarrukum Vetkam Illai, Sumathi En Sundari, Avallaku Aayiram Kangal, Kumari Penn, Adimai Penn.
She willingly played the character of Seetha in Thangagopuram where she was younger sister to Jaishankar and was stepmother to Venniradai Nirmala and step mother in law to Veniradai Srikanth and to Srividya. She was married to Major Sunderrajan in this film. The film was critically acclaimed super-hit and her fans and critics started referring her as Thangagopuram meaning Golden Tower and Thangaratham meaning Golden Chariot. She appeared as herself that is as actress J.Jayalalithaa in Thangagopuram.
After success of her Tamil play Undersecretary (1964), The Hidden Truth(1963) and English play The Teahouse of the August Moon (1962), YGP decided to cast her in lead role in a drama named Malathi (1964), wherein her's was the main lead character around whom the story revolved. The story was written do justice to her abilities in 1964 itself. However not many shows could be done, as she became much in demand actress in Tamil films by the time 36th show was conducted in 1965.She later did her last dance-drama Kaveri Thanda Kalaiselvi in 1965-66 with live music of Shankar Ganesh for the dance drama.
She acted in her very first live stage play in English in 1962, which was remake of the film The Teahouse of the August Moon starring Marlon Brando. Chief Guest was Mett Llyod, visiting professor from Indian Oil, U.S said " everyone in the play was brilliant, but only Jaya spoke excellent English. Her performance stood out." Her nuances, diction in English were praised.
She made her debut in Tamil dramas in April 1964 under YGP group,wherein YG Parthasarthy and Sandhya were the lead hero-heroine as the drama named Undersecretary was based on middle aged couple lives. Jayalalitha and Cho Ramaswamy were paired together in this drama and AR Srinivasan was her co-star in this drama. Jaya played her character of sales girl in this. She did this play when she was idle sitting at home and YG Parthasarathy thought she can do this small character. Though it was her debut in Tamil drama circle, she acted as if it was not her first role in Tamil drama. Her performance made YGP decide to make her lead heroine in a drama named Malathy. Meanwhile the film she shot for during her vacation in April-May 1964 - that is, her debut films in Kannada Chinnada Gombe and Manushulu Mamathalu in Telugu, became blockbusters. By end of 1965 she had become popular in film circles among producers and directors. She was approached by C.V.Sridhar for her Tamil film debut as well. Between 1964 to 1966 she did around 35 shows of drama named Malathy and later discontinued as she became very busy in films. Jayalalitha even more came into the limelight when her scintillating Bharatanatyam performance at the 1964 Filmfare Awards elicited rave reviews.
She did two movies which were dedicated to Chirstian communities - Annai Velankani(1971) in Tamil and Jesus(1973) in Malayalam. Annai Velakanni was dubbed in Hindi as Mata Velankanni and released in 1977.
In 1972, Thaaivarai contained a supplementary Manadhai Thodarum Malargal, which contained 42 chapters in which she wrote about who her favorite philosophical thinkers, artist is, leader is, which is her favorite town, favorite writer, producer is etc. She also rewrote the famous novel of Charles Dicken containing 845 chapters -David Copperfield into shortened version containing only 14 Chapters but which explained the whole story correctly. She was praised by intellectuals for her ability to explain in short. She is a good writer in Tamil - has authored at least one novel. She was also a regular writer in the yesteryear Tamil weekly by name "Thai" in 1970s.
In 1960s, a film magazine named Bommai Cinema was very popular. From 1968 to 1973 Jaya at peak of career took interviews and wrote columns in the magazine. She also interviewed MGR and asked him 63 questions boldly. She asked him does he believe in God and he replied yes and whether he has been to Tirupathi, he replied yes.
Ennanga Selar was a column which she wrote in magazine Tughlaq in 1970s.
In 1971 she in an interview to Bommai Magazine,told her favorite music director is Chellapathy Rao, who composed for Meendra Sargam and M.S.Viswanathan as these two combined carnatic, Hindustani with western music quite easily.
