Gregory Peck Poster


Jump to: Overview (5)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Family (4)  | Trade Mark (5)  | Trivia (156)  | Personal Quotes (39)  | Salary (9)

Overview (5)

Born in La Jolla [now in San Diego], California, USA
Died in Los Angeles, California, USA  (cardiorespiratory arrest and bronchial pneumonia)
Birth NameEldred Gregory Peck
Nicknames Father Peck
Height 6' 2½" (1.89 m)

Mini Bio (1)

Eldred Gregory Peck was born on April 5, 1916 in La Jolla, California, to Bernice Mae (Ayres) and Gregory Pearl Peck, a chemist and druggist in San Diego. He had Irish (from his paternal grandmother), English, and some German, ancestry. His parents divorced when he was five years old. An only child, he was sent to live with his grandmother. He never felt he had a stable childhood. His fondest memories are of his grandmother taking him to the movies every week and of his dog, which followed him everywhere. He studied pre-med at UC-Berkeley and, while there, got bitten by the acting bug and decided to change the focus of his studies. He enrolled in the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York and debuted on Broadway after graduation. His debut was in Emlyn Williams' play "The Morning Star" (1942). By 1943, he was in Hollywood, where he debuted in the RKO film Days of Glory (1944).

Stardom came with his next film, The Keys of the Kingdom (1944), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award. Peck's screen presence displayed the qualities for which he became well known. He was tall, rugged and heroic, with a basic decency that transcended his roles. He appeared in Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound (1945) as an amnesia victim accused of murder. In The Yearling (1946), he was again nominated for an Academy Award and won the Golden Globe. He was especially effective in westerns and appeared in such varied fare as David O. Selznick's critically blasted Duel in the Sun (1946), the somewhat better received Yellow Sky (1948) and the acclaimed The Gunfighter (1950). He was nominated again for the Academy Award for his roles in Gentleman's Agreement (1947), which dealt with anti-Semitism, and Twelve O'Clock High (1949), a story of high-level stress in an Air Force bomber unit in World War II.

With a string of hits to his credit, Peck made the decision to only work in films that interested him. He continued to appear as the heroic, larger-than-life figures in such films as Captain Horatio Hornblower (1951) and Moby Dick (1956). He worked with Audrey Hepburn in her debut film, Roman Holiday (1953). Peck finally won the Oscar, after four nominations, for his performance as lawyer Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). In the early 1960s, he appeared in two darker films than he usually made, Cape Fear (1962) and Captain Newman, M.D. (1963), which dealt with the way people live. He also gave a powerful performance as Captain Keith Mallory in The Guns of Navarone (1961), one of the biggest box-office hits of that year.

In the early 1970s, he produced two films, The Trial of the Catonsville Nine (1972) and The Dove (1974), when his film career stalled. He made a comeback playing, somewhat woodenly, Robert Thorn in the horror film The Omen (1976). After that, he returned to the bigger-than-life roles he was best known for, such as MacArthur (1977) and the monstrous Nazi Dr. Josef Mengele in the huge hit The Boys from Brazil (1978). In the 1980s, he moved into television with the miniseries The Blue and the Gray (1982) and The Scarlet and the Black (1983). In 1991, he appeared in the remake of his 1962 film, playing a different role, in Martin Scorsese's Cape Fear (1991). He was also cast as the progressive-thinking owner of a wire and cable business in Other People's Money (1991).

In 1967, Peck received the Academy's Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. He was also been awarded the US Presidential Medal of Freedom. Always politically progressive, he was active in such causes as anti-war protests, workers' rights and civil rights. In 2003, his Peck's portrayal of Atticus Finch was named the greatest film hero of the past 100 years by the American Film Institute. Gregory Peck died at age 87 on June 12, 2003 in Los Angeles, California.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Tony Fontana <tony.fontana@spacebbs.com>

Family (4)

Spouse Veronique Peck (31 December 1955 - 12 June 2003)  (his death)  (2 children)
Greta Kukkonen (4 October 1942 - 30 December 1955)  (divorced)  (3 children)
Children Stephen Peck
Cecilia Peck
Tony Peck
Carey Paul Peck
Jonathan Peck
Parents Bernice Mae Ayres
Gregory Pearl Peck
Relatives Ethan Peck (grandchild)
Zackary Peck (grandchild)
Harper Peck (grandchild)
Ondine Alexandra Peck-Voll (grandchild)

Trade Mark (5)

Almost always played courageous, nobly heroic good guys who saw injustice and fought it.
Distinctive low-pitched voice
Films often reflected his liberal political views
Imposing stature
Often plays leaders or authority figures

Trivia (156)

