|Born||in New York City, New York, USA|
|Died||in New York City, New York, USA (breast cancer)|
|Birth Name||Judith Tuvim|
|Height||5' 7" (1.7 m)|
Mini Bio (4)
Judy Holliday was born Judith Tuvim in New York City on June 21, 1921. Her mother, a piano teacher, was attending a play when she went into labor and made it to the hospital just in time. Judy was an only child. By the age of four, her mother had her enrolled in ballet school which fostered a life-long interest in show business. Two years later her parents divorced. In high school, Judy began to develop an interest in theater. She appeared in several high school plays. After graduation, she got a job in the Orson Welles Mercury Theater as a switchboard operator. Judy worked her way on the stage with appearance in Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and New York City. Judy toured on the nightclub circuit with a group called "The Revuers" founded by Betty Comden and Adolph Green. She went to Hollywood to make her first foray into the film world in Greenwich Village (1944). Most of her scenes ended up on the cutting room floor. Disappointed, but not discouraged, Judy earned two more roles that year in Something for the Boys (1944) and Winged Victory (1944). In the latter, Judy had a few lines of dialogue. Judy returned to New York to continue her stage career. She returned to Hollywood after five years to appear in Adam's Rib (1949) as Doris Attinger opposite screen greats Katharine Hepburn, Spencer Tracy and Tom Ewell. With her success in that role, Judy was signed to play Billie Dawn in Born Yesterday (1950), a role which she originated on Broadway. She was nominated for and won the best actress Oscar for her performance. After filming The Marrying Kind (1952), Judy was summoned before the Un-American Activities Committee to testify about her political affiliations. Fortunately for her, she was not blacklisted as were many of her counterparts, but damage was done. Her film career was curtailed somewhat, but rebounded. She continued with her stage and musical efforts, but with limited time on the screen. After filming The Solid Gold Cadillac (1956), she was off-screen for four years. Her last film was the MGM production of Bells Are Ringing (1960) with Dean Martin and it was one of her best. Judy died two weeks before her 44th birthday in New York City on June 7, 1965.
- IMDb Mini Biography By: Denny Jackson & MO840
Rejected by the Yale Drama School, Judy began in the theater as a backstage operator for Orson Welles' Mercury Theater. She made her stage debut when she joined Betty Comden and Adolph Green in a cabaret group called the Revuers. Working their way up through the circuit, the group was hired by 20th Century Fox to appear in the film Greenwich Village (1944). With only a bit part in the movie, Judy would appear in two more films that same year before she was dropped by the studio. Judy returned to the stage where she appeared in the 1945 production of the play Kiss Them for Me. Her big break came when she replaced Jean Arthur in the Garson Kanin play Born Yesterday. When Columbia bought the film rights to the play, Harry Cohn wanted Rita Hayworth in the role of Billie Dawn, but with the help of her two co-stars and great reviews for her performance in Adam's Rib (1949), Judy reprised her stage role. Her superb comic timing and quirky charm won her the Oscar for best actress. Unfortunately, the role of Billie seems to have typecast Judy. The parts that she would play in the few movies that she made were to be variations of the same character. Jack Lemmon, who worked with Judy in It Should Happen to You (1954), had nothing but praise for her. But by the time she completed The Solid Gold Cadillac (1956), Judy and Hollywood parted company. With only slightly more than half a dozen films, Judy had made her mark on the movies and she went back to the stage. She would once more be called to film Bells Are Ringing (1960) reprising her hit role in the Broadway play of the same name. Her next plays were flops and she had a very unhappy romance with a musician named Mulligan. Judy was 43 when cancer claimed her in 1965.
- IMDb Mini Biography By: Tony Fontana & MO840
A New York girl, born and raised, Judith Tuvim was the only child of parents Abe Tuvimand Helen. In school, she excelled in academics, winning several awards for her skills as a writer. While in her early teens, she developed what would become a life-long love for theater. In 1938, she made her professional debut as part of a nightclub act called "The Revuers". Her partners in the act included aspiring playwrights Betty Comden and Adolph Green. The Revuers had a loyal following and even their own weekly radio show on NBC. In 1944, The Revuers broke up after a failed attempt to break into films. Judith adopted the stage name of "Judy Holliday" as part of a "makeover" process that was orchestrated by 20th Century Fox. Judy's breakthrough performance would come on the stage however, in the 1945 play "Kiss Them For Me". She followed it up in 1946, with the lead role of "Billie Dawn" in Garson Kanin's smash hit "Born Yesterday". She married classical musician 'David Oppenheim' in January of 1948. Later, they would have a son named Jonathan, born in November of 1952. In 1950, Judy reprised her hit stage role in the film version of Born Yesterday (1950) for Columbia Studios. Her hysterical and endearing portrayal of dumb blonde Billie Dawn earned her an upset win at the Academy Awards, beating out Bette Davis and Gloria Swanson for the best actress Oscar. Her new-found fame made her a prime target for the Communist witch hunters of the early 1950s. She became the subject of a secret F.B.I. investigation and a victim of "blacklisting". She was later cleared of any serious wrong-doing after testifying before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, but by then the damage to her career had already been done. The quality roles befitting an Oscar winning actress did not come her way. She was forced to star in lesser roles that were often just flat variations of the Billie Dawn character. It's a testament to her acting abilities that she was able to rise above the material and give solid performances time and time again. When not lighting up the silver screen, Judy divided her time between the stage and making records. She was a unique and gifted performer whose life and career were cut tragically short when she lost her 5 year battle with cancer in June of 1965.
- IMDb Mini Biography By: Glenn McMahon <PlazaOemail@example.com>
In 2010, "Judy Holliday's Urban Working Girl Characters in 1950s Hollywood Film" (by Judith E. Smith, University of Massachusetts Boston) wrote the following about the actress in the University of Massachusetts Boston's ScholarWorks:
Holliday's grandmother Rachel Gollumb was a devoted socialist, and her mother, Helen Gollumb Tuvim, grew up in the overlapping New York worlds of the socialist labor movement and Yiddish literary and theatrical circles. Holliday's uncle, Joseph Gollumb, joined the Communist Party for a period of time and wrote for the Daily Worker. Holliday's father, Abe Tuvim, at one time a labor union activist, traveled in the same Jewish leftist community.
Holliday's parents met each other at the Rand School of Social Science, a gathering place for Greenwich Village socialists, and socialized at the Café Royale, where the stars of Yiddish theater and the Yiddish-speaking intelligentsia congregated.
- IMDb Mini Biography By: Robert Sieger
|David Oppenheim||(5 January 1948 - 1 March 1958) (divorced) (1 child)|
Trade Mark (3)
Personal Quotes (1)
|Greenwich Village (1944)||$400 /week|
|The Marrying Kind (1952)||$200,000|