Musician duo Shankar Ganesh got their debut film Magarasi in 1967, thanks to Jayalalitha. The dance drama Kaveri Thanda Kalai Selvi, had become huge hit in drama circles. Jayalalitha impressed with the music recommended to Devar films, to give musician duo Shankar Ganesh, their debut chance in which she stared with Ravichandran. Shankar Ganesh were hence indebted to Jayalalitha. They become composed music for 2 film s of Jayalalitha - Maharasi in 1967 produced by Devar Films and Vandhale Maharasi in 1973 directed by K.S.Gopalakrishnan.Hence the music directors Shankar Ganesh insisted that Jayalalitha sing a duet with T.M.Sounderrajan for the film Vandhale Magarasi. The song - 'Kangalil Aayiram Sweet Dream, Kannam Irandum Ice Cream' became another hit duet song. Starting off with lines filled partly with English words, the song veers to Punjabi Bhangra midway. While Jayalalitha's mastery over English was well-known, she springs a surprise here with Hindi lines rendered with perfect pronunciation without any trace of alien accent.
Kaveri Thanda Kalaiselvi was a Natya Nadagam( Dance Drama) wherein Jayalalitha was main lead and rehearsals used to happen at her house with all artistes and musicians coming to her house and doing practice. Shankaraman, musician duo Shankar and Ganesh used to come to play music. Sandhya used to make food and give all artistes breakfast and lunch.This went on for 28 days before the first show happened in 1965.After Jayalalitha became a huge star she recommended Devar Films to give musician duo Shankar Ganesh their debut film as a music director in the film Maharasi starring Ravinchandran with Jayalalitha. This lifelong Shankar Ganesh musician duo gave the credit for them getting the first chance in films, to Jayalalitha,.
She is of Tamil Vaishnavite Brahmin Iyengaar stock hailing from Srirangam in the Trichy district of Tamil Nadu state. Both her paternal and maternal grandparents relocated to the state of Karnataka which was formerly known as Mysore. Jayalalithaa herself was born in Melukote in the Pandavapura division of Mandya district in Karnataka. She is however a "Thamizhachi" (Tamil woman), fiercely proud of her Tamil ethnicity and Tamil Nadu roots.
Once, in 1961, actress Sandhya took her daughter Jayalalitha, to the studio with her, wherein Shrishaila Mahatme was being shot. While Jaya was watching the shoot, a problem rose.The child actor who was playing Goddess Parvathy, in a school drama scene in the film had not turned up. Director Aarooru Pattabhi's gaze fell on Jayalalitha who had accompanied Sandhya to the sets, and he sought Sandhya's permission to make the child don the role. Sandhya refused first. The producer turned to Sandhya and requested her to give permission to dress up Jayalalitha as goddess Parvathy. This became her first screen performance, that is, the first film as a child artist dancer was in Kannada in 1961 film Shrishaila Mahatme. Rajkumar and Krishnakumari were her co-actors in the movie.
She wrote the lyrics for the English portion of the song Kettukodi Urumimelam in 1972 and the lyrics of Tamil portion was written by Kannadasan.
Jayalalitha acted in 140 films across 5 languages - including 92 Tamil films, 1 Malayalam and 1 Hindi film and 28 Telugu films and 6 Kannada films. She was highest paid Indian actress from 1965-77.She had 119 box office hits out of 125 films as the lead heroine.She was called as Ammu by her parents.Since she was very young while beginning her career; senior artistes like MGR, Manorama, Sivaji Ganeshan and contemporaries like Ravichandran, Jaishankar started calling her as Ammu. When she became popular as actress she was referred as Thangagoopuram and Thangachillai. When she entered as AIDMK worker in 1980 she was out of respect called as Amma meaning madam. Later when she as Chief minister abolished system of female infanticide and she introduced system of kids not needing father's name to enter school college but even mothers name was sufficient; and later announced that even transgenders can enroll to schools etc, such schemes won hearts of people and she was referred as Amma meaning mother since 1991.

She ensured free medical checkups in villages for poor to prevent outbreak of disease. When tsunami and floods came she handled situation properly to ensure diseases don't spread and insurance claims reach the victims fast. She arranged low cost mass marriages for many couples especially belonging to poor section of society.