His earliest movie memory is of being so scared by The Phantom of the Opera (1925) at age 9 that his grandmother allowed him to sleep in the bed with her that night.
Received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, Berkeley (1939). He also rowed on the university's JV crew.
Of his own movies, To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) is Peck's favourite.
Children, with Greta Kukkonen: Jonathan Peck (b. 1944 - d. 1975), Stephen Peck (b. 1946) and Carey Paul Peck (b. 1949).
Children with Veronique Peck: Tony Peck (b. 1956) and Cecilia Peck (b. 1958).
Oldest son, Jon, committed suicide by gunshot. [1975]
Chairman, Motion Picture & Television Relief Fund. [1971]
Recipient, Presidential Medal of Freedom, nation's highest civilian award, awarded by Lyndon B. Johnson. [1969]
(1968-1974) Charter Member, National Council on the Arts.
National Chairman, American Cancer Society. [1966]
(1964-1966) Charter Member, National Council on the Arts.
(1967-1969) Chairman, American Film Institute. He was the first Chairman of the AFI.
Stating he was worried about the 600,000 jobs hanging on the survival of the Chrysler Corporation, he volunteered to become an unpaid TV pitchman for the company in 1980.
He took in former co-star Ava Gardner's housekeeper and dog after her death on January 25, 1990.
Was in the original version of Cape Fear (1962) in 1962, playing Sam Bowden. He was later brought back for a part in another version of Cape Fear (1991), playing Max Cady's attorney.
Honorary chair, Los Angeles Library Foundation. [1995]
Was president of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) from 1967-1970. He made the decision to postpone the 1968 Oscar ceremony after Martin Luther King's assassination.
Chosen by producer Darryl F. Zanuck for the epic film David and Bathsheba (1951) because Zanuck thought Peck had a "biblical face".
His ancestry included Irish, English, some German, and distant Welsh. His paternal grandparents were Samuel Peck and Catherine Ashe, and his maternal grandparents were John Daggett Ayers and Katherine Elizabeth Forse. His paternal grandmother was an immigrant from County Kerry, Ireland. She was a relative of Thomas Ashe, an Irish patriot who fought in the Easter Rising in 1916 and died on hunger strike the following year. Many of Gregory's other ancestors were from families that had lived in New England since the 1600s.
Seriously considered challenging then California Governor Ronald Reagan's re-election campaign in 1970 but decided against it at the last minute despite state and national pressure from the Democrat Party of California and The Democratic National Committee.
Marched with Martin Luther King.
His character from To Kill a Mockingbird (1962), Atticus Finch, was voted the greatest screen hero of all time by the American Film Institute in May 2003, only two weeks before his death (beating out Indiana Jones, who was placed second, and James Bond who came third).
Along with Dorothy McGuire, Mel Ferrer and David O. Selznick, he co-founded the La Jolla Playhouse, located in his hometown, and produced many of the classics there. Due to film commitments, he could not return to Broadway but whet his appetite for live theater on occasion at the Playhouse, keeping it firmly established with a strong, reputable name over the years.
During his lean salad days, he supported himself as a Radio City Music Hall tour guide and as a catalog model for Montgomery Ward.
Brock Peters delivered his eulogy on the day of his funeral and burial, June 16, 2003. In To Kill a Mockingbird (1962), Peters played Tom Robinson, the black man accused of raping a white girl that Atticus Finch (Peck's character) defended in court.
Was the first native Californian to receive an Academy Award for Best Actor.
A back injury incurred in college kept him out of the services in World War II.
Inducted into the Hall of Great Western Performers of the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum (1979).
Son, Stephen did a tour in Vietnam with the Marine Corps. Peck was proud of his son's military service even though he disagreed with the war itself.
When he arrived in Italy to shoot Roman Holiday (1953), Gregory was privately depressed about his recent separation and imminent divorce from his first wife, Greta. However, during the shoot, he met and fell in love with a French woman named Veronique Passani After his divorce, he married Passani and they remained together for the rest of his life. So in a way, he lived out his own "movie romance".
According to at least one biography, he took his role in The Omen (1976) at a huge cut in salary (a mere $250,000) but was guaranteed 10% of the film's box office take. It went on to gross more than $60 million in the United States alone, and became the film for which he earned the most money in his career.
While studying at UC Berkeley, Peck was a houseboy for the school's chapter of the Gamma Phi Beta sorority.
He was voted the 58th Greatest Movie Star of all time by Entertainment Weekly.
Attended and graduated from San Diego High School in San Diego, California (1934).
He was voted the 27th Greatest Movie Star of all time by Premiere magazine.
Named the #12 greatest actor on The 50 Greatest Screen Legends list by the American Film Institute
In late November of 2005, thieves stole Peck's "Hollywood Walk of Fame" star using a cement saw to cut the bronze-and-terrazzo marker out of the sidewalk. In a simple ceremony, a new star honoring the late actor was unveiled on December 1st to replace the stolen one. Hollywood's honorary mayor Johnny Grant lifted a covering and announced, "Ladies and gentlemen, we proudly welcome back to the Hollywood Walk of Fame, Gregory Peck." Peck's star was the fourth to be stolen since the Walk of Fame was inaugurated. James Stewart's and Kirk Douglas' stars disappeared some years ago after being removed for construction and were later recovered by police in the nearby city of South Gate. Gene Autry's star also vanished during a construction project. A call saying it had been found in Iowa proved to be a false alarm.
He and The Big Country (1958) co-star Charlton Heston both played the infamous Nazi war criminal Dr. Josef Mengele: Peck in The Boys from Brazil (1978), Heston in My Father (2003).
In the spring of 1939, Peck skipped graduation at the University of California at Berkeley and, with $160 and a letter of introduction in his pocket, went by train to New York, traveling coach, to embark on his acting career.
