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Robert Stolz Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (2)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Spouse (5)  | Trivia (40)  | Personal Quotes (1)

Overview (2)

Born in Graz, Austria-Hungary
Died in West Berlin, West Germany

Mini Bio (1)

Robert Stolz was born on August 25, 1880 in Graz, Austria-Hungary. He was a composer, known for 13 Sins (2014), Spring Parade (1940) and It Happened Tomorrow (1944). He was married to Yvonne Louise Ulrich, Josephine Zernitz, Franzi Ressel, Grete Holm and Lilli. He died on June 27, 1975 in West Berlin, West Germany.

Spouse (5)

Yvonne Louise Ulrich (1946 - 27 June 1975) ( his death)
Josephine Zernitz (1923 - 1924) ( divorced)
Grete Holm (? - ?) ( divorced)
Franzi Ressel (? - 1923) ( divorced)
Lilli (? - ?) ( divorced)

Trivia (40)

Robert Stolz made the Operetta in 1957 with Rudolf Weys and Robert Gilbert "Kleiner Schwindel in Paris". One of the songs is: "Verliebte muss man gar nicht erst in Stimmung bringen".
Left Berlin in 1933 after the national socialists came to power. Helped Jewish refugees to flee while based in Vienna. After Austria's Anschluss to Germany in 1938, Stolz emigrated to the United States via Switzerland and France. He worked for several years both in New York (where he performed "A Night in Vienna" at Carnegie Hall) and in Hollywood (where he was twice nominated for Academy Awards).
Austrian conductor and composer of operettas, ice revues and film music. He was the son of the composer Jacob Stolz and the pianist and music teacher Ida Stolz-Bondy. He completed his musical education in Vienna under Robert Fuchs and Engelbert Humperdinck and conducted his first performances at the Theater an der Wien of Lehar's "Merry Widow" and "Count of Luxemburg" and Oscar Strauss' "Chocolate Soldier". He composed nearly forty operettas and contributed music to Benatzky's "White Horse Inn".
After the state examination for music in 1896 he worked among others as a director of music before he was able to publish his first composition in 1903 - the operetta "Schön Lorchen". Beside it he often worked as a conductor in Berlin and Vienna.
He also contributed the film music to the post-war Austrian film. To his last cinematical works belong "Anni" (1948), "Tanz ins Glück" (1951), "Die Deutschmeister" (1955) and "Der Kongress amüsiert sich" (1965).
He wrote the score for two movies - "Spring Parade" (1940) and "It Happened Tomorrow" (1944) - and was nominated for the Oscar for both movies.
Robert Stolz was denaturalized form the German Reich in 1942 and his property was confiscated.
He wrote the music for German and Austrian productions. To these movies belong "Zwei Herzen im 3/4 Takt" (1930), "Hokuspokus" (1930), "Konfetti" (36), "Die Austernlilli" (1937) and "Zauber der Bohème" (1937).
The composer Robert Stolz was born into a musical family. His father was the composer and music director Jakob Stolz, his mother was the pianist and music teacher Ida Stolz-Bondy. Therefore it was almost natural that Robert Stolz also entered a musical career.
After his death in Berlin in 1975, Robert Stolz received the honour of a lying-in-state in the foyer of the Vienna State Opera House.
In 1970, to mark his 90th birthday, he was made an Honorary Citizen of Vienna.
From the 20's he wrote a multitude of compositions, among them his opera "Die Rosen der Madonna" (20), over 40 operettas and about a dozen musicals.
In 1952, he began to compose for the Vienna Ice Revue. He dedicated his first of 19 ice operettas ("Eternal Eve") to European Champion Eva Pawlik.
For his engagement for the Jews during World War II he was awarded with the Jerusalem medal in 1971.
He composed more than 1200 songs and many of them became hits.
Robert Stolz left Berlin in 1933 in protest against the Nazis and went to Austria. From there he helped active Jewish fugitives to flee.
He appeared on a series of commemorative Austrian postage stamps.
He made his film debut as a composer already in 1913 for the movie "Der Millionenonkel", but only with the talkies his music showed to advantage completely.
When Austria was annexed to the German Reich he went to France, later he went into exile in the USA.
There he was able to gain a foothold as a composer before his talent was also used for the American movies.
In later years he used a baton inherited from Franz Lehár, which had been originally owned by Johann Strauss and contained Strauss's initials engraved in silver.
After the war he returned to Austria where he composed the music for ice revues, musicals and operettas.
He was awarded Vienna's Grand Medal of Honour, being only the second musician ever to be so honoured (after Richard Strauss).
A street is named after him - just off the Opernring in Vienna, close to the State Opera.
He was the great-nephew of the soprano Teresa Stolz.
He was buried near Johannes Brahms and Johann Strauss II in Vienna's Zentralfriedhof, and a statue to him was erected in the Wiener Stadtpark.
Robert Stolz was married five times. His first and second wives (Grete Holm and Franzi Ressel), were singers. His third wife was Josephine Zernitz and the fourth was named Lilli. His fifth wife Yvonne Louise Ulrich, called "Einzi" (1912-2004) or "die Einzige", for her role assisting German and Austrian artists in exile in Paris during the Second World War, was his manager until his death. She had one daughter from her first marriage, whom Robert Stolz adopted: Clarissa.
At the age of seven, he toured Europe as a pianist, playing Mozart.
Robert Stolz's grand-children are French writer Natacha Henry and entrepreneur and financier Nick Henry-Stolz.
Some earlier Stolz compositions, such as "Adieu, mein kleiner Gardeoffizier" from his operetta Die lustigen Weiber von Wien, became known to wider audiences through the medium of film, after it was interpolated into Im weißen Rößl (The White Horse Inn).
From 1899 he held successive conducting posts at Maribor (then called Marburg), Salzburg and Brno before succeeding Artur Bodanzky at the Theater an der Wien in 1907.
Around 1930, he started to compose music for films, such as the first German sound film Zwei Herzen im Dreivierteltakt (Two Hearts in Waltz Time), of which the title-waltz rapidly became a popular favourite.
He used to travel by car between the two cities Berlin and Vienna, so he smuggled Jews and political refugees across the German-Austrian border in the trunk of his limousine. He managed to do so 21 times.
He studied at the Vienna Conservatory with Robert Fuchs and Engelbert Humperdinck.
In the 1960s and 1970s he made numerous recordings of operettas by composers such as Johann Strauss, Franz Lehár, Emmerich Kálmán, and Leo Fall, whom he had known previously.
After the Anschluss in 1938, he moved again, first to Zürich and then to Paris, where in 1939 he was interned as an enemy alien. With the help of friends he was released and in 1940 made his way to New York.
After serving in the Austrian Army in World War I, Stolz devoted himself mainly to cabaret, and moved to Berlin in 1925.
The composer said the idea for 'Two Hearts in Three Quarter Time' came to him one evening while he was with friends at Vienna's famous Cafe Sacher. "I seized the pencil and scribbled on the menu the tune that was to become so popular," he said. The owner of the Sacher begged for and received the original, which was put in a gilt frame and hung in the main dining room.
Some critics regarded Robert Stolz as the musical heir of Johann Strauss Jr.
His operetta "Wild Violets" had a 400 performance run at the Drury Lane in London. His operettas "Lucky Girl" and "The Big Name" were hits in Austria.

Personal Quotes (1)

The most important things in my life usually happen suddenly, almost by accident.

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