She ensured no video piracy happens, her government 's police force captured Veerapan,she started Amma canteens in 2011 when inflation was at peak. She provides good governance and works in interest of people. She is a great leader and voracious reader. Hence admired by people across political parties, people across ages and professions.
She got Tamil Nadu Cinema Fans Award for Best Actress for 6 times for her performances in Chandrodhayam (1966), Adiami Penn (1969), Engerindho Vandhaal (1970), Vandhale Maharasi (1973), Thirumangalyam (1974) and Unnai Suttrum Ulagam(1977).
Mukta Srinivasan pulled off a coup of sorts when he managed to persuade Periyaar, an avowed movie-hater, to preside over the 100th day celebrations of the movie Suryagandhi in 1973. Periyaar spoke glowingly of the movie's theme and blessed Jayalalitha with the words, "Ungalluku Ellaa Vidhamaana Vetriyum Kidaikkum!" meaning "You shall get all kinds of victories in future".
After the success of the film Unnai Sutrum Ulagam, Jayalalitha took break for 2 years. Jayalalitha made a comeback of sorts with Lenin's 'Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal' (1980), but the movie was a commercial failure, as people wanted a macho hero to be opposite her and did not accept new generation hero Sharat Babu opposite her. Her subsequent projects such as 'Maatraan Thotathu Malligai', which remains unreleased and 'Manippoor Maamiyaar' did not proceed beyond a few days' shooting, as people realized she needed to be cast only as lead character in the film else media and audience would not accept the film. To avoid commercial failure and due to lack of any suitable hero to be paired opposite her, both these films were never released.
The music director T.R.Papa, decided to cash in on popularity of Jayalalitha' singing abilities, an gave her duet with S.P.Balasubramanian in the film Vairam in 1974 directed by T.R.Ramanna produced by Vijaya & Soori Combines. He adapted the Hindi song Kuch Kehtaa Hai Yeh Saawan' the Rafi-Lata duet composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal for 'Mera Gaon Mera Desh' (1971).To the preset tune, Kannadasan wrote 'Iru Maangani Poi Idhazhoram'. Papa got S.P.B and Jayalalitha to render the song, which turned out to be immensely popular in its time. The song shined in its borrowed feathers, and Jayalalitha matched the passionate wooing of SPB with her trademark ebullience.
Jayalalitha sang 4 songs for a non-film devotional album by Kunnakkudi Vaidhyanathan. Songs such as 'Maariyamma Muthu Maariyamma Deeparaadhanayil Undhan Thirumugam Vilangudhamma', 'Kaali Mahamaayi Karumaariyaanavale', Maari Varum Ulaginile Maa Raadha Maariyamma and 'Thanga Mayileri Varum Engal Vadivelavan' continue to resound from temple loud-speakers.
During her tenures as chief-minister, Jayalalitha did much for the cause of the forgotten doyens of Tamil film music. She appointed TMS and PBS as successive presidents of the 'iyal isai naadaga mandram'. The 'Paavendhar Bharathidasan Award' was given to Jikki and S. Janaki in 1992 and to P. Suseela in 1993. The 'Kalaimaamani' Award was given to P. Leela (1991), A.L. Raghavan (1992), Jikki (1994) and A.P. Komala (2001). Jayalalitha pushed for a Padma Bhushan Award for veteran P. Leela, and was greatly saddened when Leela passed away before the awards were announced. Jamunarani was given the 'Arignar Anna Award' and M.S. Viswanathan the 'Kannadasan Award' in 2002. TMS, M.S. Rajeswari, T.K. Ramamoorthi, P. Suseela, S. Janaki, SPB, Vani Jairam, (Shankar) Ganesh and L.R. Eswari were given similar awards for Lifetime Achievement. When Jikki was waging a doomed battle with cancer, Jayalalitha stepped in with monetary assistance. Hearing that Ravu Balasaraswathi and S. Varalakshmi were languishing in poverty in their old age, Jayalalitha rushed to their succor. Her biggest regret was that she could not make central government give away Dada Saheb Phalke Award to M.S.Vishwanathan and T.K.Ramamoorthy during their whole lifetime. She gave away Thirai Isai Chakravarthy in 2014 to these legends when they were alive.