Studied acting with Michael Chekhov, who later played a supporting role in Peck's Spellbound (1945).
Father-in-law of Daniel Voll.
He was awarded the American National Medal of the Arts by the National Endowment of the Arts in Washington, D.C. (1998).
Was Warner Bros. original choice to play Grandpa Joe in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005). He was offered the role and seriously considered this but passed away before he could give them an answer.
His performance as Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) is ranked #13 on Premiere magazine's 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.
Cited that his favorite leading ladies were Audrey Hepburn, Ingrid Bergman and Ava Gardner.
Once owned a thoroughbred named "Different Class", who was the favorite in the 1968 Grand National Steeplechase in the United Kingdom - but finished third.
In 1997, as a presenter at the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) awards ceremony, he said, "It just seems silly to me that something so right and simple has to be fought for at all.".
Mourners for the public service held after his burial held huge black-and-white portraits of Peck as they approached the Cathedral, designed by artist/sculptor Robert Graham, husband of Anjelica Huston. Church officials estimated that almost 3,000 people attended. Seats were reserved for Peck's friends, a sizable number of whom were celebrities - they were instructed to whisper the secret password "Atticus" to the red-coated ushers who escorted them to the reserved section - Harry Belafonte, Anjelica Huston, Michael York, Louise Fletcher, Tony Danza, Piper Laurie, Harrison Ford, Calista Flockhart. Michael Jackson, wearing a red jacket, caused a stir when he arrived 20 minutes late. Decked out in a bright blue suit and clutching a program with Peck's picture on it was his first wife Greta, looking hale and hearty at 92. Roger Mahony, Archbishop of Los Angeles, presided over the service. The program included bible readings by Peck's children Carey, Cecilia and Tony. Mahoney said, "He lived his life authentically, as God called and willed him and placed him in his room, with gifts and talents." Brock Peters, who played the black man defended by Peck's character Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962), delivered the eulogy. The film spawned a close friendship between the two stars that lasted more than 40 years. "In art there is compassion," said Peters, "in compassion there is humanity, with humanity there is generosity and love. Gregory Peck gave us these attributes in full measure." The crowd visibly warmed to a videotape performance of Peck featuring a lecture he gave several years before. He said he hoped to be remembered first as a good husband, father and grandfather. Then, with quiet strength and unforgettable presence, he added: "I'd like to be thought of as a good storyteller".
He had always wanted to do a Walt Disney movie.
In the 1950s, the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum near Tucson, Arizona, named one of their male javalinas "Gregory Peckory" in his honor; incidentally, their female was named "Olivia de Javalina" to honor actress Olivia de Havilland.
He was a vocal opponent of the Vietnam War, while remaining supportive of his son who was serving there.
In 1947, at the beginning of the anti-communist investigations in Hollywood, Peck signed a letter deploring the witch hunts despite being warned his signature could hurt his career.
Broke his ankle in three places in a fall from a horse while filming Yellow Sky (1948).
Turned down Gary Cooper's Oscar-winning role as Marshal Will Kane in High Noon (1952) because he felt the story was too similar to his The Gunfighter (1950). When the film proved to be a huge success Peck admitted he had made a mistake, though he said he didn't believe he could have played the character as well as Cooper.
In 1999, he supported the decision to give Elia Kazan an honorary Oscar for lifetime achievement, saying he believed that a man's work should be separate from his life.
He was close friends with Michael Jackson for the last 25 years of his life, and often went horse riding with the singer at his Neverland Ranch. During the Jordan Chandler scandal in 1993, Peck wrote a letter defending Jackson. He also gave a glowing video tribute to Jackson at his 30th Anniversary concert in New York in 2001.
In 1987, he joined Burt Lancaster, Martin Sheen and Lloyd Bridges in narrating a TV commercial for People for the American Way, opposing the confirmation of President Ronald Reagan's nominee to the Supreme Court, ultra-conservative judge Robert Bork. Bork, who came under intense criticism in part because of his past vociferous opposition to civil rights laws, ultimately failed to be confirmed by the Senate.
He was close friend with Jane Fonda, and frequently attended political rallies with her.
He was an active supporter of AIDS fund raising.
Advertised Chesterfield cigarettes.
In 1946, he met and befriended Gary Cooper, with whom he was often compared in terms of looks and acting style.
During the Vietnam War, Peck was a vocal supporter of young men who wished to avoid the draft because of their moral convictions against the war, calling them "patriots" and "heroes" and saying that burning their draft cards was part of their civic duty. He produced the anti-war play and subsequent film, The Trial of the Catonsville Nine (1972) using his own money, in order to provoke more opposition to the conflict.
Appeared on President Richard Nixon's infamous "enemies list" in 1972.
After Peck stormed off the set of The Big Country (1958), director William Wyler said of him: "I wouldn't direct Peck again for a million dollars, and you can quote me on that.".
As a board member of Handgun Control Inc. (along with Martin Sheen and Susan Sarandon), Peck was sometimes criticized for his friendship with Charlton Heston, a longtime advocate of gun ownership who served as President of the National Rifle Assocation (NRA) from 1998 to 2003. When anti-gun activist James Brady, who'd been grievously wounded during the assassination attempt on his boss, Ronald Reagan, asked him why, Peck replied, "We're colleagues rather than friends. We're civil to each other when we meet. I, of course, disagree vehemently with him on gun control.".
