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Biography

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Overview (5)

Born in Powderham Castle, Devonshire, England, UK
Died in Garroby Hall, near York, Yorkshire, England, UK
Birth NameEdward Frederick Lindley Wood
Nickname The Holy Fox
Height 6' 5" (1.96 m)

Mini Bio (1)

E.F.L. Wood was born on April 16, 1881 in Powderham Castle, Devonshire, England as Edward Frederick Lindley Wood. He was married to Lady Dorothy Onslow. He died on December 23, 1959.

Spouse (1)

Lady Dorothy Onslow (1909 - 23 December 1959) ( his death) ( 5 children)

Trivia (9)

1st Baron Irwin (1925-1934), 3rd Viscount Halifax (1934-1944), and 1st Earl of Halifax (1944-1959)
Viceroy of India (1926-1931), as Lord Irwin
Served as Great Britain's War Secretary (1935) and Foreign Secretary (1938-1940), and was long a major opponent of British involvement in WWII, firmly supporting Neville Chamberlain.
Served in the House of Commons (1910-?) and in the British cabinet from 1922-1925; later the Conservative leader in the House of Lords (1935)
British Ambassador to the United States (1941-1946), and British delegate to the San Francisco conference establishing the United Nations.
The fourth son of the 2nd Viscount Halifax (his older brothers died before he was 9), he was born with an atrophied left arm that had no hand.
During the War Cabinet Crisis of 25-28 May 1940 Halifax suggested asking the still-neutral Benito Mussolini to broker a negotiated end to the war.
Halifax favored approaching Italy to see if acceptable terms were on offer, as it would give a chance to extract the BEF from France and in his view better terms might be obtained with France still in the war than after her defeat. Churchill - who appears to been deluding himself about the likelihood of France fighting on and about the imminence of US entry - in drumming up the support of the Labour ministers, asserted that peace would mean "surrender" and handing over the Royal Navy, a view which has passed so deep into popular mythology that most historians just skate quickly over the matter as it is almost impossible to have a rational discussion about it. It is simply impossible to say what armistice terms might have been on offer.
Despite his later association with "appeasement", Halifax actually pressed the UK government to offer a pact to Poland early in 1939 in order to deter a German invasion (although in the event both Germany and the Soviet Union invaded Poland in September).

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