Even as a child of 3 years, she used to repeat in perfect shruthi (scale) the hymns that grandfather Rangachari sang as part of his early morning prayers at their house in Basuvangudi. And of course, her assiduous tutelage in classical music under Gopalakrishna Sharma and constant listening to musical forms from all over the world had enhanced multi-fold her keen sense of music.
Before actually recording the duet On Meri Dilruba, the first duet of Jaya with T.M.Sounderrajan, in the 1973 film Suryagandhi in the music studio, she had sung on stage with TMS, in a star show organized in Singapore in 1971.MGR and Jayalalitha had gone to Singapore for a star show in 1971, where TMS and Jayalalitha had sung 'Raajavin Paarvai Raaniyin Pakkam' to thunderous applause from the audience with the orchestra organized by M.S.Vishwanathan. The music of Suryandhi was composed by M.S.Vishwanathan.TMS and Jayalalitha rendered the song On Meri Dilruba with enjoyable gusto and the song remains popular till date.The other song that Jayalalitha lent her voice to in the same movie is the famous 'Naan Endraal Adhu AvaLum Naanum' with S.P.Balasubramanian composed by MSV. An unusual composition, with SPB drawling over the lines in languorous enjoyment. Jayalalitha's stylish rejoinders in impeccable English are the gentle twists in the tails of his long-drawn lines. And with all this, she manages to convey the inner angst of the character as only she can- listen to the wry grimace in her voice as she exclaims "the better half and the bitter half!".
In 1977,Jayalalitha sang was for G. Subbramaniya Reddiar's 'Unnai SutRum Ulagam' (1977) produced by Sree Navaneetha Pictures. Jayalalitha played the elder sister who sacrifices her own happiness for the sake of her siblings. Savitri, Kamalhasan, AVM. Rajan, Vidhubala, Vijayakumar and Pramila were her co-actors. Shankar-Ganesh made the vivacious Jayalalitha team up with an equally exuberant L.R. Eswari to render a rollicking sadugudu number Madrasu Mailu. In 'Madrasu Mailu' Jayalalitha gives a spirited performance matching the inimitable L.R.E, and wins with the lines, "Naanthaandi Jeyippen, Nenachadha Mudippen, Oththayaaga Ninnukkittu Paththu Pera Addippen!' meaning - "I will definitely win, achieve every goal set by me, single-handedly will beat 10 people".
Jayalalitha always had a special regard for the extraordinary talents of Kunnakkudi Vaidyanathan and during her tenure as chief-minister, she appointed him as the President of the 'Iyal Isai Naadaga Mandram' for a term. Kunnakkudi Vaidyanathan was an admirer of Jayalalitha and even came up with a raga in her name. Speaking at a function to commemorate Kunnakkudi's completing 60 years of service to Carnatic music, Jayalalitha conferred on him the title 'Carnaataka Isaignaani'. She even allotted land for Kunnakkudi Vaidyanathan's Raaga Research Centre.
Jayalalitha sang in G. Subbramaniya Reddiar's 'Unnai Sutrum Ulagam' (1977) produced by Sree Navaneetha Pictures. Jayalalitha played the elder sister who sacrifices her own happiness for the sake of her siblings. Savitri, Kamalhasan, AVM. Rajan, Vidhubala, Vijayakumar and Pramila were her in supporting roles in the film. Shankar-Ganesh made the vivacious Jayalalitha team up with an equally exuberant L.R. Eswari to render a rollicking sadugudu number - Madras Maillu. Jayalalitha gave spirited performance matching inimitable L.R.Ishwari and wins with the lines, "Naanthaandi Jeyippaen, Nenachadha Mudippaen, Oththayaaga Ninnukkittu Paththu Paera Adippaen!' which if translated indicates "I will only win, will achieve whatever I think of accomplishing, singlehandedly all alone can beat ten people".
In her childhood she would be seen happily engrossed in the escapades of the children in the books of Enid Blyton or in the Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Anderson, progressing in later years as teenager to Charles Dickens, Jane Austen, Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde and Pearl S. Buck. Sandhya was determined that her daughter should not be a mere bookworm and hence made her daughter learn western classical piano and learn dance forms like Mohiniaatam,Kathak and Bharatnatyam and then Carnatic singing classes - all this before Jaya reached age of 13 in 1961.