In his 80s, his frail and thin appearance frequently sparked press rumors of his impending death, particularly when in 2001, he attended Jack Lemmon's funeral with his head bandaged from a recent fall.
He was given the role of Ambassador Robert Thorn in The Omen (1976) after Charlton Heston turned it down in order to make Midway (1976).
In 1948, amid the anti-Communist hysteria sweeping the country during the McCarthy "Red Scare" era, he was called before a "fact-finding committee" set up by the California Legislature to ferret out alleged Communists and their sympathizers in the entertainment industry. Along with several other stars, Peck received his subpoena because of his association with a host of "liberal" organizations and causes. He gave the committee a list of every organization to which he had contributed money, along with their letterheads, and said that he made those contributions because they were legitimate organizations. He told the committee, "I am not now and never have been associated with any communist organization or supporters of communism. I am not a communist, never was a communist and I have no sympathy with communist activities".
He was a heavy drinker as a young actor in Hollywood. In 1949 he was hospitalized with heart spasms, and while filming David and Bathsheba (1951) he was hospitalized with a suspected heart attack. Though it turned out to be a palpitation brought on by his lifestyle and overwork, he began to drink less thereafter. However, he did not stop smoking for many more years.
His few attempts to play a villain were considered unsuccessful, perhaps because the public could not accept Peck as anything other than a man who ultimately did the right thing.. He was considered too young at 38 (the movie was filmed in 1954) to play Captain Ahab in Moby Dick (1956), especially since the character was described in Herman Melville's novel as an old man. Peck admitted he only agreed to play Nazi Dr Josef Mengele in The Boys from Brazil (1978) because he wanted to work with Sir Laurence Olivier. Although the film and his performance were savaged by the critics, Peck remained loyal to it.
He was originally cast in the role played by Robert Taylor in Quo Vadis (1951), opposite Elizabeth Taylor. The film shot in Rome for approximately two weeks, under the direction of John Huston, until the studio shut down production after executives were dissatisfied with the footage.
Campaigned for Harry S. Truman in the 1948 presidential election.
He did not get along with director Elia Kazan while filming Gentleman's Agreement (1947). Kazan told the press he was very disappointed with Peck's performance and the two men never worked together again.
After making Arabesque (1966), Peck withdrew from acting for three years in order to concentrate on various humanitarian causes, including the American Cancer Society.
Listed in the Cal Berkeley Alumni roster as a graduate of the Class of 1942 who studied as an English major and where he acted in plays at the Associated Students sponsored 'Little Theatre' on campus. Incidentally, while under the watch of the University's Committee on Music and Drama led by Professor William Popper as chairman, the University's Department of Dramatic Arts was just being established towards the end of his student tenure in 1941.
In 1996, veteran character actor Richard Jaeckel, Peck's costar in The Gunfighter (1950), was diagnosed with cancer, and Jaeckel's wife had Alzheimer's disease. The Jaeckels had lost their Brentwood home, were over a million dollars in debt, leaving them basically homeless. His family tried unsuccessfully to enter him into Motion Picture and Television Country Home and Hospital. Once Peck lobbied for Jaeckel's admittance he was treated within three days. Jaeckel stayed in the hospital until his death on June 14, 1997.
The financial failure of Cape Fear (1962) ended his company, Melville Productions.
Only the Valiant (1951) was his least favorite film. He thought the western potboiler was a step backwards after starring in The Gunfighter (1950).
When he was the President of the Academy of Motion Pictures and Science, Peck lobbied the organization's Board of Governors to make animated feature films eligible for nomination as Best Picture. It wasn't until 1991 that Disney's Beauty and the Beast (1991) became the first animated film to be nominated for Best Picture, although it did not win.
Turned down Yves Montand's role in Let's Make Love (1960) because he didn't want to work with Marilyn Monroe.
Son of Gregory Pearl Peck (August 3, 1886-August 25, 1962), born in New York, and Bernice Mae (née Ayres) Maysuch (August 8, 1894-April 27, 1992), born in Missouri. Both parents died in the state of California.
He had always wanted to act in a Shakespearean play, but by the time the opportunity presented itself in 1951 he decided it was too late to start.
Formed a solid friendship with Mary Badham, who played his daughter "Scout" in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). They remained in contact until his passing. According to Badham, she always called him "Atticus" and he always called her "Scout".
His favorite singers were Frank Sinatra and Michael Jackson. He was also a big fan of Elton John.
His favorite drink was Guinness, which he drank every day. Eventually he had a tap installed in the bar at his house.
In 1999, the American Film Institute named Peck among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time, ranking at No. 12.
A physically powerful man, Peck was known to do a majority of his own fight scenes, rarely using body or stunt doubles. Robert Mitchum, his on-screen opponent in Cape Fear (1962), said that Peck once accidentally punched him for real during their final fight scene in the movie. He recalled feeling the impact of the punch for days afterwards and said, "I don't feel sorry for anyone dumb enough who picks a fight with him.".
Peck visited his wife in hospital in Los Angeles after she underwent surgery to relieve pressure on two vertebrae. The sight of the veteran actor in hospital sparked more press rumors that he was seriously sick. [December 2002]
Agreed to star in David and Bathsheba (1951) as a riposte to the Biblical epics of Cecil B. DeMille.
By 1974, following a series of flops, Peck's career had declined to such an extent that he admitted in an interview that he was thinking of retiring from acting. Two years later however he made an enormous comeback with The Omen (1976).
