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Gregg Toland (1904–1948)

Born in Illinois in 1904, the only child of Jennie and Frank Toland, Gregg and his mother moved to California several years after his parents divorced in 1910. Through Jennie's work as a housekeeper for several people in the movie business, Gregg may had gotten a $12-a-week job at age 15 as an office boy at William Fox Studios. Soon he was making ... See full bio »

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Won 1 Oscar. Another 1 win & 4 nominations. See more awards »


Known For

Citizen Kane Cinematographer
Wuthering Heights Cinematographer
The Best Years of Our Lives Cinematographer
The Grapes of Wrath Cinematographer


Hide Hide Show Show Cinematographer (68 credits)
 1948 Enchantment (director of photography)
 1948 A Song Is Born (director of photography)
 1947 The Bishop's Wife (director of photography)
 1946 The Best Years of Our Lives (director of photography)
 1946 Song of the South (photographed by)
 1946 The Kid from Brooklyn (director of photography)
 1944 The Fighting Generation (Short)
 1943 December 7th (Documentary)
 1943 The Outlaw
 1941 Ball of Fire (photography)
 1941 The Little Foxes (photography)
 1941 Citizen Kane (photography)
 1940 The Long Voyage Home (photography)
 1940 The Westerner
 1940 The Grapes of Wrath (director of photography)
 1939 Raffles
 1939 Intermezzo (photographed by)
 1939 Wuthering Heights (photography)
 1938 The Cowboy and the Lady (photography)
 1938 Kidnapped (photography)
 1938 The Goldwyn Follies (photographed by)
 1937 Dead End (photography)
 1937 Woman Chases Man (photography)
 1937 History Is Made at Night (director of photography - uncredited)
 1936 Beloved Enemy (photography)
 1936 Come and Get It (photographed by)
 1936 These Three (photographed by)
 1935 Splendor (photography)
 1935 The Dark Angel (photography)
 1935 Mad Love (photographed by)
 1935 Public Hero Number 1 (photographed by)
 1935 The Wedding Night (photography)
 1934 Forsaking All Others (photographed by)
 1934 We Live Again (director of photography)
 1934 Lazy River (director of photography)
 1934 Nana
 1933 Roman Scandals (photography)
 1933 Tugboat Annie
 1933 The Nuisance
 1932 The Kid from Spain (photography)
 1932 Queen Kelly (uncredited)
 1932 The Washington Masquerade (photographed by)
 1932 The Tenderfoot (photography)
 1932 Man Wanted
 1932 Play Girl
 1931 The Unholy Garden (uncredited)
 1931 Palmy Days (photography)
 1931 Street Scene (uncredited)
 1931 Indiscreet
 1930 The Devil to Pay! (photography)
 1930 Whoopee!
 1930 Raffles
 1929 Condemned! (photography)
 1929 Bulldog Drummond (photography)
 1929 The Rescue (uncredited)
 1928 The Love of Zero (Short)
 1927 Johann the Coffinmaker (Short)
 1926 The Bat (uncredited)
Show Show Camera and Electrical Department (4 credits)
Show Show Director (1 credit)
Show Show Actor (1 credit)
Show Show Additional Crew (1 credit)
Show Show Thanks (1 credit)
Show Show Self (1 credit)
Show Show Archive footage (4 credits)

Personal Details

Publicity Listings:

1 Portrayal | 4 Articles | See more »

Alternate Names:

Gregg | Greg Toland


5' 1" (1.55 m)

Did You Know?


Orson Welles said that everything he knew about the art of photography a great cameraman - Gregg Toland - taught him in half an hour. In truth, before the filming of Citizen Kane (1941) Toland invited Welles to his house and spent a weekend teaching Welles everything about lens and camera positions that he thought his novice director should know. For the remainder of his life Welles always paid ... See more »


Deep focus cinematography, depicting a broad and clear foreground, middleground, and background.

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