Jayalalithaa played as the Lord Krishna in a 3 minute dance sequence held on stage in the Hindi film Manmauji(1962) and danced with Kumari Naaz who played Radha. In that film, the main lead Kishore Kumar and the artistes Sulochana Chatterjee, Sunder watch the dance performance.
The duet song Nazrein Mili picturised on Madhuri and Sanjay was straight lift from 1966 song Vandhal Ennodu picturised on Jayalalitha from film Naan; a super-hit thriller. The whole tune was copied by Nadeem Shravan for Hindi version.
During the rehearsal of a play 'The Whole Truth', Cho, donning the role of the villain, was supposed to strangle the character played by Jayalalithaa. as he closed in, she could not help laughing instead of being afraid. "His expressions made me laugh," she explained.After years Cho said "She might have treated my stinging comments too as comical.".

Personal Quotes (17)

[on occasion of her 45th birthday in 1992] One-third of my life was dominated by my mother, Sandhya, who taught me everything about life, the other part a major one was dominated by M.G. Ramachandran as I had 28 hits with him and also followed his ideologies and dreams for Tamil Nadu. Two-third of my life is thus over. One third remains and this part of my life remains for myself but there are some responsibilities and duties to be fulfilled.Aim is to take Tamil Nadu to new heights as a Chief Minister.
I was born into a Tamil Brahmin family, an Iyenger family, and I was brought up in a typical orthodox way by my maternal grandparents, aunts and my mother.
[on her aunt Vidyavathi] My mother's younger sister, who was a very bold and adventurous sort. She first became an air hostess. That was considered something very daring and adventurous in those days. And after that, she became an actress.
[on whether she fell in love with actor and politician M.G.R.] I think everyone who met him fell in love with him. He was a charismatic figure.... He was a very warm and caring kind of person, and after mother died, he replaced her in my life. So he was everything to me. He was mother, father, friend, philosopher, guide, everything to me. He sort of took over my life. Its wrong to say I had any affair with him just because I had 28 hits with him. He was 31 years elder to me and was married person. I respected him. He was in no way a womaniser nor we were involved romantically off screen. He gave me very good films and good roles .Inspired me to work for public and be honest to my profession and not be corrupt.It was opposition and some section of media which published stories claiming we were attracted towards each other. I wish I had filed defemation case against such crooked wicked people back then. M G R was generous, dedicated towards his work and was peace lover. He appreciated art and wanted his public to enjoy their life. He wanted his countrymen to achieve their dreams. He had extremely positive outlook towards life and was highly optimistic.Wish he lived till his age of 100.
[on marriage] It just never happened. I did like the idea of marriage as any young girl would. Every young girl dreams of meeting the perfect man, meeting her Prince Charming, of marrying him and living happily ever after. I too had those dreams as a teenager, as a young girl. If my mother had got me married me off at the age of say eighteen, even if it was an arranged marriage, I would've settled down happily into domesticity and I would've been perfectly content looking after my home, raising children...but then life taught me that such things don't happen to everyone and it's unrealistic to expect happiness in life.I was the most in demand heroine from 1965-1977 and then started working for public in different ways from 1980. Do you think I would have ever achieved super stardom or would have become an actress if I had got married?No. I would have not got opportunity to serve public had I got married of after retiring as the lead female heroine in 1980 or had I got married instead of becoming actress by 1968.
[on whether she missed having a complete family] Not at all. I value my freedom, my independence. And looking around me at so many failed marriages, looking at all the unhappiness that people have to endure in bad marriages, and in many families, I've seen the way children are so ungrateful to their parents. Nowadays, young people are so insensitive they just abandon their aged parents, throw them away into old people's homes, and when I see all this, I think it's a good thing I never got married, and I never had any children. From 1980 in public life, I have got immense satisfaction in working for the common man. The people of Tamil Nadu are my children and I have always shown them the right way in which they should lead their life.