He was considered for Rock Hudson's role in Ice Station Zebra (1968).
One of his greatest heroes from childhood was President Abraham Lincoln. Peck was initially concerned about playing him in The Blue and the Gray (1982), since at age 66, he was a decade older than Lincoln was when he was assassinated. Some 17 years later, when he was the director Rod Lurie 's first choice to play the role of a fictional U.S. President in The Contender (2000), he declined saying he was 'too damn old'.
In the early 1990s, Peck considered writing his autobiography, however he decided against this when he realized he was not as good at writing as his friend David Niven.
Often stated how disappointed he was that many American viewers did not realize how anti-war The Guns of Navarone (1961) was.
MGM wanted Peck to play Roger Thornhill in North by Northwest (1959), but the director Alfred Hitchcock thought Peck was too serious and cast Cary Grant instead.
He was a lifelong opponent of nuclear weapons, and made On the Beach (1959) for this reason.
Personally chose Lewis Milestone to direct the anti-war movie Pork Chop Hill (1959), because Milestone's All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) had made a deep impression on him.
In 1999, he publicly berated Congress for failing to pass legislation preventing teenagers from buying guns, following the Columbine high school massacre.
His election as President of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) in 1967 was widely seen as heralding in a new, younger, progressive and decidedly liberal era of filmmaking in Hollywood.
While filming The Bravados (1958), he decided to become a cowboy in real life, so he purchased a vast working ranch near Santa Barbara, California - already stocked with 600 head of prize cattle.
He was a close friend and ardent supporter of President Lyndon B. Johnson, spending much time at the White House and the Johnson Ranch. However, towards the end of Johnson's presidency relations between the two men were strained, owing to Peck's very vocal opposition to US involvement in Vietnam.
Biography in: "The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives". Volume 7, 2003-2005, pages 417-420. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale, 2007.
He regularly visited the terminally sick Humphrey Bogart while filming Designing Woman (1957) with Bogart's wife, Peck's old friend, Lauren Bacall. Peck was reportedly devastated by Bogart's death on January 14, 1957.
Was the second choice to play Professor Henry Jones in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), had first choice Sean Connery declined the role. Star Harrison Ford cited Peck as one of his favorite actors and To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) as one of his favorite films.
He was close friends with former French President Jacques Chirac.
He visited Michael Jackson on the set of filming the "Smooth Criminal" segment for Moonwalker (1988). Also visiting the set was Robert De Niro and Bruce Willis.
He was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6100 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California on February 8, 1960.
Peck was set to star in The Proud Ones (1956), but the role was eventually played by Robert Ryan. [February 1955]
Was offered but declined the role of Detective Steve McGarrett on Hawaii Five-O (1968). The role went to Jack Lord.
Grandfather of actor Ethan Peck.
His picture appears on a nondenominated USA commemorative postage stamp in the Legends of Hollywood series, issued 28 April 2011. Peck is shown as the character Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). Price on day of issue was 44¢. First day of issue ceremonies were held at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
According to Lewis Milestone, Pork Chop Hill (1959) was cut by nearly twenty minutes because Peck's wife felt that her husband made his first entrance too late into the picture. True or not, the film does show signs of post-production tampering, with flashes of several excised scenes showing up under the main title credits.
Was a lifelong Democrat and generously donated time and money to many causes.
The name "Gregory Peck" is used as the Cockney Rhyming Slang for neck (as used traditionally by the inhabitants of East London), so the expression "Get it down your Gregory" means "Drink this!".
Is one of eight actors who have received an Oscar nomination for their performance as a priest. The others, in chronological order, are: Spencer Tracy for San Francisco (1936) and Boys Town (1938); Charles Bickford for The Song of Bernadette (1943); Bing Crosby for Going My Way (1944) and The Bells of St. Mary's (1945); Barry Fitzgerald for Going My Way (1944); Karl Malden for On the Waterfront (1954); Jason Miller for The Exorcist (1973); and Philip Seymour Hoffman for Doubt (2008). Tracy, Crosby and Fitzgerald all won Oscars for their performances.
Orson Welles had once hoped to make a film of the DC Comics hero Batman with Peck in the lead role but the project never came to fruition. This was revealed to have been a hoax.
Mark Waid and Alex Ross based the design of the older Bruce Wayne/Batman on Peck for Their seminal 1996 graphic novel ''Kingdom Come''. Frank Miller also based the design of young Bruce in his iconic story ''Batman: Year One''.
Travelling in Alabama making campaign appearances for Democratic U.S. Senate Candidate Donald W. Stewart, who was running in a special election to complete the term of U.S. Senator James B. Allen, who had died in office. Stewart won the seat. [October 1978]
Became friends with Audrey Hepburn after working with her in Roman Holiday (1953). Peck successfully persuaded Paramount executives to give her star billing equal to his, rather than "Introducing" credit, because he strongly believed the film rested dramatically on her character's -- and Hepburn's -- shoulders, and not his. Indeed, Hepburn went on to win the Academy Award for Best Actress at the 1954 Oscars and they both remained close until her death in 1993. That same year, Peck presented her son Sean Hepburn Ferrer with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in recognition for her work with UNICEF.
Owned a race horse called Owen Sedge which he saw come seventh in the 1963 Grand National. He then flew back to the States to attended the Oscar ceremony and won Best Actor Award for To Kill a Mockingbird (1962).
Was awarded the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award (1967).
Strongly disliked his first name of Eldred, a name his mother insisted on giving him because she felt it was distinct and would distinguish him with its uniqueness, but to him it felt like an awkward and difficult name to use casually. Early in adulthood, he made it a point of using his middle name of Gregory, which he used for the rest of his life.
John Wayne reportedly turned down two of Peck's most iconic roles: The Gunfighter (1950) and Twelve O'Clock High (1949).
Peck spent time early in his career working at the Barter Theatre in Abingdon, VA - the State Theatre of Virginia. A picture hangs in the theatre of him with an old pickup truck, showing how he worked both behind the scenes as well as on stage. The Barter also boasts stints from Ernest Borgnine, Patricia Neal, Larry Linville and Kevin Spacey.
Peck's first effort as producer, "Thieves' Market", in which he planned to star with Ava Gardner, was abandoned because "we were unable to develop the script properly".
Peck's father encouraged him to take up medicine but his grades weren't good enough to get him into medical school. He later took a public speaking course at San Diego State, which was his introduction to acting.
The two people he regretted most not working with are John Ford and Greta Garbo.
His favourite director was Henry King and his favourite co-star was Ava Gardner.
Injured his spine in a physical training class resulting in his having to wear a back brace for six years and a World War II exemption. "I can ride horses, but I can't pick up a suitcase.".
He shared an April 5 birthday with double Oscar winners Melvyn Douglas, Spencer Tracy and Bette Davis.
Along with Peter Ustinov, Peck delivered the eulogy for friend and two-time co-star David Niven.
A major opponent of US involvement in the Korean and Vietnam wars. Peck felt the United States should have retained good relations with the Soviet Union and China after World War II.
The friendship Peck hit off with director William Wyler on Roman Holiday (1953) almost ended early in 1957 during the stressful shoot of The Big Country (1958), on which Peck was the film's co-producer, where the two men clashed so often that by the end, they were not on speaking terms with each other. They mended their friendship three years later, after Wyler won the Oscar for Ben-Hur (1959) in 1960, but they never worked together again.
He strongly opposed the possibility of the United States entering World War II until the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941.
Strongly opposed the use of atomic weapons in World War II as he believed a naval blockade would have starved Japan into unconditional surrender.
Had Armenian roots from his paternal grandfather, Sam Peck, an immigrant from England. After Gregory married his second wife, Veronique Passani, she had his ancestry traced and discovered the Armenian lineage. Urging him to learn more about his partial Armenian heritage and to learn the language, he took Armenian classes for a short time in his later years.
He played a lawyer in four films: The Paradine Case (1947), Cape Fear (1962), To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) and Cape Fear (1991).
Recipient of the Ellis Island Medal of Honor by the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation (1986).
On 18 May 1988, while being interviewed on the short-lived, "The Fox Late Show", Jim Backus said he had met Gregory Peck, at some function, during the 1960s, at the time Gilligan's Island was on network television, and admitted to him that it was his, "favorite television show".
Maternal grandson of John (1847-1912), born in Missouri, and Kate (née Forse) Ayres (1853-1942), born in Pennsylvania.
A 1956 article mentioned him as being "six-foot-two-and-a half inch" tall. A 2002 biography described how "he shot up to six feet two and a half inches while in high school - growing eleven inches between the ages of fifteen and seventeen".
Starred in eight Oscar Best Picture nominees: Spellbound (1945), The Yearling (1946), Gentleman's Agreement (1947), Twelve O'Clock High (1949), Roman Holiday (1953), The Guns of Navarone (1961), How the West Was Won (1962) and To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). Gentleman's Agreement is the only winner.
In a 1987 interview he admitted having an affair with Ingrid Bergman while filming Spellbound (1945).
Early in his film career one critic suggested Peck's acting was so wooden that he was like a cigar store Indian.
Steven Spielberg had planned to offer him the role of Henry Jones Sr in Indiana Jones And The Last Crusade (1989) if Sean Connery had not been able to play it.
Gregory Peck's Best Actor Oscar nomination for The Keys of the Kingdom (1944) is the only time he was nominated for his performance in a film which was not nominated for Best Picture.
He has appeared in five films that have been selected for the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant: Gentleman's Agreement (1947), Twelve O'Clock High (1949), Roman Holiday (1953), How the West Was Won (1962) and To Kill a Mockingbird (1962).
In 1947, Gregory Peck , along with Dorothy McGuire and Mel Ferrer, founded the "La Jolla Playhouse", In La Jolla High School, La Jolla, CA. The name "La Jolla Playhouse" is now applied to a theater complex on the campus of the University of California in San Diego, California.
After filming Roman Holiday he informed the producers that, as Audrey Hepburn was certainly going to win an Oscar (for this, her first major role), they had better put her name above the title. They did and she did.
During the presidency of Ronald Reagan, Orson Welles commented that he only knew two actors who would be good Presidents, Melvyn Douglas and Peck, adding, "Of course, Greg isn't much as an actor, which may explain why he has so good a character".
On August 14, 2021, he was honored with a day of his filmography during the Turner Classic Movies Summer Under the Stars.
His favorite animated movie was The Lion King (1994).
After working on Broadway he headed for Hollywood in 1943 and made his film debut in Days of Glory.
He spent most of his childhood with relatives after his parents divorced.
He studied at the University of California then enrolled at the Neighbourhood Playhouse in New York.
He was exempted from military service due to a long standing spinal injury.