I can't say I liked [acting], but it came naturally to me. I'm a natural actress. I never followed any method. I never went to any school of acting, and I never consciously tried to imitate anyone. I'm a spontaneous, natural actress.
[Her reaction when her mother Sandhya died in 1971] I was lost. I was like a babe in the woods, blindfolded, because Mother was my whole world, and she never taught me anything practical. You see, she kept me so sheltered. Mother was only 47 when she died, so no one thought she would die so young. She probably thought she would be around a long time to take care of me and she probably thought that I was so overburdened with work that these other things could come later, but then the net result was I was left absolutely helpless when she died. I didn't know anything about running a house. I didn't know how to operate a bank account. I didn't know how to write a check. I didn't know the meaning of income tax. I didn't know how many servants we had. I didn't know what their salaries were. I didn't know what the producers were paying me in the films in which I was acting. So being an innocent babe lost in the woods, everyone could see that I was so naive, and vulnerable, and innocent. Everyone took advantage of me, so I had to learn everything the hard way.I took very few projects after her death.I got to know I was highest paid Indian actress, only after 1971, that too from the honest producers. She had been fixing up my amount per film and didn't allow success to go to my head. I was kept away from anything money related be it investments or my fees per film till 1971.
[on her father and paternal grandparents]My father was gentleman of leisure. My paternal grandfather was the palace medical surgeon in court at Maharaja of Mysore. He had built up fortune but my father squandered away the family fortune.He died when I was only 2 years old and my mother was 20.I have great admiration for my maternal grandparents who take care of my mother and her sister and gave them good life as well as my paternal grandparents.
[When asked to compare male chauvinism she experienced in films and in politics] I think both are equally bad. But in films, a woman is an essential commodity. Whether you like it or not, you need the glamour that women can provide in films. You can't do without them. In politics, you can do without them. They try very hard to do without them. But where people like me are concerned, it's not so easy to just wish me away. Many people would love to.I played wide variety of characters from different backgrounds.Infact had titles of some of the films referring to my character rather than that of the male lead. None could exploit me while I was active in films nor thereafter while am in politics. I ensured people behave well around me and I became closer only to those who had good character and were good at heart.
The favorites of mine from the solo songs from Tamil films picturised on me would be Vandhal Ennodu - Naan (1967), Yaaro Aada Therinthavar - Kumari Penn, Pathinaru Vayathinaley - Annamitta Kai (1972), Oru Naal Yaaro and Maane Pani Nilavu - Major Chandrakanth (1966), Thaneer Yennum - Mugaraasi (1966), Kattazhagu Thangamal - Kaavalkaran(1967), Ponmeni Thazhuvamal, Mulli Roja and En Vedhanaiyil - Yaar Nee(1967), Santhanam Kungumum- Ragasiya Police(1968), Varshathai Paaru - Kumari Penn, Paavai Paavai Thaan - Enge Mama(1970), Paruvam Enathu Paadal - Ayirathil Oruvan (1965), Adi Madhalam Kotti - Kumari Kottam (1970), Annai Endru Aagum Munne - Thaikku Thalaimagan, Katru Pola Angum Engum -Kumari Penn (1970), Yengreindho Oru Koral Vandhadhu - Avanthan Manithan, Paavai Paavai Thaan from Enge Mama (1970) Sorgam Dhaan Sugam - Kanavan Manaivi (1976), Adada Enna Azhagu - Nee, Malaiitta Kanavan Nalai - Muthuchippi, Mayakkathai Thandadhu Yarradi from Bommalattam, Eppothu Nadagathai - Panakara Pillai, Pachchaikilli Pachai Muzhi from Moondrezhuthu, Enna Porutham Mama from Kanavan, Vangadi Vaanga Vandhu Pathutu Ponga from Anbu Thangai(1974) Chittukuruvi Kenna Kattupadu from Savale Samali and Aan Thoda Tha Kannipen - Maharasi (1967).