Personal Quotes (39)

[when he discovered that his second wife, French journalist Veronique Peck, had passed up an opportunity to interview Albert Schweitzer at a lunch hosted by Jean-Paul Sartre in order to go out on a date with Peck] You made the right choice, kiddo!
[on his 1962 Oscar-winning role in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962)] I put everything I had into it - all my feelings and everything I'd learned in 46 years of living, about family life and fathers and children. And my feelings about racial justice and inequality and opportunity.
They say the bad guys are more interesting to play but there is more to it than that - playing the good guys is more challenging because it's harder to make them interesting.
I just do things I really enjoy. I enjoy acting. When I'm driving to the studio, I sing in the car. I love my work and my wife and my kids and my friends. And I think, "You're a lucky man, Gregory Peck, a damn lucky man."
Gregory Peck is the hottest thing in town. Some say he is a second Gary Cooper. Actually, he is the first Gregory Peck.
[on gay rights] It just seems silly to me that something so right and simple has to be fought for at all.
I'm not a do-gooder. It embarrassed me to be classified as a humanitarian. I simply take part in activities that I believe in.
I don't lecture and I don't grind any axes. I just want to entertain.
You have to dream, you have to have a vision, and you have to set a goal for yourself that might even scare you a little because sometimes that seems far beyond your reach. Then I think you have to develop a kind of resistance to rejection, and to the disappointments that are sure to come your way.
I am a Roman Catholic. Not a fanatic, but I practice enough to keep the franchise. I don't always agree with the Pope . . . there are issues that concern me, like abortion, contraception, the ordination of women . . . and others. I think the Church should open up.
[when asked what he thought about the John Holmes porn trial] You know, someone once asked me that and I said the day that Laurence Olivier drops his pants on the screen is the day that I will support adult actors, and then I saw the movie The Betsy (1978).
[1987] Robert Bork wants to be a Supreme Court justice. But the record shows he has a strange idea of what justice is. He defended poll taxes and literacy tests, which kept many Americans from voting. He opposed the civil rights law that ended "whites only" signs at lunch counters. He doesn't believe the Constitution protects your privacy. Please urge your senators to vote against the Bork nomination. Because, if Robert Bork wins a seat on the Supreme Court, it will be for life. His life . . . and yours.
Faith is a force, a powerful force. To me, it's been like an anchor to windward - something that's seen me through troubled times and some personal tragedies and also through the good times and success and the happy times.
[on meeting Pope John Paul II at the White House in 1978] He impressed me more than any other man I've ever met, and I've met a lot. My wife and I happened to be seated on one of the aisles, and the Pope came right down and he saw me and smiled. The smile was genuine, not a politician smile, the practiced smile. He shook hands with me and went on. And then [US President Jimmy Carter] said, "Hello, Gregory, what are you doing here?" and I said, "Well, Mr. President, you invited me". He said, "Just a minute"--and damned if he didn't run after the Pope, grabbing him by the arm and pulled him back. He said, "Your Excellency, this is one of our best-known, most beloved American film actors". And he looked at me, ah! There was a glimmer as if somehow he must have seen me in a movie. His eyes widened and he took me in his arms. And he sort of grabbed me by the elbow and said, "God bless you, Gregory. God bless you in your mission". And he went on.
[on Gentleman's Agreement (1947)] We felt we were brave pioneers exploring anti-Semitism in the United States - today, it seems a little dated.
[on The Boys from Brazil (1978)] I felt, Laurence Olivier felt, friends of mine like Walter Matthau and Jack Lemmon felt, that I was good in this part. Some critics seem unwilling to accept actors when they break what they think is the mold or the image.
I've had my ups and downs. There have been times when I wanted to quit. Times when I hit the bottle. Marital problems. I've touched most of the bases.
[1956] Of the movies I've done, there isn't much I really like. The Gunfighter (1950), Roman Holiday (1953), Twelve O'Clock High (1949) I feel were my best.
That's why those fellas were so magnificent playing the same part, because they'd played it forty times. That's why John Wayne finally became a good actor in True Grit (1969) - he's got 150 of them behind him. Now he's developed a saltiness and an earthiness and a humor and a subtlety that comes from mining that same vein over and over again.
[1987] I would give up everything I do and everything I have if I could make a significant difference in getting the nuclear arms race reversed. It is the number-one priority in my life. My work was the main thing in my life for a long time; now I'm beginning to think a little more about what the future will hold and what kind of world my kids will live in.
I realize now how very short life is, because I've got to be considered to be in the home stretch. But I won't waste time on recriminations and regrets. And the same goes for my shortcomings and my own failures.
Every script I'm offered has Cary Grant's paw prints on it.
[in 1965] There are times when I could cheerfully walk out on the whole goddamn setup. I don't have to make pictures any more. When I first came out here to work from the New York stage, I was carved up in all directions, a dumb actor tied to a slew of contractual clauses. Today I'm my own man - free, off the hook. This is a collective business, I know. But now it's up to me to decide the stories we use and the kind of picture in which I'm prepared to get involved. I'm no longer the dumb and trusting ham being shuttled from picture to picture at someone else's whim. I'm a company boss who has to make big decisions right or wrong, responsible only to myself in the long run. For years we actors have been fighting for our so-called artistic freedom. We wanted to get rid of the moguls and their accountants. We damned the studio shylocks for their materialism and lack of taste. Now, most of us are on our own. So what happens? This morning I had to call my office and scrap a production on which people had been working for months . . . I decided it would be best to chuck it in rather than risk making a bad picture. All night I've been pacing up and down the house trying to make the right decision. I tell you there are times when I wish Hollywood actors had retained the status of bums and gypsies and left the planning to others. Right now, I'm tempted to say, "The hell with all of it". The picture has changed, my friend. The old omnipotent caliphs are dying fast. Television plus the weight of years has weakened the survivors. It will need energy and a fresh executive approach to redirect the creative drive, re-channel the talent. The monopolies of the studios have been broken. The anti-trust laws have severed their distribution outlets. The shackling of actors to loaded long-term contracts is virtually a thing of the past. In effect, I have complete control over what I do. A year of two back this was considered some kind of victory of art over tyranny. Now I'm not so sure. I'm a free soul, you remember. Before I became an actor, I wanted to be a writer. Freedom of mind and action is important to me. Right now I'd like to take off for Mexico and fish for a while and swim and read books without wondering whether they would make a good picture. Now I'll have to follow another production through from the drawing board to the cutting room. And then go out on the road and sell it with personal appearances. It can be stimulating. A challenge, as they say at Chasens. But there are times when actors like myself find themselves wishing we could resurrect Irving Thalberg and pass the ball to him or people like him. The town's wide open for any operator with the ability to finance, package and sell motion pictures.
[on Robert Mitchum] I had given him the role and had paid him a terrific amount of money. It was obvious he had the better role. I thought he would understand that, but he apparently thought he acted me off the screen. I didn't think highly of him for that.
Marilyn Monroe may have been a bit of an extreme example, but she was given the best stories to suit her talents, she was stroked and cared for and treasured and treated like a little princess, treated as a valuable, talented person. What it was that led her to drink and take pills, I don't know. I don't think anyone can put it all together, but it's too easy to say that Hollywood wrung her out and exhausted her, strained her nerves and destroyed her. I think she'd have gone to pieces even sooner without the adulation and the care she received at the hands of her directors and producers and the big studios.
[on what he thought about stars being paid $30 million per movie] I was born too soon!
[2000] Do I think there's a glamorous male actor today? No way.
[on Frank Sinatra] Undeniably the title holder in the soft-touch department.
One good thing about the bad movies is that people don't remember them. Nobody ever comes up to me and says, 'I hated you in I Walk the Line (1970)!'.
I enjoy practicing my craft as well as I possibly can. I enjoy the work for its own sake.
[on James Cagney] Now, you take a great cinema actor, in my opinion, James Cagney. He went very far. He was very theatrical, very intense, and yet always believable. He riveted the audience's attention. His acting advice was, "Believe what you say -- say what you believe." And that says it, really.
I can honestly say that in twenty years of making movies I never had a part that came close to being the real me until Atticus Finch.
[on preferring his middle name to his first name] There's no nickname for Eldred.
(On Mackenna's Gold (1969) and Marooned (1969)] They weren't very good, but they were the best that was offered. I did not do them only for the money. I knew they weren;t worth much when I read the scripts. But as soon as I started working on them, damned if I didn't start believing in them. It just goes to prove you can't be an actor and Pauline Kael at the same time.
When I'm wrongly cast, or in a poor script, I sink with the ship.
(In 1984 Peck claimed to have been misquoted in a 1967 interview in which he said Elia Kazan was the wrong director for Gentleman's Agreement (1947).) That's a misunderstanding. I don't think there could have been a better director for the film." What I meant was that he and I didn't have a rapport; emotionally, we were not on the same wave length. I don't think that I did my best work for him. If I worked with him now - as a mature man - I think I would give him everything he would want.
[on The Yearling (1946) in a 1967 interview] It was much too lushly done... The boy cried too much.
People identify the Stanislavsky method with a group of actors who are physically unlike me - Marlon Brando, James Dean, nowadays Al Pacino, Robert De Niro. That doesn't mean a tall, lanky California actor can't use it. I do and always have.
If you have to tell them who you are, you aren't anybody.

Salary (9)

Days of Glory (1944) $10,000
The Valley of Decision (1945) $45,000
Spellbound (1945) $33,850
Only the Valiant (1951) $60,000
The Million Pound Note (1954) $250,000
The Purple Plain (1954) $250,000
To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) $250,000 + 10% of the gross.
The Chairman (1969) $500,000 + 10% of the gross
The Omen (1976) $250,000 + 10% of the gross

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