My personal favorite songs from films done with MGR include Paaduvor Paadinal Aada Thondrum from Kannan En Kadhalan and Ennai Theriyima from Kudiyirundha Kovil, both of which were solos of TMS where I only danced. Then duets like Sirithaal Thangapadumai from Kannan En Kadhalan, Engerindho Asaigal from Chandhrodhayam, Chandhrodhayam Oru from Chandhrodhayam, Mellapo Mella Po from Kavalkaran, Ninanithen Vandhai from Kavalkaran, Nanamo from Ariyanthil Oruvan, Vizhiye Vizhiye from Pudhiya Bhoomi, Endrum Padinaru and Ammama Thookamaa from Kanni Thai, Neram Nalla Nerum from Thanipiravi, Mayangum Vayadhu from Kanavan, Kanne Kaniye, Paal Tamil Paal all from Ragasiya Police, Kannan En Kadhalan from Oru Thai Makkal ,Vazhavendum from Thaiku Thalaimagan, Thottu Kollava from Matukara Velan, Ennenna Ennenna Ennangal Undagumo from Muharassi,Neeyethan Ennaku Manavati from Kudiyiruntha Kovil, Dont Touch Mr X from Engal Thangam, Maanikkka Theril Maragatha from Thedi Vantha Mapillai, Endrum Padhinarum from Kannithai , Chinnavalai Mugam from Pudiya Bhoomi and Yen Ullam Undhan from Raman Thediya Seethai.
My personal favorite duet songs picturised on me, other than those from MGR and Sivaji Ganeshan films, would be Ponnana Malar Ondru from Thriumanglyam, Vaanam Ennum Vidhiyile from Annai Vellkani, Malaigalil Megangal from Kanavan Manaivi, Podhumo Indha Idham from Naan, Nenjukku Mugame Kannadi and Kettu Paar from Maadi Veetu Mapillai, Kathirundha Kangale from Motoram Sundrampillai, Netru Nee from Major Chandrakanth, Vazhakondru Thoduppen from Andru Kanda Mugam, Kudithu Mayangi and Nawab-Ukk-Oru Kelvi from Baghdad Perazhagi, Nalla Naal Parkavo and Nee Ada Ada Azhaghu from Bommalattam, Oru Naal Pazhagiya Pazhakkam from Muthuchippi, Iru Mangani Pol from Vairam, Thottadhu Poley Kanavu Kanden and Varanum Varanum Maharani - Gowri Kalyanam, Orukellam Poo Chootum Meena and Andru Ninaithom from Raja Veetu Pillai, Maanikka Magudam from Pannakara Pillai, Pettiyila Pottuadaitha and Kadhalan Vandaan from Moondrezhuthu and Vaazhvil Pudumanam from Maharasi.
I was lucky to get female oriented scripts right from the start, in fact through out my career in Tamil films. Be it Venniradai, Yaar Nee, Chandrodhyam, Thirumangalyam, Kumari Penn, Nee, Sumathi En Sundari, Engerindho Vandhal, Vandhal Maharasi, Magarasi, Thangagoopuram, Suryagandhi, Avalluku Ayiram Kangal, Yaarukum Vetkam Illai, Kanaivan Maniavi, Anbai Thedi and Unnai Suttrum Ulagam.Even in the commercial films of MGR, Shivaji, Ravichandran, Jaishankar and even in off beat films, had strong characters in Ayirathil Oruvan, Major Chandrakant, Maadi Veetu Pillai, Arasa Katalai, Ganga Gowri, Kannan En Kadhalan, Muthuchippi, Andru Kanda Mugam, Adimai Penn, Raja Veetu Pillai, Annamitta Kai, Oru Thai Makkal, Anbu Thangai. Then similarly in Kannada had lovable roles with Mane Aliya, Chinnada Gombe, Mavana Magalu, Nanna Kartavya, Badakkuva Dariya.Credit to my mother, god for getting me into film industry and to directors, script writers who thought I was fit to play these characters.The audience ensured I was part of 28 Telugu hits and 5 successful films in Kannada, 85 Tamil blockbusters. This made me immortal and memorable in their minds forever.
I used to frequently interact with my closest friends from film industry like M G Ramachandran, Sivaji Ganesan, Muthuraman, Ravichandran, Jaishankar, Nagesh, Sechu, Manorama, M.N.Nambiar, S.A.Asokan , V.K.Ramaswamy, R.Manoharan and Cho Ramaswamy right from 1966 till at least 1985.But after I entered active politics I was busy in developing and nurturing the political party. I have immense respect for my seniors Bhanumati, Padmini, Anjali Devi, Rajasulochana, T.R.Rajakumari, Sowcar Janaki, Saroja Devi, Kanchana, Jamuna, Sukumari, Devika and contemporaries Vanisri, Rajashree and others. Some of them left too early in 1980s. After 2000, I have managed to have had much more opportunity to meet the stalwarts regularly.Later only in film functions and weddings of their children I used to meet these friends. I have always admired M.S.Viswanathan, P.Susheela and L.R.Eashwari for their contribution to my fame.I have not forgotten any person who has contributed to my success in films. Recently in 2012, I invited most of my friends to my house for lunch at my house at Poes Gardens and we interacted a lot.
From the films I did with Shivaji, I like the duets like Chitirai Mandabathil from Anbai Thedi which was sung by me with T M Soundarrajan, Siripil Undagum from Engerindo Vandhaal, Mella Varum Kaatru from Galata Kalyanam, Veeram Yenum Paavai from Dharmam Yenge, Kadhalikka Katru Kolungal from Dhieva Magan, Ennanga Solunga from Enge Mama, Parameshwari Rajeshwari from Enga Oor Raja, Nee Varavendum Endru from Raja, Oru Tharam Orey Tharam from Sumati En Sundari, Sendhura Netri Pottin from Chaitra Pournami.
I know Cho Ramaswamy even before I acted with him in Undersecretary in April 1964. The first time I met him I was 7 and he was 21. He was doing rehearsal with my mother, aunt Vedavalli and few others for a play. I was sitting in audience.I used to laugh at his antics. He is like an elder brother and very close advisor.He spoke against me only for some 3 years due to corruption case against me.From the industry, except for Manorama, no one dared to support me when allegations were repeated against me.Other than those 3 yrs Cho had always been well wisher of mine . He may have different opinion on a situation but our personal equation always remains the same.

Salary (39)

Chinnada Gombe (1964) 3,000 INR
Manashulu Mamatalu (1965) 8,000 INR
Vennira Adai (1965) 10,000 INR
Ayirathil Oruvan (1965) 25,000 INR
Kannithai (1965) 25,000 INR
Yaar Nee (1966) 25,000 INR
Nee (1966) 25,000 INR
Major Chandrakant (1966) 12,000 INR
Badukuva Daari (1966) 20,000 INR
Kumari Penn (1966) 25,000 INR
Motor Sundaram Pillai (1966) 30,000 INR
Chandrodhayam (1966) 25,000 INR
Muharassi (1966) 20,000 INR
Thanipiravi (1966) 25,000 INR
Aame Evaru (1966) 20,000 INR
Gowri Kalyanam (1966) 50,000 INR
Mani Makudam (1966) 50,000 INR
Arasa Kattalai (1967) 50,000 INR
Kavalkaran (1967) 75,000 INR
Thaikku Thalaimagan (1967) 50,000 INR
Madi Veettu Mappillai (1967) 75,000 INR
Magarasi (1967) 75,000 INR
Naan (1967) 50,000 INR
Raaja Veetu Pillai (1967) 80,000 INR
Rahasya Police 115 (1968) 200,000 INR
Galatta Kalyanam (1968) 100,000 INR
Kadhal Vaganam (1968) 100,000 INR
Moondru Yezhuthu (1968) 100,000 INR
Muthu Chippi (1968) 100,000 INR
Pannakarai Pillai (1968) 80,000 INR
Ther Thiruvizha (1968) 100,000 INR
Anadhai Anandhan (1970) 300,000 INR
Engerindho Vandhaal (1970) 300,000 INR
Thanga Gopuram (1971) 350,000 INR
Vandhale Magarasi (1973) 400,000 INR
Suryagandhi (1973) 500,000 INR
Anbu Thangai (1974) 500,000 INR
Thirumangalyam (1974) 500,000 INR
Unnai Sutrum Ulagam (1977) 600,000 INR

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